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  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2020-07-10
    来源: 广东省东莞市2020年中考英语真题试卷含答案解析.doc

    A new waste -sorting policy came out in Shanghai on July 1" 2019 How do people in Shanghai sort their waste Let's look at the pictures




    21How many kinds of waste do people sort in Shanghai______
    A
     Three               B Four                 C Five           D Six
    22We should put unwanted books in the______bin
    A
     recyclable                    B dangerous            C wet                D dry
    23Which of the following should be put in the wet bin______
    A
     Plastic bottles   B Paper cups              C Fruit          D Shells
    24The following is a kind of recyclable paper EXCEPT______
    A
     newspapers         B magazines            C books            D postcards
    25The passage mainly tells us______
    A
     how to sort waste                                    B how to use recyclable things
    C
     what to do with the dry waste                         D what kind of waste is dangerous

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:8 入库时间:2020-07-10
    来源: 2020年浙江省嘉兴市、舟山市中考英语真题试卷及答案解析.doc

    It's late evening in the middle of the winter The snow is deep but off I go into the wildSuddenly I hear it the howl (嚎叫) of wolves Excitedly I walk faster in the direction of the howling

        I've been working as a volunteer wolf tracker in Yellowstone National Park for over a year It's my job to follow wolves to record information about them Like wolves however I don't work alone I'm one of a team of people who have been in a project to help reintroduce wolves to the park

        Humans have always feared wolves From fairy tales to movies the wolf is always the bad guy a danger to humans and other animals In the 1920s the organizers of the park shared this view about wolves and made the decision to drive them away from the parkAs a resultthe number of elk(麋鹿)in the park increased The elk started looking for food near river banks since they didn't have to worry about wolvesThis in turn stopped trees from growing along the rivers doing great harm to the environment there

        The return of wolves has already made a big difference To begin with the elk soon learned to stay away from the rivers so new trees have been able to grow there The trees become home to new wildlife such as birds and provide food for more animals

        The park is now becoming more and more popular with those who want to see wolves in their natural environment It has also helped the local people make more money Tourists visit the areastay in the local hotels and eat in the local restaurants

        Looking at the wild animals and the beautiful sceneries around me I am amazed at the changes the wolf has made to Yellowstone And happily it is playing a good guy in this story

    1According to the passage one of a wolf tracker's jobs is to  

    A catch wolves in the park

    B feed wolves in the wild

    C stop wolves from killing elk

    D collect information about wolves

    2Why did the organizers drive the wolves away from the park in the 1920s  

    A The wolves were always howling at night

    B The elk in the park were in danger of dying out

    C The wolves had done great harm to the environment

    D The park was thought to be unsafe with wolves around

    3Paragraphs 4 and 5 are mainly about the  that wolves have brought to Yellowstone

    A risks

    B troubles

    C changes

    D competitions

    4What does the writer mean by the underlined sentence in the last paragraph  

    A Wolves are important to Yellowstone

    B Yellowstone has been home to wolves

    C The wolf and the elk live in peace now

    DThe number of wolves is growing fast

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    读下面关于大象的文章,然后回答文章后的问题.

    HelloWe are students from Thailandand we want to save the elephantsThe elephant is one of Thailand's symbolsOur first flag had a white elephant on itThis is a symbol of good luck

    Elephants are smart animals They can play soccer or musicThey can also draw very wellPeople say that "an elephant never forgets"Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lostThey can also remember places with food and waterThis helps them to live

    But elephants are in great dangerPeople cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homesPeople also kill elephants for their ivoryToday there are only about 3000 elephantsover 100000 before),We must save the trees and not buy things made of ivory Remember that March 13th is Thai Elephant Day

    1. What's the topic of this passage___

    2. Why are elephants important in Thailand___

    3. What can the elephant do?(Two examples___

    4. Why are elephants in danger___

    5. What can people do to save the elephants___

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:8 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    How do people find their ways? At first, people did it by looking at the sun, the moon and stars. Later, we started to use the compass(指南针). Today, there are navigation satellite systems.

    A navigation satellite system uses groups of satellites. They send information to a receiver, such as your smart phone. Then they can find where you are.

    The earliest navigation system is the Global (全球的) Positioning SystemGPSof the United States. The US has put 24 satellites into space to make sure GPS can locate a person correctly and globally. Russia's GLONASS and European Union's Galileo can also work globally.

    The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System BDSis China's homegrown navigation system. It was set up in 2000. With it, China became the third country to build a navigation system after the US and Russia.

    BeiDou can find you wherever you are. It helps you go faster by finding shortcuts and using correct directions. When you are in trouble and call the police, they will know exactly where you are if you have a smart phone that uses BeiDou.

    Today, there are more than 20 BeiDou satellites above our head. And the system is able to offer open services to the AsiaPacific area.

    China plans to send more BeiDou 3 satellites into space. BeiDou3's position accuracy(精确度) is less than five meters. By 2020, the BeiDou system will have 35 satellites and begin serving Globally.

    24. How did people find their ways at first according to this passage?     

    A. By looking at the sun, the moon and stars.

    B. By using the navigation satellite systems.

    C. By looking at the compass.

    25. How many navigation satellite systems are mentioned in the passage?     

    A. Two                         B. Three                       C. Four

    26. What does the underlined word"locate "in the third paragraph mean?      

    A. 位于                        B. 设置                        C. 定位

    27. What do you know about the BeiDou system?     

    A. It was set up before GPS.

    B. It will begin serving globally by 2020.

    C. There are less than 20 BeiDou satellites today.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    What’s a spacewalk? Any time an astronaut gets out of a spacecraft(航天器) while in space, it is called a spacewalk. Astronauts go on spacewalks for many reasons. For example, experiments can be placed on the outside of a spacecraft. This lets scientists learn how being in space affects( 影响) different things. By going on spacewalks, astronauts can also fix things instead of bringing them back to the earth to fix.

    When astronauts go on spacewalks, they wear spacesuits to keep themselves safe. Inside spacesuits, astronauts have the oxygen(氧气) they need to breathe and the water they need to drink. To keep the astronauts and the spacecraft safe, the astronauts must leave and go back to the spacecraft through a special door. When on a spacewalk, astronauts use safety tethers to stay close to their spacecraft. Tethers are like ropes, connect the spacewalkers with the spacecraft. They keep astronauts from floating( 漂 浮 ) away into space. Another way astronauts stay safe during spacewalks is by wearing a SAFER. SAFER is worn like a backpack. It helps an astronaut move around in space.

    How do astronauts train for spacewalks? One way is by going for a swim. Floating in space is a lot like floating in water. Astronauts practice spacewalks underwater in a huge special swimming pool. For every one hour they will spend on a spacewalk, astronauts need to train seven hours in the pool. Another way astronauts practice for a spacewalk is by using virtual reality(虚拟现实). It looks and feels just like a spacewalk.

    Today, only three countries have finished spacewalks independently. They are Russia, the United States and China. The first person to go on a spacewalk in the world was Alexei Leonov from Russia. Zhai Zhigang is the first Chinese astronaut to go on a spacewalk. The world record of spacewalks is held by Russian astronaut Anatoly Solovyev. He has been on 16 spacewalks and spent more than 82 hours outside in space.

    26. About the spacewalk, we can know __________     .

    A. some things can be fixed by astronauts during spacewalks

    B. all experiments must be placed on the outside of a spacecraft

    C. an astronaut can get out of a spacecraft any time while in space

    D. a spacewalk lets scientists learn how being in space affects different things

    27. How many ways to keep the astronauts safe during spacewalks?

    A. Two.                B. Three.              C. Four.               D. Five.

    28. What’s the meaning of the word “tethers” in Paragraph 2?

    A. 吊篮                B. 系绳                C. 笼子                D. 钩子

    29. Astronauts train for spacewalks by__________ .

    A. floating in space

    B. using virtual reality

    C. going on spacewalks outside a spacecraft

    D. training in water in a common swimming pool

    30. According to the passage, which is NOT true?

    A. China can finish a spacewalk independently.

    B. Astronauts can breathe and drink in spacesuits.

    C. Astronauts can move around in space with the help of SAFER.

    D. Anatoly Solovyev is the first person to go on a spacewalk in the world.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    Earlier this year, China achieved a new milestone (里程碑) in space research. On January 3, 2019, Chang'e-4 became the first lunar probe (月球探测器) in history to successfully land on the far side of the moon.

    The Earth's gravity (重力) slows the moon's rotation (自转), matching it to the speed of its orbit (公转). Therefore, the far side of the moon is almost "dark" and has never been seen. It's this sense of the unknown that makes the far side of the moon such an interesting place for scientific and space research. Being blown by solar (太阳的) winds, the far side may have the special minerals (矿物质 ).  For this reason, Chang'e-4 will study the effect of solar winds on the lunar surface and any mineral found by the spacecraft. Chang'e-4 is also carrying flower seeds, potatoes and silkworm eggs to see whether life is possible on the moon. If it is, then the moon will become a possible choice for space travel in the future.

    However, research of the "dark" side isn't easy. As the far side is blocked(阻断) off from us, radio noise coming off Earth is also blocked. This is why China's relay satellite (中继卫星) Queqiao was sent up in May, 2018. Thanks to Queqiao, the communication problem between

    Earth and Chang'e-4 has been well solved.

    Power supply (电源供应) is also a challenge to the task. Chang'e-4 gets energy from the sun through its solar panels. As we know, a lunar day has the length (长度) of 28 Earth days. After Chang'e-4 was sent up on December 8, 2018, it took the probe over 20 days to orbit the moon to be in a position to be able to land in moon daylight and use its solar panels.

    Luckily, everything goes well, Chang'e-4 has worked on the "dark" side for over 5 months. It has sent back many photos of the far side of the moon and has been used to carry out some scientific experiments.

    The New York Times used the word "groundbreaking" to praise the task and wrote that "it will offer help to the history and development of the moon".

    22. When was Chang'e-4 sent up?

    A. In May, 2018.                              B. On December 8, 2018.

    C. On January 3, 2019.                        D. The passage doesn't tell us.

    23. The main tasks of Chang'e-4 don't include ___________________.

    A. studying if life is possible on the moon

    B. studying the effect of solar winds on the lunar surface

    C. solving the communication problem between Earth and other probes

    D. researching any mineral found by the spacecraft

    24. The meaning of the underlined word "groundbreaking" in the last paragraph is the closest to

    "________________".

    A. harmful             B. unpredictable       C. risky               D. pioneering

    25. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

    A. Chang’e-4 has sent back many photos of the far side of the moon.

    B. A lunar day has the length of 28 Earth days

    C. China's relay satellite Queqiao was sent up in order to offer power supply to probes.

    D. Chang'e-4 is the first lunar probe in history that has successfully landed on the "dark" side of the moon.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    根据短文内容判断其后面所给句子的对错。选RightA, WrongB

    Do you like animals? Do you want to work with them? If your answer is “yes”, you might be interested in the job of a vet.

    A vet is an animal doctor. There are over 60, 000 vets in the US. Some take care of pets like dogs, cats and birds. Some care for farm animals like horses and cows. Some work in zoos and they work with elephants, tigers, lions, pandas and so on.

    It's difficult to become a vet in the US. Besides the love for animals, one has to study really hard. He must first finish college, and then go to the veterinary(兽医的)school for four years’ study. Working as a vet is not easy, either. They often work long hours, but many vets say that their job is exciting and fun.

    Jane is a vet working in New York. “I work 10 hours a day. It's long? I just feel the time flies so fast when I'm working. I always think I have the best job ever, “she says.

    11. There are more than 60, 000 vets in the US.

    A. Right.                                     B. Wrong.

    12. Vets care for many kinds of animals.

    A. Right.                                     B. Wrong.

    13. It's easy to become a vet in the US

    A. Right.                                     B. Wrong.

    14. One can become a vet after he finishes college.

    A. Right.                                     B. Wrong.

    15. Jane doesn't think her working time is long

    A. Right.                                     B. Wrong.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    Wind power is a very clean source of energy. This is how wind power works. Wind makes windmills spin (旋转). When the windmills spin, they make electricity. Then we can use the electricity.A lot of people think that wind power is new, but that’s not true.For thousands of years, people have used wind to sail boats and move water. We still do those things today, but these days we mostly use wind power to make electricity.

    Wind power is a very popular source of energy. Most people think that we should use it more and more. First of all, it’s clean. Windmills don’t pollute the environment at all. Second, we can use wind power forever. After all, we will always have wind. Also, wind power is cheap, and it’s getting even cheaper.

    A lot of people don’t understand wind power very well. They believe that there are problems with wind power, but many of those problems are not real. For example, some people say that windmills are dangerous for birds. They used to be true, but it isn’t true anymore. Old windmills killed birds because they spun very fast. New windmills spin slowly, and they aren’t dangerous for birds.

    However, there are real problems with windmills. One problem is that many people think windmills are very ugly. This is a problem for people, because windmills are often in very pretty areas. Also, wind doesn’t blow all the time, so we can’t use wind power all the time. Finally, windmills are noisy.

    Wind power is becoming more and more common. Right now, more than 80 countries use wind power. About 2.5 percent of the world’s power comes from the wind. For some countries, that number is a lot higher. Wind power gives Denmark more than 25 percent of its electricity.

    31. Why DON’T new windmills kill birds? Because                         .

    A. birds don’t fly near them                 B. they spin slowly

    C. they are shorter than old windmills        D. new windmills don’t spin

    32. When did people start using wind power?

    A. About 25 years ago.                        B. About 80 years ago.

    C. About 500 years ago.                       D. Over 1,000 years ago.

    33.                         , so we CAN’T use wind power all the time.

    A. Windmills break all the time               B. We can’t use windmills at night

    C. Windmills are too expensive to use all the time  D. Wind doesn’t blow all the time

    34. What does the article say about wind power?

    A. Most people don’t like it.                B. It’s getting cheaper.

    C. Denmark doesn’t use it.                   D. It’s getting more expensive.

    35. What is the best title for the passage?

    A. Expensive Windmills                        B. Cheap and Clean Energy

    C. Popular and Clean Wind Power               D. Dangerous Birds

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    Rupert Isaacson was born in Africa, and grew up in London and in the English countryside, where he discovered his love of horses. Because he grew up hearing so many fascinating memories about Africa from his parents, he went there and lived with the people called The Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert.

    By the year 2000, Rupert was already working as a reporter, writing articles and guidebooks about Africa and India. He met his wife Kristin in India. Today, they live with their son, Rowan, in the US. But Rupert faced the greatest challenge of his life when, at the age of two, Rowan was diagnosed (诊断) with an illness that influenced his ability to communicate with others.

    Rupert discovered that spending time with horses and riding them was helping Rowan. But unluckily, the Bushmen of the Kalahari do not have horses. So the family set out for Mongolia, where horses have been important for long. Rupert has written about this journey to help his son in his book Horse Boy, and he has produced a documentary of the same name. In the film, people have the chances to see the family travelling in Mongolia, riding horses and meeting healers (治疗师) in order to help Rowan.

    Because working with horses has helped Rowan, Rupert set up The Horse Boy Foundation on his farm in Texas. It is a school that teaches people how to use horses for healing. Besides writing another book, The Long Ride Home, about travelling with Rowan to Africa, Australia and Arizona in the US, Rupert has also produced the documentary Endangerous, with Rowan as host, about dangerous animals that are endangered. Rupert Isaacson has managed to discover the secret of turning one challenge into many achievements.

    26. Where did Rupert Isaacson discover his love of horses?

    A. In the English countryside.                B. In India.

    C. In Africa.                                 D. In Mongolia.

    27. When was Rowan diagnosed with the illness mentioned in the passage?

    A. In the year 2000.                          B. At the age of two.

    C. When he was in Mongolia.                   D. When he was in London.

    28. Why did Rupert’s family go to Mongolia? Because                          there.

    A. he worked as a reporter                    B. there were no horses

    C. there were lots of horses                  D. he wanted to meet his wife

    29. What is the purpose of The Horse Boy Foundation?

    A. To produce a documentary.                  B. To communicate with others.

    C. To learn how to ride horses.               D. To teach people how to use horses for healing.

    30. How many documentaries has Rupert produced in the passage?

    A. Two.                B. Three.              C. Four.               D. Five.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2020-06-24
    来源: 湖北省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试卷含答案解析.doc

    Sore necks are very common these days. How to avoid a sore neck? Here are the things you should know.

    ●Take precautions (预防措施 ) after an unusual activily. Many people report having a pain in their necks after doing something that they don’t often do, such as a new exercise or packing and moving.

    lf you know you’ve done something that puts you a risk, massage(按摩)your neck , do it with different exercises and take a warm bath before bed.

    ●Make sure your workstation is correct. If you work long hours at a desk you may want to make sure that your work environment is set up to be the most relaxing. Make sure that your body is being treated right.

    Keep your feet on the floor. This will often depend on how high your chair is, so adjust(调整) it in time to achieve good results.

    ●Change your posture often. Sitting in one position for long periods of time is nor healthy. Sit with your back straight for most of the rime. Take a 5-minute break if you can and walk around every hour.

    ●Exercise. Find something — swimming, running or climbing — that makes you excited and feel alive. Make it into a usual way. Your body will feel better and your mind will feel more relaxed.

    41. In Paragraph 5, the underlined word “it”refers to()           .

    A. the desk            B. the chair           C. your neck           D. yourbody

    42. The underlined word “posture” in Paragraph 6 probably means “       ” in Chinese.

    A. 姿势                B. 方向                C. 方式                D. 状态

    43.                     can avoid a sore back according to the passage.

    A. Making your work environment be quiet

    B. Sitting with back straight for a moment

    C. Packing and moving for a long time

    D. Exercising often like swimming or running

    44. After doing something unusual, you may do the following things except                 .

    A. doing it with different exercises          B. massaging your neck

    C. taking a warm bath before bed              D. looking at your phone for too long

    45. This passage mainly tells us              .

    A. how to do exercise well                    B. exercising often is good for people

    C. how to avoid a sore neck                   D. being healthy is the most important

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:3 入库时间:2020-06-24
    来源: 湖北省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试卷含答案解析.doc

     You don’ t have to be a scientist to solve big environmental problems. One Dutch designer is finding creative ways to make a change—and he’s inviting bikers to join him.

         Daan Roosgaarde, 38, is a designer from Holland. He uses creative ideas to improve city life. For his Smog (雾霾) Free Project, he designed a special tower that cleans air in Chinese parks. In Holland, he designed a shining bicycle path.

         Now Daan and his team are working with engineers at Chinese bike-sharing company Ofo to create a new product for public use. It’s an air-cleaning machine connected to a bicycle and is

    part of the Smog Free Project. In smoggy weather, the machine would breathe in the air in front of the bike and blow out a stream of clean air toward the biker’s face.

          It’s no secret that air pollution is a big problem for China. In winter, it’s common for thick clouds of haze (), caused largely by factory production, burning of coal and car emissions (排放物), to cover areas of China.

          In 2016, only one-fourth of Chinese cities met the country’s air quality standards, according to a survey of 338 cities nationwide from the Ministry of Environmental Protection.

          “Of course one tower and a few bikes won’t solve China’s air pollution problem,” Daan

    said, “But smog-free bikes are an exciting idea that will hopefully inspire communities to create

    greener cities.”

    36. According to the writer,   _           .

    A. air pollution is not a big problem in China

    B. creative ideas may help improve city life

    C. only scientists can solve big environmental problems

    D. the survey of 338 cities nationwide was not necessary

    37. The air-cleaning machine offers clean air to the hiker by           

    A. blowing out dirty air                      B. running fast with the bike

    C. cleaning the air around the biker          D. breathing in dirty air and cleaning it

    38. From the passage, we know that               .

    A. people who have creative ideas can get free bikes

    B. only smog-free bikes can go on the shining bicycle path

    C. Daan and his family spent all their time improving China’s air quality

    D. China’s haze in winter happens because of more than three causes

    39. Daan is inviting bikers to join him in order to          .

    A. raise money for the tower                  B. test his new machine

    C. help solve the air pollution problem       D. make more Chinese friends

    40. What is the best title for the passage'?

    A. Breathing In and Out                       B. Biking for Fresh Air

    C. Survey from the Government,                D. China’s Air Pollution Problem

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2020-06-17
    来源: 2020年最新中考英语热点专题突破训练十阅读理解含答案解析.doc

    When he was nine years old, American boy Milo Cress had a question: How many plastic straws(吸管) do Americans use every day?

    He quickly learned there wasn’t a simple answer. The boy tried to work it out himself. Through lots of research, Cress found out that Americans use about 500 million straws every day. In hopes of reducing plastic waste, he founded the Be Straw Free project in 2011.

    Cress started the project in his hometown – Burlington, Vermont. He asked a local restaurant to stop offering straws with every drink order. It was a simple change. However, it would save money. And by doing that, the restaurant would cut down on its straw use by 50 percent.

    For the years that followed, Cress tried to spread his project across the United States. More and more restaurants agreed to join. They stop providing the customer with a straw unless he or she asks for one. Last April, Seattle became the first American city to completely ban ( ) plastic straws.

    Plastic pollution has been one of the most serious problems today. According to scientists, more than eight million tons of plastic end up in the ocean each year. Plastic straws are especially terrible. They make it easy for people to get comfortable with single-use plastics.

    After his project became popular, Cress took his findings on the road. He has since spoken to tens of thousands of students around the world. He wants to encourage more people to say no to plastic straws.

    Focusing(聚焦) on straws is one simple step we all could take, Cress says. And it makes me feel that I, as a kid, could make a difference, too.

    1. When did Milo Cress start to care about the problem of straws?

    A. Ten years ago.         B. In the year 2011.      C. In the year that he was 9.

    2. Cress started the Be Straw Free project in order to _____________.

    A. get a good score in science at his school

    B. encourage people to reduce plastic waste

    C. become a famous person in his hometown

    3. What did Cress ask a restaurant in Burlington to do?

    A. Stop offering straws to its customers.

    B. Prevent people from using straws to drink.

    C. Count the number of straws it uses every day.

    4. Plastic straws are especially terrible because _____________.

    A. they are the most serious problem today

    B. scientists pay little attention to their influence

    C. they help people get used to using single-use plastics

    5. Over the years, Cress has _____________.

    spread his project across the United States

    asked Seattle to completely ban plastic bags

    counted the plastic straws in the ocean every year

    spoken to teens around the world about plastic waste

    A. ①③                   B. ②③                   C. ①④

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2020-06-17
    来源: 2020年最新中考英语热点专题突破训练十阅读理解含答案解析.doc

         I’m sure you all know how important recycling is. Recycling is when you take old things and turn them into new things. It sounds like magic. But it’s actually very scientific.

    Material

    The first thing you have to do is to collect items that can be recycled. Only certain materials can be recycled. These include things made out of paper, metal, glass and plastic.

    Daily things

    Can you think of everyday items made of these materials? Soda cans are good example. They are made out of metal. Magazines and newspaper are made out of paper. So are cereal boxes. Some bottles of juice are made out of glass. Bags and yogurt containers are made out of plastic. There are many things that can be recycled.

    Loop

    These things are usually stamped with the recycling loop. It has 3 arrows that go in a triangular( 三角形) circle. This shows that cycle(循环) continues. Items are thrown away but continue their lives as something else.

    Process

       Let’s go back to the process of recycling. The items are put in a recycling bin.A truck carries the items to a recycling plant. The materials are separated and squashed(被压扁成) into  square  cubes.  Companies buy and turn them into new products.

    1. What is recycling according to the passage?

    A. It’s a magic performance.        B. It’s a way of burning old things.

    C. It’s a way to make old things useful.    D. It’s a scientific research.

    2. Which material is not mentioned in the passage?

    A. Rubber.       B. Metal            C. Glass.           D. Plastic.

    3. You can put your old things into a recycling bin except              .

    A. soda cans     B. magazines        C. cereal boxes     D. all bottles

    4. The 3 arrows shows that the items              .

    A. have some valuable stamps         B. are in a triangle circle

    C. are recycled and reused           D. are thrown away

    5. The passage is mainly about              .

    A. recyclable materials              B. recyclable daily things

    C. the recycling process             D. recycling in a scientific way

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:1 入库时间:2020-06-17
    来源: 2020年最新中考英语热点专题突破训练九完形填空含答案解析.doc

    In the new sci-fi film. The Wandering Earth《流浪地球》, humans save the Earth without leaving it. In manyeven most spacethemed films, whenever Earth faces a disaster(灾难), the    1    is always running away from the planet in spaceships.

        But the latest Chinese sci-fi movie, The Wandering Earth, offers a different and more ambitious idea. In the filmbased on a short story by Chinese sci-fi writer Liu Cixin, Earth is in danger of being destroyed by the dying sun.  In reply, humans around the world work    2    to build a huge engine system that will push Earth away from the dying sun.    3    giving up Earthagain this time we’re taking it with us.

        This"ambition"didn’t come from nowhere For thousands of years"homeland" has had a soft point in    4          of Chinese people. One old idiom is "luoyeguigen" which means returning to one’s homeland at the old age like    5    leaves return to the roots of their trees.  Or there is an ancient poem, "The season called the White Dew begins tonight Nowhere as in our native place is the moon so bright".  These    6    show the tight link that Chinese people have had with their homeland.

        This special cultural background is probably the key    7    separates The Wandering Earth from Hollywood-style space films.

        "What is Chinese sci-fi?" Guo Fan, the film’s director, said in an interview.  "A movie that can really     8    our cultural and spiritual view can be called Chinese sci-fi.  Or, we’re just copying others and telling the same American stories. "

        And the makers of The Wandering Earth may have chosen the best time to tell its Chinese sci-fi story. The film was released on Feb 5th the first day of Chinese New Year. It was a time when many people had just made the    9    journey back to their hometowns.

        So to them, there is only one possible way to tell the story. Earth    10    wherever humans go, because it’s our home forever.

    1. A. question          B. solution         C. problem          D. difficulty

    2. A. together          B. along                C. with             D. nearly

    3. A. Instead           B. Instead of           C. Rather than          D. Rather

    4. A. body          B. bodies               C. mind             D. minds

    5. A. falling           B. fallen               C. fell             D. falls

    6. A. either            B. none             C. neither              D. both

    7. A. that              B. where                C. what             D. how

    8. A. express           B. know             C. tell             D. report

    9. A. sadly         B. sad              C. hard             D. hardly

    10. A. went         B. go               C. going                D. goes

    题型:阅读填空  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2020-06-12
    来源: 2020年最新中考英语热点专题突破训练四任务型阅读之综合任务含答案解析.doc

    I am a plastic bottle, a week ago. I was on a supermarket shelf. I had a normal life, the same as all my brothers and sisters-other bottles full   (A)   water. I felt really happy.

    Then a tall woman picked me up and put me in her basket! The woman took me home and put me in the fridge. I felt cold, but I soon made friends with the cans and bottles in it. However, only a few hours later, she took me out of the fridge and drank the water inside me. Then she threw me into a dustbin.   (C)   I felt very lonely.

    Early the next morning, a man took me out of a dustbin. He threw me and the other rubbish into the back of a truck. There were so many terrible smells. Then I was pushed together with the rest of the rubbish. Soon I was completely flat(压扁). I couldn’t believe how thin I became.

    I slept for a while. When I woke up, I found   (B)   in a terrible place. Everything around me was ugly and had terrible smells. I felt afraid. I kept expecting that I would be moved somewhere else. Then huge trucks came and covered   (D)   us with a layer() of soil.

    I asked another bottle what would happen to us. He said that we would never leave this terrible crowded place, but would have to stay here for thousands of years.

    “Why can’t they reuse us?” I cried.

    阅读短文,根据题目要求完成下列任务。

    1.根据句意提示,在文中(A)(B)两处各填上一个适当的词。

    _________________  _________________

    2. 将文中(C)处画线部分改为感叹句。__________________________

    3. 根据首字母,在文中找出一个与英语释义相匹配的单词。

    b________: feel certain that something is true or that somebody is telling you the truth

    4. 在文中找出(D)处划线单词us所指代的内容。__________________________

    5. 在文中找出两个能够修饰塑料瓶周围环境的形容词。

    _____________________   _____________________

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:2 入库时间:2020-06-08
    来源: 湖北武汉2020年最新中考英语必刷试卷02含答案解析.doc

    Last night I had an unusual dream. I dreamed that I was flying. When I moved my arms up and down, I moved higher into the sky. I felt as free as a bird.

    — Martha, aged 35

    I had a bad dream that kept coming back. I walked out of my bedroom, and a monster came out and chased me.

    — Jason, aged 14

    Just like a movie, a dream has a story to tell and it has something to do with your life. Dreams are like scenes in a movie. So, take a closer look at your dreams, your dreams may be telling you something. Dreams can open doors into your world.

    Flying is a positive symbol in a dream. Flying in dreams may mean success, confidence, and “being on top of it all.”

    Monsters in dreams often show fears. For Jason, the monsters may stand for the adults who control his life. Or it may mean Jason’s fears about growing up and he is very upset.

    Here are some other common symbols in dreams:

    Mountains: Mountains are difficulties, so to dream of successfully climbing a mountain can show a true feeling of achievement.

    Big waves: Water is peaceful in life. But a big wave(波浪) in dreams probably means an emotional(情感的) worry.

    Food: Food is a symbol of knowledge, because it nourishes the body just as information nourishes the brain. However, it could just be food.

    According to Scientific American, an American science magazine, dreaming is a way to create a memory of your current(当前的) emotion. You may dream the same things again and again. They are like a bridge which connects your experience with your emotion and memories. They will help you get a better understanding of yourself.

    41. What might Martha’s dream tell her?

    A. She may be afraid of flying.     B. She may like flying a lot.

    C. She may be very successful.      D. She may be very upset.

    42. What does the underlined word “it” refer to?

    A. Movie.       B. Dream            C. Story.           D. Life.

    43. If you dream of climbing mountains successfully, how may you feel?

    A. Afraid.      B. Peaceful.        C. Worried.         D. Satisfied

    44. What might happen to Jason before he slept according to his dream?

    A. He went swimming in the pool with friends.

    B. He was forced to take after-school classes.

    C. He felt very confident about his schoolwork.

    D. He read a book about making Russian soup.

    45. What can you learn from the passage?

    A. Jason chased the monster in his dream.

    B. Food in a dream means the fear of life.

    C. You won’t dream about the same things again.

    D. You may know more about yourself from dreams.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:13 入库时间:2020-06-05
    来源: 湖北武汉2020年最新中考英语必刷试卷01含解析.doc

    Wang Xingyue, 14, Shnaghai: I don’t think we should set off firecrackers during holidays. It is really noisy. Some people set them off at midnight. People nearby can’t sleep well. It also creates air pollution and lots of rubbish. So I think there is no need to set them off anymore during holidays.

    Liu Ran, I4, Shangdong: Setting off firecrackers is a tradition during Chinese festivals. People set them off to celebrate or wish a happy new year. This is very important in our lives. It reminds us of the invention of gunpowder in ancient China. We can’t give it up.

    Lin Yisong, 15, Zhejiang: I think we should control firecrackers. During holidays, the government could tell people to gather in one place. They can set off firecrackers and others can watch. It is safer to do this and people can still enjoy their holiday tradition.

    Li Qiang, 14, Jiangsu: I think we can improve firecrackers. The firecrackers we use now are dangerous. That’s why we can’t set them off freely. But if we can make them safer and better for the air. We wouldn’t have to give them up.

    Zhang Qi, 14, Hubei: Firecrackers are dangerous and bad for the air. I think we can use something else to replace them. For example, we can use LED firework instead. They are beautiful and safe. Even kids can play with them.

    31. How many provinces (cities) are these teenagers from?

    A. Three.       B. Two.             C. Five.            D. Four.

    32. What are the teenagers discussing?

    A. Whether we should set off firecrackers.  B. Ways to set off firecrackers.

    C. What traditions we have for holidays.    D. How to improve firecrackers.

    33. What problems does setting off firecrackers cause?

    a. It is noisy.                  b. It creates air pollution.         

    c. It wastes electricity.          d. It creates rubbish

    A. abc          B. abd              C. acd              D. bed

    34. Who most strongly agreed that people should still set off firecrackers?

    A. Wang Xingyue.                    B. Liu Ran.         C. Li Qiang  D. Zhang Qi.

    35. What suggestions does Li Qiang give?

    A. Setting off firecrackers in certain places. 

    B. Never setting off firecrackers.

    C. Using LED fireworks instead of real ones.   

    D. Improving firecrackers actively.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:5 入库时间:2020-06-04
    来源: 湖北武汉2020年最新中考英语必刷试卷04含答案解析.doc

    B

    There are a lot of interesting things living in the sea. There are many types of fish and many other animals. There are also many types of plants. There are even some animals which have a lot in common with you. They are mammals living in the sea. How much do you know about creatures that live in the sea? Do you want to know more about the food chain(链)in the sea?

    In the sea, all sea creatures get food from other sea creatures. At the first link of the food chain are the sea plants and plankton (浮游生物). Plants are found only in the sunlight zone where there is enough light for them, however, animals are found at all depths of the oceans though their numbers are greater near the surface where food is enough. Many kinds of fish and animals, such as the snail, shrimp, jellyfish, and sea star eat the plankton. The small animals and fish that eat plankton then become food for larger fish, such as the tuna and mackerel. These fish are then eaten by larger fish and animals, such as the shark and dolphin. The shark and dolphin are at the top of the food chain in the sea. Sharks are very dangerous so many people are eaten by them in the sea. But why the number of the shark is becoming smaller and smaller? And who eats the shark? Check out the menu at a seafood restaurant next time you are eating there. Don't be surprised if you find shark on the menu.

    36The underlined word “creatures” means ______.

    A.维持             B.生物             C.奇特             D.藻类

    37Which is NOT true?

    AAnimals are found at all depths of the oceans   BPlants are found only in the sunlight zone

    CThe large animals become food for small ones. DThe shark and dolphin are at the top of the food chain in the sea

    38Plankton is food for ______.

    Athe snail        Bshrimp           Csea star and jellyfish   DAll the above

    39______ are at the top of the food.

    AThe sea plants   BThe small fish   CPeople           DThe shark and dolphin

    40What’s the passage mainly talk about?

    AThe sea plants                       BFood Chain in the Sea

    CDangerous sharks                     DColorful Sea Animals

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2020-05-19
    来源: 山西省2020年最新中考摸底检测英语试题含答案.doc

    B

    请阅读下面短文,从每小题所给的ABC三个选项中,选出一个最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

    That was the end of the term. When we were studying something about DNA, Mr. K wak,the science teacher, told us to prepare for a debate(辩论). I was a little worried. We found we were against a group which was filled with native English⁃speaking students, while there was only one American boy in our group. However, we didn’t dread the challenge. Our topic was “Should college accept students based on their DNA traits(特征)?”We opposed this thought.

    I took the role of Q&A. When I went back to the dormitory, I asked for help from an experienced debater in college. He taught me how to express ideas, search for information on different websites and list the points.

    After a week’s preparation, I stood on the stage with a well⁃thought plan in my mind. Then I noticed that the hope of our group, the American boy, was sick that day. His position of first speaker was empty. I had to take his position and plan my materials and data again. Before the debate, I kept asking myself what if I couldn’t understand what they were saying, and what if they included some idioms(惯用语)that I didn’t even know. I was even nervous. But when I stood in front of the whole class, I saw trust and encouragement from my group members. I started to cool down. I fluently stated our opinions and asked questions. When our opponents(对手)had their opening speech, I wrote down some points to retort(反驳)them. Although Mr. K wak didn’t tell me who won the debate, I believe I have already learned a lot. Never lose confidence and you will surely win.

    1. Why was the writer worried that day?

    A. She was not familiar with the topic.

    B. She knew nothing about debate skills.

    C. Her group had only one native speaker.

    2. What does the underlined worddreadmean?

    A. 应对                   B. 惧怕                               C. 战胜

    3. What did the writer do to prepare for the debate?

    A. She learned some English idioms.

    B. She asked for help from her teacher.

    C. She searched for information on the Internet.

    4. When did the writer calm down?

    A. When she could understand her opponents.

    B. When she saw support from her group members.

    C. When she found one of her group members was sick.

    5. What does the writer want to tell us?

    A. We should never lose confidence.

    B. We need to prepare a lot before a debate.

    C. Nobody can succeed without friends’ support.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类
  • 难度: 使用次数:301 入库时间:2017-11-12
    来源: 海南省海口市龙华区第六学区2017-2018学年度第一学期九年级英语科期中检测题及答案.doc

    Do you still get free plastic bags from the supermarkets? Things have changed.

    China has banned(禁止)free plastic bags at shops and supermarketsand people have to pay for using plastic bags. The rule started on June 1,2008. It came because our country tried to make litter less. Making super-thin(超薄)plastic bags has also been banned.

    The Chinese once used about 3,000,000,000 plastic shopping bags a dayand they have caused pollution of the environment. The bags have become a main cause of plastic pollution because they are easy to break and people throw them away here and there. So the Chinese people are encouraged to bring their own bags for shopping.

    What kind of shopping bag is the best to bring? Some students in Chongqing have a good idea. They make their own shopping bags. They use old clothes to make cloth bags(布袋),and send them to their parents as presents. They also ask their parents and friends to use cloth bags instead of plastic ones. They think it is their duty(责任)to protect the environment.

    (   )1. People in China have to_______ now.

    A. collect plastic bags in the street

    B. use free plastic bags at shops and supermarkets

    C. pay for using plastic bags at shops and supermarkets

    (   )2. China made this rule because plastic bags were bad for the_______.

    A. environment          B. supermarkets          C. shops 

    (   )3. The Chinese people are encouraged to bring _______for shopping.

    A. their own bags         B. super-thin plastic bags   C. free plastic bags 

    (  )4. Some students in Chongqing _______.

    A. ask their parents to make cloth bags    B. make cloth bags themselves

    C. buy cloth bags for their parents

    (  )5.What’s the main idea of this article (文章)?

    A. The bags have become a main cause of plastic pollution.

    B. Some students in Chongqing begin to make their own shopping bags.

    C. To protect the environment, free plastic bags have been banned in China.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:科普环保类