如今，中学生的学习时间长，压力大。上周我班学生对如何减压、放松进行了讨论。大家提出了许多种减压、放松的方法。请根据提示，以 How Can We get relaxed 为题，写一篇短文。
（ 1 ）词数： 80~100 个。
（ 2 ）开头已给出，不计入总词数。
（ 3 ）要点齐全，行文连贯，可适当发挥
How Can We Get Relaxed
These days, many students study too long every day and suffer from great pressure. Last week, my class had a discussion on how to get relaxed and reduce the pressure.
In recent years, China has been making great progress in technology. A number of inventions have made our daily life more convenient （便利的） . Among them, four stand out. They are known as “four new great inventions” of modern China.
High-speed trains China created its first high-speed railway line in 2008. Since then, the number of passenger trips has grown by over 30 percent every year. It is reported that high-speed train network will connect 80 percent of important cities in China by 2020. China’s high-speed railway technology is also being used abroad. More and more high-speed railways are being set up in foreign countries like Turkey （土耳其） and Russia.
Mobile payment Mobile payment is turning China into a “cashless （无现金） society”. People now only need to pay for the things they buy by typing a short password （密码） into an app like Alipay （支付宝） on their mobile phone. Users can also pay their bills through Alipay, such as their water and electricity bills. Alipay also allows users to buy things on international websites and apps.
Shared bikes China has surprised the world with how quickly it has spread the shared bikes. Users simply pick up or park a bike on the street through GPS and smartphone apps, China’s two leading bike-sharing companies, Mobike and Ofo, have been spreading their business to markets abroad. People are riding their bikes in Singapore （新加坡） , the UK and the United States.
Online shopping China has been the world’s largest and fastest-growing online shopping market. Online shopping now takes up 15.5 percent of total retail （零售） sales in China. It also helped to create jobs of countryside areas. In 2016, online shopping created more than 20 million jobs in countryside areas.
China’s 1 ．
It is reported that 80 percent of important cities in China will 2 ． by high-speed train network by 2020. China’s high-speed railway technology is also being used abroad.
China is being turned into a “cashless society”. Customers only need to use mobile apps like Alipay 3 ． the things or pay water and electricity bills.
More and more people are enjoying them. Not only people in China but also people in Singapore and the US are using them now.
Chinese online shopping market is growing very fast. And it helped people from countryside to find 5 ． .
目前有不少历史剧在电视上热播 . 有人通过看历史剧来了解历史，有人选择读史书来了解历史，你选择哪种方法？理由是什么？请你根据以下内容写一篇英语短文。
（ 1 ）词数： 80 ～ 100 个。
（ 2 ）开头已给出，不计入总词数。
（ 3 ）要点齐全，行文连贯，可适当发挥。
Many historical plays have been on TV recently.________________________________________________
Each morning, I walked by a security guard ( 保安 ). He said hello to everyone that walked past him. 1 admired ( 佩服） how he knew so many people b 1 ． their first names.
The first few times I saw him, I didn’t say hello back to h 2 ． when he greeted me. I was lost in my o 3 ． world.
On Monday he asked ， “How was your w 4 ． ？ I told him about my visit to my sick, elderly mother. He shared how he too had lost a parent to illness.
As I w 5 ． away, I realized I did not even know his name. The f 6 ． day,I asked ， “What’s your name ？ ” He answered ， "Gary.” I said,“I’m Deborah.” After that, we t 7 ． a couple of times a week. We shared stories about our daily life, our dreams, and our families.
Gary got a job and m 8 ． away. It's been years since I last spoke to him, b 9 ． it seems like just yesterday we talked.
I look back at what became a friendship of sharing stories from the heart. When you say hello to a stranger,you become a pebble ( 鹅卵石） in the pool. With each ripple ( 连漪） you create, you spread l 10 ． that continues to give. Make a point of saying hello to a stranger today , you will give the gift that keeps on giving.
Once upon a time ， a hippo ( 河马） lived in a river next to a big tree. One day, a bird came and nested ( 筑巢） in the tree. The songs of the bird filled the hippo with so much envy ( 羡慕） that he couldn't think of anything else. Every day he would think why he wasn't born to be a bird even though the bird told him many times he was so lucky to be so big and such a good swimmer.
Finally, the hippo made up his mind that he would come out of the river, climb the tree and start singing. However, when he tried to climb the tree, it was very clear that the hippo didn’t have wings ， nor claws ( 爪子） to climb with.
Realizing that he would never climb up the tree, he angrily hit the tree until it came crashing ( 坠落） to the ground. Then he stepped onto the leaves of the fallen tree,and began singing.
Unfortunately ( 不幸地 ) ， all that came from his mouth were terrible noises and when the other animals heard this, they all came around to make fun of the hippo.
He was so ashamed by this. He also felt bad about having knocked the tree over. He used all his strength ( 力气） to raise the tree back up again ， and looked after it until it completely recovered ( 康复 ).
1 ． The hippo envied the bird because the bird __________.
2 ． The hippo tried to climb the tree, but finally he __________.
3 ． Then he was so angry that __________ and began singing on the leaves of the fallen tree.
4 ． Unfortunately, the sound he made was so __________ that the other animals all laughed at him.
5 ． At last he felt __________ about what he had done.
In the US some people shake hands, and some kiss or hug _______ _______.
Hе _______ _______and saw the Browns.
Li Lei has already _______ _______ his mistakes in the notebook.
I am looking forward to _______ _______ you.
I’ll be late. I have __________ ___________ the bus for about 20 minutes.
He __________ ___________ an excuse, but no one believed it.
They decided to hold a meeting to __________ ___________ the truth.
__________ ___________ he was angry.
He went to New York to receive the award __________ ___________
A: Hello, Jane! Can you cook?
B: No, I can't. How about you?
A: 1 ． I learned to cook beef noodles on the Internet last week.
B: Wow, that's my favourite food. 2 ．
A: Of course not. You can come to my home if you are free this weekend.
B: 3 ． Thank you.
A: You're welcome.
B: It seems that you like cooking. 4 ．
A: Yes. I think it is fun to cook.
B: But I think cooking is boring. 5 ．
A: Eating out is not good for your health. Nothing is better than home-made food.
B: Maybe you are right.
A ． I can cook.
B ． I like eating out.
C ． You are so kind.
D ． How often do you cook?
E.Who taught you to cook?
F.Do you often cook at home?
G.Would you mind cooking it for me some day?
根据对话内容 , 从选项中选择恰当的句子将对话补充完整（选项中有两项多余的 ) 。
A: Excuse me, ma'am?
B: Yes? 1 ．
A: I want to buy a train ticket, 2 ．
B: Well, just press here.
A: How much is the ticket?
B: 3 ．
A: All right. By the way, 4 ．
B: About every five minutes.
A: 5 ．
B: At 11:00 pm.
A: OK. Thanks for your help.
B: You're welcome.
A ． but I don't know how to get there.
B ． 54.5 yuan each.
C ． What can I do for you?
D ． What time is the last one?
E.how often do the trains come?
F.It takes 40 minutes.
G.but I don't know how to get the ticket from the machine.
Clouds are an ordinary sight. However, this Dutch artist makes his own.
Berndnaut Smilde creates clouds in locations where nature would never place them. The interior ( 内部 ) of a church or museum looks different behind a cloud. And an everyday cloud looks unusual in a castle. The art project explores the beauty of clouds. Each scene lasts only five seconds before it disappears.
The ingredients ( 成分 ) for Smilde's clouds: just smoke and water vapor ( 水蒸气 ). The artist requires a cold and wet space with no wind. Otherwise the clouds will never form or will fall straight to the ground.
Once a cloud is formed, Smilde will run around it and turn it into a shape about three meters across and 1.8 meters tall. Then, he will step back far enough to take several pictures. Smilde will not stop until he is happy with the results. Usually, he creates a dozen clouds at a time.
Many people are interested in Smilde's project. Some ask him to create clouds for them at a party or a wedding ceremony. Smilde, however, often refuses the invitations. He says he only creates clouds when the setting ( 背景 ) offers him something fresh. The artist doesn't just want people to stare in wonder at his clouds. He also wants people to appreciate the transience of life. For the clouds, they exist only for a moment and then are gone forever.
Each creation is "about being at the right place at the right time," Smilde says. "If you are seeing a photo, you have already missed it."
1 ． The ingredients for Berndnaut Smilde's clouds include _______.
A ． soap and paint B ． smoke and water vapor
C ． soap and smoke D ． paint and water vapor
2 ． In what order does Smilde carry out his art project?
a. Form a cloud
b. Take pictures
c. Turn the cloud into a special shape
d. Look for a cold and wet space with no wind
A ． a-b-d-c B ． a-d-b-c C ． d-a-b-c D ． d-a-c-b
3 ． Smilde often refuses the invitations when people ask him to create clouds for them because _______.
A ． the settings they offer cannot provide him with something fresh
B ． they are not willing to pay him lots of money for creating clouds
C ． the settings they offer are not big enough for him to create clouds
D ． the places they offer are not cold or wet enough for him to create clouds
4 ． The underlined word "transience" in paragraph 5 probably means"_______".
A ． the quality of being pure B ． the quality of being large
C ． the quality of being long-lived D ． the quality of being short-lived
5 ． What's the best title of this passage?
A ． An Engineer B ． A Scientist C ． Creating Clouds D ． Creating Pictures
I have been working at Papworth Hospital in Cambridge for the past 20 years. My day starts at 5:30, when I have two cups of black coffee while listening to the radio. Recently, I've been using the morning to work on a book I'm currently writing. I'm in the hospital just before 8:00. If it's a nice day, I'll cycle the fifteen miles to my office, but my favorite way of getting to work is on my motorbike.
My week is divided into operating and non-operating days. Monday and Tuesday are my operating days and I like to come in early and stay late to check the progress of my patients. During the rest of the week, I'm in clinics or working in research.
On a typical operating day, I will conduct two to three operations. Some of the complex operations can take as long as ten to twelve hours. In certain cases, I think about them days, or even weeks, in advance.
Last week, I had one of these cases which took a lot of thinking through ( 充分考虑 ) beforehand. The patient was a young man who had a rare congenital heart abnormality ( 先天性心脏畸形 ). He needed an operation urgently, or he would probably die. I planned the operation in my head while at the dentist's.
Like many other doctors, I am always on call for my patients. When I do get to have some time to myself, I enjoy creating crossword puzzles ( 纵横填字游戏 ). I even make them for The Guardian!
1 ． When does the writer arrive at the hospital on a working day?
A ． At 5:30 a. m. B ． Before 5:30 a. m. C ． After 8 a. m D ． Before 8 a. m.
2 ． According to the passage, the writer's favourite way of going to his office is _______.
A ． by bicycle B ． by motorbike C ． on foot D ． by bus
3 ． What does the writer usually do on Mondays and Tuesdays?
A ． He does research. B ． He writes a book. C ． He does operations. D ． He says at home.
4 ． What do the underlined words mean in Chinese?
A ．预先 B ．及时 C ．按时 D ．延迟
5 ． Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A ． The author knows how to balance his work and life.
B ． The author conducts three operations every day.
C ． The author enjoys his work very much.
D ． The author is a responsible doctor.
On January 27, in order to win the new pneumonia Resistance War ( 抗击新型肺炎战 ), the Ministry of Education issued ( 教育部公布 ) a notice on putting off the start time of school in spring 2020. It was said that school should not start before March. The exact start time of school will depend on situations and further notices.
However, many parents are very worried that putting off the start of school may affect ( 影响 ) children's studies. If they have such a long winter vacation, children will not learn any knowledge, read books or study at all. They may forget what they have learned before. Staying at home for a long time will make them keep eating, sleeping and playing, which seriously affect their physical and mental health.
In short, the close of school influences learning and develops bad habits, so how should we avoid these problems? Local education departments have also issued a notice, that is, to organize online teaching and create a network platform ( 平台 ), where some courses will be shown every day, and online teaching will be given by excellent teachers of the subject, and students can learn at home through computers or mobile network.
It should be said that such a method is very good. It can not only keep students indoors and not worry about the infection ( 感染 ) of the disease, but also make them study at home, improve their learning ability, and truly achieve "no suspension of classes". Both the platform itself and the recorded lesson resources are more useful, and are welcomed by parents and teachers.
Of course, except for learning at home, it is also needed to teach children about health knowledge, especially how to keep away from touching virus and other knowledge popularization; at the same time, it is also needed for children to do some physical exercises or some games, which is good for physical health at home.
1 ． Parents worried about putting off the start time of school because _______.
A ． children may be infected by virus B ． they don't like the idea of online learning
C ． children's study may be affected D ． parents have no time to look after children
2 ． Except for learning at home, what is also needed according to the writer?
A ． To keep playing online games. B ． To keep touching different people.
C ． To do some physical exercises outside. D ． To teach children about health knowledge.
3 ． The underlined word "suspension" in Paragraph 4 probably means _______.
A ． plan B ． stop C ． growth D ． change
4 ． Which is TRUE according to the passage?
A ． Students would rather go to school.
B ． Online teaching will help students study.
C ． Parents believe children can teach themselves.
D ． Local education departments didn't organize online teaching.
5 ． What's the best title for this passage?
A ． A Special Way to Learn at Home. B ． A New War with a New Chance.
C ． A Way to Keep Mentally Healthy. D ． A Method to Make Parents Worried.
Many places in the world need more fresh ( 淡的） water. Every country is trying to find ways to turn salt water into fresh. Why aren't there many factories like the Symi factory?
In some places ， the sun isn’t hot enough ， or it doesn’t shine every day. In these places, other ways of heating sea water can be used. These ways cost more money, but they work faster than the sun. By boiling ( 煮沸） sea water with high heat, a lot of fresh water can be made quickly.
But heating is not the only way to get fresh water from salt water. Other ways are tried. One way is freezing ( 冷冻 ). The fresh part of salt water freezes first. To get fresh water ， the pieces of ice are taken out.
Which way is the best? The one that gives the most water for the least money. It may be a different way for each place.
Symi’s way seems very good for small ， hot places, It doesn’t make very much water at a time ， but the factory is easy to be built and doesn’t cost a lot!
That’s why people in many dry places talk about Symi!
1 ． From the passage we know that fresh water ___________.
A ． can be used in many ways B ． is needed in every country
C ． is needed in many countries D ． is very important for factories
2 ． The Symi factory _________.
A ． is a fresh water-making factory B ． can be built everywhere
C ． doesn’t need sunshine every day D ． can make much fresh water at a time
3 ． Which is the best way for small and hot places to get fresh water?
A ． Freezing the sea water in cold places. B ． Boiling or heating the sea water.
C ． The way in sunny places. D ． The Symi’s way.
4 ． The writer is mainly talking about _______.
A ． water-making factories in different countries
B ． how to make good use of the sunlight
C ． the ways of making fresh water from sea Water
D ． hot places and dry places
5 ． Which of the following is NOT true?
A ． New ways are tried to get fresh water.
B ． A lot of fresh water can be made quickly by heating.
C ． The best way is to get the most fresh water with the least money.
D ． The Symi's way doesn't work in dry places.
Think back to a time in your life when you tried something new.
When I was a teenager, I volunteered to pass out water at a local race. I was so excited to see all the different runners, they passed by and quickly took a cup of water. Some ran past, some walked past and a few wheeled past.
I saw so many types of people doing it. I thought maybe 1 could do it too! The next year I decided to run for the race, but I had a little running practice. I just wanted to finish.
On the day of the race, it was terribly hot. After running for about 5 kilometres , 1 was thinking, “Why did I do this?’ And at one moment ,I said to myself ， “I am never doing this again!”
That first 10km race was quite an experience. I ran slowly, I walked, I ran slowly and walked. At times ， I didn’t know if I could finish.
Near the end, a 70-year-old man ran past me, very fast, and I felt a little shamed that I was more than 50 years younger than he and I couldn't even keep up with him. But then 1 realized something. He was running his race and I was running mine. How often in life do we compare ourselves with others when we really shouldn't? I decided that I would not give up on running races, and that one day I would be one of those 70-year-old men who were still running.
As I crossed the finishing line, I was proud of myself. I didn't regret having such an experience.
1 ． What did the writer do at a local race as a volunteer?
A ． He helped the old runners. B ． He cheered up the runners.
C ． He passed out water to the runners. D ． He took back the cups from the runners.
2 ． Why did the writer join the race?
A ． He was advised by a trainer. B ． He was crazy about the race.
C ． He just wanted to experience. D ． He was believed to win a prize.
3 ． When did a 70-year-old runner run past the writer?
A ． When he ran for 5 kilometres. B ． Near the end of the race.
C ． When he ran for about 15 kilometres D ． At the first of the race.
4 ． What did the writer do in the end?
A ． He encouraged himself. B ． He felt a little sad.
C ． He cried for his mistake. D ． He hated the 70-year-old runner.
5 ． What is the best title of the passage?
A ． To be No. 1 B ． Let’s compare
C ． A volunteer job D ． Running your own race
Do you make New Year’s resolutions ? A resolution is a promise you make to yourself .In the new year, do you want to change one of you bad habits such as sleeping late? Or do you plan to save your pocket money for a trip ? Tell us your resolutions and get a fresh start this year!
John: In the new year I will try to work harder. I will review lessons every day and spend less time playing computer games . I will also try to lose weight.
Jim : My big plan this year is to release （发行） my own music CD in the summer. I’ve written over 10 songs , most of them are about the environment, school and friends . I’ve also recorded one song, but it’s not perfect. I will do it again later.
Andy: I need to do more sport , like playing basketball ,so that I can lose some weight and grow stronger this year. I will also practice hard to improve my spoken English and Spanish （西班牙语） .
Maria ： I will work harder this year to try to get into the top 10 of my class. As a member of our school’s pistol shooting （手枪射击） team ,this year I will practice more. I will try to win a prize at the city competition.
Lily: I will visit my grandparents more often this year and bring them their favorite food. I hope they will be healthy. I will also listen to and learn more English songs so that I can improve my spoken English.
1 ． What do both John and Andy want to do in the new year?
A ． Play less games. B ． Play basketball.
C ． Lose weight. D ． Improve their spoken English.
2 ． Who wrote and recorded a song last year?
A ． John B ． Jim. C ． Maria. D ． Lily.
3 ． Who wants to win in a shooting competition?
A ． Maria. B ． Andy. C ． Jim. D ． Lily.
4 ． Which of the following is NOT Lily's resolution?
A ． Visit her grandparents. B ． Cook at her grandparents' house.
C ． Bring her grandparents food. D ． Learn English songs.
5 ． Who will spend time improving spoken English?
A ． John and Jim. B ． Jim and Andy.
C ． Andy and Maria D ． Andy and Lily.
People usually talk about two groups of colours, warm colours and cool colours. Warm colours are red, orange and yellow. They usually make people more 1 . For example, red is exciting. Therefore, sociable ( 好交际的 ) people who like to work with others like 2 . Cool colours are green, blue and purple. These colours can make people 3 . When people are in a place with cool colours, they are usually quiet. People who like to spend time 4 often prefer blue.
Scientists also find that warm colours can produce a comfortable feeling and time seems to pass more quickly in a room with warm colours 5 in a room with cool colours. 6 a warm colour such as red and orange, is a good colour for a restaurant. Cool colours are better for offices, because it can make people 7 are working feel calm and 8 .
Scientists don't know why people think some colours are warm and others are cool. However, almost 9 agrees that warm colours remind people 10 warm days and cool colours remind them of cool days.
1 ． A ． active B ． nervous C ． serious D ． quiet
2 ． A ． blue B ． red C ． green D ． purple
3 ． A ． stand up B ． warm up C ． calm down D ． break down
4 ． A ． again B ． quickly C ． carefully D ． alone
5 ． A ． and B ． except C ． or D ． than
6 ． A ． So B ． Because C ． But D ． Or
7 ． A ． where B ． who C ． when D ． what
8 ． A ． bored B ． nervous C ． relaxed D ． excited
9 ． A ． nobody B ． anybody C ． everybody D ． somebody
10 ． A ． on B ． at C ． in D ． of
Walking down the street, you notice the boring walls on either side. As you 1 walking, the wall begins to look more colorful, and feels more 2 . A black line of paint curves ( 弯曲而行） on the wall ， 3 turning into a colorful smiling cat -- the line was the tail. This is a good example of graffiti ( 涂鸦） art.
Graffiti art is drawings and writing that have been painted onto walls, usually in 4 spaces. Because it s simple to do, graffiti has been around for centuries, with drawings being found on 5 buildings.
But modern graffiti was born out of the 1980s hip-hop culture, mainly in New York. With its growth throughout the years, it has now entered popular 6 Graffiti can be 7 in galleries （画廊） around the world ,next to other artworks. Modem graffiti attracts （吸引） plenty of young artists and fans.
However ， there are laws ( 法律） against graffiti in most countries. You must be allowed by the owner of the wall 8 painting on it. If not, you may 9 a big fine （罚款） . Instead, some cities have graffiti walls, where people can show their artistic abilities freely.
Berlin, Germany, is 1 0 to a lot of graffiti. Ifs often called the graffiti capital of the world. Writing and drawings decorate the old city walls like an outdoor art gallery.
1 ． A ． stop B ． go C ． continue D ． start
2 ． A ． alive B ． dead C ． fair D ． necessary
3 ． A ． carefully B ． hopefully C ． firstly D ． suddenly
4 ． A ． private B ． public C ． clean D ． big
5 ． A ． new B ． tall C ． modern D ． ancient
6 ． A ． culture B ． sports C ． society D ． competition
7 ． A ． sold B ． seen C ． copied D ． named
8 ． A ． after B ． when C ． before D ． until
9 ． A ． find B ． look C ． hand D ． face
1 0 ． A ． house B ． home C ． place D ． land