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2021年内蒙古呼和浩特市中考英语真题含答案解析
2021年内蒙古呼和浩特市中考英语真题含答案解析
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整体难度:偏难
2021-10-10
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一、补全对话 (共1题)
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1.

根据对话内容,从选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,其中有两个为多余选项。

A: Hi, Bill! You’re reading the novel again.

B: Yes, Tom. I’ll never be tired of it.

A: 1

B: Three times. Every time I read it, I can always learn something new.

A: Really? 2

B: Mark Twain. I think he is a great American writer. What about you?

A: 3 He is also my favourite foreign writer. Can I look at the short review of the book on the back cover and see if it interests me.

B: OK, here you are! What do you think of this novel?

A: 4 I haven’t seen such a novel for long. His novels still make sense to people today. Where did you buy it?

B: In the SISYPHE Bookshop.

A: I don’t know where it is. 5

B: No. Only 15 minutes’ walk from here, next to the Wanda Shopping Mall.

A: Oh, I see. I’m going there to get one, too. Thank you!

B: You’re welcome. After reading, we can talk about the novel at the after-school book club.

A: OK.

A So do I.

B How long have you read the novel?

C Who wrote it?

D It’s great.

E.How many times have you read it?

F.Are you ready to go there to buy it?

G.Is it far from here?

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知识点:著名人物
使用次数:232
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二、阅读理解 (共4题)
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1.

I LOVE FOOTBALL. I started playing when I was nine years old, and football got me through difficult periods. It helps make me who I am today. And even though I did not reach the National Football League, I sometimes think I got more from achieving that dream, without realizing it.

My romance with football started when my dad drove me, kicking and screaming, to join a league. I didn’t want to be there at first. I was naturally weak and small. Fear turned to awe ( 敬畏 ) when I met my coach, Jim Graham, a huge and strong guy. And he was really strict and old-school.

Coach Graham used to drive me hard. I remember one practice in particular. “You’re doing it all wrong, Pausch. Go back! Do it again!” I tried to do what he wanted. But it wasn’t enough. “You owe( ) me, Pausch! You’re doing push-ups after practice.

When the practice was over, one of the assistant coaches came up to me. “Coach Graham drove you pretty hard, didn’t he?” he said.

“Yeah.”

“That’s a good thing,” the assistant told me. “When you’re doing badly and nobody says anything to you anymore, that means they’ve given up on you.”

That conversation has been with me closely my whole life. When you see yourself doing something badly and nobody’s willing to tell you anymore, that’s a bad place to be. You may not want to hear it, but those who always push you hard in your life are often the ones telling you they still love you and care about you, and want to make you better.

There’s a lot of talk these days about giving children self-respect. It’s not something you can give; it’s something they have to build. Coach Graham knew there was really only one way to teach kids how to make it stronger: You give them something they can’t do; they work hard until they find they can do it, and you just keep repeating.

When Coach Graham first got hold of me, I was a weak kid with no skills and no physical strength. But he made me realize that if I work hard enough, there will be things I can do tomorrow that I can’t do today. I really felt thankful to Coach Graham for what he had done to me, though it surely didn’t feel good at that time to do so many push-ups after practice.

根据上文内容判断正 (T) (F)

1 In the writer’s eyes, Coach Graham was strict and wise.

2 The writer believes that those who are quite strict with you actually think ill of you.

3 The writer was thankful to Graham because the coach encouraged him to do better.

4 From the passage, we can learn “Never offer to teach fish to swim”

5 Coach Graham knew the method to teach kids how to build self-respect.

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知识点:方法与哲理
使用次数:112
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2.

Centre Place

This shopping centre has a number of shops selling outdoor goods. Don’t miss the shoe stores, where you can get expert advice. You can also find camping goods, such as lightweight chairs and tables, and fishing tools. Open until 10 pm on Friday and Saturday.

Smith’s

You can get all you want for sports fans at this 20,000 m 2 of shopping centre. You simply choose what you want and pay at the automatic checkout( 自动结账处 ). Weekly specials help you save more. Open till 10 pm every day.

Holly Corner

This area of small expensive gifts is a must for customers who love jewelry and handicrafts( 珠宝和手工艺品 ). It will offer you a personal suggestion to help you decide on just the right gift. Free tea and cake are prepared. Open until 8 pm every day.

Newton Cross

A five-floor shopping centre, famous for their jewelry and clothes. Goods can be returned with no questions asked, although it can be more expensive than other shops in the area. Open 10 am-10 pm every day. Parking starts at $5 a day.

1 If you need some camping goods, you can go to ________.

A Centre Place B Smith's C Holly Corner D Newton Cross

2 What do we know about Smith’s?

A Its size. B Its parking price. C Its sale dates. D Its opening time.

3 At Holly Corner, customers can ________.

A make handicrafts B get free small gifts

C return goods free D enjoy free tea and cake

4 How long is Newton Cross open every day?

A 8 hours. B 10 hours. C 12 hours. D 14 hours.

5 Both Holly Corner and Newton Cross ________.

A prepare free parking B sell jewelry

C have automatic checkouts D close late at the weekend

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知识点:说明文
使用次数:220
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3.

There was once a very wise man who lived in ancient times. He was elderly and educated.

One day while on a walk, he realized that his shoes were starting to wear out. He knew he had to buy a new pair. But he didn’t want to buy the wrong shoes. He collected some books and spent a lot of time reading about how to know if a pair of shoes fit properly.

Following the books’ instructions, the man took a stick and measured his feet with it. He then went to the market. However, he left the stick at home, which was far away from the shop.

By the time the man returned to the market, the shop was closed. And by that point, his shoes were completely worn out, so he had to return home barefoot.

The next morning, he walked back to the market with bare feet, but the shoes that he had chosen the day before had been sold. The wise man explained what had happened to the shopkeeper, who asked, “Why didn’t you buy the shoes yesterday?”

The wise man replied, “Because I left the stick that I had used to measure my feet at home. And you have to have the correct measurements of your feet before you can buy shoes. I didn’t want to buy the wrong size.”

Even more surprised, the shopkeeper asked, “But your feet are always with you. Why didn’t you just try the shoes on?”

The wise man said, “All the books say shoes must be bought with the exact measurements of the shoes you already own.”

Laughing, the shop owner replied, “You don’t need advice from books to buy shoes. You just need to have your feet, some money, and some common sense not to make things more difficult.”

1 How did the man prepare to buy shoes?

A He read lots of books about making shoes.

B He used a stick to measure his feet.

C He measured his worn-out shoes.

D He asked the shopkeeper for advice.

2 Why didn’t the man buy shoes the second time he went to the market?

A Because he didn’t know his measurements.

B Because the shoe store was already closed.

C Because he forgot to take his stick along.

D Because the shoes he wanted were sold out.

3 What was the man like?

A He was old and humorous.

B He was a real wise man.

C He was educated and hard-working.

D He had little life experience.

4 Which sentence is TRUE according to the story?

A The man went to the market twice.

B The man bought the shoes he wanted at last.

C He returned home without shoes the second time.

D People usually measured their feet before buying shoes in ancient times.

5 What does the story teach us?

A Books tell you everything you need.

B It’s necessary to get more education.

C Common sense can serve you well.

D Deal with difficult things in a simple way.

难度:
知识点:文学
使用次数:225
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4.

It’s long been a scientific dream: to give people a special vaccine before birth to prevent them from getting terrible illnesses. Gene editing ( 基因编辑 ) is one way in which we could do this. But this method has also created some discussion.

In an online video posted on Nov. 26, 2018, He Jiankui, a researcher at the Southern University of Science and Technology, said that he had helped to make the world’s first genetically edited babies.

The babies are twin girls who were born in November. Their father had HIV. The twins’ genes were edited in order to prevent them from suffering from the HIV virus.

He said he chose to do this because HIV is widespread in China. “I feel such a strong duty not only to be the first to do this, but also to set an example,” he told AP.

But his actions caused many questions. Although gene editing may help to prevent disease, many people are wondering if it is safe and ethical to use it on humans.

Some believe that gene editing could be useful to HIV patients. HIV is “a large and growing public health problem”, according to Harvard Medical School genetic professor George Church. Using gene editing for HIV is “a good idea”, Church told AP.

However, others think that gene editing is still in its experimental periods and could result in terrible changes. “It could cause genetic problems later in life, including the development of cancer,” Julian Savulescu from the University of Oxford told BBC News.

Others fear that people might use gene editing technology to make “designer ( 设计的 ) babies”. It would give parents the ability to choose everything from their baby’s eye colour to their IQ.

“You could find wealthy parents buying the latest ‘upgrades’ for their children, leading to even greater unfairness than we already live with,” Marcy Darnovsky, director of the San Francisco Center for Genetics told BBC News.

1 What do we know about He Jiankui?

A He was the first person to edit genes.

B He made the twins suffer from HIV when he edited their genes.

C He made the world’s first genetically edited babies.

D He was the first person whose genes were edited.

2 Who agreed that gene editing could be helpful to HIV patients?

A George Church. B Julian Savulescu.

C Marcy Darnovsky. D Chinese researchers.

3 The underlined word “ethical” in the passage probably means “________”.

A .合乎常情的 B .道德的 C .有价值的 D .有效的

4 According to the story, we know that gene editing ________.

A is supported by the writer B is good for wealthy people

C causes some heated argument D has been used widely in the UK

5 What does “designer babies” mean in the passage?

A Parents can change their baby’s eye colour.

B Parents are able to choose their baby’s height.

C Parents can give their baby everything that he or she likes.

D Parents have a chance to prevent their baby from suffering from the virus.

难度:
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
使用次数:225
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三、完型填空 (共2题)
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本卷还有20题,登录并加入会员即可免费使用哦~

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