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山东省济南市莱芜地区2019年中考英语试题含答案解析
年级:初中
难度:很难
更新时间:2020-11-16
下载:108次
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一、选择题(共15题)
1.

--Have you ever seen___ new movie, The Wandering Earth(流浪地球)?

--Yes, and Wu Jing is my favorite actor.

Aa                Ban               Cthe              D/

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2.

--I'm always afraid to ask questions because of my poor____.

--You'd better practice speaking English more.

Aintroduction     Binformation      Cpronunciation    Dinstruction

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3.

What do you think of Tom?

He is a(n) _____ boy who is always telling the truth.

Ahumorous         Bhonest           Cbrave            Dcreative

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4.

They are going to have their wedding _______ the morning of October 1st.

Aon               Bin               Cof               Dat

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5.

I think Mrs. Lin is the most excellent teacher in our school.

_________, she teaches us well and cares about us a lot.

ASimply           BMainly           CExactly          DMostly

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6.

Happy birthday, Mr. Wang! Here are some presents from ________ of us.

Thank you so much, boys and girls!

Aboth             Bneither          Ceither           Dall

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知识点:相似 相近词比较
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7.

Daily homework is necessary, __________ too much homework may bring harm to students.

Aso               Bbut              Cfor              Dor

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8.

If you want to try some local food, don't _________ the food festival this weekend.

Amiss             Bcarry            Chold             Dbring

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9.

Pass me the dictionary, please. I want to __________ some new words.

Alook for         Blook up          Clook after       Dlook through

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10.

_______ do you communicate with your foreign friends?

By writing e-mails.

AHow              BWhy              CWhere            DWhen

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11.

I just saw Peter in the library.

It _______ be him. He is studying in the classroom.

Aneedn't          Bmustn't          Cshouldn't        Dcan't

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12.

I' m sorry I can't finish the task on time because I____ only 10 minutes.

Awill give        Bwas given        Cam given         Dgave

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13.

It is 4:30 pm. Ben and Leon _______ their work, so they are playing chess now.

Afinish           Bfinished         Chave finished    Dwill finish

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14.

--Could you tell me____ so well?

--Without the teacher's help, it was impossible for me to get the prize,

Ahow did you do it                    Bwhen you did it

Cwhy did you do it                    Dhow you did it

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15.

Are you willing to live on Mars one day?

__________.  It sounds interesting, but it still worries me.

AI'm not sure     BSure, I will     CThat's all right DI hope so

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二、阅读理解(共4题)
1.

 Time flies. My summer vacation ended in the blink of an eye, but one thing is still on my mind. From July 25 to 27, I worked as a volunteer at the Wolong China Giant Panda Garden in Sichuan. I experienced the life of being a panda keeper.

My work included cleaning the pandas home, feeding the pandas and making food for them. The panda I took care of was named Jingke. When I went to feed him, he would stretch(伸出) one of his forefeet out on a shelf that hung on the fence and wait for his food. He would quickly grab the food as soon as I brought it to him. Can you guess what would happened next? Jingke would lie down and begin to eat. I could hear him crunching(嘎吱作响地咀嚼) on his food and see him twisting his body around like a dancer. It was really cute. This was one of the most interesting things I saw when I worked there.

When I fed Jingke, I touched his fur(). Most people think that panda's fur would be soft. But actually, panda's fur is very hard. I felt like I was touching needles.I looked at his teeth, too they were sharp and big. No wonder the panda keepers told us that pandas are not only cute, but also dangerous.

I am happy to be so close to the pandas. This experience lets me know that it is no easy to be a panda keeper.

16What is the meaning of the underlined phrase in paragraph 1?

A.瞬息万变         B.眨眼之间         C.成年累月         D.一夜之间

17As a panda keeper, what did the writer usually do except ________ ?

Acleaning the pandas' home            Bfeeding the pandas

Ctraining the pandas                  Dmaking food for the pandas

18What was Jingke like when he was eating?

AA fighter.                           BA baby.

CA dancer.                            DA snake.

19According to this passage, we can know that panda's fur is ___________.

Ahard                                 Bsoft

Ccomfortable                          Dsmooth

20What is the best title of this passage?

AA panda lover                        BKeeping pandas

CThe pandas in Wolong                 DMy experience as a panda keeper

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2.

    Egypt is one of the oldest civilizations (文明) in the world. It has great culture and history. Lets take a look at some wonderful places in the country.

Arabian Desert

Do you think it might be fun to ride a camel in the desert? If so, you should go to the Arabian Desert. It is also known as the Eastern Desert. It takes up nearly one-quarter of Egypt's land. Riding a camel is fun. Camels kneel down to let you sit on them.

Luxor

If you want to see ancient palaces and buildings, Luxor is a great place to go. People there call it the "open-air museum of ancient Egypt". Many people visit Luxor every year. Some famous places there include the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens.

The Great Sphinx

The Great Sphinx is a statue of a lion with a man's head. It's very large. The Sphinx is about 240 feet long (about 73 m) and 65 feet high (about 20m). Its eyes are two meters high! For hundreds of years, the Sphinx has guarded(守卫) the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

21What can we know about the Arabian Desert?

AIt is the third largest desert in the world.

BIt takes up nearly one-quarter of Egypt's land.

CIt is located in Western Africa.

DIt is famous for its large number of camels.

22What does the underlined word it" refer to in this passage?

ADessert          BEgypt.           CValley.          DLuxor.

23Which of the following places is NOT in Egypt?

ALuxor.                               BThe Valley of the Kings.

CThe Valley of the Queens.            DKilimanjaro.

24________ guards the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

AThe Eastern Desert                   BThe Great Sphinx

CThe Nile River                       DThe Arabian Desert

25This passage is mainly about _______.

Athe history of Africa                Bfamous pyramids in Egypt

Cfamous places in Egypt               Dthe largest country in Africa

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3.

    Are you short-sighted? If you are, your parents might have tried to do something to fix it, such as having you get an eye massage(按摩), take medicine or even get surgery(手术). People who offer these services or products often say that they can reduce or even cure short sight.

However, you will no longer see advertisements like this before long. The government has issued a notice to ban(禁止) businesses from using words like recovery" or "short sight cure" in their advertisements.

The notice says that short sight cannot be completely cured with current medical technology. Therefore, these advertisements could mislead children and their parents.

Young people can prevent and control short sight by spending more time outside and less time in front of books or computers. People who have sight problems should first go to a hospital and let a doctor decide what to do.

More than 450 million Chinese have suffered from short sight since June 2018. Short sight rates are around 30 percent for primary school students, 60 percent for junior high school students and 80 percent for senior high school students. This is likely because students spend a lot of time reading books and using electronic devices.

To reduce short sight among young people, the government made a new plan last August. The plan is designed to limit the amount of time children spend playing video games, as well as limit the production of new video games.

26Some people say that they can cure short sight to _________.

Ashow off their high-leveled skills   Bsell more products and services

Cshare their medical technology       Dprove that eye massages are useful

27Advertisements with the word "__________ will be banned by the government.

Arecovery         Beyesight         Cshort sight      Dsurgery

28If you have a sight problem, you should ___________ first.

Aget surgery                          Bget an eye massage

Ctake some medicine                   Dask a doctor for advice

29According to this passage, which group has the highest short sight rate?

APrimary school students.             BJunior high school students,

CSenior high school students.         DCollege students.

30From the last two paragraphs, we can know that _________.

Astudents should be stopped from using mobile phones

Bstudents in lower grades are more likely to get short sight

Cproduction of new video games will be limited

Da law was made to protect the eyesight of people

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4.

    Wu Yue, a 14-year-old student at a Junior High School in Hangzhou, usually has lunch with his classmates in their dining hall. But one day, a newcomer, the school headmaster, joined them at the same table. They talked about the food that the dining hall offered and had a nice chat.

Wu is not alone. Many students across China have the chance to eat with their headmasters. The government issued a notice on food safety and nutrition (营养) management in schools, asking headmasters from kindergarten to high school to have meals with students. The rule took effect(生效) on April 1st.

Many schools now have seats for school managers when they eat with students in the dining hall. After talking with them, the managers have to write reports and make suggestions to dining hall workers. Many students were asked about the food that they liked most. To their surprise, their favorite dishes appeared in the dining hall later. It's not just about the food. It makes me feel that I have a say in school," explained one student. "My ideas are valued."

Some headmasters regard these mealtime conversations as their main chance to communicate with students. And they notice that some students prefer meat to vegetables. We are thinking about how to improve the dining hall's dishes and provide students with a healthy diet," one headmaster said. As students become more familiar with the school managers, they begin to express their own points of view.

"It's important to understand students' requirements. Our practice shows the school's sense of responsibility," another headmaster said.

31Who is the newcomer to have lunch with students at the dining hall?

AThe new student.                     BThe school teacher.

CThe school headmaster.               DThe dining hall worker.

32When did the rule take effect?

AOn April 1st.                        BOn March 1st.

COn January 1st.                      DOn May 1st.

33What do the school managers have to do after chatting with students?

AThey have to take a walk with students in the schoolyard.

BThey have to play games with students on the playground.

CThey have to help the dining hall workers do some cleaning.

DThey have to write reports and make suggestions to dining hall workers.

34According to paragraph 4, what are the school managers thinking about?

AHow to improve their dining hall conditions.

BHow to provide students with a healthy diet.

CHow to communicate with the parents.

DHow to make friends with the students.

35From this passage, we can infer(推断) __________.

Astudents are not satisfied with the school's management

Bstudents now prefer fruit and vegetables to meat

Cschool managers pay more attention to food safety and nutrition

Dthe relationship between teachers and students becomes better

【答案】
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组卷:160次
难度:很难
知识点:文章体裁 记叙文
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三、完成句子(共2题)
1.

根据句意及汉语提示,写出各单词的正确形式,每空填一词。

36After a long walk, he felt _________ (饥饿的) and thirsty.

37As we all know, hard work is the key to ___________(成功).

38You must check your papers _________(认真地) in the exams.

39We all take ___________(骄傲) in the great achievements of our country.

【答案】
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2.

根据句子意思,用括号中所给词的正确形式填空,每空填一词。

40Could you please speak more _________ (slow)? I can't follow you.

41He enjoyed _________ (he) at the party that night.

42He won the _________ (two) place in the dragon boat race.

43He is a __________(love) boy, very gentle and caring.

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四、阅读填空(共1题)
1.

阅读下面短文,用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空(必更时可加情态动词或助动词)

If you've ever stayed up late and then gotten up early the next day, you know what it's like not to get enough sleep. It's very uncomfortable feeling. In fact, for many years scientists 44(believe) that sleep is like food - if we dont get enough of it, we might get sick or even die. But now they 45 (start)to wonder just how much sleep we need.

Researchers at Imperial College London did a study on fruit flies(果蝇). They found that flies that slept for very short periods of time - about72 minutes a day -still 46 (live) about as long as flies that slept for normal amounts of time. One of the female slept for just 4 minutes each day on average. This has led the researchers to wonder if sleep is less necessary than we previously thought.

Humans are very different from fruit flies. Sleep 47(help) repair tissue (组织) when our bodies perform a lot of maintenance (维护). Sleeping allows our bodies 48 (get) well again from the stress we experience each day. But can we really die from not sleeping? No humans have died so far from 49 (stay) awake for too long. The current(现在的)world record for sleeplessness 50 (hold) by Randy Gardner from the US, who stayed awake for 11 days and 25 minutes in 1964.

Scientist have not yet found any animals that dont sleep at all. Even animals that only sleep for short periods are not completely sleepless.

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五、单词拼写(共1题)
1.

阅读短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词。

A young couple decided to go c51 in the mountains to celebrate their first year of marriage(结婚). They took with them the t52 they would need warm clothes, food and a tent.

They went up to the mountains and f53 a fine place to set up their rent. Then they decided to go for a hike(徒步旅行)to see more of the mountains.

A54 a long hike, they went back to their camp, built a fire and cooked d55. Finally, it was time to go to sleep.

Sometimes in the middle of the n56, the wife woke up her husband and said:Look up at the sky. What do you see?

Her husband answered,I see m57 of stars in the sky.

His wife said:Thats right. W58 does the mean to you?

The husband said:Well, if there are so many stars out there , that means there might a59 be a planet just like ours. And if thats true, then there could be life on one of those planets. Thats kind of e60!

His wife said:You are wrong. It means that someone has stolen our tent!

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六、任务型阅读(共1题)
1.

阅读短文,根据要求完成下面各小题。

Most of you will enter high school this autumn. By that time, you'll find yourself immersed in (沉浸于) traditional Chinese culture. 83. The traditional Chinese culture can help students build cultural confidence. Nowadays, the education focuses more on the traditional Chinese culture.

At public schools, the students are called for to recite(背诵) 72 ancient poems or articles. Besides Chinese language, other subjects such a fine arts, music and physical education will also focus more on traditional Chinese culture. For example, fine arts will include new lessons on Chinese calligraphy(书法) and painting

China has also seem a growing interest in traditional culture in the private(私立的) education area. It is reported that more than 3,000 traditional private schools have been built since 2004. They mainly teach traditional Chinese classic(经典).

According to Fu Yan, a Chinese language teacher at Hangzhou Xuejun High School, learning about traditional Chinese culture is a good thing for students. 84."At their age, the students may be too young to understand some classics." Fu told Qianjiang Evening News. However, as their life experience builds up, they may develop their own thoughts about the wisdom(智慧)of the classics, which could be a driving force for their growth."

A根据短文内容简要回答问题。

61How many ancient poems or articles do the students need to recite at public school?

___________________________

62What does Fu Yan think of learning about traditional Chinese culture?

______________________________

B将短文中划线的句子译成汉语。

63_______________________________________________________________

64_______________________________________________________________

C请给短文拟个适当的标题。

65_______________________________________________________________

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七、作文(共1题)
1.

书面表达

假定你是李华,你校英诺俱乐部将举行以Good habits make me better为主题的演讲活动。请根据以下的信息,写一篇英语演讲稿。

话题:Good habits make me better

生活习惯:按时休息、拒绝垃圾食品、经常锻炼

学习习惯:课上认真听讲、按时完成作业、爱读书

你的感想:

要求:

1)包含全部要点。可适当发挥:

2)不能出现真实的校名及姓名:

3)开头和结尾已经给出。不计入总词数:

4)问数控制在80-100词左右。

Good morning everybody!

l'm Li Hua. Today my topics is Good habits make me better. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Thats all. Thank you for your listening!

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试卷统计
试题总数:
25
总体难度:
很难
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
选择题
15
60.0%
阅读理解
4
16.0%
完成句子
2
8.0%
阅读填空
1
4.0%
单词拼写
1
4.0%
任务型阅读
1
4.0%
作文
1
4.0%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
冠词
1
4.0%
名词
1
4.0%
形容词辨析
1
4.0%
介词和介词短语
1
4.0%
副词
1
4.0%
相似 相近词比较
1
4.0%
连词
1
4.0%
动词和动词短语
3
12.0%
特殊疑问句
1
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