Is human blood all the same? “Yes．” You may say．“It’s all red．”
Well，it’s not as simple as you might think．
Blood is made up of different parts，such as red blood cells（红血球），white blood cells and platelets（血小板）．
Two chemical molecules（分子）on the red blood cells make people’s blood different．Scientists mark one molecule “A” and the other molecule “B”．According to which and how many molecules are on the red cell，scientists divide blood into four types：A，B，AB and O．
Your blood type will stay the same all your life．
Scientists have been wondering if there are some links（联系）between people’s blood types and their personalities，but they are not certain．
But some say that people with the same blood type may have things in common．
What’s your blood type? Do you have family members or friends who are of the same type as you? Read the following．
People with Type A：They look peaceful from the outside．But they ask too much of themselves that they may be very nervous inside．They get happy or sad easily．Sometimes they are shy but always very careful．They can easily win people’s trust．
People with Type B：They have strong minds．Once they start a task，they don’t give up easily．They’ll try their best to finish it and do it well．Type B people always try to make themselves different from others．They want to do things in their own way．
People with Type AB：They are maybe the strangest among all blood types．They can be both open and shy，noisy and quiet at the same time! They are responsible and always ready to help others．
People with Type O：They are open and good at making friends．They always start tasks but don’t always finish them．They have lots of new ideas and love to be the centre of attention．They always strongly believe in themselves．
（ ）1．The blood types are decided by _______．
A．the kind and amount（数量）of molecules on the white cell
B．the kind and amount of molecules on the red cell
C．the kind and the amount of platelet
D．the amount of white blood cells
（ ）2．Scientists are _______ about the relations between blood and personalities．
A．sure B．not sure C．worried D．excited
（ ）3．If you are with Type B，you might _________．
A．have strong minds B．be always ready to help others
C．look peaceful outside D．always start a task and don’t finish it
（ ）4．If a person is both open and shy，noisy and quiet at the same time，he or she might
be with _______ blood．
A．Type O B．Type A C．Type B D．Type AB
（ ）5．The best title of the passage is ________．
A．Blood Type B．Red Cells and White Cells
C．Personality D．Blood Type and Personalities
The sandstorm from northwestern China，packing strong winds and tons of sand，arrived in Beijing，Tianjin and other northern regions on this Saturday morning，March，the 20th 2010．affecting an area of 810，000 square kilometers with a population of 250 million．
In the last 35 hours till 11 a．m．Saturday，270 million people in an area of 1.8 million square kilometers have suffered from the sandstorm．And it is also expected to harm agricultural production and hamper traffic in its affected areas．
How to survive a sand storm?
A sand storm is one of nature’s most violent phenomena（现象）but not a disaster．（自然灾害）High winds lift dirt particles or sand into air．Sand storms can cause property damage，injuries and even death．So it’s important for you to know about how to keep yourselves safe in a sand storm．
● Be prepared．When you are in a stormy area，carry a mask designed to filter out small particles and bring airtight goggles to protect your eyes．It’s wise to carry a supply of water in case you get stuck in a storm．Wear the clothes that can cover your body to protect you from sandblasting．
● Find shelter．If you are in a house，stay inside．Close all windows and doors，and wait until the storm is over．If you are in a vehicle，roll up the windows and turn off vents that bring outside air in．
● Wear a mask．If you don’t have a mask，wrap a piece of cloth around your nose and mouth．Make it wet or a bit wetter if you have enough water．
● Protect your eyes．Airtight goggles（防风镜）are good．If you don’t have goggles，wrap a piece of cloth tightly around your head to protect your eyes and ears．
（ ）1．A terrible sandstorm happened again in the______ of China．
A．southern parts B．northern parts
C．western parts D．eastern parts
（ ）2．The sandstorm was so strong that it had been on _________．
A．a whole day B．two nights
C．more than one day D．not clear
（ ）3．The main idea of this passage is ________．
A．A terrible sandstorm B．A strong sandstorm
C．how to survive a sandstorm D．The damage of a sandstorm
（ ）4．There are some ways to keep ourselves safe in a sandstorm except__________．
A．Get well-prepared before going to a stormy area
B．Find shelters to keep you from being harmed by the sandstorm
C．Wear a mask or wrap a piece of wet cloth
D．Wear a pair of dark sunglasses to protect your eyes and ears
（ ）5．What is a sand storm _________like according to the passage?
A．high wind B．heavy dust C．much sand D．all the above
How did learn how to ride your bicycle? Someone probably gave you a few lessons and then you practiced a lot．You can learn how to study in much the same way．No one is born knowing how to study．You need to learn a few study skills and then practice them．
Why work on your study skills? It will make it easier for you to learn and do well in class，especially as you move up to high school．Here are some steps to smarter studying：
Step 1：Pay attention!
Do you have trouble paying attention in class? Are you sitting next to a loud person? Is it hard to see the blackboard? Make sure you are sitting in a good seat that lets you pay attention．Tell your teacher or parents about any problems that preventing you from paying attention and taking good notes．Remember good study starts in class!
Step2：Not sure how to take notes? Start by writing down the facts your teacher mentions or writes on the blackboard during class．Try your best to use good handwriting so you can read your notes later．It is also a good idea to keep your notes，quizzes and papers organized by subject．Good notes equals to easier studying．
Step3：Waiting until Thursday night to study for Fridays’ test will make for a homework night，that’s no fun! It also makes it hard to do your best．We are al guilty to putting things off sometimes．One of the best ways to make sure that doesn’t happen is to plan ahead．Ask for a fool calendar to make what you need to do or what you have done on it! Let your daily life and study in good order!
Step4：When there is a lot to study and the test is coming，you are sure to get worried about it．Don’t worry! Instead of thinking about all of it，try working on one or two each night．Another way to break it up is to study regularly instead of just the night before．You should always review your notes and read the chapters you are working on．
Step 5：You can’t study effectively if you don’t understand the material．Be sure to ask your teacher for help if you are not clear about something．You can also check yourself by reading through your notes．Does it all make sense? If not，ask your teacher to go over it with you．The best way to lose the confusion is to ask for help!
Step 6：So the test is tomorrow and you have followed your study plan but suddenly you can’t remember anything! Don’t panic! Your brain needs time to digest all the information you have given it．Try to get a good night’s sleep and you will be surprised by what comes back to you in the morning．
（ ）1．The best title of the passage is ___________．
A．How to study well B．Six steps to smarter studying
C．The best way to study well D．Where is the best way to study
（ ）2．If there is too much study and too many exams，you had better___________．
A．give in B．give up C．break it down D．break it up
（ ）3．According to the passage，our brain also needs _________．
A．to have a good rest B．to have a good sleep
C．to have time to think about it D．to have time to get it changed
（ ）4．As we know，good study begins with ______．
A．your good attention B．your detailed notes
C．your good seat D．all the above
（ ）5．When having difficulty learning；what should you do____according to the passage?
A．to copy others B．to drop it
C．to ask for help D．to surf the internet
In some science fiction movies, evil robots refuse to die, no matter how hard people fight back.
Now science fiction has become science fact. For the first time, scientists have made a robot that can take a beating (挨打) and keep on going. Scientists from Cornell University made the robot, which looks like a spider with four legs.
Until now, even the most advanced (先进的) robot was almost certain to break down when it was damaged. That is because its computer inside simply doesn’t know how to make the machine work after its shape has changed.
To deal with this problem, the scientists put eight motors (发动机) and two sensors (传感器) that read how the machine is working. They all give signals to the machine’s software. Using this information, the computer can then figure out the machine’s shape at any moment.
The new technology is a big advance in robot-making, scientists say, and it’s far from scary. It may someday help scientists create better artificial (假的) arms and legs and give new freedom to people who lose them. It might also help scientists understand how people and animals figure out their own sense of place in space.
“It has been difficult to design robots that can work well when the environment changes or when it’s damaged,” says Olaf Sporns of Indiana University in US. “With this work, we are nearer to solving this problem.”
( )1.Why do robots easily break down when they are damaged?
A. They cannot repair themselves.
B. The computer has changed a lot.
C. They have no computers inside.
D. The computer cannot work if the robot changes.
( )2.The new technology allows the robot to _________.
A. do house work for humans
B. keep working after being damaged
C. remember a lot of information
D. tell people where it is
( )3.The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 5 refers to ________.
A. sensors B. robots
C. arms and legs D. scientists
( )4.How do the sensors in the robot work?
A. They can replace the computer when it’s broken.
B. They can find out where the damage comes from.
C. They help the computer learn the robot’s condition.
D. They can send signals to the person who uses the robot.
( )5. The passage is probably from_____________.
A. a newspaper B. an advertisement
C. a tour guide D. an application
In 1955, Walt Disney (迪斯尼) himself opened the first Disney Park in Los Angeles, the USA. Later Disney world was opened in Florida in 1971. It cost between $ 500 and $ 600 million to build. Tokyo Disney Park opened in Japan in 1983, and Europe (欧洲) Disney opened in France in 1992.
Now Hong Kong is going to build a Disney Park and it will be open in 2005.
More than 80% of Hong Kong's population would like to visit the Disney Park when it's opened. But about half of them thought the adult admission fee (成人参观费), of between HK $250 to HK $ 300 (US $ 32 to US $ 38), was too high. The children's admission fee is not known yet. But children may not mind paying any entrance fee. "If I start saving money now, I'll have enough money to pay the entrance fee in five years' time," said Chan Po-sang, a 12-year old girl."I can't take my son to the Disney Park in the USA," said Mrs. Yu, mother of a small boy, "That's why I agree with the government's plan (政府计划) to build one here. Then I'll be able to take my son there. The admission fee of several hundred dollars is nothing compared with (与......相比)the price of an air ticket to the USA."
1. The first Disney Park was built in __________.
A. France B. Tokyo C. America D. Hong Kong
2. How many Disney Parks will there be in Asia (亚洲) by the year 2005?
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
3. What do the Hong Kong people think about the plan?
A. Most of them agree with it. B. Half of them don't agree with it.
C. Few of them agree with it. D. Only children like it.
4. Do all the Hong Kong people care (关心) much about the entrance fee?
A. Yes, they all think that the fee is too high.
B. No, the children may not mind how much the fee will be.
C. Yes, most of them feel that the fee is not high. D. The writer doesn't tell us.
5. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. The adult admission fee is lower than the children admission fee.
B. Disney Parks are getting more and more popular among children and adults.
C. The children's admission fee is about HK $ 250 to HK $ 300.
D. Since the fee is too high, few Hong Kong people want to visit the park..
Skin-diving(潜水)is a new sport today．This sport takes you into a wonderful new world．It is like a visit to the moon．When you are under water，it is easy for you to climb big rocks(岩石)，because you are no longer heavy．
Here，under water，everything is blue and green．During the day，there is plenty of light．When fish swim nearby，you can catch them with your hands.
When you have tanks(罐)of air on your back，you can stay in deep water for a long time．But you must be careful when you dive in deep water．
To catch fish is one of the most interesting parts of this sport．Besides，there are more uses for skin-diving．You can clean ships without taking them out of water．You can get many things from the deep sea. Now you see that skin-diving is both useful and interesting.
1. Skin—diving is a new sport．It can take you to____.
A. the moon B. the mountains C. deep water
2. In deep water____.
A．there is plenty of light B．you can find a lot of blue fish
C．everything looks blue and green.
3. You can climb big rocks under water easily because____.
A．you are very heavy B．you are as heavy as on the land
C．you are not so heavy as on the land
4. With tanks of air on your back.You can____.
A. catch fish very easily B. stay under water for a long time C.climb big rocks
5. Which of the following is NOT true?
A．Skin-diving is a new sport． B. Skin-diving is like visiting the mountain．
C．Skin-diving is not only interesting but useful.
The Sydney Opera House is a very famous building in the world. It has become Sydney’s best-known landmark and international symbol. The Opera House with a “sailing roof” was designed by a famous Danish architect (丹麦建筑师), Utzon. The base for the building was started in 1959, years before the designs were finished. Utzon spent four years designing the Opera House. In 1962, the designs were finalized (定稿) and the construction began. In 1967，they started the decoration inside. It took 14 years in total to build the Opera House. Queen Elizabeth II officially opened it on October 20th, 1973.
The Sydney Opera House cost around ＄100 million and was paid for by the public. 6,225 square meters of glass was used to build it. The Opera House includes 1,000 rooms. It is 185 meters long and 120 meters wide. The building’s roof sections weigh about 15 tons. Each year, this fantastic building attracts 200,000 tourists to come for a visit or enjoy events in it.
The Opera House reaches out into the harbor (港湾). It is amazing and unforgettable, offering people a strong sense of beauty.
1. The designer of the Sydney Opera House was from _______.
A. America B. Australia C. England D. Denmark
2. Building the Sydney Opera House lasted _______.
A. from 1959 to 1967 B. from 1962 to 1973
C. from 1959 to 1973 D. from 1962 to 1967
3. The underlined word “construction” means _______in Chinese.
A.创立 B. 施工 C.设计 D.竣工
4. _______ paid for the cost of the building of the Sydney Opera House.
A. Utzon B. The government C. Queen Elizabeth II D. The public
5. Which is the best title for the passage?
A. Sailing Roof B. The Sydney Opera House
C. Travelling in Sydney D. The Opening of the Opera House
Many animals do strange things before an earthquake. This news may be important. Earthquakes can kill people and knock down homes. The animals may help to save lives.
Some animals make a lot of noise before an earthquake. Farmers have told about this. Dogs that are usually quiet have started to bark. Horses on farms have run around in circles. Mice have left their holes and run away. Cows have given less milk.
In a town in Italy, cats raced down the street in a group. That happened only a few hours before an earthquake. In San Francisco, a man kept tiny pet frogs. One Sunday, the frogs jumped around more than ever. They made loud noises, like bigger frogs. That night, an earthquake struck the city.
People want to know when an earthquake is coming. Then they could get away safely. Right now, there is no sure way to know ahead of time. Maybe the best way is to watch the animals.
( ) 1.This passage is mostly about_________ .
A. how animals act before an earthquake B. how an earthquake starts.
C. how mice leave their homes. D. how animals live every day
( )2. Before an earthquake, quiet dogs _________.
A. ran away B. started to bark C. climbed trees D. jump into the water
( )3. Before an earthquake, the frogs___________ .
A. sang B. jumped into the water
C. left their homes D. jumped around a lot
( ) 4. According to the passage, there have been earthquakes in_________ .
A. most countries B. Taiwan, China
C. Italy and San Francisco D. Chicago and Spain
( )5. People want to_________ .
A. be in earthquake B. find out early about an earthquake
C. run around in circles D. follow the animals to run quickly
April Fool’s Day is a day to play jokes on others. No one knows how this holiday began but it was thought to begin in France.
In France, New Year’s Day was celebrated on March 25 and celebrations lasted until April 1st. When New Year’s Day was changed from March 25 to January 1st in the 1560s by King Charles IX （查理九世）, there were some people who still celebrated it on April 1st and those people were called April Fools.
April Fool’s Day is a “for-fun-only” day. Nobody is expected to buy gifts or to take their friends out to eat in a fancy restaurant. Nobody gets off work or school. It’s simply a fun little holiday, but a holiday on which one must remain forever vigilant,(警惕的） for he may be the next April Fool!
Each country celebrates April Fool’s Day differently. In France, the April Fool is called “April Fish” (Poisson d’Avril). The French fool their friends by taping a paper fish to their friends’ backs and when some discover this trick, they yell ”Poisson d’Avril!”
In England, tricks can be played only in the morning. If a trick is played on you, you are a “noodle”. In Scotland, April Fool’s Day is 48 hours long and you are called an “April Gowk”, which is another name for a cuckoo bird. The second day in Scotland’s April Fool’s Day is called Tally Day. Tally Day’s gift to children is the still-funny “Kick Me ” sign.
1. April Fool’s Day began in .
A. America B. France C. England D. Scotland
2. In France people used to celebrate on March 25 before the 1560s.
A. New Year’s Day B. Father’s Day C. April Fool’s Day D. Mother’s Day
3. On April Fool’s Day, people usually .
A. send presents to others B. ask friends to have dinner
C. play jokes on others D. have a day off
4. The underlined word “trick” means “ ” in Chinese.
A. 恶作剧 B. 打击 C. 策划 D. 伤心
5. In Scotland, you are called “_____” ,which is another name for a cuckoo bird.
A. Poisson d’Avril B. an April Gowk C. a noodle D. Tally Day
Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to connect the brain with computers. Braincomputer interface(BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to machines.
Recently, two scientists, Jose Millan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytehnic School in Lausanne, Switzerland, show a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person’s thoughts.
In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right hand. He could even talk as he watched the vehicle and guided it with his thoughts.
“Our brain has billions of body cells(细胞). These send signals through the spinal cord(脊髓) to the body part to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries(脊柱受伤) or other conditions can prevent these weak electrical signals from reaching the body part.” Tavella says. “Our system allows disabled people to communicate with outer world and also to control machines.”
The scientists designed a special cap for the user. This head cover picks up the signals from the scalp(头皮) and sends them to a computer. The computer finds meanings of the signals and commands the wheelchair with an engine. The wheelchair also has two cameras that tell objects in its path. They help the computer react to commands from the brain.
Prof. Millan , the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that finds meanings of brain signals and turns them into simple commands.” The practical possibilities that BCI technology offers to disabled people can be grouped in two kinds: communication, and controlling objects. One example is this wheelchair.”
He says his team has set two goals. One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is a technology they can get advantages from. And the other is sure that they can use the technology for long.
1. BCI is a technology that can________.
A. help to make computer systems more modern
B. connect the human brain with computers
C. help the disabled to be healthier
D. control a person’s thoughts
2. Which of the following shows the path of the signals described in Paragraph 5?
3. The team will test with real patients to_________.
A. make money from them
B. prove the technology useful to them
C. make them live longer
D. learn about their physical condition
4. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
A. Switzerland, the BCI research Center
B. New Findings About How the Human Brain Works
C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled
D. Robotic Vehicles Could Help to Cure Brain Sickness
There are some famous buildings in the world. Everyone can recognize（认出）them with their imaginations. For example, when you see a picture of a sports stadium（体育场）that reminds you of a bird’s nest, you probably know it is the Olympic stadium in Beijing.
In fact, other buildings can be recognized more easily. The shape of the building shows the objects people can see inside. In Guizhou, China, people can visit the Meitan Tea Museum, built in the shape of a big teapot. From far away, the teapot-shaped museum looks like some kind of huge work of art. But as one gets closer, the windows make it clear that this is a building.
People who are interested in guitars might want to visit the Guitar Museum in Tennessee, USA. The building is shaped like a guitar, inside visitors can see all kinds of guitars and learn about famous guitar players.
One of the newest funny-shaped museums is a pottery（陶器）museum in Korea. This museum, built in 2011, is shaped just like a traditional Korean pot. Along with seeing examples of pots and tools used for making pots in the museum, visitors can try to make their own pots there.
1、People can recognize some famous buildings with their imaginations.
2、According to the colors of some buildings, we can guess what objects are inside.
3、The Meitan Ten Museum looks like a huge cup with windows.
4、If you are interested in guitar players, you can visit the museum in China.
5、You can try to make your own pots in the pottery museum in Korea.
There are many different kinds of music in the world. Now let's study some of them.
Classical music Classical music is a form of music which needs high musical skills. If you want to learn this kind of music，you have to go through proper training.
Heavy metal music Heavy metal music came out after World War Ⅱ. The melody (旋律)of the song is heavily influenced by the structure of it. It is also known as “information music”. In heavy metal music，songwriting is based on a form.
Hip－hop music This kind of music always includes the use of instruments such as the guitar，violin，piano，bass (低音电吉他)，drums and so on. In this kind of music，the bass is the main instrument. It was first played by a group of traveling singers and poets of West Africa.
Opera music It first appeared in Italy in the 1600s.It has a great mixture of theatrical (喜剧的)art and musical invention and is used in theaters.
Jazz music This kind of music has strong and complex (复杂的)melodies. The main musical instruments are the cornet，trumpet and violin，which help carry the melody.
Besides these，there are many other kinds of music such as the blues，new－age music，Celtic music，religious music，and chamber music (室内乐).
( ) 1. ________ music needs high musical skills.
A. Classical B. Heavy metal C. Hip-hop D. Opera
( ) 2. The main instrument in hip-hop music is the _________________.
A. guitar B. violin C. piano D. bass
( ) 3. The ________ is used in both hip－hop music and jazz music.
A. piano B. violin C. trumpet D. cornet
( )4. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Heavy metal music appeared after World War Ⅱ.
B. Only after proper training can you learn classical music.
C. Opera music first appeared in Italy.
D. People call jazz music “information music”.
( ) 5. What's the BEST title for the passage?
A. Different kinds of music B. Our favorite musicians
C. We love music best D. Welcome to the music club
How to Make Ice－cream in a Bag
What You Will Need：
1 spoon of sugar，1/2 cup of half－and－half(牛奶和奶油的混合物)，1/4 spoon of vanilla extract(香草精)，ice，salt，a big bag，a small bag.
First，take the small bag and add 1 spoon of sugar，1/2 cup of half－and－half and 1/4 spoon of vanilla extract to the small bag.
Next，add three glasses of ice to the big bag. You can add more or less just make sure the small bag will be covered by ice.
Then，pour about 1/2 cup of salt in the big bag. The salt helps the ice get cold so you can add more if necessary.
When it's ready，place the small bag in the big bag and seal tightly(系紧)．You need to shake the bag for about five minutes.
Finally，take the small bag out，be careful not to open it. Wipe off(擦去) any salt on the bag.
Now open the bag，you can enjoy your ice－cream. You can finish all of the work in less than ten minutes.
( ) 1.What do you need when making an ice cream?
A．A glass of ice.
B．A spoon of salt.
C．A spoon of sugar.
D．A cup of half－and－half.
( ) 2.How many kinds of things should you put into the small bag?
A．One. B．Two. C．Three. D．Four.
( ) 3.What should you put into the big bag at last?
C．The vanilla extract.
D．The small bag.
( ) 4.What should you do before you open the small bag?
A．Shake the big bag.
B．Wipe off the salt.
C．Wait five minutes.
D．Pour it into a bowl.
( ) 5.How long will it take you to make an ice cream?
A．Less than 10 minutes.
B．More than 10 minutes.
C．Less than 5 minutes.
D．More than 5 minutes.
Water polo came from the London Swimming Club in 1870.The purpose(目的) of creating(创建) the sport was to develop(发展) a “football-like game in water”.The game was first shown on the program in Paris in 1900.Women’ s water polo became an Olympic sport for the first time this year.
Water polo is such a demanding sport that players need to be unusually strong. The game is played over four seven-minute periods(时期).To score(得分) players must throw the ball into another team’ s goal.
1.Water polo came from______.
A. America B. Australia C. England D. France
2.The purpose of creating water polo was______.
A. to play each other
B.to develop a “football-like game in water”
C.to show on the sports meet
D.to be famous all over the world
3.Water polo was first shown on the program in Paris in______.
A.1900 B.1870 C.1910 D.1790
4.When did women’ s water polo become an Olympic sport for the first time?
A. In 1900. B. In 1870. C. In 1910. D. In 1790.
5.Water polo players need______.
A. fat persons B. unusually strong persons
C. thin persons D. short persons
The film Alice Through the Looking Glass is on. Millions of people go to cinemas to see it. The little girl Alice, with long hair of gold, is alive in people’s mind again after the film Alice in Wonderland was shown in 2010.
These two popular films were adapted(改编) from the novels Alice’s Adventures on Wonderland and Through the Looking Class. Both of them were written by Lewis Carroll, a famous English writer, who himself was as interesting as his books.
Lewis Carroll was a math teacher and writer. In 1856, he met Henry Liddell and his three lovely daughters. His friendship with the family became an important part of his life over the following years. He liked the girls very much, especially the youngest one, Alice Liddell. He often told stories to make them happy. One day he took the girls to a boat trip. To make the time more enjoyable, he began a story about the adventure of a little girl named Alice in Wonderland. Many other strange characters such as the Mouse, the March Hare, the Cheshire Cat and the Queen of Hearts were brought to this wonderful world, too.
Alice Liddell loved the story and she asked Carroll to write it down for her. After Carroll finished the book Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, he gave it to the girl as a Christmas present. When the book was published in 1865, it was a great success, and soon was famous around the world.
1. The film Alice in Wonderland and Alice Through the Looking Glass were from __________.
A. Henry Liddell’s adventure B. two novels by Lewis Carroll
C. three girls’ trip experience D. Lewis Carroll’s life story
2. are not the characters in the story Alice in Wonderland.
A. Alice Liddell and her sisters B. The Queen and Alice
C. The Mouse and the March Hare D. The Cheshire Cat and the Mouse
3. Lewis Carroll wrote down the story he told on the boat trip because __________.
A. he wanted to publish it and made money
B. he thought it was a very interesting story
C. Alice loved the story and asked him to do so
D. Alice thought others also wanted to read the story
4. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. Carroll finished the book and gave it to Alice.
B. Lewis Carroll was the three lovely daughters’ teacher.
C. The friendship between Carroll and Alice lasted until 1865.
D. The book Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland became famous after the film were shown.
Television talk shows have been popular since arrival of the medium, like many shows coming from the ones on radio. For example, the start of talk shows’ golden age can be considered in 1948, although the television was not common in American homes until the 1950s. From 1949 to 1973, nearly half of all daytime programs on the three networks (ABC, CBS, and NBC) was talk.
As we know that video did not kill the talk show hosts, the radio stars—it made him / her an even bigger star. Hosts during the golden age included Arthur Godfrey (Arthur Godfrey and his friends), Dave Garroway (The Today Show), and Jack Par (The Tonight Show). All were necessary parts in the formation of the talk show formats (编排) we know and love today.
A talk show can cost less than＄100,000 per episode (连续剧中的一集) to produce while many of today’s dramas cost more than＄million an episode. So, if successful, it can make bountiful money.
Still, it takes a lot of work. Since 1948, hundreds of talk shows have come and gone, with only a few having true staying long. Conan O’Brien, for example, tried to stay long only because the network did not know what else to put in its place.
There are several types of talk shows, from the foreign and strange programs like Comedy Central’s The Graham Norton Effect to the more traditional Late Show with David Letterman. But while the styles might be different, the format is limited (受限制).
What we are mos used to is the informal (非正式的) guest-host format, in which the show’s host welcomes famous people or other talk-worthy people, and this is considered as an informal discussion. The scene is is very comedic (戏剧性) or musical or both.
The second most common format is the public affairs (公共事务) show, in which a host or hosts interviews people in the news or experts in a given field. Shows that follow this format include booth the morning news programs (Good morning America Or Meet the Press) and “issue” talk shows (The Oprah Winfrey Show or The Jerry Springer Show).
Everything else is mainly a mixture of these two formats.
( ) 1. The start of the talk shows’ golden age was __________.
A. In the 1920s B. In the 1940s
C. In the 1950s D. From 1949 to 1973
( ) 2. ________ are the famous hosts during the golden age.
A. Arthur Godfrey
B. Arthur Godfrey and his Friends
C. Dave Garroway and Jack Par
D. Arthur Godfrey, Dave Garroway and Jack Par
( ) 3. What does the underlined word “bountiful” mean in Chinese in Paragraph 3?
A. 少许 B. 大量 C. 漂亮的 D. 看不见的
( ) 4. Why can’t many talk shows stay for a long time?
A. Because it costs much to produce per episode.
B. Because they can’t make money from their programs.
C. Because they have nothing new to put in their programs.
D. The passage does not tell the readers about it.
( ) 5. In which kind of talk shows, do the hosts always interview people in the news?
A. The guest-host format shows.B. The public affairs shows.
C. Both A and B. D. Neither A nor B.
The Academy set up the Student Academy Awards (学生学院奖) in 1972 to support and encourage excellent students in film making at the college. The Student Academy Awards is a national student film competition organized and carried out by the Academy and the Academy Foundation. Each year over 500 college and university film students from all over the United States compete for (为...而竞争) awards, with the films being divided in four types: Animation (动画片), Documentary, Narrative (原创剧本) and Alternative (改编剧本). An excellent student filmmaker from outside the United States is presented each year as well. The presentation ceremony is a popular event that is attended annually by a viewers in the Academy’s Samuel Goldwyn Theater.
Through the Student Academy Awards, the Academy recognizes and encourages this year’s most promising (有前途的) new filmmakers. Past winners include Spike Lee, Trey Parker, Bob Saget and Oscar winners John Lasseter and Robert Zemeckis.
To extend (扩大) the influence beyond the competition, a part presentation of the gold medal award-winning films is shown each year for free to educational and non-profit organizations all over the country.
All entries (参赛作品) for the 38th Student Academy Awards must be handed in by email. Please pay attention to that the running time allowed for entries in all types must be only 40 minutes.
Also, you must print a hard copy of your entry form and hand it in with your DVD to the appropriate coordinator (协调人). For your entry to be officially completed, the hard copy must include your signature (签名) and the signature of your guidance teacher.
( )1. __________ can compete in the Student Academy Awards.
A. An American director
B. An American film university student
C. All the film students from the world
D. An American acting students
( ) 2. The passage was written in ______________.
A. 1990 B. 2000 C. 2010 D. 1972
( ) 3. How many types were the films divided into in the Award?
A. 5. B. 6. C. 3. D. 4.
( ) 4. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “annually” in the 1st paragraph?
A. Four years.B. Three years.C. Two years. D. Every year.
( ) 5. Which of the following sentences is NOT TRUE according to the passage?
A. The Award was held every year.
B. Many winners grew into successful filmmakers.
C. A candidate (参赛选手) needn’t print a hard copy of the entry form.
D. The entry must be handed in by email.
The computer is fast, and never makes a mistake, while people are too slow, and full of mistakes sometimes. That is what people often say when they talk about computers.
For over a quarter of a century, engineers have been making better computers. Now a computer can do a lot of everyday jobs wonderfully. It is widely used in factories, hospitals and banks. A computer can report, decide and control in almost every field. Many computer scientists are now thinking of making the computer “think” like a man. With the help of a person, a computer can draw pictures with music, talk with people, play chess, recognize (辩认) voices, translate languages and so on. Perhaps computers will one day really think and feel. Do you think that people will be afraid when they find that the computer is too clever to listen to and serve the people?
( ) 1. Engineers have worked on computers for more than twenty-five years.
( ) 2. You can see computers working in almost every field.
( ) 3. Computers are taking place of people.
( ) 4. With the help of a person, a computer can draw pictures with music, talk
with people, play chess, and do some other things.
( ) 5. People will be afraid of computers in the future.
Scientists think that most animals can’t see colors. The world is black and white to them.
To find out if dogs could see colors, scientists gave dogs food every time they played a certain piece of music. The dog got ready to eat only when they heard this piece of music. They did not get ready to eat when they heard other piece of music.
Then the scientists gave the dogs food every time they showed them a certain color. The dogs got ready to eat when they saw this color. The scientists then showed the dogs another color. Again the dogs got ready to eat. The colors were all the same to them.
Colors are not all the same to the monkeys, however. For example, if we put food in a red box and do this every day, a monkey will always go to the red box to get the food. If we then put food in a blue box, the monkey won’t go to it.
1. All colors are the same to .
A. all animals B. scientists C. monkeys D. dogs
2. Monkeys know that red and blue are .
A. not the same B. the same C. colors D. food
3. The scientists give the dogs food every time they .
A. saw the color red B. went to a box of food
C. saw the color blue D. played certain music
4. Dogs are different from monkeys because .
A. dogs can’t see any colors and monkeys can
B. dogs can’t see more colors than monkeys
C. monkeys can’t see any colors and dogs can
D. monkeys can’t see red and blue
5. Some wanted to find out if dogs could see colors.
A. animals B. doctors C. scientists D. monkeys
Kites have a long history. They may date back(追溯到) long time ago. They were made of bamboo and silk in China. Nobody knows exactly how or when a kite was first flown, but it is said that when a Chinese farmer tied a string(绳子) to his hat to keep it from blowing away in a strong wind, the first kite was born.
Children like playing with kites. Kites for work or play are made of wood, bamboo, paper, or silk. In 478 B.C., a Chinese philosopher(思想家), Mo Zi, spent three years making a kite out of light wood and bamboo. The earliest record of kite flying was in about 200 B.C. when the Chinese General(将军) Han Xin of Han Dynasty flew a kite over the walls of a city. He wanted to know how far his army would have to travel.
In the 13th century, Marco Polo wrote about how the shipping businessmen flew the huge kite in the wind before the ship set sail. They predicted the voyage(航海) in this way. If the kite went high and straight it meant a quick and successful voyage, but if it did not fly well， it was a bad omen(预兆). In the late 1500s, the kite was introduced to Europe by the Italians. Kite flying was first mentioned in England in a popular book in 1589.
1.The first kite was born when _________.
A. kites were used for sailing
B. a Chinese farmer tied a string to his hat to keep it from blowing away
C. a Chinese general called Han Xin flew a kite to train his army
D. Mo Zi used light wood and bamboo to make a kite
2. Kites are made of the following materials EXCEPT ________ according to the passage.
A. silk B. bamboo C. cloth D. paper
3. The kite was introduced to Europe by_______
A. Marco Polo B. the Italians C. Mo Zi, D. Han Xin
4.The passage tells us_______.
A. how to make a kite B. how to fly a kite
C. how kite flying was introduced to Europe D. what a kite is like