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  • 难度: 使用次数:0 入库时间:2017-05-21
    来源: 烟台市2017年初中学生学业水平模拟考试英语试题及答案.doc

    Waste can be seen everywhere in the school. Some students ask for more food than they can eat and others often forget to turn off the lights when they leave the classroom. They say they can afford these things. But I don’t agree with them.

    Waste can bring a lot of problems. Although China is rich in some resources(资源), we are short of(缺乏) others, for example, fresh water(淡水). It is reported that we will have no coal() or oil to use in 100 years. So if we go on wasting our resources, what can we use in the future and where can we move? Think about it. I think we should say no to the students who waste things every day. Everybody should stop wasting as soon as possible.

    In our everyday life, we can do many things to prevent waste from happening, for example, turn off the water taps(水龙头) when we finish washing, turn off the lights when we leave the classroom, try not to order more food than we need, and so on. Little by little, everything will be changed. Waste can be stopped one day, if we do our best.

    1. From the passage we know that some students often _______in the school.

    A. eat too much  B. don’t work hard 

     C. waste things   D. throw rubbish everywhere

    2. Which is not mentioned in this passage?

    A. Fresh water.   B. Forest.      C. Oil.          D. Coal.

    3. What may happen in 100 years?

    A. We may still have enough oil.          B. We may still have enough coal.

    C. We may have a little oil.                  D. We may have no coal or oil to use.

    4. Which of the following is right?

    A. Waste brings problems.                  B. Waste can bring no problem.

    C. China is rich in fresh water.            D. Students never waste things.

    5. Which is the best title of this passage?

    A. Stop Wasting                               B. School life

    C. Waste in the School                 D. Rich Resources in China

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:17 入库时间:2017-05-01
    来源: 2016—2017学年第二学期期中学业水平测试七年级英语试题及答案.doc

        April 22 is Earth Day. Everyone on earth should care about and protect the earth!

    The earth has warmed by about 1°F(华氏度) over the past 100 years, but why and how? Well, scientists are not quite sure. Maybe the earth gets warmer and warmer on its own. But many scientists say that people are doing many things which make the earth warmer.

        First, the greenhouse effect (温室效应) is a very important reason for the change of the earth. People give out too much energy into the air every year. It makes the earth warmer. Climate (气候) change is another important reason. Sometimes it becomes too hot and sometimes too cold. Sometimes there is too much rain and sometimes too little. The change of the climate makes the earth warmer. In turn, the warmth of the earth changes the climate, too.

    People can affect the earth's air, land and water. As for us, we can do many things to protect the earth. For example, we can use fridges less. We can tell more people about protecting the earth.

    1Earth Day is probably created for people to________

    Alearn more about the earth

    Bmake full use of the earth

    Ctake better care of the earth

    Dstudy the warmth of the earth

    2We can infer (推断) from the passage that the reasons for the warmer earth are____now.

    Anot very clear            Bcompletely secret

    Cwell known              Dnot given

    3The greenhouse effect comes from ________xkb1.com

    Asea rising                Bclimate change

    Cnature's unbalance         Dpeople's activity

    4According to the passage, ________ may affect each other.

    Aanimals and islands

    Bclimate and the warmth of the earth

    Cfridges and animals

    Dsea level and the growth of plants

    5The passage mainly tells us that ________

    Athere is more rain now

    Bwe should protect the earth

    Cwe must stop pollution

    Dsea level is getting higher.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:13 入库时间:2017-04-25
    来源: 哈尔滨市平房区2016届九年级英语下学期中考调研测试(一)试题及答案.doc

    The world develops more and more quickly, while it is also polluted more and more seriously. Luckily, there are many ways to deal with the negative effects on the environment. One of these is driving an electric car. Electric cars produce about 80 percent less pollution than gas-powered cars.

    Besides, electric cars have more benefits than gas-powered cars for several reasons. First, the energy of electric cars is regenerative , which means that when you brake(刹车)in an electric car, you can charge(充电)the battery again. However, when you brake in a gas-powered car, you actually use energy. Also, during producing electric cars, engineers spend more time and energy making electric cars lighter so that there will be less drag(阻力) from the wind. This allows an electric car to travel farther using less energy than a gas-powered car.

    Driving an electric car can not only save energy, but also save more money and time. For example, it costs less to repair (维修)such a car. The cost of charging an electric car is about 20 percent of the cost of gas, and electric cars require less repair than gas-powered cars. This is because electric cars have no cooling systems and the other moving parts. There are fewer possible problems without the moving parts. Electric cars can also save peoples time. Gas-powered cars need to be checked in a few months, while all that you need to do is only replacing the battery every four years for an electric car. Now some people have begun to drive electric cars in several big cities of China. Though it may take a little time to get used to it, due to the great advantages, more and more people will use electric cars in the future.

    根据短文内容选择最佳答案。

        1.What does the underlined word regenerative mean in Chinese?

    A.浪费的                B.再生的            C.清洁的

        2.During producing electric cars, what is NOT mentioned?

    A. Making electric cars lighter.          B. Reducing drag from the wind.

    C. Using a new kind of brake.

        3.According to the passage, repairing an electric car is cheaper than repairing a gas-powered car, this is because_______.

    A. electric cars have fewer possible problems without moving parts

    B. people need little time to get used to electric cars

    C. electric cars need checking in a few months

        4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

    A. Electric cars produce about 20 percent less pollution than gas-powered cars.

    B. Pollution is more and more serious, people can not do anything about it.

    C. The drivers need to replace the battery every four years for an electric car.

        5. What is the main idea of this passage?

    A. To compare two kinds of cars and tell us which kind of car is cheaper.

    B. To introduce a useful invention that people havent tried.

    C. To suggest driving electric cars because of the advantages.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:16 入库时间:2017-04-24
    来源: 2017年中考模拟英语试卷及答案.doc

    People often decide where to live based on the natural resources in the area. Natural resources are things that are useful to people and come from the earth. Materials for building houses are natural resources. So are foods, such as fruits, vegetables, animals that could be caught or hunted and water.

    The weather and landforms let certain things grow in different areas. They also determine(决定) which living things will be able to grow there. Areas with very rich soil are made to be good farming communities. Poor soil may send farmers to look for better places. However, areas with poor soil may attract those who have other purposes for the land. Poor soil doesn’t matter if you want to build a factory. It also doesn’t matter if it grows grass well.

    Each area attracts people based on their interests and purposes. Areas that support many different interests will naturally have larger populations. You may not think of the mountains, lakes or oceans as natural resources. In fact they are. Villages and cities built near water sources have been the most successful. People who want to catch fish for a living choose to live by the ocean, instead of the desert. People living near water can use it to meet their daily needs.

    Places that are difficult to reach will naturally have fewer people. Places that are high on mountain tops are not very desirable to most people. Neither are places that are in the middle of hot, dry deserts.

    For too long, humans have destroyed resources. We have been using up those that can’t be easily replaced. Renewable(可再生的) resources are those that can be replaced easily. We are lucky to have many resources that are renewable, such as the sun, wind, water and trees. We need to use more renewable resources. This will protect our planet.

    1. Areas with very rich soil can be used as ________.

       A. fishing places                     B. ranching places

       C. a factory                           D. farming communities

    2. What does the third paragraph mainly tell us?

       A. What people living near water live on except fishing.

       B. How big villages and cities by the oceans come out.

       C. People choose places to live according to interests and purposes.

       D. People don’t live in places that are difficult to reach.

    3. Which of the following does NOT belong to natural resources?

       A. Animals that could be caught.         B. Beds, tables and chairs.

       C. The mountains, lakes or oceans.    D. Materials for building houses.

    4. What is the best title for the passage?

       A. The natural resources.                   B. An area’s weather.

       C. How to choose your house.          D. Renewable resources.

    5. This passage may come from_________.

       A. a story                                          B. a fashion magazine

       C. a school report                             D. a cartoon film

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:15 入库时间:2017-04-20
    来源: 2017年春学段九年级调研试题及答案.doc

    The earth is our homewe must take Care of itThis means keeping the landair and water clean   

        Pollution is a dirty wordTo pollute means to make things unfit(不合适的)or unclean to usePollution comes in many waysWe see itsmell it ,taste it and drink itPollution is beginning to threaten(威胁)our health ,or happiness and our life   

        Manhas been polluting the earth from the time he first made firewashed his clothes in the river and threw his waste on the groundWhen land was used up or water became dirtyMen  moved to another placeAt first the problem was not so serious because there was plenty of clean airland and waterThere werent so many people then and their wants(需求)were fewerAll the dirty things could be absorbed(吸收)by nature and sooncovered over(恢复)But this is no longer trueThe increase of population(人口增长)and the development of industry have changed thatMan is slowly pollutinghis environment

        Through the use of poison(农药)mall has polluted land !killing the animalBy putting dirty water and chemicals into rivers and lakes we have polluted our drinking water ,killing the fish

        Our increasing population is part of theproblemMore people more waste

        Where is this all to end ?Are we turning the world into a big rubbish dumpor is there any

    hope that we can get rid of(摆脱)the pollution ?Luckilymillions of people have been warned of

    the danger of pollutionLarge numbers of people are now working hard to bring pollution under

    (  )1Which sentence is WRONG?

        AWe live on the earthso we should look after it

        BTo pollute means to make air ,water and land unfit for use

        CAll the waste produced by modem industry can be absorbed

        DMan is now fighting against different kinds of pollution

    (  )2In this passage the wordchemicalsmeans         

    A.化学    B.化学物质    C.化学的  D.医学的   

    (  )3Through the uncontrolled use of poison mall has       

        Amade the drinking water dirty   Bpolluted the land

        Ckilled the animals and fish      Dall of the above

    (  )4From the sentencesMore people more waste”,we know that      

        Abecause of the increase of population and the development of industrymore and more waste is produced

        Bwe need more peoplenot more waste

        Cthere isnt any hope that we can get rid of the pollution

        Dmore people have been warned of the danger of more waste

    (  )5From the passage we can know that now man       

        Adoesnt know how to control pollution

        Bstill doesnt realize how serious pollution is

        Cis doing something to control pollution

    Dbegins to understand the pollution

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:13 入库时间:2017-04-17
    来源: 外国语学校2017年度八年级下学期英语第一次月考试题及答案.doc

    阅读理解

    Fight with pollution

    Hundreds of years ago, life was harder than it is today. People didn’t have modern machines. There was no modern medicine, either.

    Life today has brought new problems. One of the biggest is pollution. Water pollution has made our rivers and lakes dirty. It kills our fish and pollutes our drinking water. Noise pollution makes us talk louder and become angry more easily. Air pollution is the most serious kind of pollution to all living things in the world.

    Cars, planes and factories all pollute our air every day. Sometimes the polluted air is so thick that it is like a quilt (被状物) over a city. This kind of quilt is called smog(烟雾).

    Many countries are making rules to fight pollution. Factories must now clean their water before it is thrown away, and they mustn’t let dirty smoke go into the air.

    We need to do many other things. We can put waste things in the dustbin and do not throw them on the ground. We can go to work by bus or with our friends in the same car. If there are fewer people driving, there will be less pollution.

    Rules are not enough. Every person must help to fight pollution.

    阅读短文,选择最佳的选项。

    1.       Why was life hundreds of years ago harder than it is today?

    A.      Because there were no machines .

    B.      Because there was no modern medicine .

    C.      Because there were not many people .

    D.     Because there were no cars .

    2.       What has made our rivers and lakes dirty ?

    A. Air pollution     B. Water pollution 

    C. Noise pollution    D. All of the above

    3. What’s the most serious pollution to all living things ?

    A. Air pollution     B. Water pollution 

    C. Noise pollution    D. All of the above

    4. From the passage, we know that _______.

    A. a few years ago, there was no smog at all

    B. today people don’t have to talk to each other loudly

    C. we can drink water from the polluted rivers and lakes

    D. people are making rules in order to (为了)fight pollution

    5. In order to fight pollution , what should we do ?

      a. We should put waste things in the dustbin .

      b. We should talk quietly with each other .

      c. We should go to work by bus or with our friends in the same car.

      d. We shouldn’t use cars . 

      e. We should stop pouring waste water into the river .

      A. a , b , d   B. b , c , d   C. a , d , e  D. a , c , e

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:20 入库时间:2017-04-03
    来源: 2016年九年级第二次质量检测英语试题及答案.doc

        Smog(雾霾) is a big problem in many Chinese cities. But it seems that besides wearing a mask, few of us know what has caused the smog and what to do to beat it. Chai Jing, a former news hostess with China Central Television, discussed the questions in her documentary Under the Dome(穹顶之下).

        The 103 - minute film was published on major Chinese video - sharing websites on Feb 28. In the fihn, Chai visits polluted places and talks to officials and scientists. She comes to the conclusion that burning too much coal and oil are the main causes of PM2.5 and smog.

        To make things worse, according to Chai, the coal and oil we are burning is of poor quality and don't meet the standards for environmental protection. Therefore they have produced more harmful gas and particles(颗粒) to pollute the air.

        To solve the problem, Chai suggests that we should clean our coal and oil or replace(替代) them with cleaner energy such as natural gas. In her fihn, Chai also pointed out that ordinary people can do something to help control smog too. For example, we live a greener life by using more public traffic. Or if we see things that could harm the environment, we can try to stop it. In one scene from the fihn, Chai sees a dirt mound(土堆) in a building site exposed(暴露) in the air, and asks the person in charge to cover it. When she sees a restaurant cooking without any suitable filter facilities (过滤设备), she calls the hotline 12369. The restaurant installed the filter a week later.

        Chen Jining, the new minister of environmental protection, praised Chai. "This fihn encourages ordinary people to care about the environment. This is what we need in the future. "

    1. What do most of people do to deal with the smog?

    A. Wear a mask.  B. Think of ways to beat it.

    C. Find out what has caused it.       D. Take a documentary.

    2. What is the main cause of smog according to Chai?

    A. Setting off too many fireworks.

    B. Burning too much coal and oil.

    C. Too many cars in big cities.

    D. Too many factories and companies.

    3.Which of the following is NOT Chai's suggestions towards reducing smog?

    A. Using cleaner energy.

    B. Cleaning coal and oil.

    C. Using natural gas.

    D. Replacing coal with wind energy.

    4. What's the meaning of the underlined word "installed"?

    A. 冲洗  B. 出售  C. 安装  D. 修理

    5. What's Chen Jining's attitude towards Chai's film?

    A. He didn't watch it.   B. He thought highly of it.

    C. He didn't agree with it.   D. He criticized it.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:14 入库时间:2017-03-30
    来源: 实验初级中学2017届九年级英语上学期阶段测试题及答案.doc

    BEIJIN—No Car Day was first started by 34 cities in France on September 22,1998.It was started to protect the environment, By now, more than 1,000 cities around the world have had a No Car Day.
           The first No Car Day in China was in Chengdu in 2001.Other cities ,including Taipei, Shanghai and Wuhua, also support the day.
        In Beijing, more and more people are joining in the activity. It asks the drivers to leave their cars at home for one day each month and walk or ride a bike to work. It also calls on Beijingers not to use cars on June 5(World Environment Day).The slogan(
    口号) for the day is, “If we drive for one less day, we can have one more nice day.”
        So far, more than 200,000 drivers have shown their support. “We can’t control the weather, but we can choose not to drive.’’ said, Wu Zonghua, a car club chairman. Beijing is trying to have 238 blue sky days this year. In the first quarter of this year, Beijing only had 52 blue sky days. This was 11 days less than the number for the same period last year. Much of the dust comes from the desert,but cars cause most of the air pollution. We must do more for No Car Day.

    (   ) 1. There are         cities in China that support No Car Day according to the passage.

            A. three          B. four          C. five            D. six

    (   ) 2. The activity of No Car Day encourages Beijing drivers          .

                  A. not to work on No Car Day            

    B. to enjoy having a day off

            C. to leave their cars at home for repair

            D. to ride a bike or walk instead of driving to work

    (   ) 3. According to the passage there were          blue sky days in the first quarter of last year in Beijing.

                  A. 52             B. 63              C. 41             D. 238

    (   ) 4.The air pollution in Beijing is mostly caused by          .

              A. cars             B. dust           C. weather      D. rubbish

    (   ) 5. We can know from the passage that          .

              A. more and more people in Beijing are joining car clubs

           B. people will have one more World Environment Day each month

           C. more and more people won’t drive on Nor Car Day in Beijing

           D. more people in the world won’t drive any more

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:30 入库时间:2017-03-17
    来源: 2017 年辽宁省普通高中学生学业水平考试英语模拟试题及答案.doc

    Pollution inside homes and other buildings kills more than 4 million people each year. Many people die as a result of breathing smoke or from cooking over wood-powered or coal-powered stoves.

    One way to reduce the number of deaths is through cooking equipment powered by the sun. Crosby Menzies, a solar power expert in a South African company, described his latest solar cooker called the “Sol-4”. “It is four square meters of mirrors, six to eight meters in length. It is quite a large cooker.”

    The “Sol-4” works by reflecting(反射) light from the sun off large mirrors. The mirrors direct the light at a cooking pan. Then the light heats the pan with solar energy. Within two minutes, the pan is hot enough to cook sausages and onions. In just four minutes, water can be boiled. That is as fast as cooking with natural gas or electricity.

    The cooker is also much “friendlier” than other models because people do not have to stand in the sun to use it. And people can prepare meals without having to collect firewood or spend money on coal. Such individuals would be less likely to have breathing illnesses from harmful smoke.

    At present, the cooker only works when the sun is shining. But engineers are working on a way to make it work without sunlight.

    Each cooker costs about $2,000, which is a large amount of money for most Africans. To solve that problem, Crosby Menzies has created a non-governmental organization called Solar Cookers for Africa. It plans to raise money through donations to provide poor people with solar cooking equipment.       

    1. The passage is mainly about_______.  

       A. solar cookers                                                 B. smoke pollution

       C. solar power experts                                        D. breathing illness

    2. The “sol-4” is mainly used to     

       A. shorten the time of cooking

       B. reduce the cost of making cookers

       C. raise money through donations to help African people

       D. reduce the number of deaths caused by harmful smoke

    3. The underlined word “individuals” in Paragraph 4 most probably means “________”.

       A. cookers                     B. mirrors           C. people             D. experts

    4. Which of the following about the “sol-4” is TRUE?

       A. It is six to eight square meters of mirrors.

       B. It can work in any weather condition now.

       C. It can also heat the pan by lighting firewood.

       D. It is more environment-friendly than other cookers.

    5. What can we infer from the text?

       A. The “sol-4” will be designed in a smaller size.

       B. More Africans can use the solar cookers in the future.

       C. The “sol-4” is the first product of the South African company.

       D. The African government will provide poor people with solar cookers.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:22 入库时间:2017-03-14
    来源: 2016-2017学年度(下)九年级第二次质检英语试题及答案.doc

    We all know that recycling rubbish is very important. But sometimes it is not so convenient when we can’t find a recycling bin anywhere.

    Now a team of middle school students from the US has solved that problem by designing their Recycling Bin app (应用程序).

    This app encourages people to recycle. It provides users with a map of local recycling centers. And it allows them to save places as favorites on it. This app also reminds users to recycle.

    The group of nine sixth-graders is from STEM Center Middle School. They came up with the idea as part of a school project for the Verizon Innovative App Challenge. Their school provided professional app training. It gave 10 teams Samsung tablets (平板) as prizes.

    The challenge wanted to develop students’ interest in science, technology and engineering. In this contest, students showed an app design that could solve a problem in their school or city. The nine students came up with the idea for Recycling Bin when they saw a need for more recycling.

    “We thought that this would really help a lot of people,” Jaden Hilkemann, 12, told Time For Kids.

    They kept their design easy so that anyone could use it. Now the free Recycling Bin app has been put into use in the Google Play app store for Android phones or tablets.

    “I was so excited when it went up at the app store,” Seralyn Blake, 12, said. “A lot of my family members downloaded (下载) the app. It was pretty cool.”

    (    ) 1. Recycling Bin app is designed by some     .

                A. teachers           B. students            C. scientists           D. parents

    (    ) 2. In Paragraph 3, “it” refers to ()     .

                A. a rubbish bin    B. the school            C. the map              D. rubbish

    (    ) 3. The Verizon Innovative App Challenge is     .

              A. organized by some students                  B. part of a school project

              C. providing every student with a tablet    D. encouraging people to recycle

    (    ) 4. Recycling Bin app is not     .

          A. hard to use     B. cheap to buy         C. easy to download  D. useful in life

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:28 入库时间:2017-02-28
    来源: 2017年中考英语模拟试卷及试题答案分析.doc

        Editor’s note: do you care about the environment (环境)? Have you ever wanted to help protect it ? Well read on, as this month we’re going to hear from overseas teens about what they do to help the environment.

        I can’t remember when I started collecting litter(垃圾). But it was when I got tired of seeing litter near my home and realized that no one else was going to pick it up.

        I live close to a forest in Ohio, America. I can walk there in three minutes!

        I used to love going there to play with my dog. But one day there was so much litter there that I became very unhappy. I decided I had to clan up the forest. I wanted to feel happy going there again.

        I made my first trip to clean the forest that afternoon. I took a big black rubbish bag with me. Ten minutes after starting to pick up litter, my bag was full! It had cans, bottles, broken glass and newspapers in it.

        Since that first trip three years ago. I’ve gone to the forest four times a year to pick up litter. I’m often there for three hours. It makes me feel great to do something for the environment.

        After each trip, I look at all the litter I’ve found. If any of it is recyclable(可回收的), I keep it.

        I can’t understand why people drop litter. But I will keep picking it up until they stop dropping it.

        I know I am only doing a small bit to help the Earth, but I still think it is important.

     1. When did the writer make the first trip to clean the forest?

        A. When he was ten years old.             B. There years ago.

        C. When he went to a forest.               D. When he was playing with his dog.

     2. What did he take when he went to the forest to pick up the litter?

        A. A book              B. A dog                C. A black car        D. big rubbish bag

     3. What were not mentioned in this passage?

        A. cans                 B. bottles               C. broken glass      D. old books

     4. How many times has the writer gone to the forest a year to pick up litter?

        A. Three times              B. Four times         C. two times          D. Six times

     5. Why did the writer start collecting litter?

    A. To help the Earth          B. To make some money

    C. To help other people     D. To clean the forest

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:24 入库时间:2017-02-28
    来源: 2015-2016学年度第二学期初三统一练习(一)及答案.doc

        Waste paper and used Coke cans are thrown out anywhere and everywhere. You might have seen plastic bags flying in the sky when the wind blows and getting caught in the trees. Or maybe youve seen old cans sitting in rivers and polluting the water. Our environment, the place we live in, is being ruined (毁灭)by us.

        Believe it or not, every family in China makes about one ton(吨)of rubbish every year. Thats over 100 million tons of rubbish in China alone. It is enough to fill a line of 10-ton trucks that goes around the world almost five times. All this rubbish makes our soil, our water and our air dirty. And so it affects (影响)our health. Bad habits, such as dropping litter, add to this problem. Many people think that dropping one small piece of chewing gum(口香糖)doesnt matter too much.

        But, did you know that nearly 600,000 pieces of gum were stuck to (粘住)Tiananmen Square during the last National Day holiday? It cost 0.2 yuan to remove each piece. And it will take many years for the stains (污迹)of gum to disappear.

        So it is clear that we can not go on living like this. We need to cut down on our waste. This world is ours. It is our only world. And it is the job of every person to make an effort (努力)to save it.

      1. Our environment is being ruined by _________.

        A. waste paper  B. Coke cans    C. man  D. chewing gum

     2. How much did it cost to remove the gum during the last National Day holiday?

    A. About 600,000.     B. About 120,000.

    C. About 300,000      D. About 110,000

    3. Which of the following is the main cause of pollution according to the passage?

        A. Littering    B. Spitting     C. Bad habits  D. Rubbish.

    4. The main idea of the passage is _______.

        A. we should try to cut down on our waste and give up bad habits

        B. removing chewing gum is hard work

        C. rubbish makes our air dirty

        D. trucks of rubbish can circle the world five times

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:45 入库时间:2017-01-29
    来源: 安徽省皖东南初中三校2017年九年级下学期第二次英语模拟考试及答案.doc

    阅读理解阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的ABCD四个选项中选出最佳选项。

    There are many wetlands湿地 in China and some of them have become the world‘s important wetlands. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are among them. They are in Yancheng Jiangsu Province. They are home for many different kinds of birds and animals. The world’s largest Milu Deer Nature Reserve自然保护区 is in them. More than 700 milu deer live freely there. There are not many red-crowned cranes in the world but every winter you can see some in the Red-crowned Cranes Nature Reserve in the Yellow Sea Wetlands.

        The temperature in the wetlands is usually neither too high nor too low. There is a lot of rain and sunshine, too. They are really good places for wildlife. Offering food and home for some special kinds of animals and birds is not only the reason why we need to protect wetlands. Wetlands are important because they also prevent flood. But some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. This means there will be less and less space for wildlife.

        Luckily more and more people are beginning to realize the importance of wetlands and wildlife. Every year, on February 2nd, many activities are held to tell people more about   wetlands.

        1. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are in the _______ of China.

        A. east           B. south

        C. west           D. north

      2. Usually the weather in the wetlands is _______.

        A. hot            B. pleasant

        C. cold           D. dry

       3. The World Wetlands Day is on _______.

        A. April 22       B. June 25

        C. February 2     D. March 22

       4. We must protect wetlands because _______.

        A. they are home for wildlife

        B. they can prevent flood

        C. they can offer food to the animals and birds

        D. all of the above

        5. The best title for the passage is _______.

        A. China‘s Wetlands Have All Entered the World’s List

        B. Wetlands—Home for Wildlife and Human Beings

        C. Special Animals in the Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands

        D. Wetlands—Valuable Recourses珍贵资源 of Land on the Earth

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:21 入库时间:2017-01-27
    来源: 2016-2017学年度九年级上学期期末考试试题卷及答案.doc

    Our factories and homes burn coal and oil. Every year we have forest fires somewhere. Many scientists believe that the weather is changing.

    The earth will perhaps be warmed by about 7 at the South Pole() and the North Pole. The ice will be melt(融化). The sea level(平面) will rise by about 7 meters. As a result, water will cover cities like London, Tokyo and New York. Some ports(港口) and towns along the coasts will disappear under water.

    Some other scientists think that the dust, smoke and pollution from coal, wood and oil fires will block out(封闭) the ultraviolet rays(紫外线). Then the earth will become colder and great sheets of ice will cover Europe and North America.

    When chemicals in the air mix with rain, we have acid() rain. Acid rain can bring us great harm. It destroys(破坏) forests and kills life in lakes and rivers.

    People are beginning to see how serious the problem is. They find it important to work with nature instead of against it. They are trying to save the earth in many different ways. But one of the most important things to do is to make people understand that saving the earth is saving ourselves.

    根据材料内容选择最佳答案,并将其标号填入题前括号内。

    (   ) 1. Some scientists believe that      .

       A. the earth is growing warmer  D.we have to burn down the forests every year

       C. we can find oil in our forests  D.we need coal in our forests

    (   ) 2. Ice at the poles will       if the earth gets warmer.

          A. become thicker by seven meters            B. cover cities like London and Tokyo

          C. raise the sea level by 7 degrees              D. become water and make the sea rise

    (   ) 3. Acid rain can      .

          A.bring great changes in our weather         B.kill pests(害虫) in lakes and forests

          C. kill the fish in rivers and lakes                  D. cover Europe and North America

    (   ) 4. What can we learn from the third paragraph?

    A. The dust together with pollution from coal, wood and oil fires will bring us more heat from the sun.

    B. The ultraviolet rays will come more because of the dust and pollution from fires.

    C. According to the scientists, the change in weather hardly has anything to do with the pollution.

    D. As a result of the dust and pollution from coal, wood and oil fires, the earth will become colder.

    (   ) 5. Which sentence is TRUE?

    A. The weather is changing just because of the acid rain.

    B. People have come to know the importance of working with nature.

    C. All the scientists agree that our earth is sure to become warmer and warmer.

    D. The sea level will rise if the earth gets colder.

    题型:阅读填空  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:38 入库时间:2017-01-16
    来源: 赤峰市宁城县2016-2017年九年级上学期英语期末试卷及答案.doc

    In order to reduce the waste in your classroom. Make a goal to form new classroom habits. The new habits you form can protect the environment. Check out these new habit ideas for reducing the waste in your classroom.

    Recycling Cut back on the rubbish you throw away. Get a large box or bin. Place the bin next to the garbage can. Throw the paper into the bin instead of throwing the paper here and there. Take the bin to a recycling center once the bin is full of paper. Many schools earn money for the waste paper they are able to collect and recycle. Help your school by recycling paper.

    Reducing Reduce the paper you use. Make it a habit to write on both sides of your notebook paper. Also try writing your words smaller so you can fit more on the paper. The more words you can fit on both sides of your paper, the less paper you will need. Do not write too small, because others need to be able to read your handwriting.

      Saving Turn off the lights when you are not in the classroom. Also, turn off computers when they are not being used. Closing the window blind will also help save energy.

      Reusing Use paper from the recycling bin. Create art projects or paper for math problems. Turn your classroom waster into treasures!

        By doing these over and over again, the habits will become part of what you do without even thinking about doing them.

    1. What should we do to form a new classroom habit?

    A. Check it out.                                    B. Have a talk. 

    C. Make a decision.                              D. Make a goal.

    2. Where shall we throw the waste paper when we’re in the classroom?

    A. In a large box or bin.           B. In the garbage can.

    C. At the classroom corner.        D. On the floor of the classroom.

    3. In order to reduce the paper we use, which is the advice that the writer gives us?

    A. Throw the paper into the bin.         B. Write on one side of your notebook.

    C. Write your words smaller on the paper. D. Recycle the waste paper.

    4. How many ways are mentioned in the passage to reduce waste?

    A. Two.             B. Three.                 C. Four.            D. Five.

    5. What’s the passage about?

    A. How to protect the environment.  B. Reduce the waste in the classroom.

    C. We should form a new habit.     D. Turn your classroom waster into treasures.

    题型:阅读填空  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:17 入库时间:2017-01-07
    来源: 旗直中学三校联考初三上学期期末英语试题及答案.doc

    完形填空。

    The earth is our home. We must take care of it. Life today is easier thanit was

       1  years ago, but it has brought some new problems. One of the biggest problems 

    is pollution(污染). We can see it, smell it, drink it andeven  2  it. Man has polluted 

    the   3 . The more people, the more pollution.Many years ago, the problem was not so serious because there were not so  4people. When the land was used up (用光), the

     river was not clean in a place,man went to   5 place. Now man is slowly polluting

     the whole world.  

     6  pollution is still the most serious, it’s bad for   7 things in the world.Many 

    countries don’t let people burn  for air in houses and factories in the city. Pollution

     by SO2 is now the most dangerous kind of pollution. It’s caused by heavy traffic. 

    People say it’s 10 to ride bikes. When you are11, there is no pollution. But even in 

    developed countries, most people don’t go to work by bike. It’s not   12 bikes are expensive or people are tired if they ride to work. It’s because the number of cars on the roads becomes larger. So more people 13  their bikes and go to work by cars, then

    things are getting  14 . We should have special roads only for bikes and make it   15 

    difficult and expensive for drivers to take their cars into the city that they will go back to use their bikes.  

    1. A. hundred      B. hundreds of    C. hundred of     D. hundreds 

    2. A. listen         B. listen to        C. hear of       D. hear 

    3. A. moon          B. star             C. earth             D. sun 

    4. A. lot           B. little             C. many             D. much  

    5. A. others       B. the others      C. the other        D. another  

    6. A. Air           B. Food              C. Water           D. Noise  

    7. A. life            B. live              C. living           D. lives 

    8. A.something bad             B. bad something  

       C. something good             D. good something 

    9. A. water        B. air             C. noise         D. white 

    10. A. least           B. best           C. most            D. worst 

    11. A. driving       B. biked          C. riding           D. ridden 

    12. A. why           B. because          C. what             D. how 

    13. A. put on        B. look at         C. put away       D. look up 

    14. A.better and better             B. more and more  

       C. worse and worse            D. bigger and bigger 

    15. A.quite           B. such              C. very              D. so

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:30 入库时间:2017-01-07
    来源: 旗直中学三校联考初三上学期期末英语试题及答案.doc

    根据短文内容,从ABCD四个选项中选出一个能填入相应空格内的最佳答案。

    If you watch the sky for about an hour after the sun goes down, you may see some “moving stars”. But they’re not real stars. They’re man-made satellites(人造卫星). And the biggest of all is the International Space Station (ISS). From May to July is the best season to watch the ISS flying over the earth. And people can see it with their eyes.
    The ISS is the biggest satellite and scientists want to live on it. They think that the best way to learn more about space is to live there.
    When the space station is finished, it will be like a city in space. People will stay and study there with many of the things they have at home. Laboratories, living rooms and power stations are being built. The ISS is the most expensive space program. Billions of dollars are being spent on it every year. 
    Scientists hope that the ISS will be a stepping stone for future space exploration(
    探测). “The ISS will help us understand the human body better, explore space and study the earth. It can help us make life on the earth better,” said Kathryn Clark, an ISS scientist. 
    Sixteen countries are part of the program: the US, Russia, Canada, Japan, Brazil and 11 European countries. China isn’t an ISS country, but it has helped with some of the experiments. In 2003, China sent some rice up to the ISS to find out what space would do to it.

    (    ) 1.The International Space Station_____________.

    A. is really a big city in space   B. is the biggest man-made satellite

    C. can only help us explore space      D. is mainly built by the USA and Russia

    ( )2.From the passage we know that_____________.                               A. building the ISS is only for scientists to live there

    B. scientists can do anything they like there

    C. people can see the Space Station at any time

    D. sixteen countries are members of the space program

    (    ) 3.The phrase “a stepping stone” probably means“_____________”.

    A. 滑梯        B. 巅峰      C. 垫脚石       D. 走廊

    (    ) 4.China sent some rice up to the ISS is probably to_____________.

    A. be used as astronauts’ food              B. sell it to aliens

      C. do some science experiments          D. make it grow better in space

    (    ) 5.Which of the following isn’t mentioned ?

    A. China will join the ISS in the future.

    B. The scientists are building living rooms for them in the ISS.

    C. The ISS will be more useful in the future.

    D. The ISS costs the members of 16 countries plenty of money every year.

    题型:阅读填空  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:41 入库时间:2017-01-06
    来源: 满洲里市2016—2017学年度八年级英语(上)期末检测英语试题及答案.doc

    阅读理解;根据短文内容选择最佳答案

    There are eighteen kinds of bats in Britain and all of them are endangered(濒临绝种的). The greater horseshoe bat is one of them. There are few of them because people pull down old buildings and cut down trees. They have no place to live in. There are only about 5,000 bats in the UK now.

         

    The Amur tiger(东北虎is in danger. People kill them for their meat and fur. They also cut down trees and make them homeless. In the 1930s, there were only 20 of them. Then people began to realize that they should protect the Amur tiger. Now there are about 360 Amur tigers in the world. About 20 of them are in China.

       People may see the mandarin duck(鸳鸯)on pools and lakes in Britain, but its native home is across Eastern Asia, in Russia, China, Korea and Japan. The mandarin duck is on water near forests. However, forests and rivers are disappearing (消失). It makes the mandarin duck fewer and fewer.

      1.The greater horseshoe bat is endangered because     .

      A. they have no place to live in                    B. people kill them for their meat

      C. there is little water                                                                   D. they have no food to eat

      2.What’s the number of Amur tigers in the China now?

           It’s about      

            A. 18               B. 20                    C. 340                   D. 360

      3. The mandarin duck may be found     .

      A. in old buildings                             B. in the forests

      C. in the mountain                             D. on water near forests

      4. Which country may be the mandarin duck’s native home?

      A. Spain             B. Japan                 C. Britain                 D. America

      5. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

      A. There were 20 greater horseshoe bats in the 1930s.

      B. People can’t find any Amur tigers in China.

      C. The mandarin duck may be often seen in forests in Britain.

     D. People kill Amur tigers for their meat and fur.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:28 入库时间:2016-12-28
    来源: 重庆市第一中学2016届九年级上学期12月月考英语试题及答案.doc

          For people who are interested in space, nothing is more exciting than the idea of life on other planets(行星). At first, when Mars showed signs of having life, everyone was excited. The idea has produced many films and stories including The Martian (《火星救援》), which shows a man tried his best to live on Mars. But would it actually be possible to live there?

       Although the idea of living on Mars is great, the reality does not look as good. Mars does not have a friendly atmosphere (大气) for humans. There is very little oxygen (氧气) there, and because it is farther away from the sun than the earth, it is also very cold. The temperature on Mars can be -62on average. This is much too cold for humans.

       However, scientists say it might be possible to live there without an atmosphere. The daytime of Mars is similar to the earth’s, which means there’s enough sunlight to grow plants inside safe buildings. However, they would have to grow in soil(土壤) from the earth. Mars does not have a strong enough atmosphere to stop the radiation (辐射) from space, which makes it dangerous to grow things in the soil.

       Also, the radiation causes problems for our health. One way we could live with the radiation and cold temperatures would be to build homes under the ground or within the rocks on the planet. These would give humans the heat and protection the planet doesn’t have.

       Although it’s a long time before we would be able to live on Mars, NASA is hoping to make some progress within the next 20 years.

    (   )1. The writer mentioned “The Martian” in Paragraph 1 ______________?

           A. to introduce the topic of living on Mars.

           B. to tell readers something about the film.

           C. to explain the development of the film-making business.

           D. to show people’s knowledge of Mars.

    (   )2. Which of the following about Mars is NOT true?

           A. Its atmosphere is not good for humans.

           B. It has little oxygen.

           C. It’s colder than the earth.

           D. It’s closer to the sun than the earth is.

    (   )3. It is possible to grow plants on Mars because ________________

           A. there is enough sunlight.

           B. the soil is good on Mars.

           C. it has a good underground atmosphere.

           D. its temperature changes very little.

    (   )4. The main idea of the whole passage is ________________

           A. how great the idea is to live on Mars, although it is difficult now.

           B. how to avoid bad conditions on Mars.

           C. how to build homes and grow plants on Mars.

           D. how to protect Mars.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:30 入库时间:2016-12-22
    来源: 2016----2017东港市黑沟学校九年级英语考试一模试卷及答案.doc

    阅读理解

    阅读下列短文,从各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出最佳选项。

    Zhalong is a nature reserve in Heilongjiang in northeast China. It is one of the worlds most important wetlands. The area provides food and shelter for wildlife. It is an ideal home for different kinds of plants, fish and birds.

    Many birds live comfortably in Zhalong Nature Reserve all year round, while some only stay for a short time. There are many fish in the wetlands, and the birds can easily catch them for food. Zhalong Nature Reserve is an important living area for the rare red-crowned cranes. There are not many red-crowned cranes in the world. Some of them live in Zhalong.

    Some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. This means that there will be less and less space for wildlife.

    More and more birds are in danger because they do not have enough living space. Many of them died. The Chinese government wants to protect these endangered birds, and they can be safe in Zhalong.

    Every year a lot of tourists go to Zhalong to watch birds. This year members of our Bird watching Club are going to study the different kinds of birds in Zhalong and the changes in their numbers. The study begins next month.

    We do a bird count once a year. We are now inviting secondary school students to help. We need more people to help us count and do something to help the birds. Many people do not understand the importance of the wetlands. We hope this information will help them understand and make them actively take action to protect wildlife.

    1. What is the best title of the passage?

    A. Less and Less Space for Wildlife

    B. Many Tourists Watch birds in Zhalong Yearly

    C. Zhalong is a Famous Scenic Spot

    D. Zhalong A Special Place

    2. The shelter in the first paragraph means ______.

    A. a place to live or stay                   B. a large zoo

    C. a place to hunt animals                 D. a large park

    3. Which of the following sentences is false?

    A. There are a lot of red-crowned cranes in other parts of the world.

    B. Some birds go to Zhalong for a short stay.

    C. Zhalong nature reserve is the comfortable home of many birds.

    D. Birds can find food without difficulty in Zhalong.

    4. Why are more and more birds endangered? Because       ______.

    A. many tourists watch them              B. many of the birds died

    C. people have less and less place    D. their living place is less and less

    5. This passage is written to       ______.

    A. ask people to do something for birds.

    B. help people learn about protecting wildlife.

    C. make people understand how important the wetlands are.

    D. ask students all over the world to watch birds.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类