April Fool’s Day is a day to play jokes on others. No one knows how this holiday began but it was thought to begin in France.
In France, New Year’s Day was celebrated on March 25 and celebrations lasted until April 1st. When New Year’s Day was changed from March 25 to January 1st in the 1560s by King Charles IX （查理九世）, there were some people who still celebrated it on April 1st and those people were called April Fools.
April Fool’s Day is a “for-fun-only” day. Nobody is expected to buy gifts or to take their friends out to eat in a fancy restaurant. Nobody gets off work or school. It’s simply a fun little holiday, but a holiday on which one must remain forever vigilant,(警惕的） for he may be the next April Fool!
Each country celebrates April Fool’s Day differently. In France, the April Fool is called “April Fish” (Poisson d’Avril). The French fool their friends by taping a paper fish to their friends’ backs and when some discover this trick, they yell ”Poisson d’Avril!”
In England, tricks can be played only in the morning. If a trick is played on you, you are a “noodle”. In Scotland, April Fool’s Day is 48 hours long and you are called an “April Gowk”, which is another name for a cuckoo bird. The second day in Scotland’s April Fool’s Day is called Tally Day. Tally Day’s gift to children is the still-funny “Kick Me ” sign.
1. April Fool’s Day began in .
A. America B. France C. England D. Scotland
2. In France people used to celebrate on March 25 before the 1560s.
A. New Year’s Day B. Father’s Day C. April Fool’s Day D. Mother’s Day
3. On April Fool’s Day, people usually .
A. send presents to others B. ask friends to have dinner
C. play jokes on others D. have a day off
4. The underlined word “trick” means “ ” in Chinese.
A. 恶作剧 B. 打击 C. 策划 D. 伤心
5. In Scotland, you are called “_____” ,which is another name for a cuckoo bird.
A. Poisson d’Avril B. an April Gowk C. a noodle D. Tally Day
Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to connect the brain with computers. Braincomputer interface(BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to machines.
Recently, two scientists, Jose Millan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytehnic School in Lausanne, Switzerland, show a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person’s thoughts.
In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right hand. He could even talk as he watched the vehicle and guided it with his thoughts.
“Our brain has billions of body cells(细胞). These send signals through the spinal cord(脊髓) to the body part to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries(脊柱受伤) or other conditions can prevent these weak electrical signals from reaching the body part.” Tavella says. “Our system allows disabled people to communicate with outer world and also to control machines.”
The scientists designed a special cap for the user. This head cover picks up the signals from the scalp(头皮) and sends them to a computer. The computer finds meanings of the signals and commands the wheelchair with an engine. The wheelchair also has two cameras that tell objects in its path. They help the computer react to commands from the brain.
Prof. Millan , the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that finds meanings of brain signals and turns them into simple commands.” The practical possibilities that BCI technology offers to disabled people can be grouped in two kinds: communication, and controlling objects. One example is this wheelchair.”
He says his team has set two goals. One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is a technology they can get advantages from. And the other is sure that they can use the technology for long.
1. BCI is a technology that can________.
A. help to make computer systems more modern
B. connect the human brain with computers
C. help the disabled to be healthier
D. control a person’s thoughts
2. Which of the following shows the path of the signals described in Paragraph 5?
3. The team will test with real patients to_________.
A. make money from them
B. prove the technology useful to them
C. make them live longer
D. learn about their physical condition
4. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
A. Switzerland, the BCI research Center
B. New Findings About How the Human Brain Works
C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled
D. Robotic Vehicles Could Help to Cure Brain Sickness
There are some famous buildings in the world. Everyone can recognize（认出）them with their imaginations. For example, when you see a picture of a sports stadium（体育场）that reminds you of a bird’s nest, you probably know it is the Olympic stadium in Beijing.
In fact, other buildings can be recognized more easily. The shape of the building shows the objects people can see inside. In Guizhou, China, people can visit the Meitan Tea Museum, built in the shape of a big teapot. From far away, the teapot-shaped museum looks like some kind of huge work of art. But as one gets closer, the windows make it clear that this is a building.
People who are interested in guitars might want to visit the Guitar Museum in Tennessee, USA. The building is shaped like a guitar, inside visitors can see all kinds of guitars and learn about famous guitar players.
One of the newest funny-shaped museums is a pottery（陶器）museum in Korea. This museum, built in 2011, is shaped just like a traditional Korean pot. Along with seeing examples of pots and tools used for making pots in the museum, visitors can try to make their own pots there.
1、People can recognize some famous buildings with their imaginations.
2、According to the colors of some buildings, we can guess what objects are inside.
3、The Meitan Ten Museum looks like a huge cup with windows.
4、If you are interested in guitar players, you can visit the museum in China.
5、You can try to make your own pots in the pottery museum in Korea.
There are many different kinds of music in the world. Now let's study some of them.
Classical music Classical music is a form of music which needs high musical skills. If you want to learn this kind of music，you have to go through proper training.
Heavy metal music Heavy metal music came out after World War Ⅱ. The melody (旋律)of the song is heavily influenced by the structure of it. It is also known as “information music”. In heavy metal music，songwriting is based on a form.
Hip－hop music This kind of music always includes the use of instruments such as the guitar，violin，piano，bass (低音电吉他)，drums and so on. In this kind of music，the bass is the main instrument. It was first played by a group of traveling singers and poets of West Africa.
Opera music It first appeared in Italy in the 1600s.It has a great mixture of theatrical (喜剧的)art and musical invention and is used in theaters.
Jazz music This kind of music has strong and complex (复杂的)melodies. The main musical instruments are the cornet，trumpet and violin，which help carry the melody.
Besides these，there are many other kinds of music such as the blues，new－age music，Celtic music，religious music，and chamber music (室内乐).
( ) 1. ________ music needs high musical skills.
A. Classical B. Heavy metal C. Hip-hop D. Opera
( ) 2. The main instrument in hip-hop music is the _________________.
A. guitar B. violin C. piano D. bass
( ) 3. The ________ is used in both hip－hop music and jazz music.
A. piano B. violin C. trumpet D. cornet
( )4. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Heavy metal music appeared after World War Ⅱ.
B. Only after proper training can you learn classical music.
C. Opera music first appeared in Italy.
D. People call jazz music “information music”.
( ) 5. What's the BEST title for the passage?
A. Different kinds of music B. Our favorite musicians
C. We love music best D. Welcome to the music club
How to Make Ice－cream in a Bag
What You Will Need：
1 spoon of sugar，1/2 cup of half－and－half(牛奶和奶油的混合物)，1/4 spoon of vanilla extract(香草精)，ice，salt，a big bag，a small bag.
First，take the small bag and add 1 spoon of sugar，1/2 cup of half－and－half and 1/4 spoon of vanilla extract to the small bag.
Next，add three glasses of ice to the big bag. You can add more or less just make sure the small bag will be covered by ice.
Then，pour about 1/2 cup of salt in the big bag. The salt helps the ice get cold so you can add more if necessary.
When it's ready，place the small bag in the big bag and seal tightly(系紧)．You need to shake the bag for about five minutes.
Finally，take the small bag out，be careful not to open it. Wipe off(擦去) any salt on the bag.
Now open the bag，you can enjoy your ice－cream. You can finish all of the work in less than ten minutes.
( ) 1.What do you need when making an ice cream?
A．A glass of ice.
B．A spoon of salt.
C．A spoon of sugar.
D．A cup of half－and－half.
( ) 2.How many kinds of things should you put into the small bag?
A．One. B．Two. C．Three. D．Four.
( ) 3.What should you put into the big bag at last?
C．The vanilla extract.
D．The small bag.
( ) 4.What should you do before you open the small bag?
A．Shake the big bag.
B．Wipe off the salt.
C．Wait five minutes.
D．Pour it into a bowl.
( ) 5.How long will it take you to make an ice cream?
A．Less than 10 minutes.
B．More than 10 minutes.
C．Less than 5 minutes.
D．More than 5 minutes.
Water polo came from the London Swimming Club in 1870.The purpose(目的) of creating(创建) the sport was to develop(发展) a “football-like game in water”.The game was first shown on the program in Paris in 1900.Women’ s water polo became an Olympic sport for the first time this year.
Water polo is such a demanding sport that players need to be unusually strong. The game is played over four seven-minute periods(时期).To score(得分) players must throw the ball into another team’ s goal.
1.Water polo came from______.
A. America B. Australia C. England D. France
2.The purpose of creating water polo was______.
A. to play each other
B.to develop a “football-like game in water”
C.to show on the sports meet
D.to be famous all over the world
3.Water polo was first shown on the program in Paris in______.
A.1900 B.1870 C.1910 D.1790
4.When did women’ s water polo become an Olympic sport for the first time?
A. In 1900. B. In 1870. C. In 1910. D. In 1790.
5.Water polo players need______.
A. fat persons B. unusually strong persons
C. thin persons D. short persons
The film Alice Through the Looking Glass is on. Millions of people go to cinemas to see it. The little girl Alice, with long hair of gold, is alive in people’s mind again after the film Alice in Wonderland was shown in 2010.
These two popular films were adapted(改编) from the novels Alice’s Adventures on Wonderland and Through the Looking Class. Both of them were written by Lewis Carroll, a famous English writer, who himself was as interesting as his books.
Lewis Carroll was a math teacher and writer. In 1856, he met Henry Liddell and his three lovely daughters. His friendship with the family became an important part of his life over the following years. He liked the girls very much, especially the youngest one, Alice Liddell. He often told stories to make them happy. One day he took the girls to a boat trip. To make the time more enjoyable, he began a story about the adventure of a little girl named Alice in Wonderland. Many other strange characters such as the Mouse, the March Hare, the Cheshire Cat and the Queen of Hearts were brought to this wonderful world, too.
Alice Liddell loved the story and she asked Carroll to write it down for her. After Carroll finished the book Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, he gave it to the girl as a Christmas present. When the book was published in 1865, it was a great success, and soon was famous around the world.
1. The film Alice in Wonderland and Alice Through the Looking Glass were from __________.
A. Henry Liddell’s adventure B. two novels by Lewis Carroll
C. three girls’ trip experience D. Lewis Carroll’s life story
2. are not the characters in the story Alice in Wonderland.
A. Alice Liddell and her sisters B. The Queen and Alice
C. The Mouse and the March Hare D. The Cheshire Cat and the Mouse
3. Lewis Carroll wrote down the story he told on the boat trip because __________.
A. he wanted to publish it and made money
B. he thought it was a very interesting story
C. Alice loved the story and asked him to do so
D. Alice thought others also wanted to read the story
4. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. Carroll finished the book and gave it to Alice.
B. Lewis Carroll was the three lovely daughters’ teacher.
C. The friendship between Carroll and Alice lasted until 1865.
D. The book Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland became famous after the film were shown.
Television talk shows have been popular since arrival of the medium, like many shows coming from the ones on radio. For example, the start of talk shows’ golden age can be considered in 1948, although the television was not common in American homes until the 1950s. From 1949 to 1973, nearly half of all daytime programs on the three networks (ABC, CBS, and NBC) was talk.
As we know that video did not kill the talk show hosts, the radio stars—it made him / her an even bigger star. Hosts during the golden age included Arthur Godfrey (Arthur Godfrey and his friends), Dave Garroway (The Today Show), and Jack Par (The Tonight Show). All were necessary parts in the formation of the talk show formats (编排) we know and love today.
A talk show can cost less than＄100,000 per episode (连续剧中的一集) to produce while many of today’s dramas cost more than＄million an episode. So, if successful, it can make bountiful money.
Still, it takes a lot of work. Since 1948, hundreds of talk shows have come and gone, with only a few having true staying long. Conan O’Brien, for example, tried to stay long only because the network did not know what else to put in its place.
There are several types of talk shows, from the foreign and strange programs like Comedy Central’s The Graham Norton Effect to the more traditional Late Show with David Letterman. But while the styles might be different, the format is limited (受限制).
What we are mos used to is the informal (非正式的) guest-host format, in which the show’s host welcomes famous people or other talk-worthy people, and this is considered as an informal discussion. The scene is is very comedic (戏剧性) or musical or both.
The second most common format is the public affairs (公共事务) show, in which a host or hosts interviews people in the news or experts in a given field. Shows that follow this format include booth the morning news programs (Good morning America Or Meet the Press) and “issue” talk shows (The Oprah Winfrey Show or The Jerry Springer Show).
Everything else is mainly a mixture of these two formats.
( ) 1. The start of the talk shows’ golden age was __________.
A. In the 1920s B. In the 1940s
C. In the 1950s D. From 1949 to 1973
( ) 2. ________ are the famous hosts during the golden age.
A. Arthur Godfrey
B. Arthur Godfrey and his Friends
C. Dave Garroway and Jack Par
D. Arthur Godfrey, Dave Garroway and Jack Par
( ) 3. What does the underlined word “bountiful” mean in Chinese in Paragraph 3?
A. 少许 B. 大量 C. 漂亮的 D. 看不见的
( ) 4. Why can’t many talk shows stay for a long time?
A. Because it costs much to produce per episode.
B. Because they can’t make money from their programs.
C. Because they have nothing new to put in their programs.
D. The passage does not tell the readers about it.
( ) 5. In which kind of talk shows, do the hosts always interview people in the news?
A. The guest-host format shows.B. The public affairs shows.
C. Both A and B. D. Neither A nor B.
The Academy set up the Student Academy Awards (学生学院奖) in 1972 to support and encourage excellent students in film making at the college. The Student Academy Awards is a national student film competition organized and carried out by the Academy and the Academy Foundation. Each year over 500 college and university film students from all over the United States compete for (为...而竞争) awards, with the films being divided in four types: Animation (动画片), Documentary, Narrative (原创剧本) and Alternative (改编剧本). An excellent student filmmaker from outside the United States is presented each year as well. The presentation ceremony is a popular event that is attended annually by a viewers in the Academy’s Samuel Goldwyn Theater.
Through the Student Academy Awards, the Academy recognizes and encourages this year’s most promising (有前途的) new filmmakers. Past winners include Spike Lee, Trey Parker, Bob Saget and Oscar winners John Lasseter and Robert Zemeckis.
To extend (扩大) the influence beyond the competition, a part presentation of the gold medal award-winning films is shown each year for free to educational and non-profit organizations all over the country.
All entries (参赛作品) for the 38th Student Academy Awards must be handed in by email. Please pay attention to that the running time allowed for entries in all types must be only 40 minutes.
Also, you must print a hard copy of your entry form and hand it in with your DVD to the appropriate coordinator (协调人). For your entry to be officially completed, the hard copy must include your signature (签名) and the signature of your guidance teacher.
( )1. __________ can compete in the Student Academy Awards.
A. An American director
B. An American film university student
C. All the film students from the world
D. An American acting students
( ) 2. The passage was written in ______________.
A. 1990 B. 2000 C. 2010 D. 1972
( ) 3. How many types were the films divided into in the Award?
A. 5. B. 6. C. 3. D. 4.
( ) 4. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “annually” in the 1st paragraph?
A. Four years.B. Three years.C. Two years. D. Every year.
( ) 5. Which of the following sentences is NOT TRUE according to the passage?
A. The Award was held every year.
B. Many winners grew into successful filmmakers.
C. A candidate (参赛选手) needn’t print a hard copy of the entry form.
D. The entry must be handed in by email.
The computer is fast, and never makes a mistake, while people are too slow, and full of mistakes sometimes. That is what people often say when they talk about computers.
For over a quarter of a century, engineers have been making better computers. Now a computer can do a lot of everyday jobs wonderfully. It is widely used in factories, hospitals and banks. A computer can report, decide and control in almost every field. Many computer scientists are now thinking of making the computer “think” like a man. With the help of a person, a computer can draw pictures with music, talk with people, play chess, recognize (辩认) voices, translate languages and so on. Perhaps computers will one day really think and feel. Do you think that people will be afraid when they find that the computer is too clever to listen to and serve the people?
( ) 1. Engineers have worked on computers for more than twenty-five years.
( ) 2. You can see computers working in almost every field.
( ) 3. Computers are taking place of people.
( ) 4. With the help of a person, a computer can draw pictures with music, talk
with people, play chess, and do some other things.
( ) 5. People will be afraid of computers in the future.
Scientists think that most animals can’t see colors. The world is black and white to them.
To find out if dogs could see colors, scientists gave dogs food every time they played a certain piece of music. The dog got ready to eat only when they heard this piece of music. They did not get ready to eat when they heard other piece of music.
Then the scientists gave the dogs food every time they showed them a certain color. The dogs got ready to eat when they saw this color. The scientists then showed the dogs another color. Again the dogs got ready to eat. The colors were all the same to them.
Colors are not all the same to the monkeys, however. For example, if we put food in a red box and do this every day, a monkey will always go to the red box to get the food. If we then put food in a blue box, the monkey won’t go to it.
1. All colors are the same to .
A. all animals B. scientists C. monkeys D. dogs
2. Monkeys know that red and blue are .
A. not the same B. the same C. colors D. food
3. The scientists give the dogs food every time they .
A. saw the color red B. went to a box of food
C. saw the color blue D. played certain music
4. Dogs are different from monkeys because .
A. dogs can’t see any colors and monkeys can
B. dogs can’t see more colors than monkeys
C. monkeys can’t see any colors and dogs can
D. monkeys can’t see red and blue
5. Some wanted to find out if dogs could see colors.
A. animals B. doctors C. scientists D. monkeys
Kites have a long history. They may date back(追溯到) long time ago. They were made of bamboo and silk in China. Nobody knows exactly how or when a kite was first flown, but it is said that when a Chinese farmer tied a string(绳子) to his hat to keep it from blowing away in a strong wind, the first kite was born.
Children like playing with kites. Kites for work or play are made of wood, bamboo, paper, or silk. In 478 B.C., a Chinese philosopher(思想家), Mo Zi, spent three years making a kite out of light wood and bamboo. The earliest record of kite flying was in about 200 B.C. when the Chinese General(将军) Han Xin of Han Dynasty flew a kite over the walls of a city. He wanted to know how far his army would have to travel.
In the 13th century, Marco Polo wrote about how the shipping businessmen flew the huge kite in the wind before the ship set sail. They predicted the voyage(航海) in this way. If the kite went high and straight it meant a quick and successful voyage, but if it did not fly well， it was a bad omen(预兆). In the late 1500s, the kite was introduced to Europe by the Italians. Kite flying was first mentioned in England in a popular book in 1589.
1.The first kite was born when _________.
A. kites were used for sailing
B. a Chinese farmer tied a string to his hat to keep it from blowing away
C. a Chinese general called Han Xin flew a kite to train his army
D. Mo Zi used light wood and bamboo to make a kite
2. Kites are made of the following materials EXCEPT ________ according to the passage.
A. silk B. bamboo C. cloth D. paper
3. The kite was introduced to Europe by_______
A. Marco Polo B. the Italians C. Mo Zi, D. Han Xin
4.The passage tells us_______.
A. how to make a kite B. how to fly a kite
C. how kite flying was introduced to Europe D. what a kite is like
Do you know the movie I, Robot? It tells us a story about the future.
The year is 2035 and robots are just as common as mobile phones. People depend on their robots to do lots of things, for example, babysitting, cooking, doing chores and taking their dogs for a walk. Robots have to obey(听从) humans’ orders, because their designers make them do so. A police officer called Spooner hates robots. He doesn’t think humans can get on well with their robots at all! But the scientist Susan has different opinions. Susan works on robots’ mind and she thinks one day robots will become more powerful(强大的) than humans and help humans to make progress(进步).
When Spooner and Susan work together, they find that something is wrong with the world’s robots. A few robots have their own thoughts and they’re trying to get out of humans’ control(控制)! Of course these robots’ dream doesn’t come true. Humans work hard to control their robots again and they succeed at last.
1. The story will happen(发生) in _______.
A. 2010 B. 2020 C. 2035 D. 2040
2. The phrase “depend on” in this article means _______.
A. 依靠 B. 悬挂 C. 相信 D. 取决于
3. Spooner is a _______ and Susan is a _______.
A. scientist; professor B. bank clerk; police officer
C. policeman; doctor D. police officer; scientist
4. Susan thinks that one day _______.
A. robots can’t get on well with humans
B. robots will help humans to make progress
C. robots will have their own thoughts
D. robots will control the world
5. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to this article?
A. The movie I, Robot talks about the future.
B. People use their robots to do everything.
C. A few robots want to get out of humans’ control.
D. At last humans succeed in controlling the robots again.
People usually talk about two groups of colours: warm colours and cool colours. Scientists think that there are also two groups of people: people who prefer warm colours and people who prefer cool colours.
The warm colours are red, orange and yellow. Where there are warm colours and a lot of light, people usually want to be active(活跃的). People think that red example is exciting sociable (善交际的) people, those who like to be with others like red. The cool colours are green, blue and purple. These colours unlike warm colours, are relaxing. Where there are cool colours, people are usually quiet. People who like to spend time alone often prefer blue.
Red may be exciting but one scientist says that time seems to pass more slow in a room with warm colours than in a room with cool colours. He suggested that a warm colour such as red or orange, is a good colour for a living room or a restaurant.
People who are relaxing（休闲）or eating don’t want time to pass quickly. Cool colours are better for offices of factories as the people who work there want time to pass quickly. Scientist don’t know why people think some colours are warm and other colours are cool.
However, almost everyone agree that warm colours remind (使想起) people of warm days and cool colours remind them of cool days. Because in the north the sun is low during winter, the sunlight appears quite blue. Because the sun higher during summer, the hot summer sunlight appears yellow.
1. When people talk about two groups of people, they mean those that ________.
A. like warm colours and like cool colours B. are yellow, red and yellow
C. are warm colours and cool colours D. are green, blue and purple
2. The people who like warm colours _________.
A. are very hard to get on with others B. are very easy to get on with others
C. like to stay at home by themselves D. don’t like to be with others
3. Which is the best title? _________.
A. Two groups of colours B. Cool colours
C. Warm colours D. Colours and people
Potato chips are very popular in the world. Do you know how they were invented (发明)? In 1853, a native (本土的) American named George Crum made the first potato chips. Crum was a chef (厨师) in an expensive restaurant in Saratoga Springs, New York. One day, a customer (顾客) did not like the French fries. He said they were cut too thick. That day Crum was in a bad mood, so he cut the potatoes really, really thin and he cooked them for a long time until they were very crispy (酥脆的). He wanted to make the customer dislike them. But the customer loved them very much and asked for more.
Other people wanted Crum’s potato chips. Now, there was a new food on the menu—Saratoga chips. Soon Crum opened his own restaurant and made his special chips. It took a long time to make potato chips. People peeled the potatoes by hand. Then in 1920, the automatic (自动的) potato peeler changed everything. Now it was faster and easier to make potato chips. Now potato chips were not a specialty. They were a popular snack food, but only in the north.
A salesman named Herman Lay wanted to sell potato chips in the south. He sold potato chips in bags. His business grew. Today, Americans eat a lot of potato chips every day.
（ ）1. At first the French fries were very thin.
（ ）2. George Crum didn’t open his own restaurant.
（ ）3. Before 1920, it was not easy to make potato chips.
（ ）4. George Crum invented (发明) a kind of machine which could peel potatoes.
（ ）5. It was George Crum who brought the potato chips to the south.
Shopping habits in the United States have changed greatly in the last quarter of the twentieth century. Early in the 1900s, most American towns and cities had a Main Street. Main Street was always in the heart of a town. This street was lined on both sides with many businesses. Here, shoppers walked into stores to look at all kinds of merchandise（商品）：clothing, furniture, hardware（五金）, groceries（杂货）. In addition, some shops offered services. These shops included drugstores（药店）, restaurants, shoe-repair stores, and barber or hairdressing shops（理发店）. But in the 1950s, a change began to take place. Too many cars and trucks had crowded into Main Street. There were few parking places. Because the streets were crowded, merchants （商人） began to look with interest at the open spaces outside the city limits. Open space is what their car-driving customers needed. And open space is what they got when the first shopping center was built. Shopping centers, or malls, started as collection of small new stores built away from crowded city centers. Attracted by hundreds of free parking spaces, customers were drawn away from downtown areas to the outlying malls.
By the late 1970s, many shopping malls had almost developed into small cities themselves. In addition to providing the convenience of one-stop shopping, malls were changed into landscaped parks, with beautiful flowers, fountains, and outdoor entertainment. For example, one of the shopping malls is The Galleria in Houston, Texas. Inside the Galleria, more than ten of shops face balconies and there is an indoor ice skating rink（溜冰场）. Some of Houston’s best restaurants are also here. Atop（在……顶上）the whole mammoth（巨大的）structure is a new hotel. The Galleria, and other imaginative shopping centers throughout the United States, have led a magazine to title its recent leading article “The Malling of America”.
1. Which of the following is not correct?
A. During the 1950s, many parking places were available to shoppers who drove to any Main Street.
B. Before the 1950s, a Main Street was a shopping center in most American towns.
C. Main Street was usually in the heart of a town.
D. At the beginning of the twentieth century, all kinds of stores were located along Main Street.
2. The Galleria in Houston, Texas is ____________.
A. a huge and modern restaurant. B. a beautiful guest house.
C. a soaring new hotel. D. a wonderful shopping mall.
3. The best title for this passage would be ____________.
A. The changes of American Shopping Centres.
B. The Malling of America.
C. The Convenience of One-stop Shopping.
D. The Past and Present of the American People
History, as we know, is filled with facts, with places, names, dates, and events.
History is also filled with feelings, with pain, joy, excitement, and fear.
Facts are set down in books, but what happens to feelings? How can you take the pain, for example, and write it into a history book? You can’t. But you can put it to music. Take the blues, for example.
The blues started when black musicians in the South began to sing about their hard times, those times which made them feel blue. The early blues was the beginning of other musical styles, from jazz to rock and roll.
Music, you might say, is a record of feelings.
Of course, facts are important: the civil rights movement, the race for space, the Vietnam War. But the feelings behind these events – the pride of being black, the excitement of a rocket blast (点火起飞), the pain of a war – are also an important part of history.
1. In the passage, the word “blue” and the word “blues” are related to ____________.
A. a feeling and a kind of music B. a colour
C. a kind of music and a person D. people and their feelings
2. According to the writer’s idea, what can make people feel blue?.
A. Hard times. B. Music. C. History. D. A history book
3. Besides the above, the writer also explains ____________.
A. what caused the Vietnam War B. the relation between history and music
C. the feelings behind some important events D. why he wrote the article
Want to say “hello” from Disneyland？Send a post card!
Beautiful scenes of paradise(乐园)，wild animals, silly pictures—you can find them all in one place. Where？On a post card! Have people always sent post cards？No. Before post cards, people liked sealed(密封的)letters.
The idea for the first decorated(装饰)post card came to John P. Charlton in 1861.He thought a simple card with decorations would be a great way to send a note. Then in the late 1800s, post cards with pictures appeared. By law, people had to write their note on the front—on the picture! The back was only for the address. Several years later, England allowed a divided-back post card. Then people could write their note on the back left side and put the address on the right. During the early 1900s, the golden age of post cards, picture post cards became a craze of the world. In 1908, Americans alone mailed over 677 million post cards. Today, post cards are the third most popular collection in the world after stamps and coins.
( )1.We can see some silly pictures on the post cards.
( )2.Post cards were produced before sealed letters.
( )3.In 1861, the first decorated post card appeared.
( )4.Post cards were the most popular during the early 1900s.
( )5.Stamps, coins and post cards are the most popular collections in the world.
As we know, it is not easy to build a satellite. Building a traditional satellite normally takes years. The costs can be as high as $ 250 million or more. Most members of the design teams have worked in the field for a long time. They hold advanced degrees in math, science, or engineering.
But things are changing. High costs, unusual educational requirements and long start-up times are no longer an obstacle to space exploration. The scientists at Stanford University have developed a new type of tiny, inexpensive earth-orbiting satellites that go from ideas to launch(发射) in a year.
So far, college students have built and launched several cube-shaped satellites, or Cubesats. At least 15 more are ready to go. Those already in orbit（轨道） take pictures, collect information and send it back to the earth, just as regular satellites do.
But you might not even have to wait until you get to college to start designing and building your own satellite. A new program called KatySat aims to get teenagers to take part. Once kids understand what satellites can do, says Ben Yuan, an engineer at Lockheed Martin in Menlo Park, Calif, the kinds of applications they’ll come up with may be countless.
“We’d like to put this technology(技术) in your hands,” he tells kids. “We’re going to teach you how to operate a satellite. Then we want to turn it over to you as a sandbox for you to play in. We want you to take the technology into new directions that we haven’t thought of yet.”
Education isn’t the only goal of CubeSats. Because these tiny, technology-filled boxes are relatively inexpensive to build and can be put together quickly, they’re perfect for testing new technologies that might one day be used on major space tasks.
The biggest challenge now is to find ways to bring the satellites back to the earth after a year or two. Otherwise, major highways of space junk could gradually increase as CubeSats become more common.
Nowdays challenge and high school students are getting a chance to learn what it takes to explore in space. Someday—perhaps a lot sooner than you imagine—you might get to design, build and launch your own satellite. If you do, you’re sure to have fun. And you might also get crazy about science for life.
1.Compared with the traditional ones, the new satellites ___________.
A. need long start-up times B. are low-cost and small-sized
C. are very hard to operate D. collect more information in orbit
2. What does the underlined word “obstacle” mean?
A. An aim to achieve in the near future.
B. An imagination that kids usually have.
C. Something dangerous to terrify people.
D. Something difficult that stands in the way.
3. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. CubeSats could possibly cause pollution in space.
B. A few kids will send applications for the project.
C. Scientists designed CubeSats for kids to play with.
D. Students can’t design satellites without college education.
4. What’s the purpose of the author writing the passage?
A. To show that high technology brings a big change in kids’ life.
B. To show that kids lead the space research into a new direction.
C. To tell us that satellite technology can also be learned by kids.
D. To tell us that kids must study hard to learn satellite technology.
Lijiang, Yunnan, Dec. 17(Xinhuanet)—A film directed by the famous Chinese director Zhang Yimou, made its domestic debut(国内首映式)in Lijiang, where the film was shot, in southwest China’s Yunnan Province, on Friday night.
The film, titled Riding Along for Thousands of Miles, was played by the Japanese actor TakakuraKen. It tells a story that Takada, a Japanese fisherman, fulfills(完成)the last wish of his dying son by traveling thousands of miles to China’s Yunnan Province to search for the secret behind a local opera play, called Riding Along for Thousands of Miles.
Zhang Yimou, who has been Takakura’s admirer for almost 30 years, made the film just for fulfilling his own wish of working with Takakura Ken.
The film made its global（全球的）bedut at the opening session of the 18th Tokyo International Film Festival on Oct. 22.
Takakura, one of the best-known actors in Japan, has played roles in 204 films—including Zhang’s—and won world recognition(认可) after starting in the 1975 Sydney Pollack hit The Yakuza(71) and in Ridley Scott’s 1989 work Black Rain.
Invested by the Beijing New Picture Edko Films, Riding Along for Thousands of Miles was made at a cost of 60 million yuan(about 7.3 million US dollars), much less than Zhang’s two previous films, Hero and House of Flying Daggers, both had been nominates（提名）for best foreign film Oscars.
The film will be formally released in China on Dec. 22.
1. One of the famous actors in Riding Along for Thousands of Miles is____________.
A. Zhang Yimou B. Takakura Ken C. Takada D. Jiang Wen
2. Riding Along For Thousands of Miles made its domestic debut in _____ and made its global debut in ____________.
A. Beijing, Tokyo B. Lijiang, Tokyo C. Beijing, Tokyo D. Lijiang, London
3. ____________ is not directed by Zhang Yimou.
A. Riding Along For Thousands of Miles B. Hero
C. Black rain D. House of Flying Daggers
4. 6 million yuan is about ____________ million US dollars.
A. 7 B. 7.3 C. 0.73 D. 3.7