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广东省深圳市2020年中考英语试题答案解析
年级:初中
难度:中等
更新时间:2020-11-16
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一、选择题(共15题)
1.

Tom, let's go to play basketball.

I'd love to. But I have to complete my homework first.

Acheck                                Bfinish                                Ccorrect

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2.

Your English teacher is very humorous.

Exactly. She is very popular with us.

Afriendly                             Boutgoing                            Cfunny

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3.

— You are always there for me when I am in trouble.

— That’s what a friend should do.

Ain fear                               Bin difficulty                       Cin surprise

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知识点:介词和介词短语
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4.

Bi Sheng, an ancient Chinese, invented movable type printing in the 1040s.

It was developed in China but served the world.

Acreated                              Bdiscovered                         Csearched

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5.

It took me nearly two days to make the vlog.

I can't wait to watch it.

Ahardly                               Bprobably                            Calmost

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知识点:副词
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6.

Sam, could you tell me something about Earth Hour?

Sure. People usually turn off lights and keep them off for an hour.

Aswitch off                          Btake off                             Cget off

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7.

What do you think of the Hi-tech Fair in Shenzhen Bay?

You can’t miss it! The show room is full of different models.

Ais filled with                      Bis made of                          Cis covered with

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8.

Most Chinese customers prefer to pay by Alipay or WeChat pay nowadays.

That's true. Life becomes more convenient in China because of them.

Awaiters                              Bbuyers                               Cbusinessmen

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9.

Do you mind ________ the opening time of Shenzhen Library?

No problem! I'll check it on its website right now.

Alooking after                      Blooking up                         Clooking like

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10.

—Cindy, I have bought a lot of fruits for you.

—Wonderful! Let's put them into the fridge to keep them________.

Aclean                                 Bfresh                                 Cfit

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11.

Whenever I nod to Jenny, she________ my greeting with a big smile.

She is always so cheerful.

Areplies to                           Bpoints to                            Claughs at

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知识点:动词和动词短语
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12.

Hey, Alicia! Have you got used to Chinese food?

Yes! But I am still learning to use ________as a Chinese does.

Aforks                                 Bchopsticks                          Cknives

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13.

Have you reminded your father about grandmother's birthday party?

Yes, I've left him a(an)________.

Amagazine                           Barticle                                Cmessage

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14.

To lose weight, I have to be on a diet.

You’d better not. ________, you should take exercise.

AInstead                              BHowever                            CTherefore

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15.

I feel bad about all the mess.

________! I will clean it up later.

AHave fun                           BGood luck                          CDon’t worry

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二、完型填空(共1题)
1.

   A group of boys stood around a tree. “What a tall tree!” they said to each other, “It would be    16    to climb to the top!”

The group of boys then decided to play a game to    17    who could climb to the top of the tree first. Their mothers were sitting not far away, looking on at their    18    as they played.

One of the climbers was an 8-year-old boy named David. He was the shortest child in the group.    19    thought he would win.

Then the game started. All of the boys tried their best to climb as high as they could. Although the other boys climbed faster than David in the beginning, he    20    the top of the tree fastest in the end.

His mother was    21   . She asked him, “David, how did you reach the top of the tree so    22   ?”

“It was easy,” David said, “The other children    23    looking down as they climbed. When they realized how high they were, they were afraid of    24   . I, however, looked only up. When I saw how close I was, I kept going higher and higher,    25    I reached the top.”

It is true in life that if we just keep going forward without looking back, we are more likely to reach our goals.

16Aboring                        Bexciting                             Cdangerous

17Abelieve                       Bthink                                 Csee

18Astudents                      Bchildren                             Cteachers

19ANobody                      BSomebody                         CEverybody

20Agot up                        Bgot on                               Cgot to

21Aproud                         Bworried                             Cfrightened

22Acarefully                     Bquickly                              Cquietly

23Akept                           Bavoided                             Cpracticed

24Ataking down                Bfalling down                      Ccalming down

25Aif                               Bafter                                  Cuntil

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三、阅读理解(共5题)
1.

 Good news for art lovers! We have collected some information about the exhibitions put on in Shenzhen this summer.

Frank Yang's Artworks

An exhibition showing late master Frank Yang's old photos, letters, videos and landscape paintings is being held. Entry is free.

Dates: Until July 26.

Venue: Guan Shanyue Art Museum,6026

Hongli Road, Futian District.

Metro: Line 3 or 4 to Children's Palace Station, Exit B.

Contemporary Art

Chinese artists Wang Dawei and Li Xiao are holding their exhibitions, featuring contemporary sound art and video art. Entry is free.

Dates: Until August 18.

Venue: OCAT Shenzhen, South Area, OCT-LOFT, Nanshan District.

Metro: Line 1 to Qiaocheng East Station, Exit A.

Cassie Chen's Photos

Cassie Chen, a graduate of Tsinghua University, is exhibiting her photographic Works in Shenzhen. Visitors can find photos on different themes. Entry is free.

Dates: Until July 30.

Venue: TC101 Exhibition Hall, 2001

Longxiang Boulevard, Longgang Distict.

Metro: Line 3 to Universiade Station, Exit C.

Future Art

Chinese artist Sun Fangping is exhibiting his works. Organizers hope that this series of exhibitions will explore the direction and value of the future of art.

Dates: Until August 31.

Venue: Zhi Art Museum, Song' an Road Bao'an District.

Metro: Line 11 to Houting Station, Exit A and then take a taxi.

26Which line can you take to enjoy Cassie Chen's Photos?

ALine 11.                 BLine 4.                   CLine 3.                   DLine 1.

27In which district can you visit Future Art?

ANanshan District                                        BFutian District

CLonggang District                                      DBao'an District

28Which exhibitions can you choose if you are free on August 15?

AContemporary Art and Future Art.

BCassie Chen's Photos and Future Art.

CContemporary Art and Frank Yang's Artworks.

DFrank Yang's Artworks and Cassie Chen's Photos.

29Where is the text probably taken from?

AA novel                                                    BA story book

CA newspaper                                              DA science magazine

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2.

    "Miss Smith! What rough (粗糙的) hands Mary Jessup has! "said Daisy Marvin, as she walked home from school with her teacher.

"In my opinion, Daisy, Mary's hands are the prettiest in our class."

"Why? Miss Smith, they are as red and hard as they can be. How they would look if she tried to play on a piano!" Daisy said.

Miss Smith took Daisy's hands in hers, and said, "Your hands are very soft and white, just the hands to look beautiful on a piano: yet they don't have one beauty that Mary's hands do. Shall tell you what the difference is?"

"Yes, please, Miss Smith." Daisy looked at Miss Smith, with eyes wide open.

"Well, Daisy, Mary's hands are very busy. They wash dishes; they make fires; they hang out clothes, and help to wash them, too: they are always trying to help her poor, hard-working mother."

Miss Smith continued, "Besides, they wash and dress the children; they mend their toys and dress their dolls; yet, they find time to bathe the head of the little girl who is so sick in the next house to theirs."

"They do good deeds (行为) to every living thing. I have seen them patting the tired horse and the homeless dog in the street. They are always ready to help those who need help."

"I shall never think Mary's hands are ugly any more, Miss Smith." Daisy said that with tears in eyes.

"I am glad to hear you say that, Daisy; and I must tell you that they are beautiful because they help others gladly and cheerfully."

"Oh, Miss Smith! I feel so ashamed of myself and so sorry, "said Daisy, looking into her teacher's face with shining eyes.

"My dear, beauty doesn't lie in how one looks but what he does."

30What did Daisy think of Mary's hand at first?

AWarm                    BUgly                      CDirty                     DSoft

31What is beauty in Miss Smith's opinion?

ABeing patient.                                            BBeing good-looking.

CBeing helpful.                                           DBeing hard-working.

32What can we infer (推断) from the passage?

AMary's mother was lazy.                             BMary lived a comfortable life.

CMiss Smith disliked Daisy.                          DDaisy understood beauty better.

33What is the best title for the passage?

ABusy Days                                                BCheerful Tears

CShining Eyes                                             DBeautiful Hands

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3.

    When Chinese people talk about Chinese tea culture today, they won't miss an important person in Chinese history-Lu Yu, respected as a "Sage of Tea (茶圣)" for his achievements in the Chinese tea culture. He is bestknown for The Classic of Tea, the first work on growing, making and drinking tea.

Lu was born in Jingling in 733 A.D.As a child, he became a student of Zou Fuzi. Thanks to his teacher's guidance, he learnt a lot. He often made tea for his teacher. He also took care of his fellow students' health using his knowledge on tea and herbs (草药).

Lu Yu often went to the countryside to gather tea leaves and herbs. On one of those trips, Lu Yu found a spring. The water was quite clear and clean. When Lu made tea with this spring water, he found the tea tasted better than usual. From then on, he realized the importance of water quality in making tea.

In 752 A.D, Lu Yu finished his studies and returned to Jingling, where he met Cui Guofu. Both men shared the same interests in tea, literature (文学) and poetry. They soon became good friends. Since then, the two spent much time travelling, drinking tea and writing poems together.

This period was important to Lu Yu as a man of literature. Cui, with his rich experience and skills in writing, became a coach of Lu. He provided necessary help with Lu's writing. It was during this time that Lu finally wrote the amazing work, The Classic of Tea.

34What is Lu famous for?

AHaving wisdom.                                        BRespecting teachers.

CCaring for friends.                                     DInfluencing tea culture.

35What does the underlined word "guidance" in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

AHelp                      BStress                     CProtection              DControl

36Why did Lu and Cui become good friends?

AThey had the same hobbies.                        BThey lived in the same place.

CThey spent much time together.                   DThey had the same experiences.

37Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

Lu Yu wrote The Classic of Tea.

Lu Yu became a student of Zou Fuzi.

Lu Yu made friends with Cui Guofu.

Lu Yu found water quality was important.

A②③①④               B②④③①               C④①③②               D④②③①

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4.

    Teens and kids are reading a lot less for fun, according to a recent report.

Although the decline(下降) in the past ten years is very surprising for teen readers, some data(数据) in the report shows that reading is still a big part of many children’s lives.

According to the report, the number or teens who hardly read has gone up from 8 percent to 25 percent today. The report data shows that kids’ reading ability remains almost the same. However, the amount of reading time has fallen, from about an hour every day to half an hour.

As for children’s e-reading, the report mentions little about its effects. But it says that many parents choose to control the time spent on e-books, mainly because they are worried about the increased screen time. After all, it is important to protect their kids’ eyes.

The most helpful part in the report is parents’ effects on their children. It shows that parents are examples and important guides for them in reading. If parents read more and find more time to read with their children, it turns out that their children actually read more often.

As summer vacation arrives, parents might take this chance to step in, make a reading list and enjoy the pleasant family reading time.

38What do we know about children’s fun reading time?

AIt is much shorter.                                      BIt stays the same.

CIt is much longer.                                       DIt changes a little.

39Why do many parents control e-reading?

AIt can waste kids’ time.                               BE-books are not so important.

CIt can harm kids’ health.                             DE-books are a waste of money.

40How should parents encourage children’s reading?

ABy making reading plans.                           BBy setting good examples.

CBy praising kids’ reading.                           DBy offering different books.

41What’s the writing purpose of the last paragraph?

ATo prevent e-reading.                                 BTo encourage family reading.

CTo advise family trips.                                DTo describe vacation pleasure.

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5.

    The Taojinshan Greenway (绿道) in Shenzhen has been open to citizens since July, 2019.Sitting at the west side of Shenzhen Reservoir, it is as long as 7.07 kilometers.

With plants along both sides and lakes lying at different sites, tourists can enjoy wonderful scenery all the way. If they are tired, they are free to take a rest at the 3 stops that were built for breaks. Additionally, five unused guard posts (岗享) along the old route have remained. They serve as sightseeing platforms for visitors to feel the cultural spirit behind the place.

Of all its 13 scenic spots, 8 were designed to have AI helpers. From them, visitors can gain information on parking, tour guide services and more. The smart greenway, with free Wi-Fi available, also provides environmental date, such as temperature, wind speed and air quality. What's more, it can give visitors warnings of coming extreme ( 极端的) weather and natural disasters, including rainstorms and typhoons that may hit Shenzhen.

"Started in the middle of 2015,the building process of the Taojinshan Greenway has taken good care of the wildlife and environment nearby" said Yang Shiming, an official in charge of the project.

The greenway is an example of construction projects without doing ham to the nature. It also shows the role that technology plays in building a smart greenway for more life convenience."

42How long did it take to finish the Taojinshan Greenway?

AAbout 3 years         BAbout 4 years.        CAbout 5 years         DAbout 6 years.

43What does the underlined word "They" in Paragraph 2 refer to?

AViews.                   BVisitors.                 CStops.                    DGuard posts.

44What is the main idea of Paragraph 3?

AWhat AI helpers do.                                   BTechnology changes life.

CHow AI helpers work.                                DTechnology protects humans.

45What can we learn from this passage?

AIt is interesting to use AI helpers.

BIt is important to build greenways.

CIt is possible to balance nature and construction.

DIt is unnecessary to worry about terrible weather.

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四、阅读填空(共1题)
1.

   One day, a man was walking by the corner of a street. Here he met46little boy holding a bird cage and selling the birds inside. He 47(stop) and looked very sadly at the birds without freedom in front of him. The birds were screaming in the cage, trying to fly away.

After standing 48 a moment, he said to the boy, "How much does49(you) bird cost? I want…"

"One fifty cents, sir," the boy answered quickly.

"I am afraid that you are mistaken. I am not asking how much it is." The man said, "I would like50(buy) all of them. What I ask is how much you want for them."

Hearing this, the boy51(happy) counted the number of the birds in the cage.

"They cost five dollars."

"Here52(be) the money!" The man passed the money. The boy counted excitedly. However, he then was53(surprise) to find all the birds had flown away.

"OH, my god, for what reason did you do that, sir? You don't even get a bird!" The boy asked the man who set the birds free.

"My boy, let me tell you54I did this." The man said, "I have no right to get them. Every life should be free and they are our55(friend). So we should give them freedom."

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五、作文(共1题)
1.

深圳市正在争创全国文明城市、假定你是鹏城中学学生会主席,希望同学们为"创文'做出自己的贡献。请你按照所提示的要点,代表学生会写一篇倡议书。

环境保护

垃圾分类;绿色出行

公益慈善

志愿服务;②……

人际交往

诚信友善;②……

要求:

1、词数80左右(开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数)

2、要点齐全,可适当发挥;

3、条理清晰,语句通顺,意义连贯,书写规范;

4、文中不得出现真实姓名和校名。

参考词汇:分类 sort out    志愿者volunteer     贡献 contribution

Dear friends,

As we know, Shenzhen is working hard to win the title of China's National Civilized City.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

All in all, Shenzhen is our home. It's time to take action.

The Student Union

July 20, 2020

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试卷统计
试题总数:
23
总体难度:
中等
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
选择题
15
65.21%
完型填空
1
4.34%
阅读理解
5
21.73%
阅读填空
1
4.34%
作文
1
4.34%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
动词和动词短语
5
21.73%
形容词辨析
2
8.69%
介词和介词短语
2
8.69%
副词
2
8.69%
名词
3
13.04%
情景交际
1
4.34%
主题语境 方法与哲理
3
13.04%
主题语境 文学
1
4.34%
主题语境 著名人物
1
4.34%
主题语境 个人兴趣
1
4.34%
主题语境 自然
1
4.34%
名词性从句
1
4.34%
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