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江西省南昌市青山湖区义坊学校2020年中考模拟英语试题(新冠肺炎专题)含答案解析
年级:初中
难度:偏难
更新时间:2020-11-24
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一、选择题(共8题)
1.

—What do you think of Academician(院士) Li Lanjuan?

— She looks very serious________actually she is very kind and modest.

Aif                          Bunless                     Cbecause                  Dbut

【答案】

D

【解析】

句意:——你觉得李兰娟院士怎么样?——她看起来很严肃但是事实上她很和蔼和谦虚。

考查连词词义辨析。if如果;unless除非;because因为;but但是。根据句意表示转折关系,但是她很和蔼和谦虚。故选D

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知识点:并列连词辨析
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2.

Being a doctor ________ time and effort, so we should be patient and try our best.

Arequires                 Breduces                   Cremoves                 Drepeats

【答案】

A

【解析】

句意:作为一个医生需要时间和努力,所以我们应该有耐心并且尽我们最大的努力。

考查动词词义辨析。requires需要;reduces减少;removes除掉,搬开;repeats重复。根据句意表示作为一个医生需要时间和努力。故选A

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知识点:动词和动词短语
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3.

—Excuse me, is there a bottle of 84 disinfector(消毒剂) at the moment?

— I’m not sure, but just a moment. I ________ it for you.

Acheck                     Bwas checking          Cwill check              Dhave checked

【答案】

C

【解析】

句意:——打扰下,请问现在有一瓶84消毒剂么?——我不确定,请稍等,我将为你核查下。

考查动词时态。根据句意稍等下,我将会为你核查下。可知,是一般将来时,结构:will+动词原形。故选C

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4.

I’m lucky enough to have a(n) ________ to work as a volunteer in Wuhan.

Aadvice                    Bbusiness                  Cchance                   Dsecret

【答案】

C

【解析】

句意:我很幸运有机会作为一个志愿者在武汉工作。

考查名词词义辨析。advice建议;business商业,交易;chance机会;secret秘密。根据句意表示有机会在武汉工作,固定搭配have a chance to do sth.有机会做某事。可知,是机会的意思。故选C

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5.

The first seriously-ill patient in Jiangxi recovered from NCP(新冠肺炎). Many doctors and nurses cheered it on ________ and we felt more confident.

Aslowly                   Bloudly                    Cnearly                    Dexactly

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:江西省首例重症病人从新型冠状病毒感染中康复。很多医生和护士高声欢呼,我们觉得更有自信了。

考查副词词义辨析。slowly缓慢地;loudly    高声地,大声地;nearly几乎,差不多;exactly准确地。根据句意医生护士高声欢呼,说明很开心。可知,是高声地。故选B

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6.

— Look! Your mother is over there!

— No, it can’t be her. She ________ to Hubei Province for a month.

Ahas gone                Bhas been                 Cwill go                   Dwent

【答案】

A

【解析】

句意:——看,你妈妈在那边!——不,那不可能是她。她已经去湖北省一个月了。

考查时态的用法。一个月了for+一段时间说明是现在完成时态,表示已经去湖北省了,结构:have/has+动词过去分词,故排除CDhas gone已经去了,人还没回来;has been已经去了,人已经回来了,联系句意,可知还没回。故选A

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7.

— Jane, do you like eating hot-dry noodles?

— Yes, it’s my favorite. Nothing can be ________, I think.

Adelicious                Bmore delicious        Cless delicious          Dthe most delicious

【答案】

B

【解析】

句意:——Jane,你喜欢吃热干面么?——是的,那是我的最爱。没有东西比它更美味了,我想。

考查形容词比较级。delicious美味的,原级;more delicious更美味的;less delicious更不美味的;the most delicious最美味的。根据句意,没有东西比它更美味,用比较级,排除AD;再联系上文,这是我的最爱,可知是更美味的意思。故选B

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8.

A new mobile cabin hospital(方舱医院) ________ next time you come here.

Ais completed           Bwas completed        Ccompleted              Dwill be completed

【答案】

D

【解析】

句意:下次你来这的时候,一个新的可移动方舱医院将会完工。

考查被动语态。根据句意,方舱医院和完成complete之间是被动关系,所以用被动语态,结构:be动词+动词过去分词,排除C;再根据时间next time是一般将来时。故选D

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二、完型填空(共1题)
1.

Isaac Newton once said, “Nature is no fool.” Indeed, Mother Nature can    9    almost everything humans need if we follow her    10   . But if we break them, she is likely to be    11    and attack us.

The outbreak of NCP in China and some other countries at the beginning of this year is an example. According to Xinhua News Agency, the novel coronavirus(新冠病毒) is    12    to a virus found in a bat in 2017 and probably has an intermediate host(中间宿主). It’s believed that the virus    13    from Huanan Seafood Market, where live    14    animals were sold.

The Wall Street Journal reported that Dr. Peter Daszak said, “This outbreak is a lesson for us. On a global scale(规模), human population density(密度), wildlife diversity(多样性), and land use change are what    15    new disease.”

In ancient times, people needed to rely on nature to survive    16    they held it in awe(敬畏). For example, the American Indians believed that humans are a part of nature and nature is a part of humans. Chinese ancients always pursued(追求) the    17    between nature and humans.

However, as humans    18    more knowledge and make more advanced tools, people try to change and even conquer nature.    19    use more land to make buildings, catch some wild and rare animals to meet their own needs. In this    20   , humans    21    lose contact with nature and even throw it out of balance. Moreover, cutting a large number of forests means carbon dioxide must build up in the atmosphere and it    22    to global warming.

Although we don’t know for sure what first caused the NCP    23   , experts said it’s time for people to “reflect on our relationship with our planet” and “reconnect with this world and everything that we’ve been given”. After all, according to US poet Gary Snyder, “Nature is not the place you visit. It’s our home.”

9Aproduce            Bprevent                   Cprovide                  Dprepare

10Asuggestions      Brules                      Clies                        Dsteps

11Acareful            Bkind                       Ccruel                      Dgentle

12Asimilar            Bdifferent                 Csame                      Dimportant

13Adescribed        Boriginated               Ccollected                Dfound

14Awild               Bcute                       Cstrong                    Dweak

15Acure                Btreat                       Cnotice                    Dcause

16Aand                 Bbecause                  Cso                          Dor

17Arelationship     Bsituation                 Cattention                 Dbalance

18Atalk                Bmaster                    Cremind                   Dattract

19AHe                  BThey                      CYou                       DWe

20Acondition        Bsituation                 Cprocess                   Dprogress

21Agradually        Bfinally                    Cquickly                  Dproperly

22Aaffords            Bleads                      Ctries                       Dsticks

23Aend                 Bstop                       Cstart                       Doutbreak

【答案】

9C

10B

11C

12A

13B

14A

15D

16C

17D

18B

19B

20C

21A

22B

23D

【解析】

本文是一篇说明文,主要通过新型冠状病毒的爆发来反思人与自然的关系,人类由以前的敬畏自然到破坏自然,结果遭到了自然的报复。作者呼吁大家重建人与自然的关系,保护自然,保护人与自然的和谐。

9句意:确实,自然妈妈几乎能够提供人们需要的每一件东西,如果我们遵守她的规则。

produce生产;prevent预防;provide提供;prepare准备。根据句意,自然能提供给人们东西。可知,是提供的意思。故选C

10句意:确实,自然妈妈几乎能够提供人们需要的每一件东西,如果我们遵守她的规则。

suggestions建议;rules规则;lies谎言;steps步数。根据句意,表示遵守大自然的规则,固定短语follow the rules遵守规则。故选B

11句意:但是如果我们打破了规则,她很可能会残忍的并且袭击我们。

careful小心的;kind友好的;cruel残酷的,无情的;gentle温和的。联系上文Mother Nature can ___1___ almost everything humans need if we follow her ___2___.如果我们遵守规则,自然会给予我们想要的一切,但是如果打破规则,自然就会变得无情,残忍。可知,是残忍的意思。故选C

12句意:通过新华社消息,新型冠状病毒和2017年在一个蝙蝠上找到的病毒很相似,而且很可能有中间宿主。

similar相似;different不同的;same相同的;important重要的。根据句意表示相似的病毒,固定搭配be similar to……相似。故选A

13句意:人们相信,这个病毒起源于华南生鲜市场,那里出售活的野生动物。

described描述;originated起源于;collected收集;found找到。根据句意表示起源于华南生鲜市场。故选B

14句意:人们相信,这个病毒起源于华南生鲜市场,那里出售活的野生动物。

wild野生的;cute可爱的;strong强壮的;weak虚弱的。联系上文the novel coronavirus(新冠病毒) is ___4___ to a virus found in a bat in 2017 and probably has an intermediate host(中间宿主).病毒起源于野生动物,可知是野生的意思。故选A

15句意:全球规模,人口的密集,野生生物的多样性和土地使用的改变引发了新的疾病。

cure治疗;treat对待;notice注意;cause引起。根据句意,全球规模,人口的密集,野生生物的多样性等这些原因引发了新的疾病。可知,是引发的意思。故选D

16句意:古时候,人们需要依赖自然得以生存所以他们对自然持有敬畏之心。

and而且;because因为;so所以;or或者,否则。根据句意因为要依赖自然,所以对自然很敬畏。可知,是所以的意思。故选C

17句意:中国古人一直追求人与自然的平衡。

relationship关系;situation情况;attention注意;balance平衡。联系下文In this ___12___, humans ___13___ lose contact with nature and even throw it out of balance.可知,是平衡的意思。故选D

18句意:然而,因为人类精通了更多的知识,制造了更先进的工具,人类开始改变甚至征服自然。

talk交流;master精通;remind保留;attract吸引。根据句意表示精通更多的知识。故选B

19句意:他们用更多的土地来建建筑物,捕获更多的稀有野生动物来满足自己的需要。

He他;They他们;You你;We我们。根据句意,代指人类;再联系句中的their可知是they。故选B

20句意:在这个过程中,人类逐渐失去了和自然的联系甚至失去了平衡。

condition条件;situation形势,情况;process过程;progress进步。联系上文___11___ use more land to make buildings, catch some wild and rare animals to meet their own needs.可知,是在这个破坏自然的过程中。故选C

21句意:在这种过程中,人类逐渐失去了和自然的联系甚至失去了平衡。

gradually逐渐地;finally最后;quickly快速地;properly正确地。根据句意,指人类慢慢地,逐渐地和自然失去了联系。故选A

22句意:此外,砍伐大量的森林意味着二氧化碳必须在大气中积聚,从而导致了全球变暖。

affords付得起;leads带领,导致;tries尝试;sticks插入。根据句意表示导致了全球变暖,lead to导致。故选B

23句意:虽然我们不确定什么首先引起了新型冠状病毒的爆发。

end结束;stop停止;start开始;outbreak爆发。根据句意引起新型冠状病毒的爆发。故选D

组卷:108次
难度:中等
知识点:自然
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三、未分类(共2题)
1.

spent  final   this   even  still  cough   mask  crowded  fight   team

As the saying goes, “A hero is known in the time of misfortune(不幸)”. Zhong Nanshan is a hero like 24. He is a doctor in Guangdong, who saved many people’s lives in 2003.

In 2003, SARS broke out in Guangdong. Later, it spread across China and other parts of the world. Patients 25 a lot and got fevers. Hundreds of patients 26 died from the disease. Even many doctors and nurses got SARS when they treated patients. So everyone was afraid of it. But Zhong was brave enough 27 the disease. Zhong 28 days and nights finding the cause of the disease. And with his way of treating, many patients began to get better. Zhong 29 won people’s trust.

In early 2020, a disease called NCP hit Wuhan. It spread quickly. Around tens of thousands of Chinese people were infected(感染). Zhong, 84, led his 30 to Wuhan to fight the illness. Zhong’s team took many measures to cure the patients with NCP. He advised people to wear 31, wash hands frequently(频繁地), stay at home and not to go to 32 places.

Zhong likes sports very much. When he was 67, he could still play basketball. Now at the age of 84, Zhong 33 treats patients in the hospital and teaches young doctors. “I am just a doctor.” Zhong says. But we think he is a hero and a fighter.

【答案】

24this

25coughed

26even

27to fight

28spent

29finally

30team

31masks

32crowded

33still

【解析】

本文是一篇记叙文,主要介绍了钟南山院士如何在2003年抗击非典,现在又带领他的团队与新型冠状病毒作斗争,他是时代的英雄。

24句意:钟南山就是像这样的一个英雄。

根据句意,指上文的A hero is known in the time of misfortune(不幸)这样的一个英雄。故答案填this

25句意:病人咳嗽得厉害而且发烧。

一般过去时。根据句意,指病人咳嗽和发烧,动词cough要用过去式。故答案填coughed

26句意:成百上千的病人甚至死于这样的疾病。

联系下文Even many doctors and nurses got SARS when they treated patients.甚至医生也感染了,可知疾病的严重性,所以用even甚至。故答案填even

27句意:但是钟南山有足够的勇敢去对抗这个疾病。

根据句意表示和疾病做斗争,动词用fight;固定搭配,足够勇敢做……brave enough to do sth.后跟动词不定式形式。故答案填to fight

28句意:钟日夜不停地寻找疾病的起因。

一般过去时态。根据句意,表示花费白天和晚上的时间寻找病因,sb. spend some time doing sth.。故答案填spent

29句意:钟最后赢得了人们的信任。

根据句意表示最后,副词修饰整个句子,形容词final要加后缀ly变成副词finally。故答案填finally

30句意:钟,84岁,带领他的团队去武汉与疾病做斗争。

句子成分分析,his后缺少名词;联系下文Zhong’s team took many measures to cure the patients with NCP.可知是团队team。故答案填team

31句意:他建议人们带口罩,勤洗手,待在家,不要去人口密集地方。

根据句意表示口罩,mask可数名词用复数形式。故答案填masks

32句意:他建议人们带口罩,勤洗手,待在家,不要去人口密集地方。

句子成分分析,缺少形容词修饰place;根据句意表示密集的。故答案填crowded

33句意:现在,84岁的钟南山仍然在医院看病人和教年轻医生。

根据句意钟南山虽然84岁高龄了,但是仍然坚持给病人看病。可知,是仍然的意思。故答案填still

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2.

  Since last December, an outbreak of NCP, or COVID-19 as named by WHO, first broke out in Wuhan, Hubei province. It later became a national epidemic and even spread to other parts of the world. 49

Speaking at an inspection(调研) of epidemic prevention and control work in Beijing on Feb 10, Xi said the Party, the armed forces and the people of all ethnic(民族的) groups stand together with Hubei and Wuhan, the center of the outbreak.

50Wuhan had built 11 mobile cabin hospitals by Feb 7, which can offer thousands of beds to treat patients, China Daily reported. As of Feb 11, over 10,000 medical workers from outside the province had been sent to Hubei. 51

On Feb 5, President Xi Jinping held a meeting in Beijing. Xi stressed the utmost importance of carrying out this work in a law-based and orderly manner. 52 Infected areas are being locked down. Large public gatherings are being discouraged.

53 These crimes include attacking medical workers, increasing the price of medical supplies such as masks and disposable gloves, and spreading rumors(谣言).

China has full confidence and capability to win the battle against the outbreak of NCP, Xi said.

ASo, Chinese government has paid great attention to the spread of the disease and made efforts to fight it.

BPresident Xi Jinping inspects NCP prevention and control work in Beijing.

CBy Feb 10, a total of 160,000 tons of daily necessities had been sent to Hubei.

DXi pointed out that epidemic prevention and control needs not only medical efforts, but also social efforts.

E.Xi also called for punishing those who commit crimes that make epidemic prevention and control more difficult.

F.For example, persons and organizations should report both confirmed and suspected cases to hospitals or control centers.

G.Nothing matters more than people’s safety and health.

【答案】

49A

50D

51C

52F

53E

【解析】

本文是一篇说明文,主要讲述了疫情期间中国人民团结一致,政府和社会采取一系列的措施援助湖北,保护医护人员,共同抗击新型冠状病毒。

49联系上文It later became a national epidemic and even spread to other parts of the world.它后来成为一种全国性的流行病,甚至蔓延到世界其他地区。再联系下文Speaking at an inspection(调研) of epidemic prevention and control work in Beijing on Feb 10, Xi said the Party, 习主席在北京检查防疫和控制工作时说到。可知,空格句子是指疫情严重,中国政府高度重视并做了很多努力来抗击疫情。故选A

50联系下文Wuhan had built 11 mobile cabin hospitals by Feb 7, which can offer thousands of beds to treat patients,截至27日,武汉已建成11家移动客舱医院。可知,空格句子和武汉防疫的医疗方面的信息有关。选项D的意思是习近平指出,防疫和控制不仅需要医疗的努力,而且需要社会的努力。符合语境。故选D

51联系上文As of Feb 11, over 10,000 medical workers from outside the province had been sent to Hubei.211号,10000多个省外医护人员被送到湖北。可知,空格句子指社会对湖北的援助。选项中C的意思是截至210日,共有16万吨生活必需品运抵湖北。符合语境。故选C

52联系上文Xi stressed the utmost importance of carrying out this work in a law-based and orderly manner.习强调了开展这项工作的依法、有序的方式的至关重要性。再联系下文Infected areas are being locked down. Large public gatherings are being discouraged.受感染区域要封锁,不鼓励大型聚会活动。可知,空格句子是举例如何开展有序防疫工作。选项F的意思是例如,个人和组织应向医院或控制中心报告确诊和疑似病例。符合语境。故选F

53联系下文These crimes include attacking medical workers, increasing the price of medical supplies such as masks and disposable gloves, and spreading rumors(谣言).这些犯罪包括袭击医务人员,提高口罩和一次性手套等医疗用品的价格,以及散布谣言。可知,空格句子的意思是指打击这些犯罪。选项E的意思是习近平还呼吁惩罚那些使防疫和控制更加困难的犯罪。符合语境。故选E

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四、阅读理解(共4题)
1.

WONDERFUL EVENTS—HORSE RACING ALL YEAR ROUND

Races start at 3:00 p.m. every Sunday     City Sports Center

Lots of free parking space    Free presents

No children allowed         100 YEARS OF PICTURES

DANCE PARTY—CELEBRATE A SPECIAL DATE

Bringing Your Sweet Heart    SUNDAY NIGHT, COUNTRY CLUB

Live Band from 9:00 p.m. - 1:00 a.m.  Adult: $25   Child: $15

THEN AND NOW(Photo Show)

See the Nanchang History From 1900-2000  February 1st — April 30th

City Art Museum, 750 High Street  Tuesday to Sunday  10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

34How much should a couple with an 8-year-old child pay for the Dance Party?

A$25.                      B$40.                       C$65.                       D$55.

35What can not go to the horse racing?

AA single person.      BA couple.                CChildren.                DThe old.

36When can we join the photo show about Nanchang history?

A1:00 a.m. on Monday.                                 B4:00 p.m. on Friday.

C9:00 a.m. on Saturday.                                D10:00 p.m. on Sunday.

【答案】

34C

35C

36B

【解析】

这篇表格文章主要介绍了3个活动安排的事项,时间,地点等信息。

34细节理解题。根据第2个表格Adult: $25   Child: $15成人25美元,孩子15美元。可知,一对夫妻和孩子的价钱是25+25+15=65美元。故选C

35细节理解题。根据第1个表格No children allowed不允许孩子。可知,孩子不能去。故选C

36细节理解题。根据第3个表格Tuesday to Sunday  10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.南昌的图片展馆是从周二到周日的上午10点到下午5点。可知,故选B

【点睛】

表格阅读文章一般采用寻读的做题方法,根据题干的关键单词或者词句在文章对应的段落里找答案。如第1题,题干中问的是一对夫妻和孩子去舞会的价钱?快速定位到第2个表格中,找到关键词句Adult: $25   Child: $15便知道是总共是65美元,这样既能节省阅读时间,又可准确做题。

组卷:131次
难度:中等
知识点:文学
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2.

    You may be able to care for your physical health by wearing a mask, washing your hands and doing regular exercise during the coronavirus epidemic(疫情), but how do you treat your mental health? Millions of people are facing fear, anxiety and depression as lockdowns and quarantines(隔离期) continue.

As part of the government’s “first level response”, the NHC(国家卫健委) said more than 300 hot lines are now available throughout China. Callers can talk with counseling(咨询) services and people from university psychology(心理学) departments. Depending on your location, you can call one of these 24-hour hot lines for psychological support and general advice if you’re experiencing anxiety, depression or panic attacks, no matter whether you’re a patient, medical worker or just someone stuck at home.

A survey carried out by the Chinese Psychology Society found that of the 18,000 people tested for coronavirus-related anxiety, 42.6 percent were anxious. “A stable(稳定的) condition of mind can help reduce anger and anxiety, which is helpful for treatment. Providing psychological counseling and appropriate medicine, psychiatry(心理治疗) can play an important role in the battle against the epidemic,” said Chen Jun, an expert from the Shanghai Mental Health Center. A healthy mind supports a healthy body. Stress weakens the immune system, according to the American Psychological Association. Managing stress may help people fight off a virus.

In addition to hot lines, online platforms and social media have also offered support to those dealing with the mental stress of worrying about the virus. One virus-related topic, which translates as “how to deal with feeling very anxious at home” has been viewed by hundreds of millions of Sina Weibo users. KnowYourself, a public WeChat account, hopes to reduce panic attacks to those medical workers, patients and their families in Hubei Province.

“People are scared, so to have a voice that helps to make them calm down and kind of guide them through this process can be very helpful,” Paul Yin, a psychologist in Beijing, said.

37What can we learn about the counseling service from Paragraph 2?

AOnly patients and medical workers are offered the service.

BOver 300 hot lines are available in every city across China.

CIt’s aimed at people with coronavirus-related mental problems.

DSome university psychology departments offer face-to-face counseling.

38What is paragraph 3 mainly talking about?

AHow the novel coronavirus affects people mentally.

BWhy it is important to provide psychological support.

CHow people should manage anxiety and stress.

DWhat kinds of counseling are being offered.

39What does the underlined word “panic” refer to in the paragraph 4?

Apleasure                 Bepidemic                Cexcitement              Dfear

40What can we infer from Paul Yin’s words?

ACounseling services help people to stay positive.

BIt takes a long time to help people overcome their anxiety.

CIt is helpful for anxious people to talk with each other.

DScared people can do nothing but wait for people’s help.

【答案】

37C

38B

39D

40A

【解析】

本文是一篇说明文,主要讲述了疫情封锁期间,如何保持精神健康,文章中提到了电话热线,网络平台和社交媒体等不同方式。

37推理判断题。根据第2大段no matter whether you’re a patient, medical worker or just someone stuck at home.无论你是病人,医护人员还是被困在家里的人,可知,不仅仅只是病人和医护人员,故A错误;根据第2大段the NHC(国家卫健委) said more than 300 hot lines are now available throughout China.全中国有300多个热线可用,可知,不是每个城市有300多个,是全国总共300多个,故B错误;根据第2大段 you can call one of these 24-hour hot lines for psychological support and general advice if you’re experiencing anxiety, depression or panic attacks,如果你焦虑,抑郁或者恐惧都可以拔打热线,可知,目的是针对新型冠状病毒相关的精神疾病,故C正确;根据第2大段Depending on your location, you can call one of these 24-hour hot lines for psychological support and general advice电话热线不是面对面的交流,故D错误。故选C

38段落大意题。根据第3大段A stable(稳定的) condition of mind can help reduce anger and anxiety, which is helpful for treatment. Providing psychological counseling and appropriate medicine, psychiatry(心理治疗) can play an important role in the battle against the epidemic,稳定的情绪和精神能帮助人们战胜疾病。可知,本段主要讲述了提供心理支持的重要性和原因。故选B

39词义猜测题。根据第4大段KnowYourself, a public WeChat account, hopes to reduce panic attacks to those medical workers, patients and their families in Hubei Province.湖北省的一个微信公众平台KnowYourself希望能够减轻医护人员,病人和家人的紧张情绪。pleasure开心;epidemic流行的;excitement兴奋;fear害怕。根据句意指冠状病毒带来的紧张,恐惧心理。故选D

40细节理解题。根据第5大段People are scared, so to have a voice that helps to make them calm down and kind of guide them through this process can be very helpful人们会恐惧,所以有一个声音能帮助他们冷静下来并指导他们完成这个过程是很有用的。这个声音指咨询服务。可知,在说明咨询服务能帮助人们保持积极的心态。故选A

【点睛】

阅读理解题中判断句子的正误属于推理判断题,是英语试题中经常出现的题型,也是难题之一。4个选项要根据题干意思一一从原文中查找,有些是关键单词出错,有些是句子意思表达有误。此类判断题考查学生对文章句子的深层次理解能力。如第1题,A是程度词出错;B是地方范围出错;D是细节出错。所以句子正误题可以优先注意题干中的关键信息,如数字,地点,程度词等。

组卷:183次
难度:中等
知识点:方法与哲理
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3.

    Timely and transparent(透明的) information is important when dealing with epidemics. In the fight against the novel coronavirus, China has impressed the world with its fast response(应对), transparency and close cooperation(合作) with the international society.

After the epidemic broke out in China at the end of Dec. 2019, the NHC immediately sent an expert team to Wuhan, the center of the outbreak, for a deep investigation(调查). On Jan. 8, the novel coronavirus was first identified(确认) as the cause of the epidemic. Three days later, China established a daily reporting system, updating the public every day. Both the central and local-level governments held daily news conference, giving detailed numbers of new cases, deaths, patients in serious condition and recoveries.

At the same time, China has been sharing relevant information with the whole world in a transparent and responsible manner. Soon after China worked out the genome sequence(基因序列) of the new virus, it gave the results to the WHO(世卫组织) so that other countries could use it to carry out research and develop medicine. China also provided WHO with a detailed paper about more than 44,000 confirmed cases, which offers “a better understanding about the age range of people affected, the severity(严重性) of the disease and the death rate,” said WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

Meanwhile, efforts and support from around the world are also being welcomed to fight the disease. At the moment, a WHO team is working in China to find more methods to better treat and prevent the disease.

“China has set a new standard for other countries to prevent and control the epidemic, while no other country has the scale(规模), speed, transparency and openness comparable(比得上的) to China,” said Margaret Chan, former director-genera of WHO.

41When did China set up the daily reporting system?

AAt the end of Dec. 2019.                             BOn Jan. 5.

COn Jan. 8.                                                 DOn Jan. 11.

42What is the second paragraph mainly about?

AWhen the epidemic broke out.

BHow China responded to the outbreak.

CWhat the expert team did in Wuhan.

DHow news about the epidemic was released.

43What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

ARelevant information.                                BThe genome sequence.

CThe new virus.                                           DA detailed paper.

44According to Margaret Chan, we know that ________.

AChina has set a good example for fighting the virus.

BChina hasn’t followed WHO standards.

Cother countries failed to respond properly to the epidemic.

Dother countries don’t need to adopt strict measures.

【答案】

41D

42B

43B

44A

【解析】

本文是一篇说明文,主要讲述了中国在应对新型冠状病毒时的及时、透明和开放的信息处理方式给世界留下了深刻印象。

41细节理解题。根据第2大段On Jan. 8, the novel coronavirus was first identified(确认) as the cause of the epidemic. Three days later, China established a daily reporting system, updating the public every day.18号确认新型冠状病毒的传染性,3天后建立了每日通报系统。可知,是111号建立了每日通报体系。故选D

42段落大意题。根据第2大段After the epidemic broke out in China at the end of Dec. 2019, the NHC immediately sent an expert team to Wuhan, the center of the outbreak, for a deep investigation(调查).疫情爆发后,NHC立即发送一个专家团队来武汉的爆发的中心,深入调查。可知,本段主要讲述了中国如何应对疫情爆发事件。故选B

43词义猜测题。根据第3大段Soon after China worked out the genome sequence(基因序列) of the new virus, it gave the results to the WHO(世卫组织)在中国研制出新型病毒的基因序列后,它把这个结果给了世卫组织。可知,it指代基因序列。故选B

44推理判断题。根据第5大段China has set a new standard for other countries to prevent and control the epidemic, while no other country has the scale(规模), speed, transparency and openness comparable(比得上的) to China,中国已为其他国家制定了新的疫情防控标准,同时没有其他国家的规模,速度,透明度,开放度能比得上中国。可知,中国给世界树立了应对疫情的榜样。故选A

组卷:173次
难度:中等
知识点:健康
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4.

    It has been nearly two months since the first case of novel coronavirus was found in Wuhan. As most people stay at home and many industries delay(延迟) their work, some people worry that this might affect China’s economy.

As China Daily reported, the epidemic has directly harmed some of China’s main industries. For example, the tourism industry has been affected, as some foreign countries have set restrictions(限制) to people traveling from China and many airlines have canceled flights to and from China. Also, since many Chinese factories, such as those that make car parts, have delayed their work, companies that rely on their products have been affected as well.

“Despite the temporary(临时的) influence on the Chinese economy, the outbreak won’t affect the economy’s mid-to long-term fundamentals(基础),” said Tang Jianwei, chief researcher at the Financial Research Center of the Bank of Communications.

China is making efforts to step up production and resume(恢复) work. As of Feb 10, 94.6 percent of food-producing and processing(加工) companies in China had resumed work, according to Cong Liang, secretary-general of the National Development and Reform Commission.

Moreover, the digital(数字的) economy is becoming more active. As people are unable to go outdoors, they are turning to digital entertainment by watching films and TV shows online. Some office workers are working at home by using teleconferencing software(电话会议软件). Platforms like Tencent and Ali Health are providing online medical consultation services to allow people to get medical help without leaving home. These technologies are helping people go on with their daily lives and keep them safe. They are also lifting the digital economy to a new high, China Daily reported.

“We are confident that China’s economy remains resilient(适应力强的),” IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva said in an online post.

45What’s the main idea of paragraph 2?

AThe government is trying to control the outbreak of NCP.

BThe digital economy is developing faster and faster.

CNCP has had a bad influence on Chinese economy.

DMany foreign leaders are confident about China.

46What are the benefits(好处) of the digital technology?

 keeping people safe   helping with daily livessaving lots of money   developing the economy

A①②④                  B①②③                   C②③④                  D①③④

47What can we infer from the passage?

AChinese economy is destroyed by the epidemic.

BTourists from China can’t travel to some foreign countries temporarily.

CTencent allows people to get medical help and consultation in hospital.

DIMF will donate 100 billion dollars to China to fight against NCP.

48What’s the best title of the article?

AHow to develop economy                           BWhy should China develop economy

CWhat can economy brings us                       DEconomy not in danger

【答案】

45C

46A

47B

48D

【解析】

本文是一篇说明文,主要分析了疫情下中国经济不受影响的原因,一则不影响中期到长期的经济基础,二则很多行业借助高科技手段施行了复工,特殊时期下,高科技信息能开创中国经济的新局面。

45段落大意题。根据第2大段As China Daily reported, the epidemic has directly harmed some of China’s main industries.据中国日报报道,疫情直接影响了中国的主要产业。可知,本段主要讲述了疫情对中国产业的影响。故选C

46细节理解题。根据第5大段These technologies are helping people go on with their daily lives and keep them safe. They are also lifting the digital economy to a new high, China Daily reported.这些科技帮助人们维持日常生活,保证他们的安全,也能把数字经济提高一个新的水平。可知,不包括省钱。故选A

47推理判断题。根据第6大段We are confident that China’s economy remains resilient(适应力强的)我们对中国经济强的适应力有信心,可知,疫情没有摧毁中国经济,故A错误;根据第2大段the tourism industry has been affected, as some foreign countries have set restrictions(限制) to people traveling from China旅游业受到影响,比如一些外国国家设限从中国旅行的人。可知,中国人暂时不能外出旅游。故B正确;根据第5大段Platforms like Tencent and Ali Health are providing online medical consultation services to allow people to get medical help without leaving home.腾讯和阿里健康等平台正在提供在线医疗咨询服务,让人们足不出户就能获得医疗帮助。可知,不是在医院获得帮助,故C错误;根据第6大段We are confident that China’s economy remains resilient(适应力强的)我们对中国经济强的适应力有信心,可知,并没有涉及IMF捐钱的信息,故D错误。故选B

48最佳标题题。根据第6大段We are confident that China’s economy remains resilient(适应力强的)我们对中国经济强的适应力有信心,可知,疫情没有摧毁中国经济。本文主要在解释中国经济并不是危险的。故选D

组卷:175次
难度:中等
知识点:社会
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五、补全对话(共1题)
1.

A: Good morning, Miss Wang!

B: Good morning! You don’t look well. 54

A: I’m feeling terrible. I have a stomachache.

B: 55 What did you eat for breakfast?

A: I ate nothing because I got up late this morning. I’m afraid to be late for class.

B: Oh, my poor boy! 56

A: I think I will.

B: Here are some pills! 57 You will get well soon.

A: Thanks a lot!

B: You’d better play sports to build you up in your free time.

A: I plan to run with my father next week. I like running best.

B: 58

A: Thank you for your advice. Goodbye!

B: Bye!

AYou’d better have breakfast before you go to school.

BGreat!

CYou should see a dentist.

DTake three pills, twice a day.

E.What’s wrong with you?

F.I am sorry to hear that.

G.Which sports do you like?

【答案】

54E

55F

56A

57D

58B

【解析】

这是一则老师和学生关于学生身体不适,老师提出建议的对话。

54联系上文You don’t look well.你看起来不好;再联系下文“I’m feeling terrible.我觉得很糟糕。可知,空格句子的意思是询问你怎么了。故选E

55联系上文I have a stomachache.我肚子痛。可知,空格句子要对这个消息表示同情。选项F的意思是很抱歉听到这个消息。符合语境。故选F

56联系上文I ate nothing because I got up late this morning.今天早起我什么也没吃;再联系下文“I think I will.”我想我会的。可知,空格句子的意思是老师建议上学前最好吃早餐。故选A

57联系上文Here are some pills!这是一些药片。可知,空格句子的意思是和吃药有关,选项D的意思是每天两次,一次三片,符合语境。故选D

58联系上文You’d better play sports to build you up in your free time.你最好在空余时间做运动来锻炼身体。再联系上文I plan to run with my father next week. I like running best.我计划下周和我父亲一起跑步,我最喜欢跑步了。可知,空格句子是针对学生计划表示称赞。选项B的意思是很好。符合语境。故选B

【点睛】

补全对话的做题方法是联系上下文,根据语境找出最佳选项。如第4题,联系上文,可知问句是和药片有关,选项只有F和药片有关,表示让学生一天2次,一次3片吃药,选项意思符合语境,故选出最佳选项。

组卷:176次
难度:中等
知识点:情景交际
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六、作文(共1题)
1.

 新冠肺炎疫情牵动着全国人民的心,各地教师为响应教育部停课不停学的号召纷纷开展线上教学活动。线上教学有何优缺点?你对于线上教学有什么好的建议?请根据提示写一篇英语文章谈谈你对线上教学的看法。

写作要点:

1. Advantages(stay away from disease/make use of time/...);

2. Disadvantages(distract(使分心) students from study/bad for eyes/...);

3. Suggestions on online study(...).

要求:

1. 短文应包括提示中所有的写作要点,条理清楚,行文连贯,可适当发挥;

2. 书写工整,尽量不要涂改,词数不少于80, 开头不计入总词数。

Ever since the NCP began, it has stopped most people from leaving their homes,

especially students. 

【答案】

例文

In order to let students keep studying, all teachers begin online teaching activities. It means all students study online at home by watching TV. Here are some advantages of online study. It can make them safe by staying away disease. Meanwhile, students can make use of time at home instead of talking with other students or something else that will waste their time at school. However, some games online may distract students from study. At the same time, spending a long time on the TV screen is bad for their eyes. Many parents and teachers wonder whether the students studying or not online.

In my opinion, if we can make a good plan for the online study and the parents can help check the kids’ homework and study in time, online study will be a good chance for students to develop efficient and useful learning habits. After all, students are the true masters of study.

【解析】

1.题干解读:该题属于话题写作。写作时要注意文章承接开头,内容要写齐全。

2.例文点评:例文采用二段式,第一大段陈述线上教学的优点和缺点;第二大段陈述我对线上教学的建议和看法,结构清晰,段落分明。用第一人称来进行写作分析;时态采用一般现在时为主。

3.高分亮点:

短语:In order tokeep studyingin my opinionstay awayAt the same timebe bad for

句型:if引导的条件状语从句,whether引导宾语从句,定语从句。

组卷:144次
难度:中等
知识点:名词性从句
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试卷统计
试题总数:
17
总体难度:
偏难
题型统计
大题类型
题目数
占比
选择题
8
47.05%
完型填空
1
5.88%
未分类
2
11.76%
阅读理解
4
23.52%
补全对话
1
5.88%
作文
1
5.88%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
并列连词辨析
1
5.88%
动词和动词短语
1
5.88%
情态动词
1
5.88%
名词
1
5.88%
副词
1
5.88%
句子的分类
1
5.88%
形容词比较级
1
5.88%
被动语态
1
5.88%
自然
1
5.88%
著名人物
1
5.88%
文学
1
5.88%
方法与哲理
2
11.76%
健康
1
5.88%
社会
1
5.88%
情景交际
1
5.88%
名词性从句
1
5.88%
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