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重庆市2020年中考英语真题含答案.doc
年级:初中
难度:偏难
更新时间:2020-10-09
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一、选择题(共10题)
1.

What __________nice day! Let's go for a picnic.

A. a                            B. an                           C. the                           D. /

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2.

The wild animals are in danger now. Let's protect

A. they                        B. them                      C. their                        D. theirs

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3.

 The bank is _____________the left of the supermarket. It's not far.

A. in                           B. for                          C. on                           D. at

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4.

I don't know how to make a speech in public. Can you give me some ____________.

A. water                       B. money                            C. food                        D. advice

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5.

Teachers' Day is in September, the ____________month of the year.

A. nine                         B. ninth                        C. ten                           D. tenth

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6.

Don't drink coffee before going to bed, or you _________easily.

A. don't fall asleep         B. won't all asleep        C. didn't fall asleep  D. haven't fallen asleep

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7.

 When I was young, I ____________by my grandparents.

A. look after                 B. looked after                     C. am looked after         D. was looked after

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8.

 You've done a good job, and I'm sure you can do it ___________.

A. worse                      B. worst                       C. better                       D. best

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9.

We’d better follow the seven-step hand-washing method ____________ healthy.

A. to keep                    B. keep                        C. keeping                   D. keeps

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10.

 —Dear friends, do you know__?

—By working together!

A. when we can make the Chinese Dream come true

B. when can we make the Chinese Dream come true

C. how we can make the Chinese Dream come true

D. how can we make the Chinese Dream come true

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二、完型填空(共1题)
1.

根据短文内容, ABCD四个选项中选出一个能填入相应空格内的最佳答案, 并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。

Sam and his friend Bob, both 5, entered a painting competition. Bob won! Sam felt blue and left   31 _.

As soon as Sam   32   home, he told Papa, "I worked hard on my picture. I made it the best I could. I wanted to win. "

"You did work hard, "said Papa. "  33   is a fine picture. Ill hang it in my office. "Mama gave Sam a hug and said, "I hope you congratulated Bob. "

Sam shook his head, "Bob was too busy getting his photo taken. "Then he went to his room. He sulked(生闷气). He didn't feel like doing anything. Some time later, he got very   34  . He wondered what Bob was doing. He remembered the fun they had, painting their pictures together

He decided to do something,   35   he took out some paper and his painting set. He painted another picture, one   36   a ship in it. He knew Bob loved ships.

Under the ship, he printed in big red   37  : C-O-N-G-R-A-T-U-L-A-T-I-O-N-S!

That was the biggest word he knew.

That afternoon, Sam walked to Bob's house and gave Bob the   38  .

"Thanks, "said Bob. "I love ships. What's the   39   word?"

"Congratulations, "said Sam.

"Wow! Thanks again, "said Bob. "This is much better than getting my photo taken.

And happily they went to ride bikes together.

Friendship is much better than   40  , isn't it?

31. A. late                   B. alone                      C. luckily                    D. loudly

32. A. stayed               B. missed                     C. got                          D. left

33. A. Mine                  B. Yours                       C. His                          D. Hers

34. A. hungry               B. afraid                       C. happy                      D. bored

35. A. so                      B. or                            C. but                          D. although

36. A. under                 B. above                      C. without                   D. with

37. A. letters                 B. words                      C. sentences                  D. languages

38. A. pen                    B. picture                            C. map                         D. bike

39. A. black                  B. small                      C. big                          D. white

40. A. losing               B. winning                   C. riding                      D. painting

【答案】
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三、阅读理解(共6题)
1.

42. Li Hua learned by himself ____________from February to April.

A. from 8:30 a. m. to 11:30 a. m.                      B. from 11:50 a. m. to 1:00 p. m.

C. from 2:30 p. m. to 4:30 p. m.                 D. from7:00p. m. to 9:30 p. m.

43. The material above is about Li Hua's _____________from February to April.

A. housework               B. homework                C. school activities        D. daily life

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2.

Characters: a judge(法官)  Mike(a painter)   Peter(a cook

Setting: a courtroom(法庭)

A judge is sitting behind a desk. Mike and Peter are standing in front of her.

Peter: Your honor. This man lives in a room above my restaurant. I heard him telling a friend that he was stealing from me.

Mike: Smells, your honor! I just take the smells of the food coming up from the restaurant.

Judge: (Looking at Mike)What do you do with the smells?

Mike: The smells help me imagine that I am eating a fine dinner.

Judge:(To Peter)And how much do you want for these smells, sir?

Peter: The 5 coins he always carries.

Mike: But my mother gave me the coins to save me when in need.

Judge: (To Mike) Drop the coins onto the table, one at a time. (Mike drops the coins.)Case dismissed(结案).

Peter: What do you mean? I didn't get paid!

Judge: You want the SMELLS paid. Mike has now paid you in SOUNDS—the sounds of the coins.

44. _____________ lives in a room above the restaurant.

A. The judge                        B. Mike                        C. Peter               D. No one

45. Peter wanted to get____ from Mike.

A. the smells                      B. the food                  C. the sounds               D. the coins

46. From the material, we can see that the judge is ____________.

A. poor                             B. rich                         C. stupid               D. wise

47. The material above is probably ______________.

A. a play                            B. a poem                    C. a notice            D. a diary

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3.

Last year, I went to Italy as an exchange student. Before leaving, I asked my mother what gifts I should take to the teachers and the students there. Mom said that the Chinese fan was a good choice, for China is praised as "the Fan Kingdom". I couldn't agree more, because it is more than a tool for cooling. It's also an important part of Chinese culture.

I went shopping and bought three kinds of Chinese fans. The first kind was the feather(羽毛)fan for the teachers, which was made of bird feathers. It was the symbol of Zhuge Liang, a very smart man in ancient China. The fans I bought for the girls were silk fans. They were also called" round silk fans". Fans of this kind were made of silk with paintings of beautiful women, birds or flowers. They were very popular with women of all ages. As for the boys, I picked the folding fans from Rongchang, a place in the west of Chongqing. The folding fans were made of paper and bamboo and there were great paintings and calligraphy(书法)on them.

At the welcome party in Italy, my new teachers and classmates were all excited to get the wonderful fans. And they were even more excited after learning about the stories and culture behind them.

48. The writer went to Italy for ___________last year.

A. learning                  B. traveling                  C. teaching                   D. shopping

49. The folding fans the writer bought were made in ___________.

A. Dazu                      B. Rongchang              C. Tongliang               D. Wulong

50. According to the passage, the writer gave the fans like the one in Picture ________ to the girls.

51. The writer wrote this passage in a __________tone(语气).

A. humorous                 B. surprising               C. serious                     D. proud

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4.

In China, each year we produce about 150 million tons of city waste according to a report. Where does the waste go? People usually burn or bury()it. On the other hand, we receive waste from some developed countries. We get useful materials from it. What about the useless part? Still burned

or buried. But is it a proper way?

Waste pollutes the environment, harms people's health and causes animals to die. It also gets in the way of green and sustainable development. We can't make money at the cost of the environment.

We should leave clean water and green mountains to our next generations(一代人).

China is getting really serious about waste now.

We are taking less waste from developed countries. From January 2018, China started to stop 24 kinds of waste coming into our country. And more laws and rules about dealing with waste have been made. Anyone who breaks the law will be punished.

China also tries to put waste into good use. One example is the waste electricity factories. They burn waste to make electricity in a green way. No harmful gases or water will get into the environment.

The Chinese government is encouraging people to do waste sorting(分类). Cities like Shanghai,

Chongqing and Beijing have their own sorting systems. More will join them soon. As President Xi Jinping said during a visit to Shanghai, waste sorting is a new fashion(时尚). More and more people are forming the habit of separating their waste.

52. The writer starts the passage by _______________.

A. telling stories                                        B. comparing numbers

C. raising questions                                   D. giving suggestions

53. The underlined word "sustainable" in Paragraph 2 means "__________"in Chinese.

A. 可享受的                B. 可持续的                C. 可借鉴的                D. 可复活的

54. From the passage, we know that ____________________.

A. waste does harm only to the environment

B. those who break the law may not be punished

C. China stops getting waste from developed countries

D. waste sorting starts to become popular in China

55. The structure of the passage may be.

(=Paragraph1 =Paragraph2 =Paragraph 3 =Paragraph4 =Paragraph 5

=Paragraph 6)

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5.

Facial recognition technology(人脸识别技术)is widely used today. For example, police use it to search for bad guys. It's also used to unlock phones or doors.

Now, a similar technology, known as facial detection(探测), is entering a new field: the business of advertising(广告).

Such systems are going through tests in a small number of stores. One facial detection system can judge a person's "happiness" or "fear" level. That helps businesses see how people feel as they lo at products or advertisements in the store. Another system can detect whether someone is wearing eyeglasses. If so, stores can send advertisements for new glasses to him.

Facial detection technology is also placed inside some large advertising boards. Cameras in those boards can detect information like people's ages and five levels of feelings——from "very happy" to "very unhappy".

Supporters of the technology say it could improve buyers' experience by showing products they might like or by offering them products at lower prices.

Some are against the idea of using such systems. Pam Dixon, the head of a privacy(隐私)group, is one of them. She thinks   ▲   . For example, a business could raise the price of a product according to a person's age and feelings.

However, one store testing the technology explained they wouldn't store people's information like names or ages. And the advertising board system maker said it didn't keep any personal information or record any videos.

56. Facial detection technology can tell people's ___________, according to the passage.

A. weight                    B. feelings                   C. height                     D. jobs

57. Which of the following sentences can be put in the     ▲       ?

A. nobody likes to have their feelings collected

B. it is very important to protect people's privacy

C. the strange actions may cause something unfair

D. businesses may use them to have more customers

58. We can infer from the passage that facial detection technology ______________.

A. can detect buyers' names and record them

B. is put inside some large advertising boards

C. may be used to sell cheaper goods in all stores

D. may need some time before being widely used

59. The best title of the passage may be"___________________.

A. Facial Recognition Technology Entering a New Field

B. Facial Recognition Technology Looking for Bad Guys

C. Facial Detection Technology Going into Advertising Field

D. Facial Detection Technology Improving Buyers' Experience

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6.

阅读下文并回答问题。

How can I become a better person? This question has been in my head for long. As students, we spend most of our time studying. I know learning at school, of course, makes us better persons, but I always dream of doing more.

Last year, I got to know a group of autistic(患自闭症的)children. We called them "the Snails(蜗牛)". It was hard to communicate with them at first, because they wouldn't like to. After a two-week training, I became more skilled. I got closer to them day by day. To my surprise, I found that every one of "the Snails" had his or her own talent And their colorful pictures on the wall attracted my special attention, though it was difficult to tell what they were trying to express.

Moved by their pictures, I decided to hold a charity (慈善) sale. We walked on the busy street, selling their creative pictures. We sold 60picturesthat day. People thought their pictures were full of imagination.

Back to the question about how to become a better person, I think I am lucky enough to get my own answer.

65. Do "the Snails" have their own talents?

66. How many pictures did they sell that day?

67. What is the writer's answer to the question "how to become a better person"?

68. Do you think that selling pictures on the busy street is a very good way to help "the Snails"?

Why or why not?

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四、补全对话(共1题)
1.

阅读下面对话, 从方框内7个选项中选择5个恰当的句子完成此对话, 并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。

A: Good morning.  60  

B: I’m looking for some books for my father. His birthday is coming.

A: Well. What is he interested in?

B: _____61     He goes fishing every week.

A: It's a good hobby. Is he god at it?

B: No, not really. He often comes back without any fish.

A: I see.    62    

B: Let me have a look. Oh, it's for beginners.

A: Yes. It's very helpful. I'm sure your father will like it.

B: Hmm. . . Thanks. 63 How much is it?

A:    64  

B: Here you are.

A: Thank you.

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五、完成句子(共1题)
1.

根据所给提示, 完成句子。每空一词, 含缩略词。

69. She often reads with her daughter in the evening. (改为否定句)

She _________ often _____________ with her daughter in the evening.

70. Uncle Zhu is making a vegetable salad for dinner now. (对划线部分提问)

___________ _____________ Uncle Zhu making for dinner now?

71. Why don't you clean up your room at once?(改为同义句)

___________ ___________ lean up your room at once?

72. 等待雨停后, 纵享阳光暖。(完成译句)

_________ ___________the rain to stop and we'll enjoy the warm sunshine.

73. 他们如此努力地投入到抗击新冠病毒的工作中, 以致忘记了自我。(完成译句)

They worked _________hard against the COVID-19 ___________they forgot about themselves.

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六、阅读填空(共1题)
1.

根据下面短文内容, 在短文的空格处填上一个恰当的词, 使短文完整、通顺。

It's normal for the human mind to wander(走神). So many things may fill your mind and pull your thoughts in different directions. This isn't always   74  . Sometimes a wandering mind can lead to a new creation. However, wandering thoughts can also stop you   75   getting things done, keep you up at night, or hurt your health. Don't worry. Try the following practice.

Doing Exercise and Activities

Slow down and let your mind focus(专注) on your breathing. By controlling your breathing, you bring your   76   to work together with your body. Once you lose interest in what youre doing, you can take a break from it. Go for a walk. do some exercise. take a shower or even lie down and think about_ 77  . These activities help a lot.

Focusing on Tasks You're Doing

Do one task at a lime, It won't slow you down. Instead, It keeps your mind focused and you’ll be able to get more done   78  . While doing tasks, don't look around from time to time, If there's something keeping your mind wandering, allow yourself a specific(特定的) time to worry, think or plan.   79   the time is up, refocus on your next task.

Controlling Worrying Thoughts

Writing down or sharing your worries helps to get them out of your head. When there's a big task, it's understandable to put it off. But by   80   it bravely and trying to solve it, you can get away from your worrying thoughts. If it doesn't work after you've tried everything,   81 _that there are always things you can't change.

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七、书面表达(共1题)
1.

某中学对高一新生进行了英语口语能力问卷调查, 以下是其中两个问题的调查数据。假如你是该校高一新生, 请结合下图数据和自身口语情况, 给你的英语老师写一篇短文。

要求

1. 80-120, 开头已给出, 不计入总词数;

2. 文中不能出现自己的姓名和所在学校的名称。

参考信息:

1. 描述问卷调查结果(频率、方法);

2. 介绍自身口语情况(水平、打算·…;

3. ….

The results of the survey show that 17% of the students hardly ever practise speaking English. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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试卷统计
试题总数:
21
总体难度:
偏难
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
选择题
10
47.61%
完型填空
1
4.76%
阅读理解
6
28.57%
补全对话
1
4.76%
完成句子
1
4.76%
阅读填空
1
4.76%
书面表达
1
4.76%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
冠词
1
4.76%
人称代词
1
4.76%
介词和介词短语
1
4.76%
名词
1
4.76%
数词
1
4.76%
相似 相近词比较
1
4.76%
动词语态
1
4.76%
副词
1
4.76%
非谓语动词
1
4.76%
宾语从句
1
4.76%
人生百味类
1
4.76%
广告布告类
1
4.76%
日常生活类
1
4.76%
人物传记 故事阅读类
1
4.76%
科普环保类
1
4.76%
说明文
1
4.76%
补充句子
1
4.76%
阅读表达
1
4.76%
其他
2
9.52%
短文填空
1
4.76%
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