Stonehenge, a rock circle, is not only one of Britain’s most famous historical places but also one of its greatest mysteries. Every year it receives more than 750,000 visitors. People like to go to this place especially in June as they want to see the sun rising on the longest day of the year.
For many years, historians(历史学家) believed Stonehenge was a temple where ancient leaders tried to communicate with the gods. However, historian Paul Stoker thinks this can’t be true because Stonehenge was built so many centuries ago. “The leaders arrived in England much later,” he points out.
Another popular idea is that Stonehenge might be a kind of calendar. The large stones were put together in a certain way. On midsummer’s morning, the sun shines directly into the center of the stones. Other people believe the stones have a medical purpose. They think the stones can prevent illness and keep people healthy. “As you walk there, you can feel the energy from your feet move up your body,” said one visitor. No one is sure what Stonehenge was used for, but most agree that the position of the stones must be for a special purpose. Some think it might be a burial(埋葬) place or a place to honor ancestors(祖先). Others think it was built to celebrate a victory over an enemy.
Stonehenge was built slowly over a long period of time. Most historians believe it must be almost 5,000 years old. One of the greatest mysteries is how it was built because the stones are so big and heavy. In 2001, a group of English volunteers tried to build another Stonehenge, but they couldn’t. “We don’t really know who built Stonehenge,” says Paul Stoker. “And perhaps we might never know, but we do know they must have been hard-working — and great planners!”
1. Visitors like to go there in to enjoy on the longest day of the year.
A. July; sunrise B. June; sunrise C. June; sunset D. July; sunset
2. When was Stonehenge most likely built?
A. 750,000 years ago. B. Six centuries ago.
C. 5,000 years ago. D. In 2001.
3. What do most people think was Stonehenge built for?
A. Ancient leaders built it a temple to communicate with the gods.
B. It might be a kind of calendar to tell people the summertime.
C. It can prevent illness and make people feel energetic.
D. It must be for a special purpose because of the position of the stones.
4. What aren’t people interested in about Stonehenge?
A. Where it was built. B. Who built it.
C. When it was built. D. Why it was built.
5. What does Paul Stoker mean by “we do know they must have been hard-working — and
A. He has known who built Stonehenge.
B. He thinks Stonehenge is really a great mystery.
C. He believes he will find out who built Stonehenge.
D. He encourages volunteers to build another Stonehenge.
We are all busy talking about and using the Internet,but how many of us know about the history of the Internet?
Many people are surprised when they find that the Internet was set up in the 1960s.At that time,computers were large and expensive.Computer networks(网络) didn’ t work well.If one computer in the network broke down,then the whole network stopped.So a new network system(系统) had to be set up.It should be good enough to be used by many different computers.If part of the network was not working,information could be sent through another part.In this way the computer network system would keep on working all the time.
At first,the Internet was only used by the government,but,in the early 1970s,universities,hospitals and banks were allowed to use it too.However,computers were still expensive and the Internet was difficult to use.By the start of the 1990s,computers become cheaper and easier to use.Scientists had also developed software(软件) that made “surfing(浏览)” the Internet more conveninent(方便).
Today it is easy to get on-line and it is said that millions of people use the Internet every day.Sending e-mail is more and more popular among students.
The Internet has now become one of the most important parts of people’ s life.
1.The Internet has a history of ______ years.
A.about 40 B.less than 30 C.more than 45 D.nearly 35
2.Scientists set up a new network system to ______.
A.make the computer cheaper B.make the system work well
C.make the computer go well D.develop new softwares
3.The Internet was widely used in the ______.
A.1960s B.1970s C.1980s D.1990s
4.The underlined words “get on-line” in Chinese mean ______.
A.上机 B.上网 C.接线 D.买电脑
5.Which of the following is NOT true?
A.In the 1960s computer network system went wrong easily.
B.Computers are much cheaper than before.
C.Today the Internet is used everywhere.
D.People had enough softwares to get on-line fifteen years ago.
London’s Chinese community (社区) dates back to the 18th century, when a small number of Chinese sailors moved to the city to work in Limhouse, east London. As time went on, other Chinese people came to this area and Limhouse began to be known as “Chinatown”. However, London’s Chinese community remained very small for many years: at the start of the 20th century, there were just 545 Chinese people in Britain.
After the Second World War, many farmers in Hong Kong lost their jobs and came to London. As Limhouse had been almost destroyed during the war, they settled (定居) in a different area—a part of central London near Leicester Square. This area is now what Londoners call Chinatown.
At first, the new immigrants (移民) found it difficult to get jobs. In the 1950s, however, a small Chinese restaurant opened in London. Many British people visited it and said that Chinese food was wonderful! Suddenly, Chinese restaurants and take-aways started opening in every part of the city. Instead of too little work, the new Chinese immigrants now found that they had too much! They worked as cooks, managers or waiters. Most of them enjoyed their lives and arranged their friends and relatives to join them from overseas.
As time went by, London’s Chinese community became more and more successful. The sons and daughters of the original restaurant workers studied and worked very hard. And most went on to get highly paid jobs. Many Chinese families left Chinatown and moved to the more expensive outskirts. Chinatown, however, is still as lively as ever.
1. When did the first Chinese immigrants come to London?
A. In the 1950s.
B. More than 200 years ago.
C. After the Second World War.
D. At the start of the 20th century.
2. Why did many Chinese immigrants come to London in 1950s?
A. Because it was easy for them to get jobs there.
B. Because Limhouse had been almost destroyed during the war.
C. Because many British people enjoyed Chinese food.
D. Because their children could study there and get highly paid jobs.
3. In the 1950s, Chinese immigrants came to London and worked as ______.
A. sailors B. farmers
C. sailors and farmers D. restaurant workers
4. Where is London’s Chinatown now?
A. In the east of London. B. In Limhouse.
C. Not far from Leicester Square. D. Outside the city.
5. According to this passage, if people live in the outskirts of a city, they live ______.
A. in the village B. far away from the city
C. in the centre of the city D. in the outer areas of the city
The recipe for “ A” The recipe for “ B ”
First, peel three bananas and cut them up.First, put butter on a slice of bread.
Next, peel one watermelon and cut it up.Next, cut up one tomato and put the tomato on the bread.
Next, cut up two apples.Then, add two slices of turkey(火鸡).
Then, add two teaspoons of honey.
Finally, mix them up.Finally, put another slice of bread on top.
1. According to the passage, how many kinds of ingredients do we need to make “A”?
A. Two B. Three C. Four D. Five
2. What is “A”?
A. A chicken sandwich. B. A milk shake. C. A fruit salad. D. A turkey sandwich.
3. According to the passage, we need _______ to make a turkey sandwich.
A. bananas B. a watermelon C. apples D. a tomato
The great fire of 1666 started in the house of a person who made bread in Pudding Lane，near London Bridge．In four days it destroyed four-fifths of the city as it then was，where most of the houses were made of wood．Thirteen thousand houses including one hundred churches，the Royal Exchange，even the Guild-hall(会馆)itself went up in the fire．About 1 00，000 people became homeless．Yet in about ten years all the houses had been rebuilt．and all the famous buildings，too．
Why could the fire cause such great pain and loss? In the early days there were no teams of men who put out fires．Since then firemen were made up and Fire Sevice Stations were developed quickly．
47．The great fire began in a _______ ．
A．church near London Bridge B．hotel next to the Guild-hall
C．place where bread was cooked D．building in Pudding Lane
48．Guild-hall is the name of a _______．
A．famous building B．common house
C．city in British D．church in London
49．The fire made so many people homeless because _______．
A．the houses were all made of wood at that time
B．the fire couldn’t be controlled quickly
C．the firemen didn’t arrive soon enough
D．the old houses needed to be built again
50．The passage suggests that _______.
A．nothing can control fire
B．there is not enough water in London
C．fire is the most dangerous to people
D．bad things can be turned to good
Nanjing ( meaning southern capital ) is one of the six ancient（古代的）capitals of China. Now Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu province （省） with an area of 860 square kilometres.
During Ming Dynasty（朝代），Nanjing got its present name. Over the long period of history, it had other names like Moling, Stone City, Jianye, Jiankang, Baixia, Shangyuan, Shenzhou, Jiangning, Jiqing, Yingtian and Tianjing. Its name may be different, but the city itself kept it known for its ancient history （历史）and many other places of interest. So it takes an important place in Chinese history.
Today the city changes a lot. Nanjing is a pretty place, with tree-lined streets, hills and lakes and has many place of interest to visit.
The Qinhuai River is very beautiful at night. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, it was the famous （著名的）red-light districts. But now the riverside is almost （差不多） the same as the Nanjing Road of Shanghai and some people call it the “Mini（小）Nanjing Road”. There are many small shops, stores, restaurants and bars in the area. You can find everything here. If you are good at bargining, you will get something cheap here.
( ) 11. When did Nanjing get its name for the first time?
A. During Qing dynasty. B. During Ming dynasty.
C. During Tang dynasty. C. During Song dynasty.
( ) 12. How many other names does Nanjing have?
A. Nine. B. Ten. C. Eleven. D. Twelve
( ) 13. Why is Nanjing a pretty place?
A. Because it has tree-lined streets, hills and lakes and many places of interest to visit.
B. Because you can bargining in Nanjing.
C. Because Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu province with an area of 860 square kilometres.
D. Because Nanjing is one of the six ancient capitals of China.
( ) 14. Some people call the Qinhuai River the “Mini Nanjing Road” because ______.
A. it is almost the same as the Nanjing Road of Shanghai.
B. it was known during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
C. there are many big shops, stores, restaurants and bars in the area.
D. it was the famous red-light districts.
( ) 15. The word “ bargin” here means ________.
A. 契约 B. 合同 C.商品 D.讨价还价
Long, long ago people made fires from lightening (闪电). But they had to keep the fire burning, for they couldn't start it again if there was no lightening. Later, they found out hitting two pieces of stone together could make a spark (火花). The spark could fire dry leaves. In this way they could make the fire again if it went out. Then people also learned to make a fire by rubbing (摩擦). They made a hole in a piece of wood and put a smaller stick into the hole. They turned the stick again and again. After a few minutes they got a fire.
Years went by, people learned other ways to make a fire. Sometimes they used the heat from the sun. They held a piece of glasses in the right way and made a piece of paper on fire.
About two centuries ago, people began to make matches. Matches brought people a quick and easy way to make fires. Today matches are still being used, but people have more new ways to make fire. One of them is to use an electric fire starter. Of course an electric fir starter is much more expensive than a box of matches. But it is very useful.
61. From the text we know that a spark can ________.
A. fire any leaves B. bum anything C. bum dry leaves D. keep fire bunting
62. We can also get a fire by ________.
A. making a hole in a big piece of wood
B. putting a smaller stick into the hole
C. turning the stick hard for a while
D. doing all the above in order
63. Matches have been used ________.
A. for about two thousand years
B. for about two hundred years
C. since people began to use fire for cooking
D. since people used the heat from the sun
64. From the passage, we know that ________.
A. electric fire starters are widely used
B. some forest fires happen from lightening
C. today there are only two ways to make a fire
D. people haven't used matches since they had electric fire starters
65. Which of the following is the fight order of the ways to make fires that people got to know?
a. with a match b. from the sun c. from lightening d. by rubbing
e. with an electric fire starter f. by hitting two pieces of stone
A. b-a-c-d-e-f B. b-c-a-e-d-f C. c-f-d-b-a-c D. c-d-a-f-b-e
My favourite shop is called ‘Model World’. It is on the second floor of Happy Plaza, near to Pizza Club. It is open from 10 a. m. to 8 p.m. every day.
‘Model World’ sells all kinds of models. It has model soldiers, cars, boats, airplanes, space shuttles(航天飞机)and even dinosaurs. It has models for young children and models for adults(成人). Some models have just about twenty pieces, and others have over 2000 pieces. You can also buy paints and glue(胶水)and other things there.
The staff(员工) at ‘Model World’ is very nice. They are very interested in making models. They will give you advice, and answer all of your questions. The prices are not low but they are not high. My best toy was a model of a helicopter.(直升飞机). It cost $30 but it had over 400 pieces. It was really fun to make. If you are interested in models, you should visit this shop.
51. The model shop closes at _________.
A. 8 a. m. B. 10 a. m. C. 8 p. m. D. 10 p.m.
52. At least how many pieces are needed to make a model?
A. About 20. B. About 30. C. Over 400. D. Over 2000.
53. The staff in the shop is very_________?
A. experienced(有经验的) B. helpful C. young D. strict(严格).
54. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. The writer made a helicopter in the shop.
B. The things sold in the shop are very cheap.
C. The models in the shop are only for children.
D. The writer paid $30 for the model of a helicopter.
55. The writer wrote the passage to tell us about __________.
A. his favourite model B. his favourite shop
C. how to make models D. why it was fun to make models
Life in the 2100s will be very different from life today. ( 1 ) Between then and now many changes will take place. What will the changes be?
The population(人口) is growing fast. There will be more people in the world and most of them will live longer than people live now.
Computers will be smaller and more useful, and there will be at least one in every home. And computer studies will be one of the important subjects in schools then.
( 2 )People will work ________ hours than they do now and they will have ________ free time for relaxing, such as sport, watching TV and traveling. Traveling will be easier and cheaper. More people will go to other countries on holiday.
There will be changes in our food, too. More land will be used for building new towns and houses for all the people. There will be less room for cows and sheep. So meat will be expensive. Maybe no one will eat it every day. Instead, they eat fruit and vegetables. Maybe people will be healthier.
Work in the future will be different, too. Dangerous and hard work will be done by robots, because of this, many people will have less work to do. This will be a problem.
1. 将（ 1 ）句译成汉语。
2. 在（ 2 ）句空白处填入合适的词，使句意完整通顺。
3. 回答问题：How many changes are mentioned(提及) in the passage?
4. 在文章中找出“Because robots do much dangerous and hard work, there will be less work for people to do.”的同义句。
In 1826, a Frenchman named Niepce needed pictures for his business. But he was not a good artist, so he invented a very simple camera. He put it in a window of his house and took a picture of his garden. That was the first photo.
The next important date in the history of photography (摄影) was in 1837. That year, Daguerre, another Frenchman, took a picture of his reading room. He used a new kind of camera in a different way. In his picture you could see everything very clearly, even the smallest thing. This kind of photo was called Daguerreotype.
Soon, other people began to use Daguerre’s way. Travelers brought back wonderful photos from all around the world. People took pictures of famous buildings, cities and mountains.
In about 1840, photography was developed. Then photographers could take pictures of people and moving things. That was not simple. The photographers had to carry a lot of film and other machines. But this did not stop them, for example, some in the United States worked so hard. Mathew Brady was a famous American photographer. He took many pictures of great people. The pictures were unusual because they were very lifelike (栩栩如生的).
Photography also became a kind of art by the end of the 19th century. Some photos were not just copies of the real world. They showed ideas and feelings, like other art forms.
Answer the following questions according to what you read.
6. Who took the first photo?
7. The Daguerreotype was a kind of photo, wasn’t it?
8. If a photographer wanted to take pictures of moving things in 1840, what did he have to do?
9. Why was Mathew Brady famous?
10. When did photography become a kind of art?
In Europe many people died during the Second World War. So at the end of the war, there were many children who lost their parents.
A man called Hermann Gmeiner wanted to help these children. His idea was simple. He wanted the children who had no parents to have a home. He wanted them to have the deep love and good care of parents.
Gmeiner had no enough money, so he asked the people to give him some money. With this money he built the first SOS Children's Village at last, in Australia. It was open in 1949 .This is how the SOS Children's Village started. The letters SOS come from “Save our Souls.” The words mean “Please help us!” An SOS Children's Village can give help to the children who need help.
Hermann Gemeiner's idea for helping orphans soon spread(传播) all over the world. By 1983 there were 17 SOS Children's Villages in the world.
Now China has also built many SOS Children's Villages. More and more people like to do something to show their love to the children in the SOS Children's Villages. Do you want to visit an SOS village someday?
SOS Children's _____51____
____52____built the first SOS Children's Village.
He built it to give orphans a __53___.
The first SOS Children's Village was open in __54____
He built it in ____55____.
Orphan means a child who has no ______56_____.
SOS comes from "save our ____57___",it means "please __58__ us.
How 59 was it spread
By 1983 there were ___60___ SOS Children's Villages in the world.
51.________ 52._______ 53._______ 54._______ 55._______
56.________ 57._______ 58._______ 59._______ 60._______
On April 10, 1912, the Titanic started her first trip from Southampton, England, to New York City, US. The ship was the world’s largest and most luxurious（豪华的）one at that time.
High-class facilities（设备）for passengers including restaurants, a library and a swimming pool made the ship like a floating hotel. More importantly, its owners and builders said it was unsinkable（不会下沉的）.
However, on April 15, the ship sank to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean and killed over 1,500 people.
This April 15, on the 100th anniversary（周年纪念）of the sinking of the Titanic, people in the UK and US will hold activities to remember the event. James Cameron’s 1997 film, Titanic, was a huge hit all around the world. Now the 3-D film will come to Chinese theaters on April 10. It is a love story between a poor young man named Jack and a rich young woman named Rose on the unlucky ship. In Belfast, UK, the port of the Titanic’s birth, a museum called Titanic Belfast will open to the public.
Today, the sinking of the Titanic is not just an accident. It has become a popular expression to mean a large disaster or mistake, usually because of too much confidence.
In the UK, if somebody says that his or her mobile phone is really great and could never break, others might say, “Yeah, and people said the Titanic was unsinkable.” In other words, no matter how confident or proud people are about something, anything can go wrong.
43. The first and second paragraph mainly tells us _____.
A. Titanic had High-class facilities B. the ship was built in 1912
C. what kind of ship Titanic was D. Titanic was like a hotel
44. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “hit” in Paragraph 4?
A. Success B. Break C. Knock D. Movie
45. In which situation can we say “The Titanic was unsinkable” to Tom?
A. He is worried about the result of his exam. B. He wants to make friends with Jack.
C. He is sure to win in the competition. D. He is asking for a day off.
46. Through the passage, the writer wants to tell us that _____.
A. Titanic was an unlucky ship
B. any mobile phone can go wrong
C. the 3-D film “Titanic” will be put on in China
D. never being too confident or proud about anything
If we want to deal with the association(社交) between boys and girls properly, here are some “dos and don’ts” for you to follow.
Keep a normal and healthy state of mind. Our schools and classes are made up of boys and girls. It is very nature for the boys and girls to make friends with each other. We should make as many friends as possible. We should keep touch with the other sex(性别) in public instead of in secret.
Don’t be too nervous or too shy. If you are a shy person, you can also find a way out. First of all, you can make friends with the students who have the same interest and hobby as you. As both of you have much in common, you may have much to talk about. If you keep doing like that, little by little, you will gladly find you are also as free to express yourself as others.
Don’t fall into the ditch of early love. The boys and girls at a adolescence (青春期) are rich in feeling. They are easy to regard the friendship as a sign of love and fall in love with each other at an early age. In my opinion, early love is a green apple that can’t be eaten. An apple won’t taste sweet until it is full ripe. Boys and girls at middle school are too young to carry the heavy duty of love. Do keep out of early love.
( )61. The main idea of the passage is to _______.
A. tell students to keep away from early love
B. give some advice on how to associate between boys and girls
C. tell students how to make friends D. teach boys how to talk with girls
( )62. We should keep touch with the other sex in following ways EXCEPT _______.
A. with a good state of mind B. in real friendship C. in public D. in secret
( )63. If you are a shy person, you can ________.
A. find friends with the same interest and hobby first
B. only have a few friends of the same sex
C. not make friends with the other sex D. not fall in love with other students easily
( )64. What does the underlined word “ditch” mean?
A. 波浪 B. 泥潭 C. 圈套 D. 迷惑
( )65. A person at adolescence is ________.
A. complicated(复杂的)in feelings B. good at making friends with each other
C. old enough to fall in love D. easy to regard the friendship as a sign of love
Paper was first made in the year 105. It was made by a Chinese named Cai Lun.
For over 500 years paper was made only in China. People in Japan learned of paper around the year 600. As years went by, people in other places began to make paper.
The lead（铅）pencil is not made of lead. It is made of graphite（石墨）. People found graphite in 1564. They thought it was a kind of lead. Today we still call pencils “lead pencils”. The first pencils were made by putting strings（线）around sticks of graphite.
The first wooden pencils were made by Kasper Faber in Germany in 1761.
Erasers（橡皮）like those we use today were first made in France by a man named Magellan in 1752. It was Hyman L. Lipman who first put eraser on the ends of pencils. And that is how the pencils came to be.
1. How many years earlier was paper made in China than in Japan?
A. About 100 years. B. About 400 years.
C. More than 500 years. D. 495 years
2. Germans made paper _________.
A. earlier than Japan B. later than Japan
C. as early as Japan D. as late as Japan
3. At first pencils were made of ________.
A. wood B. lead C. sticks D. string and graphite
4. Kasper Faber was ________.
A. an Englishman B. a Frenchman
C. a German D. an American
5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Paper was first made in China.
B. Graphite isn’t a kind of lead.
C. The first wooden pencils were made in Germany.
D. Hyman L. Lipman made the first erasers.