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初中英语2020-2021学年度天津市历年中考模拟复习题(一)含详解
一、选择题(共30题)
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题型:选择题
知识点:特殊疑问句
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题型:选择题
知识点:动词时态
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题型:选择题
知识点:动词和动词短语
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题型:选择题
知识点:被动语态
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题型:选择题
知识点:副词
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题型:选择题
知识点:状语从句
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题型:选择题
知识点:现在分词和过去分词辨析
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题型:选择题
知识点:现在分词和过去分词辨析
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题型:选择题
知识点:动词和动词短语
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题型:选择题
知识点:名词
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题型:选择题
知识点:形容词辨析
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题型:选择题
知识点:其他
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题型:选择题
知识点:副词
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题型:选择题
知识点:情态动词
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题型:选择题
知识点:并列连词辨析
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题型:选择题
知识点:状语从句
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题型:选择题
知识点:特殊疑问句
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题型:选择题
知识点:状语从句
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题型:选择题
知识点:情景交际
二、完型填空(共2题)
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1.

Every day cars kill or hurt many people in the roads. Sometimes the drivers drive too fast or do not drive carefully enough. Some of them 1 the traffic rules and cause accidents.

According to some researches, it is usually the pedestrians (行人) who cause the accidents. A lot of road users are very 2 . They walk or run across the roads 3 the cars. They walk in the roads but not on the walkways. They get into or out of cars in the middle of the road. Some do not take the trouble to 4 the green lights and simply cross the roads against the red lights.

Many people think accidents often happen in 5 roads in large cities, but this is not always true. 6 , Tokyo is one of the world's largest cities and probably one of the busiest cities, however, there are 7 accidents to pedestrians. The reason is that the police there are very 8 and the pedestrians are very careful. Pedestrians never cross against a red light and they 9 follow traffic rules.

Do you know alcohol (酒精) is another main cause of traffic accidents? It delays (拖延) people's response. Those who have drunk alcohol are 1 0 in making decisions. They need a few more seconds to react (反应) . Alcohol drinking is especially dangerous for motor car drivers. It is not only drivers who may have accidents after drinking. Drunken pedestrians may put their lives in danger as well.

1 A make B break C follow D remember

2 A tired B cheerful C careless D frightened

3 A at the end of B in the center of C on top of D in front of

4 A care for B wait for C search for D look for

5 A busy B wide C clean D new

6 A In fact B By the way C For example D In other words

7 A very few B so many C only some D plenty of

8 A kind B polite C patient D strict

9 A even B never C hardly D always

1 0 A slow B active C excited D lazy

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题型:完型填空
知识点:安全与救护
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使用次数:211
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2.

For years, Peter Smith was badly disturbed (打扰) by the memory of an accident that caused the death of one of his 1 , Oliver. After that, his wife left him and he 2 his job. But suddenly the news about him changed. His wife came back and he found a new job.

One day he told me what had changed his life. “After the accident, I thought that nobody could forgive (原谅) what I had done. The thought of my mistake 3 my smile. It put a 4 between my wife and me. Then I had an unexpected visit from the person I was afraid most to see-the mother of the classmate who died. “Years ago,” she said, “I found it in my heart to have forgiven you. So did Oliver and your friends.” She stopped for a moment, and then said 5 . “Peter, you are the one who hasn’t forgiven 6 .” I looked into her eyes and found kindness. For the first time in my life I felt worthy (有价值的) to love and be loved.

It is lucky for Peter to get forgiveness of his 7 . But forgiving doesn’t mean denying (否认) what happened. Instead, it means facing them honestly, realistically (现实地) .

Can a person be all-forgiving and still, be human? A scientist spent four years in a prison camp (集中营) of Germany. His parents, his younger sister and elder brother were killed by Nazi. He has every reason to 8 . However he is filled with a love of life that he passes on to everyone who knows him. In his book, he said “In the beginning, I was filled with hate. 9 I realized that in hating I had become my own 1 0 . If you can’t forgive, you cannot love. And without love, life has no meaning.”

Forgiveness is truly the saving grace, which gives the people who make mistakes a chance to correct them.

1 A teachers B classmates C workers D strangers

2 A got B left C lost D took

3 A took away B put away C gave away D threw away

4 A bridge B door C house D wall

5 A seriously B carelessly C probably D happily

6 A myself B himself C yourself D herself

7 A excuse B mistake C success D lesson

8 A forget B hide C hate D kill

9 A So B Only C Still D Then

1 0 A classmate B enemy C friend D teacher

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题型:完型填空
知识点:方法与哲理
三、阅读理解(共6题)
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1.

Many people dream of going on a great travel adventure. Most of us keep dreaming; others make it happen.

Gregg Beakney's dream was to travel around the Americas from top to bottom. He got the idea after he finished a 1, 600-kilometer bike ride. Gregg's friend, Brooks Allen, was also a cyclist. The two friends talked and set their goal: they would travel from Alaska to Argentina by bike. To pay for the journey, Gregg and Brooks worked and saved money for years. Once they were on the road, they often camped outdoors or stayed in hotels. In many places, along their route (路线) , local people opened their homes to the two friends and gave them food.

During their trip, Gregg and Brooks cycled through deserts, rainforests (热带雨林) and mountains. They visited modern cities and explored ancient ruins (遗迹) , such as Tikal in Guatemala (危地马拉) . In many places, they met other cyclists from all over the world. In May 2007, they traveled twelve countries in two years, and over 30, 500 km 19, 000 miles . Later, Gregg finally reached Ushuaia, Argentina, at the top of South America. Gregg and Brooks kept a record of their adventures in an online blog. The trip taught both men a lot about travelling.

Here is some of Gregg's advice:

Travel light.

The less baggage you have, the less you'll worry about.

Be flexible (灵活的) .

Don't plan everything. Then you'll be more relaxed and happier, even when there are challenges along the way.

Be polite.

A traveller told Gregg, “Always remember that nobody wants to fight or cheat a nice guy”.

1 When did Gregg Beakney get the idea of traveling the Americas from top to bottom?

A After he travelled from Argentina to Alaska.

B After he finished a 1, 600-kilometre bike ride.

C Before he travelled from Argentina to Alaska.

D Before he finished a 1, 600-kilometre bike ride.

2 What is the two friends' goal?

A Make a lot of money to enjoy life.

B Buy a nice expensive bike.

C Travel from Alaska to Argentina by bike.

D Spend the rest of their life in Alaska.

3 Where did they stay at night when they were on the road?

A Camped outdoors or stayed in hotels.

B Stayed at a local family.

C Stayed in the rainforests.

D Stayed in ancient buildings.

4 Who did they meet during their trip?

A Local people. B Other runners. C Other drivers. D Other cyclists.

5 What did the trip give them?

A Something about travelling.

B Something about riding.

C Something about dreaming.

D Something about adventuring.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:计划与愿望
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使用次数:183
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2.

Artificial intelligence(AI)( 人工智能 )is the ability of a computer program or a machine.The computer or the machine with AI can think and learn. It is also a field of study that tries to make computers "smart". John McCarthy, a scientist, came up with( 提出 )the name "artificial intelligence" over 60 years ago. Many things such as learning and problem solving can be done by computers, though not in the same way as people do.

An unusual goal of AI research is to create computer programs.They can learn, solve problems, and think logically( 逻辑地) . At present, Al can successfully understanding human speech, recognizie ( 识别) human faces, operate self-driving cars and compete in some game systems like playing Chess. However,Some people also consider( 认为) AI a danger to humans if it develops too quickly. A famous British scientist also was not for this kind of technology.

Math is the basic language of AI. If students are good at math, they will be more likely to become successful AI designers( 设计者) in the future. We need not only bright students, but also average( 普通的) students.As for( 对于) average students if they get enough math skills,they can also become successful AI designers. Besides, a good knowledge of computer science is also necessary for AI designing.

Scientists hope to create creative( 有创造力) and emotional ( 有感情的) AI. The AI can possibly understand human feelings or create art. Many ways and tools have been tried to discover this wide and exciting field.

1 From Paragraph 1,we know that _____.

A all problems can be solved by computers.

B machines with AI can think and learn.

C AI has been around for only 60 years.

D AI works in the same way as people.

2 According to the passage,what can't AI do at present?

A Understand hunman speech.

B Operate self-driving cars.

C Compete in some game systems.

D Understand human feelings.

3 The underlined word it in Paragraph 2 refers to( 指的是)___ .

A chess. B a scientist. C the danger. D AI.

4 According to the passage,if students want to become successful AI designers,they should learn ___ well.

A math and art. B art and technology.

C math and computer science. D art and computer science.

5 Paragraph 4 mainly tells us the scientist ___ about AI.

A wishes. B worries. C feelings. D discoveries.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
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3.

A grand international horticultural (园艺) exhibition kicked off on April 29, 2019 Monday in Beijing. Chinese President Xi expressed his hope that the green development concept (理念) embodied (体现) by the Expo park would be spread to “every corner of the world”.

The International Horticultural Exhibition 2019 Beijing is the highest-level and largest international fair held in China after the International Horticultural Exhibition held in the southwest city of Kunming in 1999, the 2010 Shanghai World Expo and the first China International Import Expo in 2018.

“The development model of ‘killing the hens for eggs' and ‘draining (排空) the lake for fish' is at a dead end, "Xi said in his speech at the opening ceremony of the Expo. "The future will be illuminated (发光的) by eco-friendly development that is in accordance with the rules of nature.”

“China's ecological civilization (生态文明) development is on fast track. People will live in a better environment with blue sky, green mountains and clear water, "Xi said." We should protect the ecological environment like protecting our eyes and value it in the same way we value our lives.”

“Only with concerted efforts can we effectively (有效) deal with global environment issues such as climate change, marine (海洋) pollution and biological protection and achieve the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable (可持续的) Development goals," he said.

He put forward a five-point suggestion: pursuing (追求) harmony between human and nature, prosperity (繁荣) based on green development, a passion for mature-caring lifestyles, a scientific spirit in ecological governance and joint efforts to deal with environmental challenges.

"The Beijing Horticultural Expo, themed ‘Live Green, Live Better', is one of the major international events hosted by China in 2019, which marks the 70 th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. It indicates (标识) that China has changed from a participant (参与者) in global green development to a contributor and leader, "said Wu Shunze, an expert with the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. A total of 110 countries and international organizations will attend the 162-day event.

1 The underlined phrase "kicked off" in the Paragraph 1 means “____________”.

A started B ended C celebrated D joined

2 From the passage we can know that the International Horticultural Exhibition 2019 Beijing __________.

A is first hosted by China

B is covered with green park

C is held in Kunming, Yunnan

D lasts 162 days in total

3 From the passage, we can learn that President Xi___________.

A thinks eco-friendly development is less important

B gives 5 suggestions on ecological environment

C thinks China's ecological civilization development is slow

D advises us to kill the hens for eggs to protect environment

4 “Live green, Live Better” means that ___________.

A if we live in a green environment, we will live better

B if we want to live better, we should live in a green room

C green can change global environmental problems effectively

D the world in the future must be coloured in green everywhere

5 The writer of the passage wants to show us________.

A the wonderful opening ceremony of the Expo

B Chinese leadership in global green development

C the importance of green development concept

D the future green environment in the expo park

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:说明文
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题型:阅读理解
知识点:文学
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5.

Who is the greatest teacher in Chinese history? Many people would think of Confucius, whose birthday was September 28. Although he lived over 2,000 years ago, people still remember and respect him today.

Confucius lived in the Kingdom of Lu, which lies in Shandong Province. He lived during the Spring and Autumn Period. He had a hard childhood. His father died when he was only three. His mother brought him up. As a child, he had to work to help his mother, but young Confucius didn’t give up studying. He visited many famous teachers and learned music, history, poetry and sports.

Later, he became a teacher and started the first public school in Chinese history. At that time only children from noble families could go to school, but Confucius believed everyone should go to school if they wanted to learn. He had about 3,000 students in his lifetime.

Today, people still follow Confucius’ lessons. He told us that we all have something valuable to be learned. “When I am with three people, one of them must be better than me in some areas. I choose their good qualities and follow them.”

He also taught us that thinking is very important in study. “All study but no thinking makes people puzzled (困惑的) . All thinking but no study makes people lazy.”

Confucius is not only a great teacher, but also a famous thinker with wise thoughts about the world and society. His most important teachings are about kindness and good manners (举止) .” A person should be strict with himself, but be kind to others.” he said.

1 Today we still remember Confucius because .

A he lived a poor life in his childhood

B he had wise thoughts about the world and society

C he traveled with his students from state to state

D he lived during the Spring and Autumn Period

2 Confucius learned music, history, poetry and sports as a child.

A by teaching himself at home B with the help of his mother

C by going to school D by visiting many famous teachers

3 The underlined word “ noble ” in Paragraph 3 has the closest meaning to .

A poor B bright C rich D cute

4 The correct order of the following sentences is .

① Confucius worked to help his mother as a child.

② Confucius had about 3,000 students in his lifetime

③ Confucius’ father died.

④ Confucius started the first public school in Chinese history.

A ③①④② B ②③④① C ①③②④ D ④③①②

5 Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

A All study but no thinking makes people puzzled.

B No one has something worthy to be learned.

C All thinking but no study makes people lazy.

D A person should be strict with himself, but be kind to others.

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:著名人物
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6.

Some people think only school children do not agree with their parents, however, it is not true.

Communication is a problem for parents and children of all ages, If it’s hard for you to communicate with your parents, don 't worry about it. Here is some advice for you to bridge the generation gap (消除代沟) .

Don’t argue (争辩) with your parents. Don’t get to your parents when you are angry. Your parents probably won’ consider your ideas if you are shouting at them. And you can’t express (表达) yourself well if you are angry. Go somewhere to cool off . Make sure you understand why you are unhappy. Then think about what you want to say to your parents. If you don’t think you can speak to them at the moment, try writing a letter.

Try to reach a compromise (和解) . Perhaps you and your parents disagree on something. You can keep your disagreement and try your best to accept each other. Michael’s mother didn’t agree with him about buying a motorcycle. They argued over it But they finally came to a compromise. Michael bought the motorcycle, but only drove it on certain days.

Of course, your parents. might refuse to compromise on something. In these situations, it is especially important to show love and respect (尊敬) to them. Showing respect will keep your relationship strong.

Talk about your values. The values of your parents are probably different from those of your own. Tell your parents what you care about, and why. Understanding your values might help them see your purposes in life.

A good relationship with your parents can make you a better and happier person. Have a try!

1 The passage tells us have a communication problem.

A parents and other people B teachers and their students

C parents and children of all ages D school kids and their parent

2 Your parents probably won't consider your ideas if you .

A write a letter to them B don’t get to them often

C express yourself well D don’t speak to them politely

3 The underlined phrase “cool off” in the passage means “ ”.

A to have a good rest B to hide yourself quickly

C to make yourself happy D to get you quiet and relaxed

4 If there’s really a generation gap between you and your parents, you’d better .

A have a talk with them often B keep away from them

C agree with them all the time D know about their values

5 From the passage we learn that .

A parents and children should not have a generation gap

B there are some good ways to bridge the generation gap

C parents should show love and respect to their children

D there are so many serious problems in families today

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题型:阅读理解
知识点:人际交往
四、补全对话(共2题)
五、完成句子(共6题)
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题型:完成句子
知识点:动词时态
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题型:完成句子
知识点:形容词 形容词短语
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题型:完成句子
知识点:介词和介词短语
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题型:完成句子
知识点:动词时态
六、信息匹配(共1题)
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1.

Building her own app

While other teenagers hang out with friends or play sports after school, Brooke Yoakam goes to business meetings.

Yoakam first began developing a mobile app called Gift Pocket at the age of 12. Now 17, this girl from Ohio, US has finally launched the app.

It allows users to upload gift cards from various businesses and store them all in one place. User can also exchange gift cards. The app is free to download and use.

Yoakam says about 1,000 users have downloaded the app, with 87 percent of them signing up (注册) and 45 percent adding at least one gift card to the service.

Yoakam came up with the idea for the app after attending a leadership academy (领导学院) in sixth grade. She was asked to solve a problem. She realized that she always forgot her gift cards when she went shopping with friends. But since most people have mobile phones, it would be easy to store and use the gift cards from there.

After leaving the academy, Yoakam decided to develop an app that would solve this problem. She won a local business competition and received $2,000 13, 800 yuan from a company to invest (投资) in her idea. She traveled around after school two or three times a week to work on the app. She even gave up some of her hobbies and activities.

The app has helped her realize her interests. So she hopes to major (主修) in business and technology in college.

1 Yoakam first started _____________ called Gift Pocket when she was 12 years old.

2 Users can_____________ from various businesses and store them all in one place.

3 A company invested $2,000 13, 800 yuan to her as her reward in _____________.

4 Yoakam had the idea for the app_____________ in sixth grade.

5 "I hope to major in business and technology in college in order to_____________," Yoakam said.

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题型:信息匹配
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
七、单词拼写(共2题)
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题型:单词拼写
知识点:方法与哲理
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2.

根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。

Learning about the environment is very important. There are many good books that will help you learn. To get started, ask your teacher or a librarian (图书管理员) for some s 1 . You can also look through some good websites with information about the environment and climate (气候) change. Climate change may be a big problem, but there are many little things we can do to make a d 2 .

Driving a car or u 3 electricity is not wrong, but we just have to be smart about it. Some people use less energy by carpooling. For example, four people can ride together in o 4 car instead of driving four cars to work. Whenever we use electricity, we put gases (气体) into the air. By t 5 off lights, the television, and the computer when they aren’t needed, you can help a l 6 .

Don’t buy products that use too much energy. Some products, like certain cars, are made specially to save energy. These cars can travel longer on a smaller amount of gasoline (汽油) . They don’t pollute as much, e 7 . Products like computers, TVs, and VCRs with the ENERGY STAR label (标签) are made to save energy. Buying products with these labels will help p 8 the environment.

Buy recyclable products instead of non-recyclable ones. Recyclable products are usually made out of things that have already been used. It usually takes l 9 energy to make recyclable products than to make new ones. So w 10 you go shopping, remember to look for the recycle mark (标签) . The less energy we use. the better.

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题型:单词拼写
知识点:方法与哲理
八、作文(共1题)
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1.

假如你是光明中学的李霞 , 你有一个好朋友叫韩彤 , 她的弟弟叫韩林 , 今年他 12 岁。你有写英文日记的好习惯。请根据以下汉语提示写一篇英文日记 , 并表达自己的看法。上周日上午你去韩彤家帮她学习英语 , 恰巧她的父母不在家 , 只有韩彤和她的奶奶、弟弟在家 , 到她家时 , 你发现 :

1. 奶奶感到身体不适 , 看起来很痛苦 , 躺在床上 , 而她弟弟韩林却在开心玩着电脑游戏

2. 韩彤询问奶奶病情、测体温 , 给父母打电话 , 并向网上医生求助 ;

3. 奶奶在韩彤帮助下服用合适的药物之后 , 身体状况好转 ;

4. 你认为: …… (至少两点)

参考词汇:

痛苦的 painful 网上医生 online doctor 中华传统美德 traditional Chinese virtues

要求:

1 )词数: 80-100

2 )日记格式和开头已给出 , 不计入总数

3 )要点齐全 , 行文连贯 , 可适当发挥

Sunday

In the morning, I went to Han Tong's home to help her with her English. When I got there, I found________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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题型:作文
知识点:家庭、朋友与周围的人
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