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1.

根据短文内容,用符合语义及语法规则的词填空,每空一词。

What are some things in your life that give you too much stress? Find out what you can do about it.

School Work and Grades

As a student, school work and grades are at the top of your stress list. Even if your school grades are not so bad, you may still fear that you may not do as well as you expect. Heavily learning burden is another cause for worry.

Why not take it easy by leaving extra time to study and take frequent breaks to avoid being so tired? Manage your time carefully and do not put things off.

Friendships and Relationships

Have you ever been concerned with not having enough friends,or not being in the same class as your best friends? These, along with other issues such as peer pressure and interpersonal disagreements and arguments, are other common stress.

It is important to know how to choose your circle of friends wisely. Do not “hide” in your own “nest”. Make friends when you join school activities. Make plans to meet with your friends from other classes during break time. Know that everyone is unique and different—do not compare yourself with others.

Poor Diet and Lack of Sleep

Do you know that eating too much fast food and junk food can lead to mood changes, lack of energy and other negative effects? These convenience food which have less nutrition ( 营养 ) may cause other health issues. Some students suffer from sleep problems too. When that happens, they behave poorly in class.

Learn to make wise food choices that you can enjoy. Well plan and arrange your daily routine. Completing all school tasks, going to bed at a set time every night. Avoid playing computer games or smartphone before you sleep. Do see a doctor if your sleeping problems continue.

1 ________ school work ________ grades are the main stress for students.

2 In order not to ________ ________, students can leave extra time to study and take frequent breaks.

3 Don’t compare yourself with others, you are not the ________ ________ any other person in the world.

4 Less nutritious food and sleep problems can make students ________ ________ at school.

5 Wise food choices and healthy life style may ________ your sleeping ________.

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1 Both    and

2 be/ get/ become    tired

3 same    as

4 behave/ work/ do    poorly/ badly

5 solve    problems

【分析】

本文介绍了几种生活中常见的压力,并就此提出了一些解决办法。

1. 根据 “As a student, school work and grades are at the top of your stress list” 可知,学业和成绩都是学生的主要压力,用 both…and 连接并列主语,故填 Both and

2. 根据 “Why not take it easy by leaving extra time to study and take frequent breaks to avoid being so tired” 可知,为了不那么累,学生可以留额外的时间学习和经常休息, be tired get tired become tired 表示 变得很累 in order not to do sth“ 为了不做某事 ,故填 be/get/become tired

3. 根据 “Know that everyone is unique and different—do not compare yourself with others.” 可知,不要拿自己和其他人对比,每个人都是独一和不同的, unique=not the same as ,故填 same as

4. 根据 “These convenience food which have less nutrition ( 营养 ) may cause other health issues. Some students suffer from sleep problems too. When that happens, they behave poorly in class” 可知,缺乏营养的食物和睡眠问题会使学生在学校表现不佳, behave work do 表示 表现 ,副词 poorly badly 表示 差地 ,故填 behave/work/do poorly/badly

5. 根据 “Learn to make wise food choices that you can enjoy…Do see a doctor if your sleeping problems continue” 可知,明智的食物选择和健康的生活方式可以解决你的睡眠问题,情态动词 may 后接动词原形,故填 solve problems

=
考点梳理:
根据可圈可点权威老师分析,试题“ ”主要考查你对 科教类阅读 等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“资料梳理”如下:
◎ 科教类阅读的定义
科普类的阅读:
科普类的阅读理解包含介绍科学知识、社会知识的短文。阅读这类短文时,要以事实为中心进行思考,抓住事物的特征、用途、相互关系等。
如果是介绍社会现象的文章,要掌握所谈现象的内涵。
◎ 科教类阅读的知识扩展
1. 加强整体意识,把握文章的主要内容。在阅读的时候可给段落标上序号,并给重要的句子和
   关键词做上记号,尤其是各段中心句,为答题提供更快捷更多的信息源。
2. 审清题干,发觉和把握试题中有效的提示性信息,确认命题的角度、阅读范围和答题方式。
3. 定位阅读,强化对应意识。同时要注意原文利用和自我加工相结合。
◎ 科教类阅读的知识点拨
答题技巧:
1. 加强整体意识,把握文章的主要内容。在阅读的时候可给段落标上序号,并给重要的句子和
   关键词做上记号,尤其是各段中心句,为答题提供更快捷更多的信息源。
2. 审清题干,发觉和把握试题中有效的提示性信息,确认命题的角度、阅读范围和答题方式。
3. 定位阅读,强化对应意识。同时要注意原文利用和自我加工相结合。
◎ 科教类阅读的教学目标
1、正确认识到我国科教方面取得的成就和存在的不足,增强民族自豪感和自信心。
2、树立强烈的社会责任感,树立正确的学习观念。
3、从日常生活小事做起,培养创新精神,为国家发展尽自己的一份力量。
◎ 科教类阅读的考试要求
能力要求:了解/识记
课时要求:1
考试频率:必考
分值比重:5
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1.

                                              Swimming and English Learning

Can you swim? Do you like swimming? Yes? Well, how can you learn to swim? I think the best way is to go into the water and learn. I’m afraid you’ll never learn to swim just by reading books about swimming or looking at others swimming. It’s the same with the English study. We must practice, practice and practice.

Listening and speaking are very important for beginners. The children in English-speaking countries first listen to others. Then they try to imitate and speak. We can listen to English programs on radio. You may just understand a few words. It doesn’t matter. Just be relaxed, try to catch every word.

Somebody may be a good listener. But he dare not speak. He’s afraid of making mistakes. You know we sometimes make mistakes when we speak Chinese. Don’t be afraid. We must be brave. If you really want to learn English well, you must try to speak with everyone so long as he knows English. Whether you know him or not is not important when there’s nobody to talk with, you can talk to yourself in English. It’s interesting and also a good way to practice your spoken English. Remember, the more you speak, the fewer mistakes you’ll make.

Reading and writing are more important for senior school students. First we must choose the books we’re interested in. A lot of reading will improve your language sense. This is the most important.

Keep writing English diaries. We can also write English articles. You may even post them to English magazines. Don’t be afraid of failure. Failure is the mother of success.

Easier said than done. Well, let’s do more practice from now on. I’m sure you’ll learn English well in this way.

1. You can learn to swim by_______.
     A. reading books about it

     B. looking at others swimming

     C. having lessons on it

     D. going into the river and learning

2. We should learn English by _______.

A. listening and speaking           B. reading and writing

C. A and B                                 D. swimming

3. What will you do with mistakes when you speak?

A. Don’t make mistakes.          B. Study hard

C. Try not to speak English        D. Don’t be afraid.

4. What’s more important for senior school students?

   A. listening    B. speaking    C. reading and writing   D. learning

5. We can listen to English ______, according to the passage.

   A. by train     B. on the radio   C. every minute   D. now and then

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1.

       What do you do if you’re stranded(处于困境的) on a lonely island? Surely you need to find a way to get in touch with the outside world. Your best chance of doing this is to draw the attention of a passing plane.

Body signals (信号)

       Pilots from different countries understand body signals if they have the correct training. When you wave your arms up and down in a straight line, it means “yes”. When you point downwards and swing your arm from side to side, it means “no”. if you want the polite to know that it’s safe to land, push your hands out in front of you and bend (弯曲) your knees. If you want to say that it’s not safe to land, put your arms in the air and move them to one side.

Smoke signals

       The smoke from a fire can be seen from far away, so it’s a good way to draw attention. If the weather is dry, it isn’t hard to start a fire. Remember, however, that fires can be very dangerous if they get out of control. Never light a fire unless you’re sure that it can’t spread. It the ground is dark, light smoke can be seen more easily. Green grass and leaves produce light smoke.

Ground-to-air signals

       It’s a good idea to build some signals, too. Use large pieces of wood to make the symbols(标记). If you can’t find any wood, use earth. Some useful symbols are:

       F     “I need food and water.”

       II    “I need medicine.”

       I      “I am badly hurt.”

       X     “I am unable to move from here.

Pilots’ replies

       If the pilot lowers the plane’s wings from side to side, this means “message received and understood”. (At night, the pilot flashes the plane’s green lights.) If the pilot flies the plane in a clockwise circle, this means “message received but not understood”. (At night, the pilot flashes the plane’s red lights.)

       However, there is no signal which means “message not received”. Why not?

54. Which picture means “it’s not safe to land”?

55. What can we learn from the passage?

       A. Swinging your arm from side to side means “yes”.

       B. If the ground is dark, light smoke can’t be seen.

       C. If you need some medicine, make a symbol “II”.

       D. The pilots make replies with a blue light at night.

56. What is the passage mainly about?

       A. The explanation of building signals on an island.

       B. The importance of making signals on an island.

       C. Ways of sending out signals on a lonely island.

       D. Ways of receiving signals from a lonely island.

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1.

A wedding(婚礼) Invitation

 You’re invited to the wedding of Carrie and Henry at St John’s Church(教堂), on Saturday January 24th at 3:30 p.m. and dinner at the Blue Sky Restaurant, at 6:00p.m.

                                        R.S.V.P: December 29th

Dear Joe,

   I’m so excited and I have to enjoy the news with you. Today is December 23rd, I got a very special invitation from Carrie before Christmas Day(圣诞节). Do you remember the party for the Sydney group at Henry’s house? And do you remember my best friend, Carrie? Well, guess what? Carrie and Henry are getting married? It’s so romantic! Love is here!

  Carrie and Henry are having a big wedding at St. John’s Church. Monica and James are going to their wedding. Oh, I can’t wait to enjoy it. I got the invitation and it is for two people. Can you come to the wedding with me?

  Carrie and Henry are going to Suzhou for their honey moon(蜜月). I’m buying them a camera for their wedding. But before the wedding, I’d like to get my hair cool and buy a pink dress first.

  Call me at 9:00 a.m., on Friday, January 23rd, OK?

                                                    Maria

36. Maria got this wedding invitation from          .

   A. Carrie.           B. Joe.            C. Monica.             D. James

37. Monica and James are taking part in the wedding on          .

   A. Friday morning.    B. Friday afternoon.   C. Saturday morning.   D. Saturday afternoon.

38. What does “getting married” mean in Chinese?

   A. 参加聚会        B. 过圣诞节        C. 做礼拜           D. 结婚

39. The friends to the wedding party are going to have dinner         .

   A. in Suzhou.        B. at Henry’s house    C. at St John’s Church  D. at the Blue Sky Restaurant

40. From the invitation card, we know that         .

   A. Monica is having fun in Suzhou.           B. they are having the wedding in January.

   C. Monica is going to buy a camera for Joe     D. the wedding dinner starts at 7:00 p.m.

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1.

    In some parts of the Unites States, farming is easy. But farming has always been difficult in the north-eastern corner of the country, which is called New England.

    New England has many trees and thin, rocky soil. Anyone who wants to start a farm here has had to work very hard. The first job is to cut down all the trees. The next job is to dig the stumps (树桩) of the trees out of the soil. Then the farmer has the most difficult job of all, removing stones from his land, which never really ends, because every winter more stones appear. They come up through the thin soil from the rocks below. Farmers have to keep removing stones from the fields. Even today, farms which have been worked on for 200 years keep producing more stones.

    That is why stone walls are used instead of fences around the new England fields. The stone walls are not high, and can easily be climbed, but they keep the farmer’s cow from joining his neighbour’ cattle.

    6. New England lies _______.

A. in England                                    B. in the USA

C. to the northeast of England        D. to the northeast of Canada

    7. The word ‘remove’ means _______.

A. move again      B. carry out         C. take away     D. bring back

    8. In what order would a farmer in New England do the following things to start a new farm?

a. Removing the stones from the soil        b. Building a stone wall round his fields

c. Digging out the tee stumps.      d. Cutting down the trees.

A. a, b,  d,  c     B. b, c, d, a         C. d, b, c, a ,     D. d, c, a, b

    9. What is the great difficulty New England farmers have in their farming?

A. The soil is as hard as rock             B. There are too many stones

C. Plants scarcely grow                    D. The soil is too thin

    10. New England farmers build stone walls around their fields _________.

A. to save the trouble of taking away the stones

B. to keep their neighbours from breaking into

C. because stone walls are stronger than fences

D. because stone walls are easy to build

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