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湖南省永州市2020年中考英语真题含答案解析.doc
年级:初中
难度:偏难
更新时间:2020-09-28
下载:125次
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一、阅读填空(共2题)
1.

Impressions of Yongzhou

Yongzhou whose neighbours are Guangdong and Guangxi lies in the south of Hunan Province It covers an area of 22441 km2 There are 620 million people living here If you want to come and take a tripMount Jiuyi and Liuzi Temple are two of the mustsee places of interest Don't miss the delicious food Daozhou Grey Goose Dong' an Chicken and Yongzhou Blood Duck Welcome to Yongzhou!

1Where is Yongzhou     

A In the south of Hunan

B In the south of Guangdong

C In the south of Guangxi

2ou can enjoy the Yongzhou food without     

A Dong'an Chicken

B Daozhou Grey Goose

C Beijing Duck

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2.

Colors and moods(情绪)

    Some people believe that colors can influence our moods.(1      In fact colors can change our moods and make us feel happy or sad energetic (充满活力的) or sleepy This article explains what colors can do and what characteristics(特点) they represent(代表).

    Energetic colors

    When you feel tired or weak you should wear energetic colors like green 2      as it is the color of nature and represents new life

    Strong colors

    If you require strength in either body or mind red may be of some help to you Red is the color of heat It represents power and strong feelings Wearing red can also make it easier to take action 3     

    Calm colors

    Have you ever walked into a room and felt relaxed It could be because the walls were painted blue Blue is a calm color It brings peace to our mind and body 4      so you may say "I'm feeling blue" when you feeling sad

    5     

Some colors such as orange and yellow can make you feel warm People in cold areas prefer warm colors in their homes to create a warm and comfortable feelings Orange represents joy It can cheer you up when you are feeling sad Yellow is the color of the sun so it can remind you of a warm sunny day Yellow is also the color of wisdom (智慧). Some people prefer this color when they hope for success

 

A Warm colors

B Green can give you energy

C Blue can also represent sadness

D You may wonder whether it is true

E Others think that colors can change people's moods

F This may help when you are having difficulty making a decision

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二、阅读理解(共6题)
1.

The proper ways to save the drowning (溺水)student

Dos

Shout loudly and ask adults for help At the same timedial 110

Find the objects which can float such as wood and bags filled with empty plastic bottles and throw them to him or her

Look for branches and bamboo poles and reach for him or herbut lower the body to make sure not to be pulled into the water

Don'ts

Don't jump into the water for rescue(营救).

Don't try to save him or her hand in hand

The time during which the drowning often happens

After school in the afternoon

On weekends

On holidays

On summer vacation

The possible causes

Play near the water or pick up things from the water

Swim in a pool or river without adults

Swim in groups on a hot day

1Which of the following is Right for the drowning     

A Try to save the drowning student hand in hand

B Jump into the water for rescue

C Shout loudly and ask adults for help

2When does the drowning often happen     

A On weekends or holidays

B After school in the morning

C On winter vacation

3What's the possible cause of the drowning     

A Picking up things in the yard

B Swimming with adults

C Playing near the water

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2.

 Malala was born in Pakistan on July 12 1997 When she was young Taliban fighters took over her hometown Taliban is an extremist(极端主义) group that does not believe in a girl's right to education They said girls should not be allowed to go to school Malala thought that girls have the right to an education In 2008 she spoke out against the Taliban The Taliban tried to silence her

    In 2012 Taliban fighters shot Malala on her way home from school She had to fly to England for medical treatment(治疗). She stayed in England to continue her education She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 when she was 17 This makes her the youngest Nobel winner in history

    Malala started attending Oxford in 2017 At the age of 22 she graduated from Oxford Universityin England Malala posted photos of her celebration on Twitter One showed her with her family The other was taken after her "trashing" Trashing is an Oxford tradition after students complete their final exams

    "Hard to express my joy and thanks right now as I completed my degree at Oxford" she wrote Congratulatory messages poured in from around the world One was an American astronaut Anne McClain "Congratulations on your graduation" McClain said "For so many higher education is the start of great things For you great things happened before it and I can only imagine the even greater ones to follow"

    She has written books for both children and adults She also raises money through the Malala Fund This is nonprofit (非盈利的) group that fights for girls' education

1Where was Malala born     

A In Pakistan

B In England

C In America

2What does the underlined word "silence" mean     

A 压制

B 控诉

C 批评

3When did Malala win the Nobel Peace Prize     

A In 2012

B In 2014

C In 2017

4How many photos did Malala post on Twitter     

A One

B Two

C Three

5What can we learn from the passage     

A Russian astronaut supported Malala

B Malala only wrote books for children

C Malala raised money for girls' education

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3.

Karachi Pakistan is one of the hottest cities on Earth In June 2015 more than 1000 people died there during heat wave(热浪). "It was a terrible time" Shahzad Qureshi said "We needed to do something about it" After the heat wave Qureshi took action He started Urban(都市的) Forest The group plants trees in cities in Pakistan

    Trees help cool the air by providing shade(阴凉) and moisture(水分) through their leaves Trees can help lower summer temperatures in cities by 2 to 5℃. Trees also provide a place for all kinds of animals And they create a shady place where people can relax

Urban Forest planted about 1300 trees in a park in Karachi The group uses a method that helps them grow quickly In just three years the trees were 30 feet tall Qureshi hopes that one day this park will become a forest of 50000 trees Since 2015 Qureshi and his team have helped cool the air by planting 14 urban forests in Pakistan Twelve are in Karachi

    In 2017 Qureshi helped plant an urban forest at Karachi Grammar School First he met with students there He taught them about how trees help the environment Then the students planted trees in the schoolyard "They were excited about the project" Muneeza Shaikhali says She's a headteacher at Karachi Grammar School "They themselves had been experiencing the high temperatures in the summer months"

    There are many birds and colorful butterflies in the school Students go outside during science class to study the forest "It's like a library of trees in front of the kids" Qureshi says "They can learn the species(物种) and insects that are around It's a beautiful thing to see"

1What happened to Karachi in June 2015     

A A wave hit this city

B A heat wave killed over 1000 people

C Karachi became the hottest city

2Who started Urban Forest     

A Munecza Shaikhali

B Shahzad Qureshi

C The students at Karachi Grammar School

3How did the students feel about the project     

A Surprised

B Terrible

C Excited

4During the science class students go outside to     

A study the forest

B climb the trees

C catch birds and butterflies

5What's the best title for the text     

A Urban Forest

B City of Trees

C Education on Environment

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4.

Seventy percent of our planet is covered by one huge body of seawaterthe ocean In 2008 the United Nations recognized(确立) June 8 as World Oceans Day It's a day to think about the important role that the oceans play in our lives the dangers that our oceans are facing and the action we can take to protect them

    The ocean is home to the most of plants and animals on Earth Plants in the sea provide us with 70 percent of O2 we breathe The ocean controls our climate (气候), providing heat in winter and cool air in summer It also provides us with food and medicine No matter where you live on the planet no matter how far from the sea your life is dependent on the ocean

    The biggest problem facing the ocean at the moment is plastic pollution Reducing singleuse plastic including plastic bags and plastic bottles has been an important theme for World Oceans Day for a number of years

    Climate change and rising sea temperatures are also a huge problem Rising sea temperatures have a direct influence on weather patterns and are seen as partly responsible for an increase in extreme (极端的) weather

    The day is celebrated in all kinds of ways including special events on the beach river cleanups school activities art contests and film festivals You can join in to remind people about the importance of our oceans and to make a difference

1What percent of our planet is covered with seawater     

A 30%

B 40%

C 70%

2What is the main idea of Paragraph 2     

A The ocean provides us with heat and cool air

B Our life is dependent on the ocean

C The ocean provides us with food and medicine

3What is the biggest problem facing the ocean     

A Plastic pollution

B Reducing singleuse plastic

C Air pollution

4What is partly responsible for an increase of extreme weather     

A Climate change

B Rising sea temperatures

C Weather patterns

5How do people celebrate World Oceans Day     

A Eating out together

B Having a meeting

C Holding special events

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5.

 In China the 12th month of the lunar calendar(阴历) is called Layue The month is full of interesting festivals and customs

    Laba Festival which is on the 8th day of Layue is the first festival in this month From this day on people begin to get ready for the Chinese New Year

    On Laba Festival people eat hot Laba porridge There are usually eight things in the porridge rice red beans peas dried lotus seeds dates and three different kinds of fruits and nuts The porridge is not just good for your health but a blessing for the coming of Chinese New Year

    Laba porridge is not the only tasty food in Layue Laba garlic(腊八蒜) is popular in the north People begin to soak garlic in vinegar from that day on and eat it with dumplings during the Chinese New Year While in the south people like making sausages

    Another major celebration before Spring Festival is Xiaonian It is usually on the 23rd or 24th day of the last lunar month Traditionally it is an important day when people offer sacrifices to the Kitchen God who looks after the family

    Don't forget to clean your home This is also an important thing to do to prepare for the Chinese New Year It means sweeping away the dust of the old year and welcoming a fresh start Now the last thing for you to do is to wait for the coming Spring Festival

1When is Laba festival

     

2What do people often eat on Laba Festival

     

3Is Laba garlic popular in the south

     

4What do people do on Xiaonian

     

5Why do people clean their homes before the Spring Festival

     

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6.

 Dear Mr Friend

    My name is Simon and I am in Grade Nine 1我非常喜欢足球 I love watching football reading about football and of course playing football However my love of football has become the cause of my problem

    I always play football with my friends after school We often play for hours and sometimes we even forget when we should stop 2If there is a football match we will sit watching it Now I get into trouble because my parents do not allow me to play outside after 6 pm Watching football match is also impossible do not understand why they are so strict with me.(3我有时候感觉很生气. I believe it is important to develop our hobbies They help us relax and make our lives more interesting

    Is it bad to stay out late to play football Should I spend less time on it?(4 I wonder how I can deal with my trouble I look forward to your valuable advice

    Best wishes!

Simon Luo

将划线部分的句子译成汉语或英语

1     

2     

3     

4     

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三、完型填空(共1题)
1.

 Lin Tao is 20 years old He was brave enough to 1     his neighbour from a fire

    On 10 May Lin Tao was at home Suddenly he heard someone shouting "Fire Fire! Help!" He2      outside and saw a lot of smoke from next door He went in and found his 3      the 79yearold MrsSun in the kitchen Her legs were4     hurt and she could not stand up and get out

    Lin Tao quickly ran to Mrs Sun's bathroom He5     water over his clothes to protect himself Then he rushed into the kitchen againThere was heavy smoke and the fire was very hotHe put a6

     quilt over Mrs Sun and helped her out Later some firemen came and7      the fire

    The fire burnt Lin Tao's arms neck and face He was in8      for two weeks Many people visited him and gave him flowers and presents "How brave you are!" they said "Were you afraid at that moment" "Yes little" Lin Tao nodded "but I didn't have9      to think about itMrsSun needed my help"

    "Fire is very dangerous We should be10     with it" he also said

 

1A save

B stop

C meet

2A hurried

B walked

C stepped

3A aunt

B neighbour

C grandmother

4A hardly

B little

C badly

5A offered

B poured

C dropped

6A heavy

B nice

C wet

7A put off

B put down

C put out

8A kitchen

B hospital

C bathroom

9A time

B ability

C energy

10A bored

B happy

C careful

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四、完成句子(共3题)
1.

Qu Dongyu is      official(官员) of the United Nations who is from Yongzhou

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2.

How much is the watch

It's ten      dollar).

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3.

Touched by doctors and nurses in Wuhan Li Ming wants      be a doctor when he grows up

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五、未分类(共4题)
1.

The birthday of the People's Republic of China falls      October 1th

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2.

The Yangtze is the longest river in China      the Amazon is longer than it

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3.

My family      go to Yongzhou botanical garden(植物园) last weekend

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4.

My parents work in Yongzhou What about      you)?

They work in Guangzhou I'm going to visit them this summer holiday

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六、选择题(共3题)
1.

The size of each class in Yongzhou now is      small than that in 2017

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2.

How does your English teacher go to school

She usually      drive to school

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3.

With the      develop of 5GHuawei makes people's life more convenient

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七、书面表达(共1题)
1.

假如你是李华,即将进入高中学习,请你写一封电子邮件给英国的笔友Linda,谈谈你对高中生活的向往和担忧,并请她给出建议.

参考词汇:

注意:

1)信中不得出现真实人名,校名和地名;

280词左右(开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数);

3)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯.

Dear Linda

    How's it going I'll study in senior high school ___________

    I'm looking forward to your reply

Yours

Li Hua


 

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阅读填空
2
10.0%
阅读理解
6
30.0%
完型填空
1
5.0%
完成句子
3
15.0%
未分类
4
20.0%
选择题
3
15.0%
书面表达
1
5.0%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
说明文
2
10.0%
人物传记 故事阅读类
2
10.0%
日常生活类
1
5.0%
科普环保类
1
5.0%
补充句子
1
5.0%
冠词
1
5.0%
名词
2
10.0%
介词和介词短语
1
5.0%
形容词比较级
1
5.0%
非谓语动词
1
5.0%
连词
1
5.0%
动词和动词短语
1
5.0%
动词时态
1
5.0%
物主代词
1
5.0%
阅读表达
2
10.0%
其他
1
5.0%
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