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2021年山东省东营市英语中考试题含解析
2021年山东省东营市英语中考试题含解析
初中
整体难度:中等
2021-08-12
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一、阅读理解 (共5题)
添加该题型下试题
1.

阅读下列短文 , 然后从每小题 A B C D 四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。

Hi Vince,

It’s been a while since we got in touch last time. How has your semester (学期) been?

I want to send you an email to let you know how things have been going during my semester abroad here in Malaga, Spain (西班牙) . I’ve already been here for several weeks, and I feel like I am finally adapting (适应) to the culture. I’m also speaking the language better.

I arrived here on September 1st. The weather has been very nice. Even though it’s October, it’s still rather sunny and warm. In fact, I went to the beach and swam in the Mediterranean Sea (地中海) earlier today.

I am living with a very welcoming host family. I have my own private bedroom. We eat breakfast, lunch, and dinner together. On Sundays, we have a big home- cooked paella for lunch. In Spain, lunch is usually the biggest meal of the day. It’s also very common for the people to take a midday nap right after a big meal. I am actually just waking up from my nap right now!

On weekdays, I take classes at the local university. There, I met several native (本国的) Spanish speakers. They have been very kind and patient with me. At first, it I was difficult for me to understand their Spanish, but now I understand most of our conversations. They say that my Spanish has improved a lot since we first met. Now, I am more confident (自信的) to use the language in other places like stores and restaurants.

I am so glad that I decided to spend the semester here in Spain. Tomorrow, October 12th, is Spain’s National Day. We will have a five-day holiday. A group of my friends and I are going to travel to France for four days. It’s so easy and inexpensive to travel internationally in Europe. I love it!

I look forward to hearing from you soon. Do stay in touch more often. Perhaps you could even come to visit! What do you think?

Best wishes,

Alfred

1 Why is Alfred writing to Vince?

A To tell Vince about his life abroad.

B To share some information about the weather in Malaga.

C To introduce the Spanish culture.

D To invite Vince to visit Spain.

2 The underlined word “paella” in Paragraph 4 probably refers to ________.

A a dish B a snack C a dessert D a drink

3 How long has Alfred been in Spain?

A One semester. B About one month. C Four days. D Nearly six weeks.

4 From the passage, we can know that Alfred ________.

A swims every day B doesn’t like taking a nap

C has made great progress in his Spanish D often travels in Europe

5 Alfred thinks his life in Spain is _______.

A tiring B enjoyable C difficult D convenient

难度:
知识点:记叙文
使用次数:103
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2.

It just hadn’t been a very good week. On Tuesday, Sam’s father lost his job. Then on Wednesday, Sam’s mother announced that the rent (房租) on their apartment was going up. Now it was Friday, and Sam received an invitation from Rosa to her birthday party.

Sam knew Rosa from Adventure (冒险) Club. He knew he would enjoy Rosa’s party, but he didn’t want to go without a gift. What could he possibly buy her with the little bit of money he had? Sam knew he couldn’t ask Mom or Dad for any money—not this week!

Later that afternoon, Sam noticed a second-hand book sale going on. He went there and had a quick look. Two books caught his eye. The first was a cookbook of Puerto Rican foods, and the second was a book about women explorers (探险家) . “Rosa would like these,” Sam thought, “but would it be tacky (蹩脚的) to give her second-hand books for her birthday?”

Sam decided that a second-hand gift was better than no gift at all. Besides, Rosa supported recycling in a big way. So, she would probably like it. With his last dollar, Sam bought the books and went home. He felt a little better.

The party was on Saturday. Rosa opened all her gifts and thanked everyone for the nice things they had given her. She paused (停顿) when she opened Sam’s gift, which made him wonder if she liked the books, but nothing was said.

When Sam got home, he opened his e-mail and found this note from Rosa.

Dear Sam,

Of all the gifts I received today, yours was the nicest. How did you know I would love a book about women explorers and a cookbook of Puerto Rican foods? Now I have something to read that will inspire me to follow my dream of becoming an adventurer, and I have a book that I can share with my grandmother. She is getting older and wants to be sure her granddaughter knows how to make the -wonderful foods of Puerto Rico. Thank you so much.

Love,

Rosa.

The week turned out to be a good one after all.

1 What is the main problem in this story?

A Sam’s father was out of work.

B Sam’s family would pay more rent on their apartment.

C Sam wasn’t invited to Rosa’s birthday party.

D Sam thought he didn’t have enough money to buy Rosa a gift.

2 Which word best describes Sam?

A Brave. B Thoughtful (考虑周到的) . C Silly. D Mean.

3 Why was Rosa so happy with the cookbook?

A Her grandmother loved books about cooking.

B She dreamed of becoming a great cook.

C She had never tasted Puerto Rican foods before.

D She wanted to make her grandmother happy by learning to cook Puerto Rican foods.

4 After reading the thank-you note from Rosa, Sam will most probably _________.

A write back to Rosa that he is glad she likes the books

B ask Rosa to lend him the books

C buy Rosa more books

D learn to cook Puerto Rican foods

5 Which saying best expresses the theme of this story?

A Love me, love my dog.

B The best things in life are free.

C It’s the thought (心思) that counts (有价值) .

D A good friend is like a mirror.

难度:
知识点:记叙文
使用次数:297
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3.

When most people decide to buy food, they go to a grocery store. Grocery stores sell many different kinds of food in just one store. Some grocery stores also sell household goods such as kitchen paper, cleaning things, and diapers (尿布) . A grocery store is a convenient place to shop for the kitchen and others.

Although it is comfortable and relaxing to shop at a grocery store, some people decide to buy their food from other places like farmers’ markets. At a farmers’ market, local farmers sell the foods they grow to customers. The foods they sell often include fruits, vegetables, and meats. Most of these foods are freshly harvested (收获) with no man-made additions.

There are several ways in which farmers’ markets are less convenient than grocery stores. For example, packed foods usually are not sold at farmers’ markets. Besides, many farmers do not accept credit (信用) cards or checks (支票) as payment for their goods. What is more, most farmers’ markets are only open for business once or twice each week. This makes some people not want to shop at farmers' markets, but others are willing because of the fresh and local food there.

Deciding whether to shop for food at grocery stores or at farmers’ markets is a personal choice. This choice reflects a person’s values about life and about food. Those who value convenience and (多样) will probably choose to shop at a grocery store. People who value freshness and enjoy supporting local farmers will probably prefer the farmers’ markets. Luckily, most communities provide choices for both kinds of shoppers.

1 According to the passage, which of the following may not be sold at a farmers’ market?

A Apples. B Potatoes. C Beef. D Kitchen paper.

2 We can NOT infer (推断) ________ from Paragraph 3.

A grocery stores sell packed foods

B people can use credit cards as payment at grocery stores

C grocery stores sell fresh and local food with no man-made additions

D grocery stores are open for business more often than farmers’ market

3 In Paragraphs, why does the writer mention that farmers, markets “are only open for business once or twice each week ? ”

A To complain (抱怨) about the business time of farmers’ markets.

B To help readers look for a better farmers market.

C To explain why farmers’ markets are less convenient than grocery stores.

D To make readers believe that farmers’ markets are too uncomfortable to visit.

4 What’s the main idea of the last paragraph?

A If people want to have more choices, they’ll probably prefer grocery stores.

B Where a person decides to shop depends on his or her personal values.

C If people want to support local farmers, they will probably prefer farmers’ markets.

D In most communities, people can choose to shop either at grocery stores or at farmers’ markets.

5 The writer writes the article mainly to ________.

A compare two places where people buy food

B explain why the smartest people shop at grocery stores

C make readers believe that farmers’ markets are better than grocery stores

D show that people should be judged (评价) according to the places where they buy food

难度:
知识点:说明文
使用次数:193
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4.

Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy, in 1564. His father taught music while his mother cared for kids at home. The family was not wealthy, but Galileo’s parents paid for him to go to school.

At first Galileo planned to become a doctor, but he changed his mind. He liked a different kind of science—physics. In Galileo's time, not much was known about how objects moved. Centuries earlier, a Greek (希腊人) named Aristotle had written down his ideas about movements, and everyone seemed to believe them. Galileo questioned those ideas and did experiments (实验) that showed how things really worked. For example, Aristotle thought that a heavier object would fall faster than a lighter one of the same size and shape. No one had ever really tested this idea. It just seemed to be true. Then Galileo came along, dropped two balls from a high tower, and discovered that they hit the ground at the same time!

In later years, Galileo became interested in how the stars and planets move. He watched the sky with a telescope (望远镜) he built himself. Once again, he saw things no one had ever seen before. For example, he saw that the moon was not smooth. Then he noticed that the sun had spots (斑点) that seemed to move. Galileo realized from his observations (观察) that the earth was moving around the sun. A Polish (波兰的) scientist named Copernicus had said this recently, but no one believed him. Galileo knew that Copernicus was right. Unluckily, Galileo's announcement got him into trouble with the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church said that the earth was                at the center of the universe (宇宙) with the sun traveling around it. This was what people had long believed, but Galileo said it was untrue. So he was sent to prison (监狱) . He was soon set free, but for the rest of his life he had to stay in his house and yard.

Galileo died in 1642, but his work helped to change the world. He is sometimes called the father of modern science,because he showed us how important it is to look carefully at things and to test out ideas with experiments.

1 Both Galileo and Copernicus believed that ________.

A two objects fall at the same speed

B the moon is smooth

C the earth goes around the sun

D the earth is the center of the universe

2 We can infer from this passage that ________.

A Galileo's parents didn't value the education

B all of Aristotle's ideas were proved to be wrong

C Galileo knew Copernicus and exchanged letters with him

D the Catholic Church was very powerful in Galileo's time

3 While Galileo stayed at home in his later years, he most probably ________.

A learned to play music

B began to practice medicine

C continued with his science experiments

D wrote books on modern science

4 According to this passage, Galileo is called " the father of modem science " because he ________.

A was brave to fight against the church

B questioned other scientists1 ideas

C built a telescope to look at the stars and planets

D made careful observations and tested his ideas

5 Which would be a good title for this passage?

A Mysteries in the universe

B Galileo, father of modern science

C “Is it true?” —Different ideas in science

D Great minds saved the world

难度:
知识点:著名人物
使用次数:237
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5.

阅读下面短文 , 根据要求完成下面各小题。

Pigs are misunderstood ( 误解 ). Some people think of them as lazy and stupid. Did you know that pigs are very smart? Pigs are smarter than most pets and wild animals. 3 Experts say that pigs are easier to train than dogs and cats. Would you want a pig for a pet?

Keeping a pet pig is fun, but it is work. Pigs like to go for walks like a dog. Would you like to walk a pig down your street? They can be trained to do tricks, and they like to be petted. They usually get along with other pets.

Pet pigs must be kept on a diet ( 节食 ). They like to eat like hogs ( 肉猪 )! 4 An adult pet pig should not weigh more than 150 pounds. But many weigh up to 300 pounds because of overfeeding.

Pigs are some of the cleanest animals on the earth. They can learn to use a little like a cat. Many live in houses and apartments. But they can get in the way.

Pigs have a good sense of smell. They help find truffles( 松露) in the forests. These plants sell for high prices. So the pigs are valued for their work.

Besides pork meat from pigs , pigs provide us with many useful products. Pig hair is used to make hairbrushes and furniture (家具) . Some of pig parts can be used to help sick people.

Pigs are found in every part of the world. They serve many useful purposes. They can work as guards like dogs. In the United States, two pigs were kept to guard the gate on the farm, which worked really well.

A .根据短文内容简耍回答问题。

1 According to the passage, what good qualities do pigs have?

___________________________________________________________

2 Choose one good quality of pigs and give some examples to prove (证明) it.

___________________________________________________________

B .将短文中划线的句子译成汉语。

3 ________________________________________________________

4 ________________________________________________________

C .请给短文拟一个适当的英文标题。

5 ________________________________________________________

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二、选择题 (共10题)
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5.55%
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5.55%
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11.11%
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