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湖北省鄂州市2020年中考英语试题含答案解析
年级:初中
难度:中等
更新时间:2020-11-24
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一、选择题(共15题)
1.

—What's this? —It's a paper cutting of Fu. It's a kind of art ________.

Ajob                        Bwork                      Cpicture                   Dsymbol

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:——这是什么?——这是剪纸,这是一种艺术作品。

考查名词。job工作;work工作,作品,著作;picture图片;symbol标志,象征。剪纸是一种艺术作品,用art work。故选B

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知识点:名词
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2.

This year President Xi Jinping wrote a letter to the young pioneers China to celebrate ________ 70th anniversary(周年纪念日).

Atheir                      Bthem                      Ctheirs                     Dthey

【答案】

A

【解析】

句意:今年,习近平主席给中国少年先锋队写了一封信,庆祝他们的七十周年纪念日。

考查代词。A. their他们的,形容词性物主代词;B. them他们,人称代词宾格;C. theirs他们的,名词性物主代词;D. they他们,人称代词主格。根据句子结构,空格后为名词anniversary,故空格处应填入形容词性物主代词,修饰anniversary,故选A

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知识点:物主代词
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3.

—________ unusual year 2020 is!

—Yeah! The pandemic (大疫情) is a challenge not only to China but also to the world.

AWhat                     BWhat an                 CWhat a                   DHow

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:——2020年是多么不同寻常的一年啊!——是啊!这场疫情不仅是对中国的挑战,也是对世界的挑战。

考查感叹句。感叹句常用WhatHow引导,它们的句型是:What a/an+形容词+单数可数名词+主语+谓语动词或What +形容词+可数名词复数或不可数名词+主语+谓语动词;How+形容词或副词+主语+谓语或How+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数+主语+谓语。句中year是可数名词单数形式,且unusual是元音/ʌ/开头,应用an修饰。故选B

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4.

Because of the special situation this year, about ________ of the students in our school ________ having classes on the Internet at home.

Atwo thirds; are        Btwo third; is            Csecond thirds; are    Dtwo thirds; is

【答案】

A

【解析】

句意:因为今年的特殊情况,我们学校大约三分之二的学生在家上网课。

考查分数的表达以及主谓一致。分数是由基数词和序数词一起来表示的。基数词作分子,序数词作分母,除了分子是“1”以外,其他情况下序数词都要用复数形式。此处表示三分之二,分子用基数词two,分母用thirds分数+of+名词作主语时,谓语动词常与of后的名词保持数的一致。ofthe students是可数名词复数,则谓语动词用复数形式are。故选A

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知识点:数词
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5.

—I'm proud of Ezhou, our homeland. —So am I. It is becoming ________.

Amore and more beautifully                          Bmore beautiful and beautiful

Cmore and more beautiful                             Dmore beautifully and beautifully

【答案】

C

【解析】

句意:——我为我的家乡鄂州而自豪。——我也是,它变得越来越漂亮。

考查形容词比较级。becoming后面用形容词beautiful作表语,表示越来越比较级+and+比较级beautiful是多音节词,more and more beautiful表示变得越来越漂亮。故选C

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知识点:形容词比较级
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6.

—It is so hot today. Why not swim in the river?

—No, we can't swim in the river. Our teachers and parents always warn us ________in the river. It's too dangerous.

Ato not swim            Bswimming              Cnot to swim            Dnot swimming

【答案】

C

【解析】

句意:——今天太热了。为什么不在河里游泳呢?——不,我们不能在河里游泳。我们的老师和父母总是警告我们不要在河里游泳。这太危险了。

考查动词不定式的否定形式。警告某人不要做某事warn sb. not to do sthwarn sb. against doing sth,结合选项,可知用warn us not to swim in the river “警告我们不要在河里游泳,故选C

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难度:中等
知识点:动词和动词短语
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7.

Although the man is in his eighties, he grows vegetables ________ in his garden.

Ain public                Bin person                Cin silence                Din fact

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:虽然这个人已经80多岁了,但他还是亲自在自己的花园里种菜。
考查介词短语。in public公开地,当众;in person亲自;in silence沉默地;in fact事实上。根据题干中“Although the man is in his eighties”可知这个人已经80岁了,句子前后是让步关系,由此可推出是说亲自在花园里种菜,用in person符合题意。故选B

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知识点:介词和介词短语
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8.

—What do you usually do in your spare time?

—I often go to our community library. It ________ for two years in order to encourage us to read more.

Aopens                     Bhas opened             Chas been opened      Dhas been open

【答案】

D

【解析】

句意:——你在空余时间通常做什么?——我经常去社区图书馆。为了鼓励我们阅读更多,它已经开两年了。

考查现在完成时态。opens动词的一般现在时的第三人称单数;has opened已经打开;has been opened已经被打开;has been open现在完成时,形容词作表语,表示一直开着。根据for two years此处表示的是从过去开始,一直延续的动作。open是非延续性动词,此处用形容词形式be open表示状态,可以延续。现在完成时用has been open。故选D

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知识点:句子的分类
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9.

The Tokyo Olympics will be ________ because of the disease around the world.

Aput up                    Bput off                   Cput on                    Dput away

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:东京奥运会将因为全球流行病而被推迟。

考查动词短语。A. put up挂起、张贴;B. put off推迟;C. put on穿、戴;D. put away……收起。根据后半句because of the disease around the world可知,东京奥运会将因为全球流行病而被推迟。B选项符合句意,故选B

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知识点:动词和动词短语
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10.

—I'm always a little nervous when I answer questions in class.

—________. Believe in yourself!

AThat's right             BTake it easy             CTake it seriously      DHave a point

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:——当我在班上回答问题时,我总是有一点紧张。——放松点,相信你自己。

考查情景交际。that’s right那是对的;take it easy放松点;take it seriously认真对待;have a point很有道理。根据I'm always a little nervous以及“Believe in yourself”可知此处在让他放松,并鼓励他,用take it easy。故选B

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11.

—Whose textbook is it? Is it Jenny's?

—No, it ________ be Jenny's. Look, Helen's name is on the cover. I think it ________ be Helen's.

Acan't; must              Bmustn't; must          Ccan't; may              Dmustn't; may

【答案】

A

【解析】

句意:——这是谁的教科书?是珍妮的么?——不是,他不可能是珍妮的。封面上是海伦的名字,我认为一定是海伦的。

考查情态动词。can’t不可能;must必须,一定;mustn’t禁止;may可能。根据No可知第一空表示的是否定的推测,用can’t表示不可能。根据“Look, Helen's name is on the cover”封面上有海伦的名字,可知第二空是肯定的推测,用must be表示一定是。故选A

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知识点:情态动词
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12.

—She's never heard of Abing, ________ she?

—________. She said that his piece, Erquan Yingyue was her favorite music.

Ais; Yes, she is          Bhas; Yes, she has      Chasn't; No, she hasn't Disn't; No, she isn't

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:——她从没听说过阿炳,是吗?——不,她听说过。她说他的作品《二泉映月》是她最喜欢的音乐。
考查反意疑问句。反意疑问句要做到前否后肯前肯后否,根据题干中“never”意为从不,从未,表否定含义,可知疑问部分要用肯定形式,再由问句中“She's never heard of”可知句子用现在完成时,第一空用助动词has;根据答句中“She said that his piece, Erquan Yingyue was her favorite music.”可知她听说过阿炳,反意疑问句根据实际情况作答,此处用肯定回答Yes, she has.表示不,她听说过。故选B

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知识点:反义疑问句
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13.

—Mr. White, when shall I hand in my report?

—As soon as it ________ tomorrow.

Afinishes                  Bwill finish               Cwill be finished       Dis finished

【答案】

D

【解析】

句意:——怀特先生,我什么时候交报告?——明天一完成就交。
考查一般现在时的被动语态。finish完成。finishes动词的第三人称单数形式;will finish一般将来时;will be finished一般将来时的被动语态;is finished一般现在时的被动语态。as soon as意为…………,引导时间状语从句,遵循主将从现原则,句中为避免重复省略了主句,从句用一般现在时;主语it与动词finish之间是动宾关系,要用一般现在时的被动语态,其结构为am/is/are doneD项符合题意。故选D

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知识点:被动语态
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14.

—What did our English teacher say to you just now?

—He asked me ________.

Awhy I am sad                                             Bif had I done my homework

Cwhen did I do my homework                       Dhow I planned to go on vacation

【答案】

D

【解析】

句意:——刚才我们英语老师和你说什么?——他问我______

考查宾语从句。asked me后面是宾语从句,用陈述句的语序,即从句引导词+主语+谓语动词,BC选项的语序错误,排除BC。根据“asked”可知主句是一般过去时态,从句时态要一致,用一般过去时态。A选项am是一般现在时,时态不符合,排除AD选项How I planned to go on vacation我怎样计划去度假,语序和时态正确。故选D

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知识点:宾语从句
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15.

I will remember the important people in my life ________ helped and supported me.

Awho                       Bwhich                     Cwhat                      Dhow

【答案】

A

【解析】

句意:我将记住我生命中那些帮助和支持过我的重要的人们。
考查关系代词。
who先行词为人;which先行词为物;what不引导定语从句;how在从句中充当方式状语。此处引导定语从句修饰先行词people,是人,应该用who引导,故选A

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二、完型填空(共1题)
1.

  He has millions of students from all over the world. They listen to his classes online. They    16    see his face on the screen. Salman Khan, 42, from the US, is the founder(创始人)of the learning website Khan Academy.

Unlike other online courses that film teachers    17    classes, Khan's videos only use his voice and a digital blackboard for writing. He says he doesn't want a human face to distract(使分心)students. Khan also makes his classes    18    10 to 15 minutes so that students won't lose interest. They can also get scores from taking classes.

The courses are translated into more than 36 different languages    19    Chinese. About 80 teachers from the world's top universities are now also teaching on the website. But all this started nine years ago with just one man-Khan. These kinds of special courses make Khan Academy one of the world's    20    online education websites.

In 2006, Khan made homemade videos to help his    21    grade cousin with math. He posted the videos online and got thousands of views. This encouraged him to make more videos and create his own website Khan Academy.

Khan understands that many kids, especially those in developing countries, cannot get a good education. He has three degrees from universities. He wants to use his    22    to help more people. Thus, his courses are all offered for free. "Our task is to    23    a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere," he said.

Khan's website has    24    become very popular worldwide but won a lot of respect(尊重). Even Bill Gates, the founder of Micros of, is one of his fans. Gates    25    over $1.5 million to support Khan and named him "the teacher to the world".

16Aalways            Busually                   Cnever                     Dsometimes

17Ato give            Bgiving                    Cgive                       Dgave

18Aas long as        Bas much as              Cas short as              Das soon as

19Aincluding        Bwith                       Cas                          Dbeside

20Aleast popular    Bmore popular          Cpopular                  Dmost popular

21Anine                Bnineth                    Cninth                      Dthe ninth

22Aknowledge      Bfame                      Ccourage                  Dvalue

23Agive                Boffer                      Cprovide                  Dpay

24Aever                Balready                   Cnot                        Dnot only

25Agave out          Bgave off                 Cgave up                  Dgave away

【答案】

16A

17B

18C

19A

20D

21C

22A

23C

24D

25D

【解析】

这是一篇记叙文,文章主要讲述可汗在网站上只使用他的声音和一个电子黑板来写字,发只有1015分钟那么短的视频来教学。这些视频被翻译成各种语言,他的学生遍及世界各地,使得可汗学院成为世界上最受欢迎的在线教育网站之一。他用他的知识来帮助更多的人,使得他的网站受欢迎,而且赢得了很多尊重。

16句意:他们总是在屏幕上看到他的脸。

always总是;usually通常;never绝不;sometimes有时。根据He has millions of students from all over the world. They listen to his classes online可知此处用频度副词always表示总是。故选A

17句意:不像其他的在线课程拍摄老师上课,可汗的视频只使用他的声音和一个电子黑板来写字。

to give动词不定式;giving动名词;give动词原形;gave动词的过去式。此处film是动词表示拍摄,表示拍摄老师正在上课用动名词giving 做宾语补足语。故选B

18句意:可汗也让他的课只有1015分钟那么短,以便学生不会失去兴趣。

as long as只要;as much as多达;as short as……那么短;as soon as…………。根据10 to 15 minutes so that students won't lose interest.可知此处表示时间短,用as short as。故选C

19句意:这些课程被翻译成超过36种不同的语言,包括汉语。

including包括;with和;as像;beside在旁边。此处表示汉语包括在36 different languages 里面,用介词including。故选A

20句意:这些特别种类的课程使得可汗学院成为世界上最受欢迎的在线教育网站之一。

least popular最不受欢迎;more popular更受欢迎;popular受欢迎的;most popular最受欢迎。此处用one of+最高级+复数名词表示……之一,此处表达的是最受欢迎的most popular。故选D

21句意:在2006年,可汗制作自制的视频来帮助他的九年级的表弟学数学。

nine九个;nineth拼写错误;ninth第九个;the ninththe+序数词的结构,表示第九。根据单数名词grade可知此处用序数词ninth表示顺序第九,此处有形容词性物主代词his,不需要用the。故选C

22句意:他想用他的知识来帮助更多的人。

knowledge知识;fame名气;courage勇气;value价值。根据前文He has three degrees from universities他有三个大学的学位,可知此处用名词knowledge。故选A

23句意:我们的任务是给任何地方的任何人提供一个免费的世界级别的教育。

give给;offer主动提供;provide提供;pay付款。此处用动词短语provide sth. for sb.表示给某人提供某物;此处用动词provide。故选C

24句意:可汗的网站不仅已经变得非常受欢迎,而且赢得了很多尊重。

ever曾;already已经;not不;not only不仅。此处用not only…but also…表示不但……而且……”,此处用not only。故选D

25句意:盖茨捐赠了150万美元来支持可汗,并命名他为世界的老师

gave out分发;gave off发出(气体、热量、气味等);gave up放弃;gave away捐赠。根据over $1.5 million to support Khan可知此处用gave away表示捐赠。故选D

组卷:113次
难度:中等
知识点:著名人物
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三、阅读理解(共2题)
1.

Tu Youyou, pharmacologist, born in December 1930

Tu, winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize for the discovery of artemisinin, a kind of medicine used to fight against malaria (疟疾) has solved the problem of fighting against malaria and done a lot for scientific and technological inventions in traditional Chinese medicine and human health.

Zhang Fuqing,war hero, born in December 1924

Zhang served as a People’s Liberation (解放) Army soldier in the Liberation War and was twice given the name of War Hero. He volunteered in 1955 to work in Laifeng County, Hubei Province’s remotest county,so he could give his life to the poor in the mountainous region.

Wang Youde,desert fighter, born in September 1953

Wang led his partners to build over 600,000 mu of sand-fixation (固定) forest and managed to control nearly I million mu of quicksand, helpfully preventing the development of the Maowusu Desert. His work offered valuable experience to sand prevention and control in China.

Yuan Longping, agriculturalist, born in September 1930

Yuan, the Father of Hybrid Rice, was the first person in the world to develop a hybrid rice strain, and his research on higher rice yields (产量) helped provide a solution to worldwide hunger and starvation.

26Which of the following is Tu Youyou’s great achievement?

ADiscovering artemisinin.                             BServing the people in the poor region.

CPreventing and controlling sand.                  DDeveloping a hybrid rice strain.

27Who used to be a soldier and then worked in the poor region?

ATu Youyou             BZhang Fuqing         CWang Youde           DYuan Longping

28What is Wang Youde doing for our country?

AHe is doing a research on higher rice yields.

BHe is protecting the environment.

CHe is working on the inventions in human health.

DHe is trying to help poor people to be rich.

29Which is the right statement?

AZhang Fuqing is a desert fighter.

BTu Youyou is a war hero.

CWang Youde is the winner of the Nobel Prize.

DYuan Longping is the Father of Hybrid Rice.

30The passage may come from ________.

AA storybook.          BA novel.                 CA newspaper.          DScience fiction.

【答案】

26A

27B

28B

29D

30C

【解析】

文章用表格形式介绍了屠呦呦、张福清、王有德和袁隆平四位名人的主要成就和事迹。

26细节理解题。根据“Tu, winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize for the discovery of artemisinin”可知屠呦呦的成就是发现了青蒿素。故选A

27细节理解题。根据“Zhang served as a People’s Liberation Army soldier in the Liberation War and was twice given the name of War Hero. He volunteered in 1955 to work in Laifeng County, Hubei Province’s remotest county so he could give his life to the poor in the mountainous region.”可知张富清过去是战士,然后在贫困地区工作。故选B

28推理判断题。根据“Wang led his partners to build over 600,000 mu of sand-fixation (固定) forest and managed to control nearly I million mu of quicksand, helpfully preventing the development of the Maowusu Desert. His work offered valuable experience to sand prevention and control in China” 可知王有德主要的成绩是阻止和控制沙漠,即为国家做出的巨大贡献是保护环境。故选B

29推理判断题。根据Tu,winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize可知A选项表述错误;根据Zhang Fuqing, war hero 可知B选项表述错误;根据“Wang Youde,desert fighter” 可知C选项表述错误;根据“Yuan, the Father of Hybrid Rice”可知D选项表述正确。故选D

30推理判断题。a storybook故事书;a novel小说;a newspaper报纸;science fiction科幻。这篇文章主要介绍了屠呦呦、张福清、王有德和袁隆平四位名人的主要成就和事迹。可推断来自报纸。故选C

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2.

    When you think of the Arctic (北极), you imagine an icy land of pure white snow. Others imagine it as the last really clean place left on earth. We have polluted the deepest oceans with plastic rubbish. “And now”, CNN says, “It’s the Arctic’s turn.”

German scientists have recently found microplastics in Arctic snow. Microplastics are pieces of plastic smaller than 5 millimeters. Sadly, the scientists found 1800 pieces of microplastics per liter of (每升) snow.

How is plastic pollution reaching the Arctic? According to scientists, “It’s clear that most of the microplastics in the snow come from the air.” They fall off the plastic objects and are moved by the wind, just like dust. They mix with ice in the air and fall to the ground as snow. Finding these plastics in Arctic snow means that we may breathe them in.

Are they bad for us? Scientists cannot answer this question for now, according to the WHO. We do know that our bodies cannot take in “large” pieces of microplastics. However, if the plastics are small enough, they can find ways into our bodies and stay there for a long time, which can be bad for our health. What’s more, earlier studies have shown that microplastics may contribute to lung cancer risk.

Microplastics have also been found in rivers and oceans around the world. Earlier research has found that they flow over long distances and into our oceans, hurting ecosystems along the way. They start in our wastewater, then flow into rivers and out to the sea, where they are eaten by sea animals. If people then eat these animals, it means that we’re eating the plastic as well.

31We can learn from Paragraph 1 that________.

Athe Arctic is the last really clean place left on earth

Bthe Arctic is an icy land of pure white snow

Cthe Arctic is a beautiful icy land with clean air

D the Arctic has been polluted by plastic rubbish

32The underlined word “contribute” means “_______” in Chinese.

A增加  B捐献  C造成  D……原因之一

33Where do most of the microplastics in the snow come from?

AFrom water.            BFrom air.                CFrom wind.            DFrom food.

34Which of the following isn’t true?

AWe may breathe microplastics in Arctic.

BMicroplastics may cause lung cancer.

CWe don’t have to mind microplastics right now.

D Microplastics have hurt ecosystems.

35How does the writer end this passage?

ABy advising us to drink clean water.

BBy asking people not to eat sea animals.

CBy telling the seriousness of plastic pollution.

DBy showing the beauty of Arctic.

【答案】

31D

32A

33B

34C

35C

【解析】

本文是一篇说明文,介绍了如今出现了一种污染——微塑料。本文详细介绍了什么是微塑料以及它对人类和环境的危害。

31细节理解题。根据We have polluted the deepest oceans with plastic rubbish,可知北极已经被塑料垃圾所污染,故选D

32词义猜测题。划线词所在句句意为早期研究已表明微塑料可能________肺癌风险。结合备选项与常识可知,风险应该与增加或减少等词搭配,故选A

33细节理解题。根据It’s clear that most of the microplastics in the snow come from the air,可知雪中的微塑料来自于空气中,故选B

34细节理解题。根据Finding these plastics in Arctic snow means that we may breathe them in,可知我们可能会在北极呼吸到微塑料,A选项表述正确;根据earlier studies have shown that microplastics may contribute to lung cancer risk,可知微塑料可能会增加肺癌风险,B选项表述正确;根据Earlier research has found that they flow over long distances and into our oceans, hurting ecosystems along the way,可知微塑料也伤害了生态系统,D选项表述正确;根据文章内容,可知微塑料已经危及到我们的身体健康、危害到生态系统,我们应该要重视,而不是不在意,C选项表述错误,故选C

35细节理解题。根据If people then eat these animals, it means that we’re eating the plastic as well,可知结尾作者是在强调塑料污染的严重性,故选C

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四、未分类(共4题)
1.

 If you’re having a hard time getting along with your new teacher, going to class can be a bad time. But you really want to get good grades, what should you do? Here are some suggestions for you.

Talk to your teacher. A short discussion can clear up the clouds between two persons. Always be polite and show admiration. Express yourself bravely and show the ideas from your heart.

Ask your teacher how you can do well in class. Teachers have years of education and experience in the subjects they teach. Learning more about this fact helps make a good relationship between you and your teacher. Discussing the best ways to succeed in class shows your teacher you care about the class.

Learn to understand his teaching method. Sometimes, the reason why you don’t like your teacher is the way he runs the classroom. If you’re used to a very relaxing class, learning to develop in a strict environment is difficult. In fact, giving yourself time to accept this new style of teaching is possible.

Take part in activities with your teacher. Studies show that teachers would like to pay attention to you, if they feel you have something in common. Joining a club or taking part in other activities with your teacher creates common ground between you. And it makes you get on better with him in class more easily.

根据短文内容,完成下面表格(每小题不超过三个词)。

How to 36 your teacher

Suggestions

Talk to your teacher.

Always be polite and 37 your teacher.

Express yourself bravely and show the ideas from your heart.

Ask your teacher how 38 in class.

Learn more about the education and experience of the teacher.

Show your teacher you care about the class.

Learn to understand his teaching method.

Know different teachers have different styles.

It’s possible 39 yourself time to accept this new style of teaching.

Take part in activities with your teacher.

Make the teacher feel you have something 40. Join a club or take part in other activities.

【答案】

36get along with

37show admiration to

38to do well

39to give

40in common

【解析】

本文是一篇说明文,作者就如何与老师融洽相处给出了一些建议。

36根据原文If you’re having a hard time getting along with your new teacher, going to class can be a bad time可知,本文是一篇说明文,作者就如何与老师融洽相处给出了一些建议。故标题处应为如何与老师融洽相处,即How to get along with your teacher,故答案为get along with

37根据原文Always be polite and show admiration可知,要有礼貌,要(对老师)表现出钦佩之情。故此处说的是对老师要有礼貌,要表现出钦佩之情,即Always be polite and show admiration to your teacher,故答案为show admiration to

38根据原文Ask your teacher how you can do well in class可知,去问问你的老师你怎么样才能在课堂上表现出色。故此处说的是去问问你的老师你怎么样才能在课堂上表现出色,即Ask your teacher how to do well in class,故答案为to do well

39根据原文In fact, giving yourself time to accept this new style of teaching is possible可知,事实上,给自己一些时间接受这种新的教学方式是可行的。故此处说的是给自己时间接受这种新的教学方式是可行的,即It’s possible to give yourself time to accept this new style of teaching,故答案为to give

40根据原文Studies show that teachers would like to pay attention to you, if they feel you have something in common可知,研究表明,如果老师们觉得你们有共同点,他们会更愿意关注你。故此处说的是让老师觉得你们有共同点,即Make the teacher feel you have something in common,故答案为in common

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2.

The last satellite(卫星) of Beidou was sent up into space in __________(六月).

【答案】

June

【解析】

句意:北斗最后一颗卫星是在六月份发射升空的。

空格处所给中文提示为六月June作专有名词,意为六月,符合句意,故答案为June

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3.

I usually listen to some _________ (悦耳的) music to help me relax after a long week at work.

【答案】

sweet

【解析】

句意:在一周的长时间工作之后,我通常听一些悦耳的音乐来帮助我放松。

名词music前面用形容词修饰,此处用sweet 做定语修饰,表示悦耳的。故答案为sweet

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4.

(Li Lei is making a telephone call to Martin. an exchange student from England.

Li Lei: Hello! This is Li Lei speaking. May I speak to Martin?

Martin: Hello, Li Lei. This is Martin.55?

Li Lei: Pretty good! And the situations are getting better and better. The adults return to work and some students go back to school.

Martin: I’m glad to hear that.

Li Lei: What about you? What are you doing?

Martin: I’m writing a book about Chinese people fighting against the novel coronavirus (新冠病毒). I want to show the world Chinese people’s union, bravery and wisdom when they face the difficulty.

Li Lei: That’s a good idea.56?

Martin: In a month. By then, I want you to be its first reader.

Li Lei: All right. May you succeed!

Martin: 57.

Li Lei: You’re welcome.

【答案】

55How’s everything going?

56How soon can you finish it?

57Thank you.

【解析】

这个对话是李雷和Martin在打电话,Martin询问李雷中国最近的情况,并且他在写一本书,内容是关于中国人民对抗新冠病毒的,李雷祝福他能够成功。

55句意:——一切都好吗?——相当好!

根据情境,这句话在两人对话的开始,再由下面的回答Pretty good可知,这里应该是Martin对李雷的问候,故答案为How’s everything going?

56句意:——你多久能写完它?——一个月以后。

上文I’m writing a book about Chinese people fighting against the novel coronavirusMartin提到他在写一本书;再根据下面的回答In a month可知,这里李雷问他多久能够完成,疑问词应用How soon。故答案为How soon can you finish it?

57句意:——祝你成功!——谢谢你。——不客气。

上句话May you succeed是李雷对Martin的祝福,下句话用You’re welcome回答,因此这个空应该是Martin向李雷表示感谢。故答案为Thank you.

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五、任务型阅读(共1题)
1.

 This story is about Mrs. Jones, an 82-year-old lady. Although her life was hard, she was always nicely dressed every day. This morning Mrs Jones was moving to the nursing home. The nursing home was very busy. After hours of waiting, Mrs Jones still smiled sweetly when she was told that her room was ready.1在去她房间的路上,我告诉她房间是什么样子的。

Suddenly she said, “I love it!”

“But Mrs Jones, you haven’t seen the room yet!” I was surprised at her reply. She stopped and said, “Whether I like my room or not doesn’t depend on how the furniture is placed. (2) It depends on how I decide to think about the room. I have already decided to love the room before I actually see it.”

Then she continued, “I have a choice. I can spend the day in bed and consider how tiny my room is. Or I can just get out of bed and be thankful that I can still enjoy a new day. Each day is a gift. (3) I’ll enjoy my life and all the happy memories. I have stored them in my bank account (账户) before.”

Life is like a bank account. You can take out what you’ve put in. (4) If you have put a lot of happiness in your bank account, you can take out some of it when you feel sad.

Attitude (态度) is everything.

任务一:请将1处翻译成英文。

41

任务二:请写出2“It”指代的内容。

42

任务三:请将3处改为复合句。

43

任务四:请将4处翻译成中文。

44

任务五:(5)找出该文段的中心句。

45

【答案】

41On the way to her room. I told her what the room was like.

42Whether I like my room or not.

43I’ll enjoy my life and all the happy memories which/ that I have stored in my bank account before.

44如果你把很多快乐放在你的银行账户里,当你感到悲伤的时候,你可以取出一些。

45Attitude is everything.

【解析】

本文讲述的是一位八十二岁的老妇人琼斯夫人的故事。她的生活很艰难,但是她每天总是穿得漂漂亮亮的。还未见到养老院的房间时,她就说自己喜欢自己的房间。她说一个人可以躺在床上抱怨自己房间的狭小,也可以起床感激自己可以享受新的一天。态度决定一切。

41在去……的路上on the way to,她房间her room;我I;告诉tell;房间the room,上文已经出现过的名词,再次出现前面要用定冠词the;是什么样子的what…be like;整理之后可以看出,这里是一个含有宾语从句的主从复合句,而前句用的是过去时,所以这里也用过去时,动词应该是toldwas,故答案为On the way to her room. I told her what the room was like.

42根据文中“Whether I like my room or not doesn’t depend on how the furniture is placed. (2) It depends on how I decide to think about the room. 我是否喜欢我的房间并不取决于家具的摆放方式。这取决于我对房间的看法。可知,所以这里的it应该指的是是否喜欢我的房间这件事情,故答案为Whether I like my room or not.

43根据文中I’ll enjoy my life and all the happy memories. I have stored them in my bank account (账户) before.句子结构分析可知,第二句中的them指代的是前句中的the happy memories,所以这里可以转换成一个定语从句,先行词就是the happy memories,且在从句中作宾语,所以关系词应该用which/ that,故答案为I’ll enjoy my life and all the happy memories which/ that I have stored in my bank account (账户) before.

44If如果,条件状语从句的连词;you你,人称代词主格,在句中做主语;have put放,现在完成时;a lot of happiness很多幸福;in your bank account在你的银行账户;you你;can能够;take out取出;some of it它的一些;when……时,时间状语从句的连词;you你;feel sad感到伤心;整理之后可以看出,这里是一个含有条件状语从句的复合句,且主句中又含有一个时间状语从句,故答案为:如果你把很多快乐放在你的银行账户里,当你感到悲伤的时候,你可以取出一些。

45根据整个文章的理解可知,主要是通过一位82岁的老太太对疗养院房间的很好的态度告诉我们生活中态度决定一切,所以文章的主题应该是态度决定一切,故答案为Attitude is everything.

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六、完成句子(共7题)
1.

The storybook can _______ (not take) out of the reading room.

【答案】

not be taken

【解析】

句意:这本故事书不能带出阅览室。
空前有情态动词cannot放在can后表示否定;题干中主语“The storybook”与动词take之间是动宾关系,此处要用被动语态,其结构为be done,情态动词can后用be动词原形,take的过去分词是taken。故答案为not be taken

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2.

I was watching TV while my parents _______ (chat) on the Wechat.

【答案】

were chatting

【解析】

句意:当我的父母在微信上聊天时,我在看电视。
根据题干可知此处是while引导的时间状语从句,表示一个动作正在进行时,另一个动作也正在进行,从句与主句时态保持一致,用过去进行时,其结构为was/were doing;主语“my parents”是复数,be动词用werechat的现在分词是chatting。故答案为were chatting

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知识点:介词和介词短语
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3.

To keep healthy, we should pay attention to ______ (wear) masks and washing hands.

【答案】

wearing

【解析】

句意:为了保持健康,我们应该注意戴口罩和洗手。
考查非谓语动词。pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事,空前to是介词,其后用动名词作宾语。wear的动名词形式是wearing。故答案为wearing

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4.

The CD player will go wrong if you use it ________(care).

【答案】

carelessly

【解析】

句意:如果你不能小心地使用这台CD播放机,它会出毛病的。

空格处所给参考单词为care。根据句意及句子结构,空格处应填入意为粗心地副词,修饰动词usecarelessly作副词,意为粗心地,符合句意,故答案为carelessly

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5.

How fast Ezhou develops! It becomes one of ______ (live) cities.

【答案】

the most lively

【解析】

句意:鄂州发展得好快!它变成最有活力的城市之一。

此处表达……之一“one of +最高级+复数名词的结构。此处用live的形容词变化lively表示充满活力的lively是多音节的单词,最高级形式是the most lively。故答案为the most lively

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6.

Kobe passed away accidentally. He read the news in _______ (believe) over and over again.

【答案】

disbelief

【解析】

句意:科比偶然去世。他不相信地一次又一次地读这条新闻。

此处用短语in disbelief表示不相信。用believe的名词形式disbelief。故答案为disbelief

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7.

Our government did a lot of things to improve the ________(village) living conditions.

【答案】

villagers’

【解析】

句意:我们的政府做了很多事情来改善村民的生活条件。

空格处所给参考单词为village。根据句意及句子结构,空格处应填入意为村民的名词所有格,villager意为村民,根据语境可知,此处指的是许多村民的生活条件,故应用名词villager复数的所有格形式,即villagers’,故答案为villagers’

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七、作文(共1题)
1.

 你的偶像是谁?你崇拜谁?下表是腾飞中学一些学生的回答,假如你是该校的一位学生,请根据下表的文字提示,谈谈你校同学的偶像观,并适当发表自己的观点。写一篇英语短文。

过去的偶像:歌星、影视明星

1.明星有酷的发型和服饰,他们很时尚;

2.他们有天赋,会表演有趣的节目;

3.他们的表演让人放松,让我们的生活丰富多彩。

如今的偶像:科学家、医护人员等

1.科学家发明高科技产品来保卫国家安全,提高人们的生活水平;

2.医生和护士拯救人们的生命,帮助人们摆脱痛苦,恢复健康;

3.当国家和人民处于困境时,他们用智慧,勇气、辛勤的工作来帮助人们。

你的观点

那些在危难中帮助我们的人们更值得我们尊重和崇拜,作为学生的我们……

要求:1.80-100词。(开头的首句已给出,不计算在词数内)

2.文中不能出现自己的姓名和所在学校的名称及其它相关信息,否则,不予评分。

参考词汇:idol 偶像   fashionable时尚的  wisdom 智慧   respect  尊重

Last week, our school did a survey about “Who is your idol?”. Here are our answers. In the past, we_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【答案】

Last week, our school did a survey about “Who is your idol?”. Here are our answers.

In the past, we thought singers and movie stars were our idols. They always have cool hairs and clothes. They are fashionable. Also, they are talented and can put on funny shows. Their performances are so relaxing that it makes our life colorful. But now we think scientists and medical workers are our idols. Scientists invent high-tech products to protect national security and improve people’s living standard. Doctors and nurses save people’s lives and help them get out of pain and back to health. When our country and people are in trouble, they help people with wisdom, courage and hard work.

In my opinion, those who help us when we are in need deserve our respect and admiration. As students, we should learn from them and study hard to be a useful person to the country and society.

【解析】

题干解读:这篇短文要求学生们根据题目中给出的表格,谈一谈学生们的偶像观,并发表自己的看法。审题可知,这篇短文的主要内容应包括三个方面:首先是同学们过去所崇拜的偶像;然后介绍现在同学们的偶像;最后发表自己的看法。表格中有非常详细的内容提示,这些也是学生们组织文章内容的依据和提纲,注意要将表格中所有内容都包括在内,可以适当拓展,补充一些细节,但不能遗漏要点。短文应以第一人称、一般现在时和一般过去时为主来叙述。

例文点评:这是一篇优秀的作文。首先短文内容丰富、完整,结构清晰。短文采取三段式结构,每段的主题都非常明确。理由充分、合理。其次短文中使用了正确的时态和人称,语法规范,用词准确。句式结构完整,符合英语的表达习惯。短文中用到了简单句、并列句、状语从句、定语从句、非谓语动词等多种句式和结构,表达流畅,意思连贯。

高分亮点:

短语:put onget out ofin troublein needin my opinion

句型:Their performances are so relaxing that it makes our life colorful.Scientists invent high-tech products to protect national security and improve people’s living standard.When our country and people are in trouble, they help people with wisdom, courage and hard work.In my opinion, those who help us when we are in need deserve our respect and admiration.

组卷:191次
难度:偏难
知识点:热点话题
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试题总数:
31
总体难度:
中等
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
选择题
15
48.38%
完型填空
1
3.22%
阅读理解
2
6.45%
未分类
4
12.90%
任务型阅读
1
3.22%
完成句子
7
22.58%
作文
1
3.22%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
名词
3
9.67%
物主代词
1
3.22%
感叹句
2
6.45%
数词
1
3.22%
形容词比较级
1
3.22%
动词和动词短语
2
6.45%
介词和介词短语
2
6.45%
句子的分类
1
3.22%
情景交际
2
6.45%
情态动词
1
3.22%
反义疑问句
1
3.22%
被动语态
2
6.45%
宾语从句
2
6.45%
著名人物
2
6.45%
热点话题
2
6.45%
方法与哲理
2
6.45%
单词拼写
1
3.22%
形容词的用法
1
3.22%
状语从句
1
3.22%
形容词最高级
1
3.22%
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