BEIJIN—No Car Day was first started by 34 cities in France on September 22,1998.It was started to protect the environment, By now, more than 1,000 cities around the world have had a No Car Day.
The first No Car Day in China was in Chengdu in 2001.Other cities ,including Taipei, Shanghai and Wuhua, also support the day.
In Beijing, more and more people are joining in the activity. It asks the drivers to leave their cars at home for one day each month and walk or ride a bike to work. It also calls on Beijingers not to use cars on June 5(World Environment Day).The slogan(口号) for the day is, “If we drive for one less day, we can have one more nice day.”
So far, more than 200,000 drivers have shown their support. “We can’t control the weather, but we can choose not to drive.’’ said, Wu Zonghua, a car club chairman. Beijing is trying to have 238 blue sky days this year. In the first quarter of this year, Beijing only had 52 blue sky days. This was 11 days less than the number for the same period last year. Much of the dust comes from the desert,but cars cause most of the air pollution. We must do more for No Car Day.
( ) 1. There are cities in China that support No Car Day according to the passage.
A. three B. four C. five D. six
( ) 2. The activity of No Car Day encourages Beijing drivers .
A. not to work on No Car Day
B. to enjoy having a day off
C. to leave their cars at home for repair
D. to ride a bike or walk instead of driving to work
( ) 3. According to the passage there were blue sky days in the first quarter of last year in Beijing.
A. 52 B. 63 C. 41 D. 238
( ) 4.The air pollution in Beijing is mostly caused by .
A. cars B. dust C. weather D. rubbish
( ) 5. We can know from the passage that .
A. more and more people in Beijing are joining car clubs
B. people will have one more World Environment Day each month
C. more and more people won’t drive on Nor Car Day in Beijing
D. more people in the world won’t drive any more
Pollution inside homes and other buildings kills more than 4 million people each year. Many people die as a result of breathing smoke or from cooking over wood-powered or coal-powered stoves.
One way to reduce the number of deaths is through cooking equipment powered by the sun. Crosby Menzies, a solar power expert in a South African company, described his latest solar cooker called the “Sol-4”. “It is four square meters of mirrors, six to eight meters in length. It is quite a large cooker.”
The “Sol-4” works by reflecting(反射) light from the sun off large mirrors. The mirrors direct the light at a cooking pan. Then the light heats the pan with solar energy. Within two minutes, the pan is hot enough to cook sausages and onions. In just four minutes, water can be boiled. That is as fast as cooking with natural gas or electricity.
The cooker is also much “friendlier” than other models because people do not have to stand in the sun to use it. And people can prepare meals without having to collect firewood or spend money on coal. Such individuals would be less likely to have breathing illnesses from harmful smoke.
At present, the cooker only works when the sun is shining. But engineers are working on a way to make it work without sunlight.
Each cooker costs about $2,000, which is a large amount of money for most Africans. To solve that problem, Crosby Menzies has created a non-governmental organization called Solar Cookers for Africa. It plans to raise money through donations to provide poor people with solar cooking equipment.
1. The passage is mainly about_______.
A. solar cookers B. smoke pollution
C. solar power experts D. breathing illness
2. The “sol-4” is mainly used to
A. shorten the time of cooking
B. reduce the cost of making cookers
C. raise money through donations to help African people
D. reduce the number of deaths caused by harmful smoke
3. The underlined word “individuals” in Paragraph 4 most probably means “________”.
A. cookers B. mirrors C. people D. experts
4. Which of the following about the “sol-4” is TRUE?
A. It is six to eight square meters of mirrors.
B. It can work in any weather condition now.
C. It can also heat the pan by lighting firewood.
D. It is more environment-friendly than other cookers.
5. What can we infer from the text?
A. The “sol-4” will be designed in a smaller size.
B. More Africans can use the solar cookers in the future.
C. The “sol-4” is the first product of the South African company.
D. The African government will provide poor people with solar cookers.
We all know that recycling rubbish is very important. But sometimes it is not so convenient when we can’t find a recycling bin anywhere.
Now a team of middle school students from the US has solved that problem by designing their Recycling Bin app (应用程序).
This app encourages people to recycle. It provides users with a map of local recycling centers. And it allows them to save places as favorites on it. This app also reminds users to recycle.
The group of nine sixth-graders is from STEM Center Middle School. They came up with the idea as part of a school project for the Verizon Innovative App Challenge. Their school provided professional app training. It gave 10 teams Samsung tablets (平板) as prizes.
The challenge wanted to develop students’ interest in science, technology and engineering. In this contest, students showed an app design that could solve a problem in their school or city. The nine students came up with the idea for Recycling Bin when they saw a need for more recycling.
“We thought that this would really help a lot of people,” Jaden Hilkemann, 12, told Time For Kids.
They kept their design easy so that anyone could use it. Now the free Recycling Bin app has been put into use in the Google Play app store for Android phones or tablets.
“I was so excited when it went up at the app store,” Seralyn Blake, 12, said. “A lot of my family members downloaded (下载) the app. It was pretty cool.”
( ) 1. Recycling Bin app is designed by some .
A. teachers B. students C. scientists D. parents
( ) 2. In Paragraph 3, “it” refers to (指) .
A. a rubbish bin B. the school C. the map D. rubbish
( ) 3. The Verizon Innovative App Challenge is .
A. organized by some students B. part of a school project
C. providing every student with a tablet D. encouraging people to recycle
( ) 4. Recycling Bin app is not .
A. hard to use B. cheap to buy C. easy to download D. useful in life
Editor’s note: do you care about the environment （环境）? Have you ever wanted to help protect it ? Well read on, as this month we’re going to hear from overseas teens about what they do to help the environment.
I can’t remember when I started collecting litter（垃圾）. But it was when I got tired of seeing litter near my home and realized that no one else was going to pick it up.
I live close to a forest in Ohio, America. I can walk there in three minutes!
I used to love going there to play with my dog. But one day there was so much litter there that I became very unhappy. I decided I had to clan up the forest. I wanted to feel happy going there again.
I made my first trip to clean the forest that afternoon. I took a big black rubbish bag with me. Ten minutes after starting to pick up litter, my bag was full! It had cans, bottles, broken glass and newspapers in it.
Since that first trip three years ago. I’ve gone to the forest four times a year to pick up litter. I’m often there for three hours. It makes me feel great to do something for the environment.
After each trip, I look at all the litter I’ve found. If any of it is recyclable（可回收的）, I keep it.
I can’t understand why people drop litter. But I will keep picking it up until they stop dropping it.
I know I am only doing a small bit to help the Earth, but I still think it is important.
1. When did the writer make the first trip to clean the forest?
A. When he was ten years old. B. There years ago.
C. When he went to a forest. D. When he was playing with his dog.
2. What did he take when he went to the forest to pick up the litter?
A. A book B. A dog C. A black car D. big rubbish bag
3. What were not mentioned in this passage?
A. cans B. bottles C. broken glass D. old books
4. How many times has the writer gone to the forest a year to pick up litter?
A. Three times B. Four times C. two times D. Six times
5. Why did the writer start collecting litter?
A. To help the Earth B. To make some money
C. To help other people D. To clean the forest
Waste paper and used Coke cans are thrown out anywhere and everywhere. You might have seen plastic bags flying in the sky when the wind blows and getting caught in the trees. Or maybe you’ve seen old cans sitting in rivers and polluting the water. Our environment, the place we live in, is being ruined （毁灭）by us.
Believe it or not, every family in China makes about one ton（吨）of rubbish every year. That’s over 100 million tons of rubbish in China alone. It is enough to fill a line of 10-ton trucks that goes around the world almost five times. All this rubbish makes our soil, our water and our air dirty. And so it affects （影响）our health. Bad habits, such as dropping litter, add to this problem. Many people think that dropping one small piece of chewing gum（口香糖）doesn’t matter too much.
But, did you know that nearly 600,000 pieces of gum were stuck to （粘住）Tian’anmen Square during the last National Day holiday? It cost 0.2 yuan to remove each piece. And it will take many years for the stains （污迹）of gum to disappear.
So it is clear that we can not go on living like this. We need to cut down on our waste. This world is ours. It is our only world. And it is the job of every person to make an effort （努力）to save it.
1. Our environment is being ruined by _________.
A. waste paper B. Coke cans C. man D. chewing gum
2. How much did it cost to remove the gum during the last National Day holiday?
A. About ￥600,000. B. About ￥120,000.
C. About ￥300,000 D. About ￥110,000
3. Which of the following is the main cause of pollution according to the passage?
A. Littering B. Spitting C. Bad habits D. Rubbish.
4. The main idea of the passage is _______.
A. we should try to cut down on our waste and give up bad habits
B. removing chewing gum is hard work
C. rubbish makes our air dirty
D. trucks of rubbish can circle the world five times
There are many wetlands（湿地） in China and some of them have become the world‘s important wetlands. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are among them. They are in Yancheng， Jiangsu Province. They are home for many different kinds of birds and animals. The world’s largest Milu Deer Nature Reserve（自然保护区） is in them. More than 700 milu deer live freely there. There are not many red-crowned cranes in the world， but every winter you can see some in the Red-crowned Cranes Nature Reserve in the Yellow Sea Wetlands.
The temperature in the wetlands is usually neither too high nor too low. There is a lot of rain and sunshine, too. They are really good places for wildlife. Offering food and home for some special kinds of animals and birds is not only the reason why we need to protect wetlands. Wetlands are important because they also prevent flood. But some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. This means there will be less and less space for wildlife.
Luckily， more and more people are beginning to realize the importance of wetlands and wildlife. Every year, on February 2nd, many activities are held to tell people more about wetlands.
1. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are in the _______ of China.
A. east B. south
C. west D. north
2. Usually the weather in the wetlands is _______.
A. hot B. pleasant
C. cold D. dry
3. The World Wetlands Day is on _______.
A. April 22 B. June 25
C. February 2 D. March 22
4. We must protect wetlands because _______.
A. they are home for wildlife
B. they can prevent flood
C. they can offer food to the animals and birds
D. all of the above
5. The best title for the passage is _______.
A. China‘s Wetlands Have All Entered the World’s List
B. Wetlands—Home for Wildlife and Human Beings
C. Special Animals in the Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands
D. Wetlands—Valuable Recourses（珍贵资源） of Land on the Earth
Our factories and homes burn coal and oil. Every year we have forest fires somewhere. Many scientists believe that the weather is changing.
The earth will perhaps be warmed by about 7℃ at the South Pole(极) and the North Pole. The ice will be melt(融化). The sea level(平面) will rise by about 7 meters. As a result, water will cover cities like London, Tokyo and New York. Some ports(港口) and towns along the coasts will disappear under water.
Some other scientists think that the dust, smoke and pollution from coal, wood and oil fires will block out(封闭) the ultraviolet rays(紫外线). Then the earth will become colder and great sheets of ice will cover Europe and North America.
When chemicals in the air mix with rain, we have acid(酸) rain. Acid rain can bring us great harm. It destroys(破坏) forests and kills life in lakes and rivers.
People are beginning to see how serious the problem is. They find it important to work with nature instead of against it. They are trying to save the earth in many different ways. But one of the most important things to do is to make people understand that saving the earth is saving ourselves.
( ) 1. Some scientists believe that .
A. the earth is growing warmer D.we have to burn down the forests every year
C. we can find oil in our forests D.we need coal in our forests
( ) 2. Ice at the poles will if the earth gets warmer.
A. become thicker by seven meters B. cover cities like London and Tokyo
C. raise the sea level by 7 degrees D. become water and make the sea rise
( ) 3. Acid rain can .
A.bring great changes in our weather B.kill pests(害虫) in lakes and forests
C. kill the fish in rivers and lakes D. cover Europe and North America
( ) 4. What can we learn from the third paragraph?
A. The dust together with pollution from coal, wood and oil fires will bring us more heat from the sun.
B. The ultraviolet rays will come more because of the dust and pollution from fires.
C. According to the scientists, the change in weather hardly has anything to do with the pollution.
D. As a result of the dust and pollution from coal, wood and oil fires, the earth will become colder.
( ) 5. Which sentence is TRUE?
A. The weather is changing just because of the acid rain.
B. People have come to know the importance of working with nature.
C. All the scientists agree that our earth is sure to become warmer and warmer.
D. The sea level will rise if the earth gets colder.
In order to reduce the waste in your classroom. Make a goal to form new classroom habits. The new habits you form can protect the environment. Check out these new habit ideas for reducing the waste in your classroom.
Recycling Cut back on the rubbish you throw away. Get a large box or bin. Place the bin next to the garbage can. Throw the paper into the bin instead of throwing the paper here and there. Take the bin to a recycling center once the bin is full of paper. Many schools earn money for the waste paper they are able to collect and recycle. Help your school by recycling paper.
Reducing Reduce the paper you use. Make it a habit to write on both sides of your notebook paper. Also try writing your words smaller so you can fit more on the paper. The more words you can fit on both sides of your paper, the less paper you will need. Do not write too small, because others need to be able to read your handwriting.
Saving Turn off the lights when you are not in the classroom. Also, turn off computers when they are not being used. Closing the window blind will also help save energy.
Reusing Use paper from the recycling bin. Create art projects or paper for math problems. Turn your classroom waster into treasures!
By doing these over and over again, the habits will become part of what you do without even thinking about doing them.
1. What should we do to form a new classroom habit?
A. Check it out. B. Have a talk.
C. Make a decision. D. Make a goal.
2. Where shall we throw the waste paper when we’re in the classroom?
A. In a large box or bin. B. In the garbage can.
C. At the classroom corner. D. On the floor of the classroom.
3. In order to reduce the paper we use, which is the advice that the writer gives us?
A. Throw the paper into the bin. B. Write on one side of your notebook.
C. Write your words smaller on the paper. D. Recycle the waste paper.
4. How many ways are mentioned in the passage to reduce waste?
A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five.
5. What’s the passage about?
A. How to protect the environment. B. Reduce the waste in the classroom.
C. We should form a new habit. D. Turn your classroom waster into treasures.
The earth is our home. We must take care of it. Life today is easier thanit was
1 years ago, but it has brought some new problems. One of the biggest problems
is pollution（污染）. We can see it, smell it, drink it andeven 2 it. Man has polluted
the 3 . The more people, the more pollution.Many years ago, the problem was not so serious because there were not so 4people. When the land was used up (用光), the
river was not clean in a place,man went to 5 place. Now man is slowly polluting
the whole world.
6 pollution is still the most serious, it’s bad for 7 things in the world.Many
countries don’t let people burn 8 for air in houses and factories in the city. Pollution
by SO2 is now the most dangerous kind of 9 pollution. It’s caused by heavy traffic.
People say it’s 10 to ride bikes. When you are11, there is no pollution. But even in
developed countries, most people don’t go to work by bike. It’s not 12 bikes are expensive or people are tired if they ride to work. It’s because the number of cars on the roads becomes larger. So more people 13 their bikes and go to work by cars, then
things are getting 14 . We should have special roads only for bikes and make it 15
difficult and expensive for drivers to take their cars into the city that they will go back to use their bikes.
1. A. hundred B. hundreds of C. hundred of D. hundreds
2. A. listen B. listen to C. hear of D. hear
3. A. moon B. star C. earth D. sun
4. A. lot B. little C. many D. much
5. A. others B. the others C. the other D. another
6. A. Air B. Food C. Water D. Noise
7. A. life B. live C. living D. lives
8. A.something bad B. bad something
C. something good D. good something
9. A. water B. air C. noise D. white
10. A. least B. best C. most D. worst
11. A. driving B. biked C. riding D. ridden
12. A. why B. because C. what D. how
13. A. put on B. look at C. put away D. look up
14. A.better and better B. more and more
C. worse and worse D. bigger and bigger
15. A.quite B. such C. very D. so
If you watch the sky for about an hour after the sun goes down, you may see some “moving stars”. But they’re not real stars. They’re man-made satellites(人造卫星). And the biggest of all is the International Space Station (ISS). From May to July is the best season to watch the ISS flying over the earth. And people can see it with their eyes.
The ISS is the biggest satellite and scientists want to live on it. They think that the best way to learn more about space is to live there.
When the space station is finished, it will be like a city in space. People will stay and study there with many of the things they have at home. Laboratories, living rooms and power stations are being built. The ISS is the most expensive space program. Billions of dollars are being spent on it every year.
Scientists hope that the ISS will be a stepping stone for future space exploration(探测). “The ISS will help us understand the human body better, explore space and study the earth. It can help us make life on the earth better,” said Kathryn Clark, an ISS scientist.
Sixteen countries are part of the program: the US, Russia, Canada, Japan, Brazil and 11 European countries. China isn’t an ISS country, but it has helped with some of the experiments. In 2003, China sent some rice up to the ISS to find out what space would do to it.
( ) 1.The International Space Station_____________.
A. is really a big city in space B. is the biggest man-made satellite
C. can only help us explore space D. is mainly built by the USA and Russia
( )2.From the passage we know that_____________. A. building the ISS is only for scientists to live there
B. scientists can do anything they like there
C. people can see the Space Station at any time
D. sixteen countries are members of the space program
( ) 3.The phrase “a stepping stone” probably means“_____________”.
A. 滑梯 B. 巅峰 C. 垫脚石 D. 走廊
( ) 4.China sent some rice up to the ISS is probably to_____________.
A. be used as astronauts’ food B. sell it to aliens
C. do some science experiments D. make it grow better in space
( ) 5.Which of the following isn’t mentioned ?
A. China will join the ISS in the future.
B. The scientists are building living rooms for them in the ISS.
C. The ISS will be more useful in the future.
D. The ISS costs the members of 16 countries plenty of money every year.
There are eighteen kinds of bats in Britain and all of them are endangered（濒临绝种的）. The greater horseshoe bat is one of them. There are few of them because people pull down old buildings and cut down trees. They have no place to live in. There are only about 5,000 bats in the UK now.
The Amur tiger（东北虎）is in danger. People kill them for their meat and fur. They also cut down trees and make them homeless. In the 1930s, there were only 20 of them. Then people began to realize that they should protect the Amur tiger. Now there are about 360 Amur tigers in the world. About 20 of them are in China.
People may see the mandarin duck（鸳鸯）on pools and lakes in Britain, but its native home is across Eastern Asia, in Russia, China, Korea and Japan. The mandarin duck is on water near forests. However, forests and rivers are disappearing (消失). It makes the mandarin duck fewer and fewer.
（ ）1.The greater horseshoe bat is endangered because .
A. they have no place to live in B. people kill them for their meat
C. there is little water D. they have no food to eat
（ ）2.—What’s the number of Amur tigers in the China now?
A. 18 B. 20 C. 340 D. 360
（ ）3. The mandarin duck may be found .
A. in old buildings B. in the forests
C. in the mountain D. on water near forests
（ ）4. Which country may be the mandarin duck’s native home?
A. Spain B. Japan C. Britain D. America
（ ）5. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. There were 20 greater horseshoe bats in the 1930s.
B. People can’t find any Amur tigers in China.
C. The mandarin duck may be often seen in forests in Britain.
D. People kill Amur tigers for their meat and fur.
For people who are interested in space, nothing is more exciting than the idea of life on other planets(行星). At first, when Mars showed signs of having life, everyone was excited. The idea has produced many films and stories including The Martian (《火星救援》), which shows a man tried his best to live on Mars. But would it actually be possible to live there?
Although the idea of living on Mars is great, the reality does not look as good. Mars does not have a friendly atmosphere (大气) for humans. There is very little oxygen (氧气) there, and because it is farther away from the sun than the earth, it is also very cold. The temperature on Mars can be -62℃on average. This is much too cold for humans.
However, scientists say it might be possible to live there without an atmosphere. The daytime of Mars is similar to the earth’s, which means there’s enough sunlight to grow plants inside safe buildings. However, they would have to grow in soil(土壤) from the earth. Mars does not have a strong enough atmosphere to stop the radiation (辐射) from space, which makes it dangerous to grow things in the soil.
Also, the radiation causes problems for our health. One way we could live with the radiation and cold temperatures would be to build homes under the ground or within the rocks on the planet. These would give humans the heat and protection the planet doesn’t have.
Although it’s a long time before we would be able to live on Mars, NASA is hoping to make some progress within the next 20 years.
( )1. The writer mentioned “The Martian” in Paragraph 1 ______________?
A. to introduce the topic of living on Mars.
B. to tell readers something about the film.
C. to explain the development of the film-making business.
D. to show people’s knowledge of Mars.
( )2. Which of the following about Mars is NOT true?
A. Its atmosphere is not good for humans.
B. It has little oxygen.
C. It’s colder than the earth.
D. It’s closer to the sun than the earth is.
( )3. It is possible to grow plants on Mars because ________________
A. there is enough sunlight.
B. the soil is good on Mars.
C. it has a good underground atmosphere.
D. its temperature changes very little.
( )4. The main idea of the whole passage is ________________
A. how great the idea is to live on Mars, although it is difficult now.
B. how to avoid bad conditions on Mars.
C. how to build homes and grow plants on Mars.
D. how to protect Mars.
Zhalong is a nature reserve in Heilongjiang in northeast China. It is one of the world’s most important wetlands. The area provides food and shelter for wildlife. It is an ideal home for different kinds of plants, fish and birds.
Many birds live comfortably in Zhalong Nature Reserve all year round, while some only stay for a short time. There are many fish in the wetlands, and the birds can easily catch them for food. Zhalong Nature Reserve is an important living area for the rare red-crowned cranes. There are not many red-crowned cranes in the world. Some of them live in Zhalong.
Some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. This means that there will be less and less space for wildlife.
More and more birds are in danger because they do not have enough living space. Many of them died. The Chinese government wants to protect these endangered birds, and they can be safe in Zhalong.
Every year a lot of tourists go to Zhalong to watch birds. This year members of our Bird watching Club are going to study the different kinds of birds in Zhalong and the changes in their numbers. The study begins next month.
We do a bird count once a year. We are now inviting secondary school students to help. We need more people to help us count and do something to help the birds. Many people do not understand the importance of the wetlands. We hope this information will help them understand and make them actively take action to protect wildlife.
1. What is the best title of the passage?
A. Less and Less Space for Wildlife
B. Many Tourists Watch birds in Zhalong Yearly
C. Zhalong is a Famous Scenic Spot
D. Zhalong A Special Place
2. The shelter in the first paragraph means ______.
A. a place to live or stay B. a large zoo
C. a place to hunt animals D. a large park
3. Which of the following sentences is false?
A. There are a lot of red-crowned cranes in other parts of the world.
B. Some birds go to Zhalong for a short stay.
C. Zhalong nature reserve is the comfortable home of many birds.
D. Birds can find food without difficulty in Zhalong.
4. Why are more and more birds endangered? Because ______.
A. many tourists watch them B. many of the birds died
C. people have less and less place D. their living place is less and less
5. This passage is written to ______.
A. ask people to do something for birds.
B. help people learn about protecting wildlife.
C. make people understand how important the wetlands are.
D. ask students all over the world to watch birds.
The moon travels around the earth. Most nights, the moon is the brightest thing in the sky. This is because it reflects(反射) light from the sun. It's hot during the day on the moon. When the sun is overhead, the temperature is 243℃. At night, the temperature drops. The temperature at night maybe -163℃．A sunny day on the moon could kill you. But then, so could the night.
What we see of the moon changes from night to night. The picture on the right shows the
different phases(变相)of the moon.
1. New Moon—You can’t see the moon even
though no clouds cover it．
2&8. Crescent Moon -- You can see less than half
of the moon．
3&7. Half Moon --- You can see half of the moon．
4&6. Gibbous Moon ---You can see more than half
of the moon。
5. Fun Moon --- You can see the whole moon．
1. What’s the temperature like on the moon when the sun is overhead?
A．It’s as high as the temperature on the earth．
B．It’s much higher than the temperature on the earth．
C．It’s much lower than the temperature on the earth．
D．It’s a little higher than the temperature on the earth．
2. Picture_________shows us Crescent Moon．
3. On Mid—autumn Day,we can see the moon at the place of_______in the picture．
A．NO．1 B．No．3 C．No．5 D．No．8
4. Which of the following statements is NOT True?
A．The moon is always the brightest thing in the sky．
B．A night on the moon could kill you．
C．The moon has different shapes in people’s eyes．
D．If there is no sun, we can’t see different phases of the moon．
There are many wetlands（湿地）in China and some of them have become the world’s important wetlands. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are among them. They are in Yancheng, Jiangsu Province. They are home for many different kinds of birds and
(milu deer) animals. The world’s largest Milu Deer Nature Reserve（自然保护区）in them. More than 700 milu deer live freely there. There are not many red-crowned cranes in the world, but every winter you can see some in the Red-Crowned Cranes Nature Reserve in the Yellow Sea Wetlands.
The temperature in the wetlands is usually neither too high nor too low. There is a lot of rain and sunshine, too. They are really good places for wildlife(野生生物). Offering food and home for some special kinds of animals and birds is not the only reason why we need to protect wetlands. Wetlands are important because they also prevent flood. But some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. This means there will be less and less space for wildlife.
Luckily, more and more people are beginning to realize the importance of wetlands and wildlife. Every year, on February 2nd, many activities are held to tell people more about wetlands. (red-crowned crane)
( )1. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are in the_________ of China.
A. east B. south C. west D. north
( )2. Usually the weather in the wetlands is _______.
A. hot B. pleasant C. cold D. dry
( )3. The World Wetlands Day is on__________.
A. April 22 B. June 25 C. February 2 D. March 22
( )4. We must protect wetlands because__________.
A. they are home for wildlife B. they can prevent flood
C. they can offer food to the animals and birds D. All of the above
( )5.The best title for the passage is _________.
A. China’s Wetlands Have All Entered the World’s List
B. Wetlands ---Home for Wildlife and Human Beings
C. Special Animals in the Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands
D. Wetlands –--Valuable Recourses (珍贵资源) of Land on the Earth
More and more people like bicycling and it is no surprise. It is fun, healthy and good for the environment(环境). Maybe that’s why there are 1.4 billion bicycles and only 400 million cars on roads worldwide today. Bikes can take you almost anywhere, and there is no oil cost!
Get on a bicycle and ride around your neighborhood. You may discover something new all around you. Stopping and getting off a bike is easier than stopping and getting out of your car. You can bike to work and benefit(受益)from the enjoyable exercise without polluting the environment. You don’t even have to ride all the way.
Folding(可折叠的)bikes work well for people who ride the train. Just fold the bike and take it with you. You can do the same on an airplane. A folding bike can be packed in a suitcase. You can also take a common bike with you when you fly. But be sure to look for information by getting on airline websites. Not all airlines are bicycle-friendly to travelers.
Health Benefits of Bicycling:
It helps to prevent heart diseases.
Bicycling helps to control(控制) your weight.
A 15-minute bike ride to and from work three times a week burns off five kilos of fat in a year.
Bicycling can improve your mood(心情).
Exercise like bicycling has been shown to make people feel better, more relaxed and self-confident.
Bicycling is healthier than driving.
( ) 1. From the passage, we know that bicycling is becoming very___________.
A. surprising B. exciting C. expensive D. popular
( ) 2. When you are riding your bicycle around your neighborhood, you may_________.
A. pollute the environment around
B. find something you didn’t notice
C. go everywhere and use a little oil
D. get off your bike and begin to work
( ) 3. If you travel with a folding bike, you can fold it and__________.
A. get out of the car B. take it onto a train
C. put it in your purse D. go on airline websites
( ) 4. One of the benefits from bicycling is that_______________.
A. you can fold the bicycle B. you will be friendly to others
C. you will be more relaxed D. you may get fatter and fatter
( ) 5. Which is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Bicycling is enjoyable exercise for people
B. Driving cars is healthier than riding bikes
C. Riding a bike pollutes your neighborhood
D. Common bikes are welcomed by all airlines
Keeping safe: not as hard as you think.
Everyone is talking about bird flu. Yes, it is a very dangerous illness that could make people very sick. It will be 1 months still before we have good medicine 2 bird flu.
But that doesn’t 3 you can’t do anything to prevent（预防）it now.
So far, all the people who have caught bird flu have been those who touched sick chickens or their 4 . So it’s a good idea for people 5 living chickens.
“People 6 go to the markets to buy living chickens to eat, but now they have to 7 that habit（习惯）,” said Peter Cordingley, a WHO expert（专家）.
But if you do touch a sick bird, remember 8 your hands carefully with soap 9 Experts also say having good habits and a healthy body will help 10 you safe from bird flu. For example, do not buy or eat birds that 11 . Do not eat anything that has touched raw（生的） meat. Also, don’t forget to open your windows often and exercise every day. 12 enough sleep is also very important for 13 illness. If you feel sick, see a doctor as soon as possible.
14 , no one in China has bird flu. But WHO says children under 12 years old could easily get sick with bird flu.
Try to stay away from people who have the flu, and always cover your mouth and nose when you 15 .
1. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little
2. A. to B. for C. at D. in
3. A. mean B. see C. think D. realize
4. A. houses B. droppings(粪便) C. eggs D. food
5. A. to stay out of B. to stay off C. to stay over D. to stay away from
6. A . are used to B. used to C. used D. have used to
7. A. give B. take C. change D. turn
8. A. washes B. to wash C. washing D. washed
9. A. for ever B. just now C. right away D. ever since
10. A. keep B. to get C. got D. keeping
11. A. has been checked B. have been checked
C. has checked D. have not been checked
12. A. Get B. Have C. Got D. Getting
13. A. getting B. fighting C. winning D. beating
14. A. In the past B. From then on C. Since then D. So far
15. A. laugh B. cough C. cry D. sleep
More than 50, 000, 000 people live in the rainforests of the world and most of them do not hurt the forest they live in. They eat the fruits that grow on the forest trees, but they do not cut them down. They kill some animals to eat, but they do not destroy them.
When we cut down the rainforests, we destroy these forest people, too. In 1900, there were 1, 000, 000 forest people in the Amazon forest. In 1980, there were only 200, 000.
The Yanomami live along the rivers of the rainforest in the north of Brazil (巴西). They have lived in the rainforest for about 10, 000 years and they use more than 2, 000 different plants for food and for medicine. But in 1988, someone found gold in their forest, and suddenly 45, 000 people came to the forest and began looking for gold. They cut down the forest to make roads. They made more than a hundred airports. The Yanomami people lost land and food. Many died because new diseases came to the forest with the strangers.
The Yanomami people tried to save their forest, because it was their home. But the people who wanted gold were stronger.
Many forest people try to save their forests. Chico Mendes was famous in Brazil because he wanted to keep the forest for his people. “I want the Amazon forest to help all of us—forest people, Brazil, and all the Earth,” he said. A few months later, in December 1988, people who wanted to cut down the forest killed Chico Mendes.
In Borneo, people were cutting down the forest of the Penan people to sell the wood. The Penan people tried to save their rainforest. They made blodtades（障碍）across the roads into the forest In 1987, they closed fifteen roads for eight months. No one cut down any trees during that time.
In Panama, the Kuna people saved their forest. They made a forest park which tourists pay to visit.
The Gavioes people of Brazil use the forest, but they protect it as well. They find and sell the Brazil nuts (坚果) which grow on the forest trees.
( )1. The people who have destroyed the rainforest of the Yanomami.
A. pick fruits and kill animals to eat B. use plants for food and medicine
C have lived there for about ten thousand years D. made the roads and the airports
( )2. Those people built roads and airports in order to .
A. carry away the gold conveniently B. make people there live a better life
C. stop spreading the new diseases D. develop the tourism（旅游）there
( )3. Which of the following is wrong?
A. The Penan people closed 15 roads with blockades to save their forests.
B. The Penan people were cutting down the trees to sell the wood.
C. The Penan people didn’t want other people to destroy their forest.
D. Those who wanted to cut down the trees were stopped at the road blockades.
( )4. In Panama, visitors have to before they enter the forest park of the Kuna people.
A. buy Brazil nuts B. plants trees
C. pay for the tickets D. pay for the gold
( )5. From the passage, we learn that .
A. we need wood to build houses, so we have to cut down trees
B. the rainforest people have done something to protect their home
C. to humans, gold is more important than trees
D. we mustn’t cut down any trees or kill any animals
HAVE you ever thought of being able to fly around the world in a few hours though it is about 40,000 kilometers? Now, maybe you can. Last Saturday, the American X-43A airplane made its first flight. It reached a speed of 8,000 kilometers an hour. This makes it the fastest plane in the world. X-43A is only three to four meters long, but it’s very heavy: it weighs 1,270 kilos.
HOW old can an insect be? 400 million years! Last Wednesday, scientists found the world’s oldest insect fossil(化石) in Britain. The fossil shows that the body of the insect was as big as a piece of rice and had wings(翅膀). In the past, people thought the earliest insect was 380 million years old.
THERE will be a new “star” in the sky soon. China plans to send a satellite(卫星) into space be September 2009. It will stay in space for one year. It will go around the moon and take pictures. It must be very expensive, right? That’s for sure －1.4 billion yuan!
YUAN Longping, the father of hybrid rice, won the World Food Prize on Monday. Yuan developed the world’s first popular and widely grown hybrid rice. Hybrid rice plants can make more rice than the ones people grew before.
1. If the X-43A goes round the Eath, it will take about _______ hours to finish the trip.
A.3 B.5 C.8 D.12
2. The newly-found insect fossil showed that the earliest insect was _______ years older than believed.
A.10 million B.400 million C.20 million D.380 million
3. Which of the following about the new star is NOT true?
A. It will go into space by September 2008.
B. It will stay in space for twelve months.
C. It costs a lot. D. It will go around the moon.
4.Yuan Longping won the World Food Prize because he ______.
A. is the father of his children B. likes to eat hybrid rice
C. developed the world’s first popular and widely grown hybrid rice
D. grows more rice than others
5. The above paragraphs are taken from _______.
A. a story B. an advertisement C. an explaining writing D. a newspaper
Noise pollution is doing much harm to our health now．Noise is a kind of invisible(无形的)killer．More and more students enjoy listening to music very much．When they listen to MP3 players，they like to turn up the volume(音量)．While watching TV，they keep the volume up．But they haven’t realized that the noise is weakening(减弱)their hearing．In fact，the noise not only influences each member in the family，but also influences the neighbors．
Noise pollution is a source of misery to people in our society．If people are often disturbed by it，they may feel uncomfortable or sad．What’s worse，the noise can make people mad sometimes．If a worker works in a printing factory for too long，his hearing loss is much faster than a common person working in a quieter environment．So everybody must pay attention to noise pollution．
The following simple ways can be used to avoid(避免)noise：
★Try to use less noisy equipment(设备)(e．g．washing machines)．
★Keep the volume of TV，radio and music as low as possible，especially late at night．
★If your dog barks when left alone，make sure to leave it with a friend．
★If you have a party，tell your neighbors in advance(提前)and keep the noise a little lower．
I think the local environment protecting department(部门)will take measures to control the noise levels．But it’s everybody’s duty to keep a quiet environment．
1．Why do people call noise a kind of invisible killer?
A．Because we can’t see it with our own eyes．
B．Because it’s harmful to our health，but people don’t realize it．
C．Because it often causes people to die．
D．Because it has no direct effect on humans．
2．The underlined word“misery”means“_________”in English．
A．enjoyment B．worry C．pleasure D．suffering
3．Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A．Listening to MP3 players too loud may do harm to your hearing．
B．Everybody has a duty to keep a quiet environment．
C．We should never use noisy equipment．
D．Noise is a kind of unwanted sound．
4．We can see this passage in a magazine about_________．
A．science B．geography C．environment D．fashion
5．What’s the best title for this passage?
A．Kinds of Pollution B．Noise Pollution C．Hearing Loss D．Our Health