Tom and Joseph are best friends. They spent their summer vacation in Africa. When they were walking through the desert(沙漠), they started to argue(争吵) about something. Tom became very angry and slapped(掌击) Joseph in the face.
Joseph felt hurt, but he didn’t say anything to Tom. Then Joseph wrote in the sand(沙地): “Today my best friend slapped me in the face.”
They kept on walking until they found a small lake. They decided to have a bath. But when Joseph got in the water, he started to sink(下沉). Tom jumped in after him and pulled him out. His friend saved his life.
After he became well again, Joseph wrote on a stone: “Today my best friend saved my life.”
Tom couldn’t understand it. “After I hurt you, you wrote in the sand. Now you write on a stone. Why?” he asked.
“When someone hurts us, we should write it down in sand, and the wind can take it away.” Joseph answered. “But when someone does something good for us, we must write it in stone so that no wind can ever take it away.”
( ) 1. Tom slapped Joseph because ________.
A. he wanted to play a trick on Joseph
B. he argued with Joseph and got angry with him
C. Joseph took him the wrong way in the desert
D. Joseph played with sand
( )2. When they found a nice place, they decided to ________.
A. buy some sand and stones for their friends
B. find something delicious to eat
C. have a swimming competition
D. have a rest and wash themselves
( )3. The underlined sentence means that we should ________.
A. let others know we are angry with them
B. forgive(原谅) others for bad things as time goes by
C. make sure what we write will always be there
D.keep important things in sand but not on stone
( )4. The most suitable title(题目) of this article may be ________.
A. Tom saved Joseph B. Tom slapped Joseph
C. A friendship saved in stone D. Travel in Africa
Escaping (逃) from a fire is a serious matter. Knowing what to do during a fire can save your life. It is important to know the ways you can use and show them to everyone in the family, for example, you can use stairways, roofs and fire escapes, but no lifts. From the lower floors of buildings, to escape through windows is possible. The second floor window is usually not very high from the ground. It is safer to jump a short way than to stay in a burning building. Windows are also useful while you are waiting for help. Be sure to keep the door closed, before opening the window. Otherwise, smoke and fire may be drawn into the room. Keep your head low next to the window to be sure you get fresh air.
Here are some tips on how to stay safe in earthquakes. Stay inside and duck and cover. Get under a desk or table, or stand in a corner or under a doorway. Cover your head and neck with your arms. Stay in your seat if in a cinema or a theater. Get below the level of the back of the sea and cover your head and neck with your arms. Try to stay away from kitchens, where there are often many objects that might fall or get hurt.
It is necessary for all to keep the traffic rules in mind and obey them strictly. When one crosses the street, he should take the crosswalk , underground passage or pedestrian overpass. Keep riding on the right side of the road. When the red light is on, please stop and wait until the green light is on. It is important to let the children know that playing on the road is very dangerous. Helping the aged and children cross the road is always a kind deed. If everyone obeys the traffic rules, it will be much safer to walk or ride on the road.
( ) 1. You can try to escape a fire through the following ways except _____________.
A. fire escapes B. lifts C. roofs D. stairways
( ) 2. According to the first passage, windows are _______________.
A. of no use when a fire breaks out B. useful in putting out a fire
C. the only way of escaping from a fire D. one of the ways of escaping from a fire
( ) 3. The main idea of the second paragraph is_____________.
A. how to protect yourself in an earthquake
B. covering your head and neck with your arms can protect you in an earthquake.
C. advice for dangerous situations
D. how to stay calm in an earthquake
( ) 4. The underlined word “duck” in the passage “means______________ .
A. a water bird with short legs B. some kind of meat for eating
C. walk like a duck D. lower your head and body very quickly
( ) 5. Which is the correct behavior according to the last paragraph?
A. You’d better play and ride on the road.
B. When the green light is on, please wait.
C. When one crosses the street, one must take the crosswalk
D. You should keep the traffic rules in mind and obey them strictly.
We all see and hear about extraordinary(优秀的) people around us and wonder why we can’t be more like them. It’s not the big things that make someone extraordinary. It’s the small things. They become extraordinary by making a difference in someone’s life. Here are some of the things extraordinary people do every day:
Praise(表扬)someone. It can make the others feel great about themselves. A compliment can have a positive impact(影响) on their lives. Your team or family will love you for it.
It’s OK to admit(承认) you were wrong. You will not only gain the respect of your team mates, but you will also gain credibility(信用).
When you need help, don’t be shy or stop yourself. Everyone needs a little help sometimes. When you ask for help, you receive help. You’re willing to listen; you also need support at times.
When you don’t understand how something works, let an expert show you. When you let someone teach you something, you are telling the person that you respect his talent, time and what he is talking about.
Sometimes it is very important to stay silent. Especially when you’re angry, process your emotions, think back to what happened, and then come to a decision about how to deal with it. Before you say anything, consider others’ feeling. Never be rude with words or actions.
( ) 1. In the passage, how many points about being an extraordinary person does the writer refer to?
A. Five. B. Six. C. Seven. D. Eight.
( ) 2. For an extraordinary people, if he makes a mistake, what will he do?
A. Praise others. B. Be angry. C. Admit his mistake. D. Stay silent.
( ) 3. What makes a person become extraordinary?
A. Do some big and great things. B. Some small things.
C. Having a lot of money. D. To be a famous person.
( ) 4. Something unhappy happens, and you have to make a decision. What shouldn’t you do?
A. Stay silent. B. Process your emotions.
C. Think back to what happened. D. Be rude with words or actions.
( ) 5. What is the best title for the passage?
A. How to process your emotions. B. How to admit mistakes.
C. How to become an extraordinary person.D. How to do more small things.
You want to run across the street to catch the bus which is leaving soon? But wait! You’d better not. If a policeman sees you, you’ll have to pay a fine （罚款）. New traffic laws say that if people cross the street when the light is red, they can be fined as much as 50 yuan.
Traffic accidents killed more than 104,000 people in China last year. Chinese cities have more cars than ever. Drivers and pedestrians must work together to make the streets safer.
The law has new rules for drivers. Drivers have to slow down when they are close to crosswalks(人行横道). If people are in a crosswalk, cars must stop to let them pass.
There are other rules for bus drivers, too. If bus drivers smoke, drink or make phone calls while driving, they can be fined. Buses that carry too many people are also against the law.
Pedestrians will have to walk more safely under the new law. They must cross streets at crosswalks. Also, they shouldn’t climb over the fences along streets.
Do you bike to school? It’s not a good idea to carry classmates on the back. You could be fined 50 yuan. And stay in the bike way when you’re riding. The big roads are for cars and buses.
Do you like to ride your uncle’s motorbike? When you put on your helmet（头盔）, ask him to put one on, too. People on motorbikes must wear helmets, the new law says. If they don’t, they’ll have to pay 200 yuan.
Do you ride in cars often? Don’t forget to put on your seat belt, even if you’re going for a short taxi ride. It could save your life.
If you see a hit-and-run （肇事逃逸）, tell the police. They may give you thanks. And don’t be afraid to help to send people to the hospital if they are hurt in an accident. Don’t worry about money. The new law says that doctors must take care of them even if they can’t pay right away.
( )1. According to the new traffic laws, run across the street when the light is red, you will _______.
A．be in danger B．be fined
C．stop the traffic D．see a policeman
( )2. The word “pedestrians” means___________ in Chinese.
A．交警 B．行人 C．红绿灯 D．斑马线
( )3. When you ride in a car, even if in a taxi, you have to __________.
A．put on the helmet B．go in the bike way
C．put on the seat belt D．see if it carries too many people
( )4. You should do all the following EXCEPT _________.
A．carrying your classmate on the back when you’re riding a bike
B．phoning the police when you see a hit-and-run
C．helping people to the hospital if they are hurt in an accident
D．wearing your helmet while riding a motorbike
Jack thought himself a basketball fan. He watched quite a lot of American NBA basketball games. Not only did he watch them, he spent much of his free time playing on the court too. Then came the final year of his middle school. All of his regular teammates stopped showing up on the court because they were simply too busy preparing for the high school entrance exam to play. He was, of course, under much stress himself, like everyone else. A good exam result meant a good high school; a mediocre(平庸的)score meant a mediocre school. Much was at stake. However, he loved basketball so much that he still found time to play, this time with a group of guys who were said to have skipped classes(逃课)before.
Some of his teachers started worrying about him. They asked his mother to go to school to let her know that Jack was hanging out with problem kids. When his mother returned home that day, she wanted to talk to Jack. Knowing the purpose of her visit to the school, Jack thought his mother would punish him for befriending（以朋友方式对待） those bad guys. To his surprise, his mother was not angry with him at all. She wanted to hear her son's side of the story. So Jack told his mother about what he knew of Simon and Peter. Simon's parents were badly ill; Peter's father had lost his job. They both seemed to Jack to be normal kids. Jack's mother thought for a moment, then went on to say that she was OK with her son playing with them and that she and her son should think of ways to help these kids. Soon Jack's mum introduced some part-time jobs to Simon and Peter, which they accepted. She believed in her son and cared about those who were less lucky.
Jack's basketball friends and he have left for different places, but they still keep in touch. He knows Peter is now a manager of a local bank. Simon is currently a freshman at a university. Sadly, it is impossible to get together to play basketball again, but whenever they get on the phone, they talk about it all the time.
（ ）1. After Jack's mother came home from school, she .
A. was angry with him B. told him what his teachers had said
C. asked him to keep away from problem kids D. was patient enough to listen to her son's words
（ ）2. What does the underlined sentence "Much was at stake " probably mean in the passage?
A. Jack must be punished by his mother. B. Jack might not enter a good high school.
C. Jack might get hurt when playing basketball. D. Jack must be influenced badly by problem kids.
（ ）3. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Peter's family are living much better. B. Simon is now studying at a university.
C. Jack's mum understood him instead of blaming him.
D. Jack's teachers wanted his mother to help his friends.
（ ）4. The main idea of the passage is to .
A. make friends with problem kids B. keep in touch with friends all the time
C. try to understand children and help problem kids
D. give up hobbies before the high school entrance exam
What do you do if you're stranded(处于困境的) on a lonely island? Surely you need to find a way to get in touch with the outside world. Your best chance of doing this is to draw the attention of a passing plane.
Pilots(飞行员) from different countries understand body signals if they have the correct training. When you wave your arms up and down in a straight line, it means "yes". When you point downwards and swing your arm from side to side, it means "no". If you want the pilot to know that it's safe to land, push your hands out in front of you and bend your knees. If you want to say that it's not safe to land, put your arms in the air and move them to one side.
The smoke from a fire can be seen from far away, so it's a good way to draw attention. If the weather is dry, it isn't hard to start a fire. Remember, however, that fires can be very dangerous if they get out of control. Never light a fire unless you're sure that it can't spread. If the ground is dark, light smoke can be seen more easily. Green grass and leaves produce light smoke.
It's a good idea to build some signals, too. Use large pieces of wood to make the symbols. If you can't find any wood, use earth. Some useful symbols are:
F "I need food and water."
II "I need medicine."
I "I am badly hurt."
X "I am unable to move from here."
If the pilot lowers the plane's wings from side to side, this means "message received and understood". (At night, the pilot flashes the plane's green lights.) If the pilot flies the plane in a clockwise circle, this means "message received but not understood". (At night, the pilot flashes（闪烁） the plane's red lights.)
However, there is no signal which means "message not received". Why not?
（ ）1. Which picture means "it's not safe to land"?
（ ）2. What can we learn from the passage?
A. Swinging your arm from side to side means "yes".
B. If the ground is dark, light smoke can't be seen.
C. If you need some medicine, make a symbol "II".
D. The pilots make replies with a blue light at night.
（ ）3. What is the passage mainly about?
A. The explanation of building signals on an island.
B. The importance of making signals on an island.
C. Ways of sending out signals on a lonely island.
D. Ways of receiving signals from a lonely island.
The aim (目的) of students who come to school is to study. But studying requires (需要) a right way, or you waste either the time or the money. The following are the ways of studying.
The best time for reading is morning, because in the morning, the air is fresh and the mind is clear. For that reason, we can get good results (结果).
In studying we must have patience (耐心). If we have not known a text well, we must read it again. We shouldn’t read the next one till we have understood the first one.
When we are studying, we must put our hearts into the book, or we can get nothing from the book while we are reading.
We must always ask “whys”. If it is not well understood, write it down and ask our teachers, parents, or friends. In any possible way, we must know it completely and what we’ve leaned can be used well and made better.
Though there are many ways for studying, yet the above mentioned (提到的) will be quite enough if we can keep them in heart and do so.
1. The passage tells us ______.
A. the importance of reading
B. to read in the morning
C. to pay attention to the ways of studying
D. to have patience in studying
2. The passage has taught us ______ ways of studying.
A. three B. four C. five D. many
3. We’d better read in the morning because ______.
A. it’s easy to remember what we have learned
B. the air is fresh and the mind is clear
C. it’s difficult to get good results
D. both A and C
4. If we can’t put our hearts into the book when we read, it is ______.
A. easy to understand it well B. better to get something from it
C. impossible (不可能)for us to get something from it D. possible (可能) to learn something from it
5. In studying we must always ask “whys” in order to ______.
A. understand the book well B. write down the questions
C. do with the new words D. get some questions to ask our teachers
Why does the chicken cross the road? To get to the other side!
That’s an old joke in the west, but it came to my mind again when I saw people crossing the road at the intersection of Shanxi Road and Huaihai Road in Shanghai.
When the traffic light was red, a group of people were waiting for the light to change. Suddenly one man began rushing to the other side of the road. Soon others followed him at the crossing and more people did the same. Just like chickens, they didn’t mind the honking horns(喇叭声) and kept crossing the road in a mess.
Every year several thousand people are either killed or hurt on the roads in Shanghai. And at least one third of them were jaywalking(乱穿马路). Jaywalking is very common in Shanghai. It seems that jaywalkers are not afraid of the danger to themselves.
Traffic laws are to keep people safe. So we should obey them, and have good road-crossing habits. When someone starts to jaywalk, we should stop him, and never follow him. That way we can avoid the traffic accidents.
( )1. The underlined word “intersection” here probably means “ ”.
A. road B. bridge C. crossing D. traffic
( ) 2. The writer saw people in Shanghai that day.
A. crossing the road in a mess
B. waiting for the green light patiently
C. crossing the road with chickens
D. hurting each other in the street
( ) 3. How does the writer like what he saw in Shanghai that day?
A. He thinks it’s OK. B. He thinks it’s wrong.
C. He has no idea of it. D. He doesn’t mention it
There are many things we need to know that we do not learn at school. For example, if we want to use money wisely, we need to shop carefully. We need to know how to compare the prices of things in different shops. We need to be able to compare the quality of different brands(品牌)when we shop.
Knowing how to make such choices is a “life skill”, and we need these skills if we are to live useful and happy lives.
Some of these choices are small. For example, will I take an apple for lunch or a pear? Will I go to school by bus or on foot? Will I wear the red T-shirt or the blue one to the movies? Other choices are more important. For example, will I eat healthy food for lunch or will I eat junk food because it is tastier? Will I work hard in all my classes or will I only work hard in the classes I enjoy? We make choices like this every day.
We have to realize that the choices we make can affect the rest of our lives. Just as importantly, our choices can also affect other people. The next time you decide to waste time in class, play a joke on someone or talk loudly at the movies, think about this: Who else does your choice affect?
（ ）1.The main idea of this passage is ______.
A. it’s important to make the right choices
B. it’s important to know how to compare prices
C. it’s important to know how to shop carefully
D. we learn everything we need to know at school
（ ）2.We need “life skills” _________according to the passage.
A. to know how to shop carefully B. to compare brands and prices
C. to live useful and happy lives D. to learn things at school
（ ）3.According to this passage, we make choices _______.
A．most days B．some days C．one a day D．every day
（ ）4.Which of the following choice is more important than the others?
A．Which fruit to take for lunch. B．Which subjects to work hard at
C．Which T-shirt to wear to the movies. D．How to get to school.
（ ）5.From the passage we know that your choices affect ______.
A．you and your parents B．you and other people
C．lots of other people D．everybody except you
A school bus is a kind of bus designed (设计) for student transport: carrying children and teenagers to and from school. So safety(安全) is very important. We should have the same logo (标志) on the school bus and color it yellow so that people can see it far away. People design everything on the bus to keep the students safe, such as, we can push the windows easily, the computer can ask the student to wear the seatbelt when the student sits on the seat. There is at least one teacher to look after the students on the bus. When the students get on or get off the bus, the driver should use the traffic lights to tell other cars, then the other cars can wait until the students are safe. When a school bus is on the way, we can know where it is and what happens to it on the computer.
In a word, we must find ways to make sure the traffic safety is first.
1. When we design a school bus, ____ is first.
A. beauty B. safety C. color D. logo
2. The color of the school bus is _____, so people can see it far away.
A. red B. green C. white D. yellow
3. What does the underlined word seatbelt mean?
A.安全带 B.腰带 C.安全服 D.领带
4. How many teachers are there on the bus?
A. None. B. Only one. C. At least one. D. More than one.
5. What is the passage mainly about?
A. A school bus. B. A computer on a bus. C. A bus design. D. The traffic safety.
Being safe in your everyday life needs knowledge. If you remember the following information，your life will be much safer.
● Always notice the environment around you. You shouldn’t walk alone outside late at night. Make sure where the public phones are. If anything dangerous happens，you can find them easily.
●Your bag should be carried towards the front of your body instead of putting it on your back。When a bus is full of people，it is easy enough for a thief to take away the things in the bag on your back.
●If you are followed by someone you don’t know, cross the street and go to the other way, let the person understand that you know he or she is after you. Next，don’t go home at once. You are safer in the street than you are alone in your home or in a lift.
●If you have to take a bus to a place far away, try to get to the stop a few minutes earlier before the bus leaves. This stops other people from studying you. On the bus，don’t sit alone. Sit behind the driver or other people. Don’t sleep.
1.Which of the following is NOT safe when you are out?
A. Go home alone late at night.
B. Make sure where the public phones are.
C. Don’t get to the bus stop too early.
D. Always notice the environment around you.
2.When you are followed by someone on your way home，you should ____ to make yourself safe.
A. run home
B. find a lift and go in
C. turn back and walk towards him or her at once
D. cross the street and go to the other way.
3.When you take a bus alone，it’s safe for you______
A. to sit behind the driver or with other people，but not to sleep
B. to talk with the driver
C. to call your friends
D. to get off the bus at once
4.What can you learn from the passage?
A. How to notice the environment around you
B. How to be safe in your everyday life
C. How to cross the street
D. How to use the public phones
Last week, 169 Junior 1 students at No. 35 Middle School of Shenyang took their first no-teacher exam. After the teacher handed out the exam paper, he left the room and never came back. A student collected in the papers when the exam ended.
"That test was not only a test of knowledge, but also a test of moral (道德). We wanted to show students how important honesty (诚实) is," said the school's headmaster. The school says no cheating (作弊)happened in the test. Next year, it wants 80% of its exams to be without teachers. But students have different ideas.
"I was happy and excited during the exam because my teachers trusted (信任) me," said Lang Yudan, a 13-year-old girl in Class 11.
"Schools must trust students a lot not to use invigilators (监考人). But I think it is too early. Some students will cheat if there are no invigilators. And the students will not be able to ask for help when needed,” said Hua Sha.
"I don' t like having invigilators in exams. When they walk around the classroom, they make me nervous. I would get higher marks without them in the room because I would feel more relaxed," Liu Qingxi said.
"I think it's very important to have invigilators in exams. Many students want to check their answers with each other after they have finished papers. And they can also keep the classroom in order when something unusual happens. They may make me nervous, but I still think we need them," Shangguan Yuan said.
Not using invigilators may be a good idea. But before using it, schools must tell students the importance of honesty and try to find ways to solve something unusual in exams.
( ) 1. The passage mainly (主要地) talks about ______________.
A. how to pass an exam B. how to make students honest
C. whether there is cheating in exams D. whether invigilators are needed in exams
( )2. No. 35 Middle School of Shenyang held a no-teacher exam to _________.
A. let the students have a good rest B. teach the students in a better way
C. help all the students pass the exam D. find whether the students were honest
( ) 3 From what the students have said, we know _____________
A. invigilators really help them a lot B. all of them think it is a good idea
C. something unusual never happens in exams
D. not all of them agree with the headmaster
( )4. In the sentence "And they can also keep the classroom in order when something unusual happens" "they" refers to (指)_____________.
A. students B. headmasters C. invigilators D. schools
( )5. Do you think it’s a good idea to have no-teacher exams at your class?Why?
Luca Gramberini has been scuba diving since he was a kid. His family owns a scuba company. For the past three summers, Luca has added gardening to his underwater activities. He helps run Nemo’s Garden, a project to grow plants in the sea.
From May through September, Luca and other divers are working on Nemo’s Garden in the Mediterranean Sea, 150 feet from the coast of Noli, Italy. Five large balloon-like objects, called biospheres（生物圈）, hold plants such as beans and strawberries. The biospheres are filled with air and placed 20 feet below the surface. “My father came up with the idea because he loves gardening very much,” Luca said.
According to Luca, the sea is a good place to grow plants because underwater temperatures remain stable, changing little from day to night. The biospheres act like greenhouses. Inside the air-filled biospheres, fresh water keeps evaporating（蒸发）, providing the plants with a good environment to grow in. “We have already seen the plants, grow faster and better,” Luca says. “And there are fewer storms that can knock down the biospheres during the summer.”
Luca hopes Nemo’s Garden will provide a new way of growing crops. “There is not enough land on the Earth,” he says. “And in many developing countries, bad conditions make it difficult for crops to grow.”
Though the project has just started, Nemo’s Garden has achieved success and is moving to different areas. “We’re going to try growing other plants.” Luca says. “We hope to set up biospheres in other countries. There are many possibilities.”
1. Nemo’s Garden is a project to ______.
A. do scuba diving in the sea B. stop storms in the sea
C. make fresh water from the sea D. grow plants under the water
2. The underlined word “stable” in paragraph 3 means ______ I Chinese.
A. 平衡的 B. 正常的 C. 稳定的 D. 合适的
3. The passage is probably taken from the _______ part of a newspaper.
A. travel B. science C. health D. sports
4. The best title for this passage is _______.
A. Gardens in the sea B. Projects for summer activities
C. Plants in greenhouses D. Conditions for crop growing
According to a recent study, there are about 70,000 blind children in Indonesia. Among them, 60 percent were not born blind. Iyehezkiel Parudani is one of them, who lost his eyesight by accident at age six. He now teaches English to blind students at the Pajajaran Special SchooL Iyehezkiel Parudani says learning English can help blind people feel better about themselves. "By learning English, they can be an English teacher, a translator, and a tour guide. " Students read using Braille (盲文). To write, they use special tools, too.
Iyehezkiel Parudani says blind people should not let their physical disability influence their dreams. In 2008 , he got a chance to study at the University of Texas. Two years later, he got a master's degree in course development there.
"In the US, if I go to the university to study, everything is available - like e-books, Braille books. Here in Indonesia, you know, it’s difficult to find a reference book in e-book or in Braille. We have to make it ourselves. In the US, I can move wherever I want because everything designed is really accessible for people with blindness. "
Eha Lestari, one of his star students, says learning English has changed her life. She has already traveled to the US with the help of an Indonesia-U. S. program. "I study English because I love English very much. I want to be a translator because I want to go to the other countries and then I want to meet some people from around the world. "
Like her classmates, Eha loves to sing. Here, music is part of daily life. Even the students who do not study English can sing some American pop songs, such as Stand By Me , "Stand by me. Please stand, stand by me. Stand by me.... "
Iyehezkiel Parudani says the song has special meaning to the students. "In our life, we need other persons. You have to stand by me. Without you standing by me, I'm meaningless. "
1. According to what Iyehezkiel says, learning English can help blind students to ______ .
A. have more chances to get jobs B. visit English-speaking countries
C. get a master's degree easily D. read Braille books quickly
2. The underlined word "accessible" in the third paragraph might mean ______ .
A. fun to use B. easy to reach
C. hard to break D. safe to choose
3. From the last two paragraphs, we can infer (推断) that the students ______ .
A. sang songs side by side B. achieved their dreams
C. had a meaningless life D. needed help from others
4. The best title for the passage may be ______ .
A. A Blind Girl Learning English B. Blind Children Singing Songs
C. A Blind Man Teaching English D. Blind Teachers Living by Me
Hong Kong has about forty public beaches. Some of the beaches are among the best in the world. People can go there for a swim. You can go to most of them by bus. To go to some beaches you must take a boat. There are toilets, changing rooms and places to buy food and drink on most of the beaches.
You will swim there without danger if you remember these instructions:
1. Never swim alone.
2. Never swim after a meal or when you feel hungry or tired.
3. Do not stay in the water too long.
4. Never get out of a boat if you cannot swim.
Remember: A red flag means that it is dangerous for anybody to go into the water. A blue flag means that it is dangerous for children.
( )1. There are ______ public beaches in Hong Kong.
A. forty B. less than forty
C. more than forty D. a little more or less than forty
( )2. We can reach ______ by bus.
A. all the public beaches B. any public beaches
C. only a few public beaches D. all the public beaches except some
( )3. When you see a blue flag, you know that ______ there.
A. women should not swim B. children should not swim
C. nobody should swim D. anybody can swim
( )4. Which of the following is true according t this passage? ______.
A. You can always swim when you see a red flag
B. You should not swim with other people
C. You should not swim after lunch
D. You can’t swim for a short time
( )5. This passage mainly tells us ______.
A. something about Hong Kong’s beaches and swimming there
B. that swimming in Hong Kong is dangerous
C. that Hong Kong has many best beaches in the world
D. it is not easy to go swimming in Hong Kong
Even kids know that we should wait for the traffic light to turn green before crossing a road, but not everybody follows this basic rule.
“Chinese style road crossing” has become a hot expression recently. Chinese people “cross roads without thinking about traffic lights, so long as（只要）they are part of a crowd”, said a post on Sina Weibo.
A CCTV news program showed that in only an hour, more than 600 people jumped red lights when crossing a road at a crossing in Shijiazhuang, Hebei.
Many people say that they jaywalk（乱闯马路）because the red light lasts too long. Such an opinion is supported by a research team at Tongji University. The team did research on people’s waiting times at different road crossings from 2008 to 2010. They found that Chinese people would wait for 70 to 90 seconds before they lost their patience. “People are likely to ignore(忽视) the light when the waiting time is longer than they can stand,” said Ni Ying, a member of the research team.
However, a survey on Sina Weibo suggested that half of the respondents（调查对象）believe that people jaywalk mainly because they disregard（忽视）rules.“I always obey traffic rules. Time is important but safety should come first,” wrote “Qixiaoe” on Weibo.
Many countries give out punishments to jaywalkers. In Singapore, the maximum(最大量) can be three months in prison. Some Chinese cities have started taking some actions, too. For example, the first three people in a jaywalking group will be fined 50 yuan in Shijiazhuang.
But calling on people to respect rules is more important. To completely solve the problem, everyone should realize the importance of obeying the traffic rules.
1. Which of the following is the “Chinese style road crossing”?
A. To wait for the traffic light to turn green. B. To cross a road slowly.
C. To cross roads without looking at traffic lights. D. To follow the basic traffic lights.
2. What does the phrase “the team” in Paragraph 4 refer to (指的是)?
A. A CCTV news program. B. A research group at Tongji University.
C. A post on Sina Weibo. D. A daily newspaper.
3. How long will Chinese people wait to cross the road before they lose patience?
A. Less than one minute. B. About five minutes.
C. Less than one and a half minutes. D. More than ten minutes.
4. Why do people jaywalk according to the survey on Sina Weibo?
A. Because there are too many people on the road.
B. Because the red light lasts too long.
C. Because people don’t pay much attention to rules.
D. Because people have less patience.
5. The writer suggests that we should________ to solve the problem of jaywalking.
A. punish the jaywalkers B. disregard the traffic rules
C. reduce the time of red lights D. call on people to obey the traffic lights
Reading is the key to school success and，like any skill，it takes practice. A child learns to walk by practicing until he no longer has to think about how to put one foot in front of the other. An excellent sportsman practices until he can play quickly, correctly and without thinking. Educators call it “automaticity(自动性)”.
A child learns to read by sounding out the letters and finding the meaning of the words. With practice, he stumbles less and less, reading by the phrase. With automaticity, he doesn’t have to think about the meaning of words, so he can give all his attention to the meaning of the text.
It can begin as early as first grade. In a recent study of children in Illinois schools, Alan Rossman of Northwestern University found that automatic readers in the first grade not only read almost three times as fast as the others, but also got better results in exams.
According to Rossman, the key to automaticity is the amount(数量)of time a child spends reading, not his IQ. Any child who spends at least 3.5 to 4 hours a week reading books, magazines or newspapers will probably reach automaticity. It can happen if a child turns off TV just one night for reading at home.
You can test yourself by reading something new which is suitable for your level. If you read aloud with expression, with a sense of the meaning of the sentences, you probably are an automatic reader. If you read brokenly, one word at a time, without expression or meaning, you need more practice.
1. “ Reading is the key to school success” means that reading______.
A. helps school develop faster B. is a key to a successful school
C. helps students go to a key school D. can improve students’ learning results
2.Children with “automaticity” can read faster because they______.
A. know how to read the words B. do not have to think while reading
C. read by themselves without any help D. pay attention to the meaning of the text
3. The underlined word “stumble” in the passage means “______” in Chinese.
A. 结结巴巴地读 B. 全神贯注地读 C. 心不在焉地读 D. 声情并茂地读
4. The best title for the passage is “______”.
A . IQ is the Key to the Automaticity B.TV is Bad for Children’s Reading
C. Automaticity Depends on Practice D. Automatic Readers Will Be Successful
There are many fruit and vegetable gardens across the countryside. More students, at Madison Elementary School, are growing their own food in the gardens.
The vegetables are washed. Then kids can eat them at a salad party. They are also sold in the school dining hall for lunch. This month, students will plant tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, broccoli (西兰花) and strawberries.
Why are students learning how to grow food? Teachers want kids to learn healthy eating habits. Healthy food gives us energy. We need energy to grow.
Many kids are now trying new food and learning how to grow food. Lisa is the parent volunteer of the program. She says a lot of students have told her, “I like salad. I didn’t think I liked salad!” Then those students have gone home and asked their parents to buy vegetables that they have tried at school.
Lisa’s daughter, Lucy, is one of those students. She is in Grade Two. “I love the garden,” she says. “I didn’t really like vegetables before we had the garden. Then we found out that gardening is cool. Now I like vegetables. My favorite vegetable is carrots.”
1. The kids love to grow their own food .
A. on the farms B. in the gardens
C. in the school D. on the beach
2. This month, the kids will plant kinds of fruits and vegetables.
A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 6
3. The students learn how to grow food because .
A. they like playing in the countryside
B. they need healthy food for energy
C. their teachers like healthy food
D. their parents want them to do this
4. Many students like to eat the salad .
A. they have tried at school
B. they have planted at home
C. their teachers bought
D. their mothers chose
5. didn’t like vegetables before gardening.
A. Some parents B. Lisa
C. The teachers D. Lucy
How to Be a Better Student
Maybe you are a common student. You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessary so, however. Anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. Here's how:
Plan your time carefully. When you plan your week, you should make a list of things that you have to do. After making this list, you should make a schedule of your time. First set your time for eating, sleeping, dressing, etc. Then decide a good, regular time for studying. Don't forget to set aside enough time for entertainment. A weekly schedule may not solve all your problems, but it will force you to realize what is happening to your time.
Find a good place to study. Look around the house for a good study area. Keep this space, which may be a desk or simply a corner of your room, free of everything but study materials. No games, radios, or television! When you sit down to study, concentrate on the subject.
Make good use of your time in class. Take advantage of class time to listen to everything the teachers say. Really listening in class means less work later. Taking notes will help you remember what the teacher says.
Study regularly. When you get home from school, go over your notes, review the important points that your teacher is going to discuss the next day, read that material. This will help you understand the next class. If you do these things regularly, the material will become more meaningful, and you will remember it longer.
Develop a good attitude about tests. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. They help you remember your new knowledge. The world won't end if you don't pass a test, so don’t be over worried.
There are other methods that might help you with your studying. You will probably discover them after you have tried these.
1.The writer gives you ______ methods to help you in the passage.
A. Four. B. Five. C. Six. D. Seven.
2.What should you do if you want to plan your time?
A. Make a schedule of your time. B. Find a good study area.
C. Take advantage of class time. D. Review the important points.
3. How can we remember what the teacher says?
A. By taking notes in class. B. By concentrating on the subject.
C. By listening to everything. D. By discussing with your classmates.
4. What is the purpose of a test according to the writer?
A. To help you solve some problems.
B. To make us become better students.
C. To discover if you are interested in a subject.
D. To show what you have learned about a subject.
A serious earthquake can be a terrible experience, and it is easy to forget safety measures(措施) in disorder(混乱). Fortunately, most earthquake safety measures are common sense, but if you forget everything else, remember the following instructions: drop, cover, and hold on. Also, most of earthquake deaths happen after the earthquake, so remember that the danger does not end when the shaking does!
If you stay indoors during an earthquake, move away from unsupported areas and windows. Try to get under a doorway or another area of the building which is held up by strong beams(梁). Stay under a table or desk only if it is very strong. Do not rush to lifts, because it is far safer to stay where you are. Cover your head with your arms around it and curl(蜷缩) into a ball, and wait for the shaking to stop.
If you stay outdoors during an earthquake, move to an area which is as open as possible. Don’t move to buildings, electric poles and other objects which may fall during an earthquake and injure you. Protect your head and stay low to the ground till the shaking ends and it is safe to move.
After an earthquake, many buildings are less strong, although they appear safe. If you stay indoors, move people from the building quickly and help disabled or injured people. Once outdoors, move well away from the building so that if it falls down, you will not be injured. Wait till public safety officials announce that it is safe to stay indoors.
By planning ahead and keeping calm during an earthquake, you can greatly increase your chances of survival(生存) without injury.
( ) 1.The underlined word “Fortunately” in the first paragraph means______ .
A.especially B.gradually C.luckily D.finally
( ) 2.We can learn from the passage that earthquake safety measures________ .
A.are planned for children
B.help us to keep safe
C.are not necessary
D.are not easy to understand
( ) 3.According to the passage, it isn’t a good choice _________during an earthquake.
A.to take a lift
B.to stay under a strong table
C.to get under a doorway
D.to cover the head with arms around it
( ) 4.If you stay outdoors during an earthquake, you can do all the following except________ .
A.trying to protect your head
B.moving to an open place
C.moving away from buildings
D.taking the disabled people into the room
( ) 5.The purpose of the passage is mainly to tell us how to________ .
A.stay away from an earthquake
B.predict an earthquake
C.control an earthquake
D.keep safe during and after an earthquake