当前位置:
学科首页
>
试卷详情
2020年江苏省徐州市中考模拟英语试题含答案解析
年级:初中
难度:中等
更新时间:2020-11-13
下载:132次
下载试卷
选择全部试题
一、选择题(共15题)
1.

Which place do you prefer to live in, a city or a countryside?

I don’t care. ______ is fine.

AEither                    BNeither                   CAll                        DNone

【答案】

A

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:——你更喜欢居住在哪个,城市还是乡村?——我不介意。哪个都好。

考查不定代词。Either两者中的一个;Neither两者都不; All“全部None“什么也没有。结合句意,故选A

组卷:100次
难度:中等
知识点:相似 相近词比较
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
2.

Cindy shut the door heavily and rushed out. No one in the office knew _____she was so angry.

Awhy                       Bwhether                  Cthat                        Dwhere

【答案】

A

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:Cindy狠狠地关上门跑出去了,没有人知道她为什么如此生气。

考查宾语从句的引导词。why为什么;whether是否;that作为宾语从句的引导词,没有实际意义;where哪儿。分析题干可知,“_____she was so angry”“knew”的宾语,即为宾语从句,是完整的句子,不缺少必要成分。根据句意可知,此处表示办公室中没人知道她为什么如此生气,故需用连接副词why,表示为什么why在从句中作原因状语。故选A

【点睛】

that 引导的宾语从句,主要用来引导陈述句形式的宾语从句,that可以省略。如:I know (that) he is a Canadian athlete. whether  if 引导的宾语从句,主要用来引导一般疑问句意思或选择疑问句意思的宾语从句。如:I wonder if/whether I can get some advice from you. 如果从句是特殊疑问句,引导词是用由疑问词转换而来的疑问代词/副词。如:I want to know who made the toy.

组卷:165次
难度:容易
知识点:宾语从句
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
3.

         is the nearest theme park from here?

 —It will take us half an hour to get there by bike.

AHow long               BHow soon               CHow far                 DHow much

【答案】

C

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:——最近的主题公园离这里有多远?——骑自行车的话需要半个小时。

考查短语辨析。how long多长时间;how soon多久;how far多远;how much多少。本题问的是路程的长度,对此提问用how far,故本题选C

组卷:165次
难度:中等
知识点:特殊疑问句
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
4.

Becky took a photo of her friends while they _________ computer games.

Aplay                       Bare playing             Cwere playing           Dhave played

【答案】

C

【解析】

试题分析:句意:Becky给她的朋友照了一张相当他们正玩电脑游戏时。when 引导的从句表示主从句的动作同时发生,从句用进行时,或从句的动作发生在主句动作之前,主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时。while 引导的从句表示……过程中,主句动作在从句动作发生的过程中发生,从句一般用进行时。该句强调在玩电脑的过程中照的相。事情发生在过去,故用过去进行时态,所以选C.

考点:考查动词的时态。

组卷:156次
难度:中等
知识点:介词和介词短语
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
5.

Which of the following underlined parts is different in pronunciation from the others?

ADon’t put your feet on the seat!                   BWe reached Los Angeles late at night.

CCould I have fish instead of ham?                DWhat’ the meaning of this?

【答案】

C

【解析】

【详解】

句意:下列划线部分中哪一部分的发音与其他部分不同?

考查音标。根据feet/i:/reached/i:/instead/e/meaning/i:/;故选C

组卷:178次
难度:容易
知识点:字母的发音
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
6.

The 2022 Winter Olympics       in Beijing and towns in Hebei Province.

Ahold    Bwill hold    Care held    Dwill be held

【答案】

D

【解析】句意:2022冬季奥运会将在北京和河北省的城镇举行。本题考查动词held(举行)的时态和语态。A. hold  一般过去时  B. will hold 一般将来时   C. are held 一般现在时被动语态   D. will be held一般将来时的被动语态。The 2022 Winter Olympicsheld的承受者,动作的承受者做句子的主语,应使用被动语态,可排除AB;又因为The 2022 Winter Olympics尚未举行,是将来的动作,可排除C,故答案是D

组卷:179次
难度:基础
知识点:被动语态
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
7.

Harry,the tallest boy in our class,       easily reach the books on the top shelf of our library.

Amust                      Bshould                    Ccan                        Dneed

【答案】

C

【解析】

句意:Harry,我们班最高的男孩能够很容易地够到图书馆架子顶部的书。本题考查情态动词词义辨析。A. must 一定,必须; B. should 应该; C. can能,会 ;D. need需要。根据句意选C。

组卷:146次
难度:基础
知识点:情态动词
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
8.

—What do you think of the action movie Mulan?

—It comes from an old Chinese story. Mulan dresses up as a boy and takes her father's place       in the army.

Ato fight                  Bfighting                  Cfights                     Dfought

【答案】

A

【解析】

句意:你认为功夫电影《木兰》怎么样?

它来源于一个古老的中国故事。木兰女扮男装替父从军。本题考查动词的时态。A. to fight 动词不定式;B. fighting 现在分词形式;C. fights 单数第三人称形式;D. fought一般过去时。根据句意,木兰女扮男装代替父亲去部队的目的是打仗不定时表示目的,故选A。

组卷:148次
难度:基础
知识点:状语从句
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
9.

Not only my classmates but also our English teacher       Chinese poems, so we often share their favourite ones.

Alike    Bliked    Clikes    Dliking

【答案】

C

【解析】句意:不仅我的同学们而且我的老师都喜欢古诗,因此我们经常分享他们最喜欢的诗。本题考查动词的时态。A. like动词原形 B. liked  过去式C. likes 单数第三人称 D. liking现在分词形式。Not only···but also···不仅···而且···用于连接两个对等的成分;若连接两个成分作主语,其后谓语动词与靠近的主语保持一致。our English teacher为单数第三人称,故选C

组卷:147次
难度:基础
知识点:动词时态
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
10.

—Alex Honnold is planning to climb the mountain, without even using a rope.

—What? I’ve never heard of ________ idea before.

Aa crazier                 Bthe crazier              Ca craziest                Dthe craziest

【答案】

A

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:——亚历克斯·霍诺德甚至计划不使用绳子就爬山。——什么?我以前从没听说过比这更疯狂的主意。

考查形容词比较级表示最高级。a crazier idea 一个更疯狂的主意;the crazier idea那个更疯狂的主意;. a craziest idea一个最疯狂的主意;the craziest idea最疯狂的主意。此题是形容词比较级表示最高级,即否定词+比较级=最高级。此句是从没听说过比这更疯狂的主意,表示泛指用不定冠冠词,a crazier idea一个更疯狂的主意,根据题意,故选A

组卷:173次
难度:中等
知识点:形容词最高级
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
11.

Sallie rolls up her new trousers carefully _____ them from dust.

Aprotect                   Bprotecting               Cto protect               Dto protecting

【答案】

C

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:Sallie认真地卷起她的新裤子以免上面落灰。

考查to do不定式作目的状语。protect是动词原形,protecting是其现在分词或现在分词形式;to protect是动词不定式;to protecting是介词后加动名词。根据句意,卷起新裤子的目的是为了防止落灰to do不定式可以在句子中作目的状语。故选C

组卷:191次
难度:容易
知识点:状语从句
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
12.

This new kind of energy costs very little and will never _______________.

Aturn out                 Brun out                   Ctake out                  Dput out

【答案】

B

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:这种新型能源花销很少,并且不会耗尽。

考查动词短语辨析。turn out证明是,结果是;run out耗尽;take out拿出来;put out扑灭。根据句意,这里表示这些新能源是不会耗尽的。故选B

组卷:102次
难度:容易
知识点:动词和动词短语
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
13.

He began to wonder ________.

Athat there was a road to the top of the hill

Bif was there a road to the top of the hill

Cwhether there was a road to the top of the hill

Dhow could he get to the top of the hill

【答案】

C

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:他开始想要知道是否有一条路通向这个山顶。

考查宾语从句。根据题干和选项可知,wonder是动词,意为想要知道,后接宾语从句,宾语从句需要使用陈述语序,即构成主语+谓语。所以排除BD;由wonder可知,后面加从句为if/whether或者特殊疑问词如what等引导的句子;故排除A。故选C

【点睛】

宾语从句三个要素需要注意:陈述语序,引导词和时态。陈述语序即构成主语+谓语的结构;关于引导词的区分需要结合引导词的基本含义及其在句子中所承担的成分来具体分析;宾语从句的时态,如果主句是现在的时态,从句可以根据语境使用正确的时态,如果主句是过去的时态,宾语从句也要相对应用过去的时态(客观真理除外),即(主现从不限,主过从必过,客观仍一现)。

组卷:166次
难度:容易
知识点:宾语从句
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
14.

All the citizens should work together to make our city more beautiful. 

That’s right._________.

APractice makes perfect                                BPut all your eggs in your basket

CWhen in Rome, do as the Romans do           DMany hands make light work

【答案】

D

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:——全体市民应共同努力,使我们的城市更加美丽。——就是这样。人多好办事。

考查谚语。Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧;Put all your eggs in your basket.孤注一掷;When in Rome, do as the Romans do.入乡随俗;Many hands make light work.人多好办事。根据句意全体市民应共同努力,使我们的城市更加美丽。这里可以用Many hands make light work人多好办事来回答。故选D

组卷:149次
难度:容易
知识点:情景交际
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
15.

I’m sure the traffic is heavy now.  

____ . I have to reach the airport before 9 a. m.

AI hope not              BI don’t think so       CI'm afraid not          DI don’t care

【答案】

A

【解析】

【分析】

【详解】

句意:——我确信现在交通一定很拥堵。——我希望不要拥堵,上午九点之前我不得不到达机场。

考查情景交际。I hope not我希望不要这样;I don’t think so我不这么认为;I’m afraid not我恐怕不能;I don’t care我不关心。由答句中不得不在上午九点之前到达机场可知不希望交通堵塞。A项复合题意。故选A

组卷:191次
难度:容易
知识点:情景交际
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
二、完型填空(共1题)
1.

   I had to stay at Dallas Airport that night, waiting for a transferring flight(转机).

I   16    to sleep in a chair at the boarding gate. As I took my left shoe off to relax my wounded leg wrapped(缠绕)in a long piece of cloth, a lady   17   came up to me. “Are you OK, Miss?” she asked. “Yeah, it’s all right, I    18    my leg,” I answered coldly, as I was on alert(警惕的)then.

Anyway, the lady went on, “Oh, you need to rest. We can help you. We can    19    a room for you to sleep in.”

Tons of    20   came into my mind. “How can I trust her? Does she     21    in the airport?” I began looking for an ID card on her while holding my phone in my pocket. “Don’t   22    .I work here.” She smiled at me and showed me her ID card. I still didn’t    23    her until she asked a man in uniform to get a wheelchair for me. Then she wheeled me to the Lost and Found where the airport takes care of    24    kids. It’s a cute room with a tiny comfortable bed. “Good night,” she   25   at me again. Her blue eyes helped me to relax. “Good night, truly, thank you!” I said to her.

I had a good sleep indeed. The next morning someone else there sent me to the boarding gate. The    26    I got at Dallas Airport made me feel    27     for a lot of things—that kind lady, the help of the airport and,    28    , the care from strangers. No matter where we go, someone in the world is    29    to help us. I have come to realize that the best    30    of thankfulness is to pass on this kindness to the people who need my help.

16Awaited            Basked                     Cplanned                  Doffered

17Afinally            Bcarefully                 Cnervously               Dsuddenly

18Alost                 Bhurt                       Cconfirmed              Dbeat

19Aprovide           Bafford                    Cchoose                   Dbuy

20Awords             Bthoughts                 Cnotes                      Dmemories

21Alive                Bcharge                    Csleep                      Dwork

22Ahurry              Brefuse                     Cworry                    Dcheat

23Aneed               Btrust                       Cunderstand              Dadmire

24Anaughty          Byoung                    Cmissing                  Dlonely

25Asmiled            Bpointed                   Cshook                     Dlaughed

26Acare                Bguide                     Cadvice                    Dencouragement

27Asatisfied          Bpatient                    Cguilty                     Dthankful

28Aat first            Bat least                   Cafter all                  Dabove all

29Awilling            Bafraid                     Cfree                       Deager

30ACommunication  Bconversation       Cexpression              Dimpression

【答案】

16C

17D

18B

19A

20B

21D

22C

23B

24C

25A

26A

27D

28D

29A

30C

【解析】

【分析】

本文是一篇人生感悟类阅读,作者通过在机场得到了陌生人的帮助后得到了很大的启发,意识到表达感激的最好方式是把这种善良传递给需要帮助的人。

16句意:打算在候机室门口的椅子上睡一觉。

wait等待;ask请求;plan打算;offer提供。根据下文“As I took my left shoe off to relax my wounded leg wrapped(缠绕)in a long piece of cloth”可知作者脱了鞋子放松一下,打算在候机室门口的椅子上睡一觉。故选C

17句意:当我脱下我的左脚鞋子,放松一下我的受伤的腿,它被缠绕了很长的布。突然一位女士走过来。

finally最终;carefully认真地;nervously紧张地;suddenly紧张地。根据上文可知,作者并不知道这位女士要来,所以她是突然的出现在作者面前。故选D

18句意:是的,还好,我伤到我的腿了。

lost丢失;hurt受伤;confirmed证实;beat击败。根据上文内容“to relax my wounded leg”可知,作者的腿受伤了。故选B

19句意:我们可以给你提供一个房间来睡觉。

provide提供;afford支付得起;choose选择;buy买。根据前文“Oh, you need to rest. We can help you.”可知可以为作者提供一间房间来睡觉。故选A

20句意:我的脑海中闪现处很多想法。

words单词;thoughts想法;notes笔记;memories记忆。由下文“How can I trust her? Does she ______  in the airport?” 可知作者脑海中闪现了许多想法和疑问。故选B

21句意:她在机场工作吗?

live居住;charge控告;sleep睡觉;work工作。由下文“I began looking for an ID card on her while holding my phone in my pocket.”可知作者开始寻找她的身份证件,想要知道她是否是机场工作人员。故选D

22句意:别担心,我在这儿工作。

hurry匆忙;refuse拒绝;worry担心;cheat欺骗。由下文“She smiled at me and showed me her ID card.”她对我笑,并且向我展示她的身份证件。可知,她对作者笑,并且展示身份证件告诉作者她在这儿工作,是让作者别担心。故选C

23句意:直到她喊来一名穿制服的工作人员为我推来一辆轮椅,我才信任她。

need需要;trust信任;understand理解;admire羡慕。由上文内容“I began looking for an ID card on her while holding my phone in my pocket.”可知作者心里一直有警惕,不相信她。直到她喊来一名穿制服的工作人员后才开始相信她。上文“How can I trust her?”也是提示信息。故选B

24句意:然后她把我推到失物招领处,机场人员在这里照顾丢失的小孩子。 

naughty顽皮的;young年轻的,幼小的;missing丢失的;lonely孤独的。由上文中的“she wheeled me to the Lost and Found”可知这里是照顾那些走丢的孩子的房间。故选C

25句意:她再次笑着对我说晚安

smiled微笑;pointed指着;shook摇晃;laughed大笑。由上文中“She smiled at me and showed me her ID card.”以及空后的again可知,她再次对作者微笑。故选A

26句意:我在Dallas机场收到的关怀让我对很多人和事物很感激——那位善良的女士,加长的帮助,尤其是陌生人的帮助。

care关心,关怀;guide引领;advice建议;encouragement鼓励。由前文内容可知,作者在机场得到了陌生人的帮助和关怀。故选A

27句意:我在Dallas机场收到的关怀让我对很多人和事物很感激——那位善良的女士,机场人员的帮助,尤其是陌生人的帮助。

satisfied满意的;patient有耐心的;guilty有罪的;thankful感激的。由下文“I have come to realize that the best ____15____ of thankfulness is to pass on this kindness to the people who need my help.”可知作者对这些关怀很感激。故选D

28句意:我在Dallas机场收到的关怀让我对很多人和事物很感激——那位善良的女士,机场人员的帮助,尤其是陌生人的帮助。

at first起初;at least至少;after all毕竟;above all尤其是。根据句意,可知作者感激很多人,尤其是感激来自陌生人的帮助。故选D

29句意:无论我们去往何处,在这个世界上,总有人愿意帮助我们。

willing乐意的;afraid害怕的;free空闲的;eager热切的。be willing to do sth.意为愿意做某事,根据句意,不管我们到什么地方,总有人愿意帮助我们。故选A

30句意:我已经意识到表达感激的最好的方式是传递这种善意给那些需要我帮助的人。

communication交流;conversation谈话;expression表达方式;impression印象。由前文内容可知,作者对这些关怀心存感激,所以表达想要表达这种感激。故选C

组卷:181次
难度:中等
知识点:公益行为
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
三、阅读理解(共3题)
1.

 King’s College Summer School is an annual(每年的)training program for all the middle school students who want to improve their English. Courses are given by the teachers of King’s College and other colleges in New York. Trips to museums and culture centers are also organized. This year’s summer school will be from June 1 to July 15. More information is as follows

Application(申请)date

•Students in New York should send their applications before April 18, 2019

•Students of other cities should send their applications before April 16, 2019

•Foreign students should send their

applications before April 10, 2019

Courses

•English Language

Spoken English: 22 hours

Reading and Writing: 10 hours

•American History: 16 hours

•American Culture: 16 hours

Steps

•A letter of self-introduction

•A letter of recommendation(推荐)from a teacher

The letters should be written in English with all the necessary information.

Cost

•Daily lesson:200

•Sports and activities:100

•Travels:200

•Hotel service:400

You may choose to live with your friends or relatives in the same city.

Please write to: Thompson Sanders

1026 King’s Street

New York, NY10016, USA

E-mail: KC-Summer-School@hotmail.com

31According to the article, who will give the courses?

AThe teachers of King’s College and the middle schools in America.

BThe teachers of Summer School and other colleges in the United States.

CThe teachers of the middle schools and Summer School in New York.

DThe teachers of King’s College and other colleges in New York.

32When should foreign students send their applications?

ABefore April 10, 2019                                BBefore June 1, 2019

CBefore April 16, 2019                                DBefore July 15, 2019

33If you want to live with your friends in New York, you will have to pay the school____.

A300                    B400                    C500                    D900

34Which of the following is TRUE about King’s College Summer School?

AOnly top students can take part in the program.

BVisits to museums and culture centers are part of the program.

CKing’s College Summer School is not organized every year.

DYou can get in touch with the school by telephone or by e-mail.

【答案】

31D

32A

33C

34B

【解析】

【分析】

这篇短文中作者主要介绍了纽约的一所大学里的暑期英语培训课程,包含申请日期,开办的课程和申请的步骤和费用等基本信息。

31细节理解题。根据第一段“Courses are given by the teachers of King’s College and other colleges in New York.”可知,授课的老师是来自纽约King’s College的老师和其他大学老师。故选D

32细节理解题。根据第一个表格内容“Foreign students should send their applications before April 10, 2019”可知,学生应该在2019410日之前发送他们的申请。故选A

33推理判断题。根据第四个表格内容 “Daily lesson:200, Sports and activities:100, Travels:200, Hotel service:400. You may choose to live with your friends or relatives in the same city.” 可知如果住在亲戚家,可以节省宾馆费用400美元,只需支付每日课程费用200美元、运动及活动费用100美元、旅游费用200美元,共计500美元。故选C

34细节理解题。根据“King’s College Summer School is an annual(每年的)training program for all the middle school students who want to improve their English.”可知King’s College Summer School每年都会举行此培训活动,所有想要提高英语成绩的中学生都可以参加,故排除AC;根据“Trips to museums and culture centers are also organized.”可知去博物馆和文化中心是活动的一部分内容;根据文章最后可知想要和学校取得联系,可以发送电子邮KC-Summer-School@hotmail.com,但是文中没有提供电话号码。所以排除D。故选B

组卷:168次
难度:容易
知识点:文学
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
2.

Who is the greatest teacher in Chinese history You can' t think of anyone else when you hear people read Confucius' 2500yearold words

"All study but no thinking makes people puzzled All thinking but no study makes people lazy"

September 28th was Confucius' birthday  He was born in the Kingdom of Luin today's Shandong Province  He had a hard child  His father died when he was only 3  His mother brought him up  As a child he had to work to help his mother but young Confucius didn't give up studying  He visited many famous teachers and learned music history poetry and sports

Later he became a teacher and started the first public school in Chinese history  At that timeonly children from rich families could go to school if they wanted to learn He had about 3000students in his lifetime

Chinese look upon Confucius as the greatest thinker and also the greatest teacher  For more than 2 500yearsConfucius' ideas have been around in people's everyday lives  Now they have gone far into Western countries and South Asia  People can still hear them today

Why are his ideas so popular Confucius' most important ideas are kindness and good mannersConfucius said young people should take care of the old A kind person should care for others Be strict wish yourself but be kind to others As a great teacher Confucius said that all should go to school if they wanted to learn People use his ideas to help themselves and society Now more than 100Internet websites are teaching people about Confucius and his ideas

35Why do we still remember Confucius today     

ABecause he had about 3000students in his lifetime

BBecause he lived a poor life in his childhood

CBecause he had wise thoughts

DBecause he started the first public school in Chinese history

36The underlined word "them" in the fourth paragraph refers to     

Athe greatest thinker and teacher

BConfucius' students

Cpeople in Western countries and South Asia

DConfucius' ideas

37Which of the following is NOT Confucius' words     

APeople should get education

BThe young should take care of the old

CBe strict with yourself but be kind to others

DAll study but no thinking makes people lazy

【答案】

35C

36D

37D

【解析】

【分析】

这篇短文主要介绍了中国古代的思想家和教育家孔子的生平,他在教育以及思想方面对社会的贡献.

35细节理解题.根据第三段Why are his ideas so popular They help not only in everyday life but also in society(社会). 为什么他的思想如此受欢迎?孔子最重要的思想是仁慈和礼貌,描述,可知人们记得孔子是因为他的智慧想法,选C

36词汇猜测题.联系前两句Confucius' ideas have been around in people's everyday livesNow they have gone far into Western countries and South Asia.描述孔子的思想已经在人们的日常生活中得到了体现.现在他们已经深入西方国家和南亚,可知指的是孔子的思想.故选D

37细节理解题.根据第一段All study but no thinking makes people puzzled All thinking but no study makes people lazy学而不思则罔 思而不学则殆,所以D与孔子观点不符,故选D

组卷:168次
难度:偏难
知识点:个人情况
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
3.

Few words are spoken more often every day on the streets of Britain than “I’m sorry”. This phrase has become such a common response(反应) that it has taken on a lot of meanings.

Saying “Sorry” means to apologize(道歉). This is simple and easy to understand. We learn it both as a native speaker and as a student of foreign languages.

But in Britain, it takes on another meaning. It is a cultural expression. Imagine this: a man walks down the street, looking down at his phone. A woman is walking in the opposite direction, towards the man. She sees him, but she can’t get out of the way in time. The man bumps (碰撞) into the woman. Who should say sorry? Naturally, the man should say sorry, because it was he who wasn’t looking where he was going. Yet in Britain, it is common for both to apologize.

It is known that British people, like most people, do not enjoy conflict(冲突).So to quickly calm the situation, British people will apologize to each other.

Other times it may sound funny to hear “sorry”. Some of my friends say it at restaurants, as they ask the waiter: “Sorry, but can I order another drink?” It is not to apologize, but just to express that we need the waiter. In Britain, sorry doesn’t always mean exactly what you think.

38According to the passage, “saying sorry” is a cultural expression in       .

Athe USA                Bthe UK                   Cthe WWF               Dthe UN

39What does the underlined phrase “take on” mean in Paragraph 1?

A从事                      B雇佣                      C呈现                      D拿起

40The example in the third paragraph is used to       .

Adescribe a situation that people should avoid

Bdescribe how “sorry” has another meaning in Britain

Cexplain why people should say sorry to each other

Dshow how polite British people are

41The restaurant example shows that “sorry” can be used to       .

Aapologize                                                  Bcalm a situation down

Cexplain what you’re thinking about              Dask a waiter to bring something

42What might be a good title for this passage?

A“I’m Sorry” Is More Than just an Apology   BTraditional British Manners

CHow to Best Catch Others’ Attention            DFinding a Way out of a Difficult Situation

【答案】

38B

39C

40B

41D

42A

【解析】

【分析】

本篇文章难度适中,主要讲述sorry的文化内涵,它不仅仅表达道歉,它也是一种文化的表达方式。英国人不喜欢冲突,为了平定一些形式,他们会相互道歉,有时听到sorry是非常有趣的。

38细节理解题。根据Few words are spoken more often every day on the streets of Britain than Im sorry以及In Britain, sorry doesnt always mean exactly what you think. It is a cultural expression可知,在英国的大街上每天说的最多的就是对不起,在英国,对不起并不是你总是认为的那个意思,所以在英国它是一种文化表达,故选B

39词义猜测题。根据This phrase has become such a common response(反应) that it has taken on a lot of meanings可知,这个短语已经成为如此普遍的反应,它已经有了很多含义,且根据下文可知,他还有其他的含义,所以译为呈现,故选C

40细节理解题。根据第三段开头But in Britain, it takes on another meaning以及全段可知,主要讲述在英国sorry的其他含义,故选B

41细节理解题。根据Some of my friends say it at restaurants, as they ask the waiter: Sorry, but can I order another drink? It is not to apologize, but just to express that we need the waiter可知,在饭店里说sorry表示要让服务员拿一些东西,故选D

42主旨大意题。根据Saying Sorry means to apologizeBut in Britain, it takes on another meaning以及In Britain, sorry doesnt always mean exactly what you think可知,主要讲述sorry这个词不仅仅是道歉,它还有其他的含义,故选A

【点睛】

解答词义猜测题时,可以使用如下技巧:1、根据上下文来猜测词义;2、通过同义词或近义词来猜测词义;3、通过构词法来猜测词义;4、通过定义或释义来猜测词义;5、通过句法功能来猜测词义;6、通过转折和因果关系来猜测词义;7. 通过生活常识来猜测词义。对于这类题采取代入法也非常有效,即将备选答案逐一代入文中,哪一个选项能使句子的意思通顺、连贯,且与上下文的内容一致,哪一个选项就是该题的正确答案。例如第2题。主要根据上下文猜测词义,根据This phrase has become such a common response(反应) that it has taken on a lot of meanings可知,这个短语已经成为如此普遍的反应,它已经有了很多含义,且根据下文可知,他还有其他的含义,所以译为呈现

组卷:161次
难度:中等
知识点:语言学习
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
四、完成句子(共2题)
1.

miss   whatever   after all   never   balance   for free

43 .If you are lucky enough, you will get a concert ticket 43

44 .Mary, I shall44 our pleasant talks when you leave.

45 .As an old saying goes, “He who has 45 been to the Great Wall is not a true man.”

46 .When Tom was running after the dog, he lost his 46 and fell over.

47 .You can eat 47 you like, my dear.

【答案】

43for free

44miss

45never

46balance

47whatever

【解析】

【分析】

43句意:如果你足够幸运,你将得到一张免费的音乐会门票。

for free免费地,相当于是个副词,修饰动词get,放在句中作状语。表示免费得到。故选for free

44句意:玛丽,当你离开时,我会想念我们之间愉快的谈话。

shall是情态动词,后接动词原形,miss是动词,意为想念shall miss在句中作谓语,符合句意。故选miss

45句意:俗话说,不到长城非好汉。

此空缺少一个副词,根据题意不到长城非好汉never频率副词,意为从不符合句意,故填never

46句意:当Tom正在追赶那只狗的时候,他失去平衡,摔倒了。

his是形容词性物主代词,后接名词,根据空后面的fall over绊倒,所以失去平衡lose balance。故选balance

47句意:亲爱的,你喜欢吃什么就吃什么。

根据题干,eat后面“______ you like”是动词eat的宾语。you like是主谓,即______ you like”是宾语从句,whateverlike的宾语,同时也作宾语从句的引导词。故填whatever

组卷:110次
难度:中等
知识点:副词短语
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
2.

根据句子意思,用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空。(每空限填一个单词)

48My cousin is good at_________(dance).

49Their house is just like our house, but_________(we) has a bigger balcony.

50Yuan Longping is one of the_________(great) people that have ever lived, I think.

51I bought the computer_________(simple) because it was cheap.

52I need________(silent) when I am studying.

【答案】

48dancing

49ours

50greatest

51simply

52silence

【解析】

48句意:我的表妹擅长舞蹈。dance跳舞,是一个动词。这句话中使用了短语be good at…擅长,后面跟名词或者动名词形式作宾语,因此这里应填dancing

49句意:他们的房子就像我们的房子,但是我们的有更大的阳台。we我们,是人称代词主格形式。根据句意可知,这个空代指的是我们的房子,因此这里应用名词性物主代词在句中作主语。ours我们的,名词性物主代词,相当于our house

50句意:我认为袁隆平是史上最伟大的人之一。great伟大的,是一个形容词。这句话中使用了句型one of the +形容词最高级+名词复数,表示的之一,因此这里应填形容词的最高级形式greatest

51句意:我买了这台电脑仅仅是因为它便宜。simple简单的,是一个形容词。根据句子结构可知,这个空是来修饰后面because引导的原因状语从句的,应用副词形式,故填simply

52句意:当我学习的时候我需要安静。silent沉默的,无声的,是一个形容词。空前need是一个动词,这里应用名词形式来作它的宾语。silence名词,沉默,安静。

点睛:这个题目是用所给单词的正确形式填空,考查学生们在具体语境中使用单词的能力。做题时,应根据句意、单词在句中的作用以及句中使用的句型等,变化单词的正确形式。这一题型常考查的知识点有:名词的单复数、动词的时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语动词、形容词和副词的词性转换以及他们的比较级和最高级等。例如第1小题,考查了动名词作宾语的用法,这句话中的短语be good at后应跟名词或者动名词形式,dance是动词,因此变为动名词dancing。再如第4小题考查了形容词和副词的词性转换,形容词在句中的主要作用是作表语、定语或宾语补足语;副词常在句中作状语,修饰动词、形容词或者句子。这句话中填的词是来修饰后面的原因状语从句的,应用副词形式,故把simple变为副词simply

组卷:124次
难度:中等
知识点:其他
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
五、单词拼写(共2题)
1.

根据首字母填空,使短文完整。

A girl named Alice is tired of sitting with her sister on the riverbank, who is reading a book without any pictures or dialogues in it. She has nothing to do.

At the moment, Alice is a53   by a passing white rabbit, which is dressed in a white coat and muttering, “Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be too late!” She f54  the rabbit down into a rabbit hole and then finds herself falling down into a world of strange land and stranger characters.

She grows to big size and then shrinks(缩小)to be very tiny. She meets a group of small animals swimming in a pool of her tears. After she eats something in the rabbit’s house, she is scared to see herself g55so large and get trapped there. She meets the Duchess, her baby, her cook, and the Cheshire Cat. The baby is left in Alice’s care but it turns into a pig. She joins the Mad Hatter, the March Hare and the Dormouse at a mad tea party. The Queen of Hearts invites her to a strange game of croquet, but her love for saying “beheading people” annoys Alice. Alice leaves the croquet game, meeting a Griffin and a Mock Turtle. The t56teach her the Lobster Quadrille. Finally Alice attends a strange trial of the Knave of Hearts, who is charged with stealing tarts.

Just as Alice is fighting against the Queen of Hearts, she is w57 by her sister. Her sister says, “Wake up, Alice dear! You have had a long s58.”

【答案】

53attracted

54follows

55grow

56two

57waked/woken

58sleep

【解析】

【分析】

本文是一篇童话小故事。一天,爱丽丝和姐姐坐在河岸边,突然发现了一只穿着白色外套的兔子。爱丽丝的好奇心顿时被勾起来了,她立刻向兔子追去。追着追着,自己误入了兔子洞,一场奇幻的旅行就此开始了。最后被姐姐喊醒。

53句意:此刻,爱丽丝被一只路过的白兔吸引了,白兔穿着一件白大衣,喃喃地说:哦,天哪!哦,天哪!我来不及了!

由下文内容“She f______  the rabbit down into a rabbit hole”爱丽丝跟着白兔进入洞里,可知爱丽丝被兔子吸引了,被动语态的结构be+动词的过去分词attract是动词,意为吸引。故填attracted

54句意:她跟着兔子进入一个兔子洞,然后发现自己掉进了一个陌生土地和陌生人物的世界。

由前文内容被兔子吸引以及下文掉进兔子洞,可知是被兔子吸引跟着兔子掉进洞里,follow是动词,意为跟随,主语是she,单数第三人称,时态是一般现在时,所以谓语动词也用单数第三人称形式。故填follows

55句意:当她在兔子的房子里吃了东西后,看到自己变得越来越大被困在那里,她很害怕。

由前文 “she eats something in the rabbit’s house”以及空后面“get trapped there”被卡在那儿,可知她吃了一些东西,爱丽丝变得越来越大,grow可作系动词,意为变得,后接形容词作表语。see sb. do sth.意为看到某人做某事儿see是动词,后接动词原形作宾语补足语。故填grow

56句意:这两个教她龙虾四组舞。

由前文“Alice leaves the croquet game, meeting a Griffin and a Mock Turtle.”可知爱丽丝遇见了Griffin and a Mock Turtle两个人。所以此空填two作主语。故填two

57句意:就在爱丽丝与红桃皇后抗争的时候,她被她姐姐叫醒了。

由下文中Her sister says, “Wake up, Alice dear! You have had a long s______ .”可知,爱丽丝被姐姐叫醒了,被动语态的结构是be+动词的过去分词,wake是动词,意为叫醒。过去分词形式是waked或者woken。故填waked/woken

58句意:她姐姐说:醒醒,亲爱的爱丽丝!你已经睡了很久了。

“Wake up, Alice dear!”可知,爱丽丝睡了很长时间。sleep可作名词,意为睡眠,由空前面的a,此空填名词单数。故填sleep

组卷:158次
难度:中等
知识点:文学
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
2.

阅读短文,根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

It’s always challenging to face fear. Here are some ways to help you overcome(克服)it.

Breathing

As we know, breathing can help us relax. If you purposely breathe out longer than you breathe in, your body will calm down. If you start to feel fearful, try this. Take a breath in (to a count of 7 in your mind), and then slowly breathe out (to a count of 11 in your mind). To your surprise, if you do this for a minute or so, you’ll calm down quickly. We call this "7/11 breathing".

Using a different part of your brain

When we feel fearful, it’s harder to think clearly. But if we force ourselves to use the part of thinking brain, this will help to calm us down. The easiest way to do this is with numbers. You can set your own fear from l to 10, 10 being the worst state and 1 being the most relaxed state. When you’re feeling fearful, ask yourself; “Okay, what grade do I get right now? 7 or 5?” Just doing this will reduce fear because it starts the thinking brain. Once I gave a speech to three hundred people and I felt fearful. So I graded myself at 6, and waited for myself to go down to 3 before starting. I took control.

Getting control of your imagination

Imagine seeing yourself in the situation you were scared, but see yourself being calm and things going well. Doing this starts to recondition your mind to more calmly face the coming events which were causing fear.

It seems that overcoming fear is always the first step to finish all you need to do and it will help you devote yourself to what you really want to be and to do. It takes efforts, but it’s worth your try.

59 to overcome fear

Introduction

It’s challenging to face fear in your life.

Ways

Breathing

    To calm down, you can breathe out 60 than you breathe in.

    You’ll be 61 that you’ve calmed down very quickly if you take 7/11 breathing.

Using a different part of your brain

    You can set ten 62 for your own fear with numbers.

    Grading your state of mind helps 63 the thinking brain and make you 64 fearful.

Getting control of your imagination

    Imagine you’re in a bad 65 but you feel calm and things go well.

    It can help you feel 66 to face the coming events.

Conclusion

    To finish all you need to do, you must overcome fear 67

    It’s worth 68 though it takes efforts.

【答案】

59How

60longer

61surprised/amazed

62levels

63start

64less

65situation

66calmer

67first

68trying

【解析】

【分析】

本文是一篇说明文。面对恐惧总是具有挑战性的,文章向我们介绍了克服恐惧的方法:呼吸法;使用大脑的不同部位;控制自己的想象力。

59根据首段内容“Here are some ways to help you overcome(克服)it.”这里it指代上文中的fear,表示接下来会给出一些克服恐惧的方法,即如何克服恐惧how to overcome fear。故填How

60根据原文内容“If you purposely breathe out longer than you breathe in, your body will calm down.” 如果你故意呼气比吸气时间长,你的身体就会平静下来。可知为了冷静下来,你可以呼气比吸气时间长。空后由than这里要用副词的比较级。故填longer

61根据原文内容“To your surprise, if you do this for a minute or so, you’ll calm down quickly. We call this 7/11 breathing” 可知你会很惊奇,如果你做7/11呼吸法,你会很快冷静下来。主语是人,be动词之后加形容词作表语,surprised/amazed是同义词,都意为惊奇的。故填surprised/amazed

62根据原文“You can set your own fear from l to 10, 10 being the worst state and 1 being the most relaxed state.” 你可以设立你自己的恐惧从11010是最坏的状态,1是最轻松的状态,可知,你可以为自己的恐惧设立10个等级,level是可数名词,意为等级10后面加可数名词复数形式。故填levels

63根据原文“Just doing this will reduce fear because it starts the thinking brain.”可知评估大脑状态会帮助启动大脑思考,减少恐惧。help do sth.意为帮助某人做某事help后可接动词原形作宾语,故填start

64根据原文“Just doing this will reduce fear because it starts the thinking brain.”做这个(评估自己的大脑状态)会减少恐惧,因为它启动大脑思考。减少恐惧也就是没有那么害怕。题干中fearful是形容词,其比较级可为less fearful。故填less

65根据“Imagine seeing yourself in the situation you were scared, but see yourself being calm and things going well.”可知,想象你自己处于一个糟糕的境况中,但是你自己很镇静,事情进展地不错。situation是名词,意为情况,境况。题干中空前面有a,用名词单数。故填situation

66根据原文“Doing this starts to recondition your mind to more calmly face the coming events which were causing fear.”可知当面临即将到来的导致恐惧的事情时,控制你的想象力可以帮助你感觉更镇静。题干中feel是系动词,后加形容词作表语。根据句意此空用到形容词比较级。故填calmer

67根据最后一段“It seems that overcoming fear is always the first step to finish all you need to do and it will help you devote yourself to what you really want to be and to do.”可知为了完成你所有需要做的,首先要克服恐惧。故填first

68根据最后一段“It takes efforts, but it’s worth your try.”可知克服恐惧值得尝试。be worth doing sth.意为值得做某事。故填trying

组卷:121次
难度:中等
知识点:方法与哲理
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
六、任务型阅读(共1题)
1.

The face-down generation(一代)

If you were born in the 2000s, you are called the oh-ohs. The 21stcentury. That would make you young, creative, connected, world-wide, and no doubt smart. Maybe good-looking, too. Right? But what do other people think about your generation?

Some adults worry that you're more interested in the screen in front of you than the world around you. They think of you as the "face-down generation" because you use your phone so much. They wonder how you will deal with school, friends, and family.

Other adults worry that today's youth are spoilt (溺爱) and don't want to face the challenges of adult life. Many children born in the 1990s and 2000s were raised by "helicopter parents". They were always there to guide and help their children with a busy program filled with homework and after-school activities such as dancing, drawing, or sports. With parents who do everything for them, today's youth seem to prefer to live like teenagers even when they are in their 20s or 30s.

Does the face-down generation need a heads-up? Well, probably not. The fact is that many of today's teenagers are better educated and more creative than past generations. They seem to be willing to become leaders. More young people than ever volunteer to help their communities. There are also brave young people such as Malala Yousafzai, the teenager who won the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize for pushing girls' rights to go to school.

So if you're one of the oh-ohs, there's reason to be hopeful about the future. Things are looking up for the face-down generation. Chances are that you do great and laugh out loud.

69If Alice was born in 2004, is she an oh-oh?

__________________________________________________________

70Why do some adults think of the oh-ohs as the "face-down generation"?

__________________________________________________________

71What are the parents called who always guide and plan everything for their children?

__________________________________________________________

72How does the writer organize Paragraph 4?

ATime order.            BSpace order.            CGeneral to specific. DSpecific to general.

73What does the writer encourage the oh-ohs to do? Please list TWO.

__________________________________________________________

【答案】

69Yes, she is.

70Because they use their phones so much.

71Helicopter parents.

72C

73To become leaders./ To volunteer to help their communities.

【解析】

【分析】

本文是一篇议论文。文章讲述了00面对智能世界,使他们成为了脸朝下的一代。尽管这一代人受到直升机父母的百般呵护和溺爱,但这一代人无疑受到了更好的教育和创新意识的培养。他们更愿意成为新时代的领导者,对社会甘愿奉献,他们更有机会做伟大的事和笑对未来。

69根据第一句话If you were born in the 2000s, you are called the oh-ohs.提示可知2004年属于这一范围。故答案为Yes, she is

70根据第二段第二句They think of you as the "face-down generation" because you use your phone so much. 他们认为你是脸朝下的一代,因为你经常使用手机。故答案为Because they use their phones so much

71根据第三段中的句子Many children born in the 1990s and 2000s were raised by "helicopter parents". They were always there to guide and help their children with a busy program filled with homework and after-school activities such as dancing, drawing, or sports.可知为孩子包办一切的父母被成为直升机父母。故答案为Helicopter parents

72短文的第四段是从一代人的共性到Malala Yousafzai这个获得诺贝尔和平奖的个体叙述的。故答案选C(从一般到特殊)。

73根据第四段中的句子The fact .is that many of today's teenagers are better educated and more creative than past generations. They seem to be willing to become leaders. More young people than ever volunteer to help their communities. (事实是,今天的许多青少年都比上一代受过更好的教育,更有创造力。他们似乎愿意成为领导者。比以往更多的年轻人自愿帮助他们的社群。)故答案为To become leaders./ To volunteer to help their communities.

组卷:170次
难度:中等
知识点:热点话题
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
七、作文(共1题)
1.

假如正在上海学习的美国交换留学生Henry想要结交更多的中国朋友,通过他们来更好的了解中国的文化,因此他写了一封交友信,作了自我介绍,并希望大家积极回复。请你用英语给他回信。

Dear friend,

I'm Henry from the UK. I want to make more Chinese friends. Can you tell me something about you?

What's your personality?

What's your favourite colour? Why?

I like listening to rock music and watching science fiction films in my spare time. What about you?

Who do you admire most? You parent, teachers, or famous stars? Why?

Look forward to hearing from you.

Best wishes

Henry

Dear friend,

I'm Henry from the UK. I want to make more Chinese friends. Can you tell me something about you?

What's your personality?

What's your favourite colour? Why?

I like listening to rock music and watching science fiction films in my spare time. What about you?

Who do you admire most? You parent, teachers, or famous stars? Why?

Look forward to hearing from you.

Best wishes

Henry

要求 1.文章必须包含所提供的主要信息,并作适当发挥;

2.文中不得出现真实的人名;

3.词数90词左右,短文开头结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear Henry ,

I'm lucky to see your email on the Internet. I'm very glad to make friends with you.

                                                                             

I hope you will have a food time in China.

Yours ,

Sandy

【答案】

Dear Henry ,

I'm lucky to see your email on the Internet. I'm very glad to make friends with you.

I am Sandy and I come from Beijing, the capital of China. I am a cheerful, active and easy-going girl. My Mom and Dad are very fond of me, but I like my grandmother most, because she is a singer and can play the piano very well. Although she is very old, she is still working hard to play the piano,and I really appreciate her spirit.

I am usually busy studying. Sometimes, I like to watch sci-fi movies in my spare time. It feels great, and can make me relaxed and increase my knowledge. I especially like the vast universe, because the mysterious deep purple is my favorite color.                                                                              

I hope you will have a food time in China.

Yours ,

Sandy

【解析】

【详解】

学生首先要认真阅读材料中Henry回信的内容,认真审题,确定文章的中心。本文是写一封回信。依据文中给出的回信的开头和结尾,可知回信要把自己当作Sandy,写作时要注意Henry来信中的问题都需要回答或涉及到。比如:

1、你的个性是什么?

2、什么是你最喜欢的颜色? 为什么?

3Henry喜欢在业余时间听摇滚音乐和看科幻电影。 你呢?

4、你最欣赏谁? 你的父母,老师还是着名的明星? 为什么?

此外,写作的文章具有一定的连贯性,还应注意使用一些连接词,使文章的表达更有逻辑性和条理性。写作时还要注意:1.书写规范;2.可适当加入细节,使内容充实,行文连贯;3.写完后要认真检查是否有漏写要点,有无拼写错误等。

高分句型:I like my grandmother most, because she is a singer and can play the piano very well. 我最喜欢我的祖母,因为她是一个歌手,钢琴弹得很好。本句中用了最高级,most的表达方法。I especially like the vast universe, because the mysterious deep purple is my favorite color.我特别喜欢浩瀚的宇宙,因为神秘的深紫色是我最喜欢的颜色。Although she is very old, she is still working hard to play the piano,and I really appreciate her spirit.虽然她很老了,但她仍然努力学习弹钢琴,我真的很欣赏她的精神。

【点睛】

注意写作过程中,将要点展开并表达清楚,注意使用英语的经典句型,避免出现汉语表达。

组卷:196次
难度:中等
知识点:个人情况
查看答案
试题详情
组卷/试题篮
试卷统计
试题总数:
25
总体难度:
中等
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
选择题
15
60.0%
完型填空
1
4.0%
阅读理解
3
12.0%
完成句子
2
8.0%
单词拼写
2
8.0%
任务型阅读
1
4.0%
作文
1
4.0%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
相似 相近词比较
1
4.0%
宾语从句
2
8.0%
特殊疑问句
1
4.0%
介词和介词短语
1
4.0%
字母的发音
1
4.0%
被动语态
1
4.0%
情态动词
1
4.0%
状语从句
2
8.0%
动词时态
1
4.0%
形容词最高级
1
4.0%
动词和动词短语
1
4.0%
情景交际
2
8.0%
公益行为
1
4.0%
文学
2
8.0%
个人情况
2
8.0%
语言学习
1
4.0%
副词短语
1
4.0%
其他
1
4.0%
方法与哲理
1
4.0%
热点话题
1
4.0%
版权提示
可圈可点是一个信息分享及获取的平台。不确保部分用户上传资料的来源及知识产权归属。如您发现相关资料侵犯您的合法权益,请联系 可圈可点 ,我们核实后将及时进行处理。
终身vip限时299
全站组卷·刷题终身免费使用
立即抢购


使用
说明
客服
群联盟
收藏
领福利