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2020年中考复习英语专题23阅读理解(日常生活类)压轴题练习含答案解析
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更新时间:2020-11-30
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一、阅读理解(共23题)
1.

We moved away from my grandmother when I was eight years old. I missed her a lot. I was her favorite granddaughter and she was my favorite grandma.

Two years later my mother and father separated and soon divorced. I felt as if my world was falling apart. I lived with my mother for a time, next door to my grandma and grandpa in an apartment while my father was away during World War Ⅱ.

Grandma never had much in the way of money or material things. But it was the little things she gave me that let me feel warm, like letting me dip my fingers in the sugar bowl, letting me sip the coffee from her cup or allowing me to sit on the table as I had meals.

Though she didn’t have much, she did something for my brother and me. I will always remember she saved her coins in a glass jar. I thought my grandma could have used these coins herself, but she saved them to give us when we came to visit her.

I don’t remember how much we collected on our visits, nor was the amount(数目)important. It was the idea that she remembered us, and cared about us when we were away from her.

1What happened to the writer when she was eight years old?

A She moved away from her grandma.       B She moved away from her parents.

C She lived with her grandparents.          D She lived with her aunt.

2What does the underlined word“divorced” mean in Chinese in Paragraph 2?

A. 和好          B. 打架         C. 离婚            D. 生气

3The writer’s grandma allowed her to do many things. Which of the following is not mentioned?

A The writer could dip her fingers in the sugar bowl.

B The writer was allowed to sip the coffee from her grandma’s cup.

C The writer could sit on the table while having meals.

D The writer was allowed to collect coins in a glass jar.

4For whom did the writer’s grandma save her coins?

A For her son.                   B For her grandchildren.

C For the poor.                   D For herself.

5 What can we learn from the passage?

A The writer disliked her childhood.              B The writer complained about her parents.

C The writer missed her grandma so much.        D The writer wanted to have her grandma’s money.

【答案】

1A

2C

3D

4B

5C

【解析】

试题分析:这篇短文主要介绍了作者祖母虽然没有多少金钱或物质,但是通过用心的为孙子(女)做的小事情,让作者感到非常的温暖,感受到浓浓的爱。

1A细节理解题。根据短文开头We moved away from my grandmother when I was eight years old.,可知作者八岁时和祖父母分开了,故选A

2C词义猜测题。根据上文Two years later my mother and father separated我的父母分居及后文I felt as if my world was falling apart.作者感到世界分崩离析,可知父母离婚了,故选C

3D细节理解题。根据letting me dip my fingers in the sugar bowl, letting me sip the coffee from her cup or allowing me to sit on the table as I had meals.可知不包括在玻璃罐子里收集硬币。故选D

4B细节理解题。根据I thought my grandma could have used these coins herself, but she saved them to give us when we came to visit her.可知祖母是为了孙子(女)赞硬币。故选B

5C细节理解题。根据作者对祖母温情的回忆,可知作者非常爱自己的祖父母,非常想念她。对比选项,故选C

考点:日常生活类短文阅读。

组卷:193次
难度:中等
知识点:人物传记 故事阅读类
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2.

Have you ever been in a conflict(冲突)? Do you know how to solve it? Conflict resolution is a peaceful way of trying to solve a conflict. Both sides in the conflict explain what they think happened to cause it. The person who listens to both sides is called the mediator(调解人).

After both sides tell what they think happened to cause the conflict, they discuss ways to solve it. They try to come up with a “resolution” that both sides agree to. They cannot be angry during the communication. Everyone should use good listening and attending skills while talking. If voices get too loud or it appears that someone is angry, the mediator will speak up and have them treat each other with respect. After different suggestions are shared in how to mediate the conflict, it is time for

discussing the best solution(解决办法).

Here is an example of how conflict resolution works step by step in a school playground setting:

Someone says a student pushed him on the football field.

The person who was accused as the “pusher” says it was actually an accident.

The person who was pushed gets the mediator.

The mediator takes the two persons to a quieter place, away from others to talk.

The mediator calms them down and lets them know he understands their feelings.

Each person describes what happened.

The mediator repeats what he heard, so it is clear to everyone.

The mediator asks for ideas to solve the problem.

The two persons offer their own solutions.

The two persons have a discussion and come to an agreement.

The mediator makes sure the persons follow the solution.

The mediator offers praise for solving the problem.

Conflict resolution can be used in many environments. It encourages people to tell what really happened, to share their feelings, and to work together peacefully to solve the problem. It offers people workable steps to reach an agreement with the help of a mediator.

6According to the passage, if two students have had a fight, they had better  .

Acall the police    Bget a mediator

Cask parents for ideas    Ddescribe the fight to teachers

7In conflict resolution, the mediator’s job is to  .

Adescribe what really happened to both sides

Bhelp both sides reach an agreement in a proper way

Clisten to both sides and then punish the trouble maker

Dwrite down what both sides have explained in the communication

8The underlined words “was accused” in this passage might mean “    ” in Chinese.

A被惩罚    B被轻视    C被指责    D被否定

9The writer gives the example in the passage in order to  .

Ashow how a mediator works in a football match

Bhelp us know the importance of a mediator in daily life

Cshow how conflict resolution is used in different environments

Dhelp us clearly understand the workable steps in conflict resolution

【答案】

6B

7B

8C

9D

【解析】试题分析:这篇短文主要介绍了和平解决冲突的一种方法:通过调解人和平解决问题。作者通过实例介绍使人们明白了解决冲突的可行性步骤。

6B 推理判断题。根据短文主要介绍了解决冲突的一种方式:通过调解人和平解决问题。根据题意,故选B

7B细节理解题。根据第二段及第三段的举例说明可知调解人主要帮助双方以适当方式达成意见一致。故选B

8C词义猜测题。根据as the “pusher”可知是被指控为pusher,被指控为推人的人说那是个意外,故选C

9D归纳理解题。根据第三段主要通过例子讲解了冲突解决步骤,故选D

考点:日常生活类短文阅读。

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知识点:方法与哲理
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3.

I remember the green coat in my fifth and sixth grades.

When I needed a new jacket, my mother asked what kind I wanted. I described something like bikers wear. She listened long. I thought she understood for sure the kind I wanted.

The next day when I got home from school, I discovered, on m y bed, a jacket which was not what I had expected. I went close to the jacket slowly, as if it were a stranger.

From the kitchen mother shouted that my jacket was in the closet. I rushed and pulled at the clothes in the closet, hoping the jacket on the bed wasn’t for me but my brother. No luck, I wanted to cry because it was so ugly and so big. But I knew I’d have to wear it a long time before I’d have a new one. I looked at the jacket, like an enemy, thinking bad things before I took off my old and small jacket.

I put the big jacket on. I stood in front of the mirror(镜子), turning right and left. I looked ugly.

I threw it on my brother’s bed and looked at it for a long time before I put it on and went out, smiling a “thank you” to my mom.

The next day I wore it to school. At the morning break, my best friend, Steve, looked at me for a long time. The girls turned away to whisper. The teachers looked my way and talked about how foolish I looked in my new jacket. When it was time for the whole school to get together on the playground,____Although they didn’t say out loud, “Man, that’s ugly!” I heard their talk and even laughter.

And so I went, in my jacket. So embarrassed, so hurt, I couldn’t even do my lessons the rest of the day. I received Cs on tests.

I wore that thing for three years. All in those years no love came to me.

I blamed(指责)that jacket for those bad years. I blamed my mother for her bad taste and her cheap ways. It was a sad time for the heart. Anyway, I spent my sixth-grade year, looking forward to something good to happen to me.

And it was about that time I began to grow, still in that green ugly jacket, which had become my brother who went along wherever I went.

10The writer went to school in the new jacket because _______.

Ahis jacket was too old and small                   Bhis brother asked him to do so

Che wanted to show it to his friends               Dhe would act in school play

11The sentence that shows the writer cared about his mother’s feelings is “________”.

AI thought she understood for sure the kind I wanted

BI blamed my mother for her bad taste and her cheap ways

CI put it on and went out, smiling a “thank you” to my mom

DFrom the kitchen mother shouted that my jacket was in the closet

12Which of the following sentences can be put in the    ?

Ait began to rain       Beveryone saw me     Cmy mother came     DI got angry

13The changes of the writer’s attitude(态度)to the jacket can be described as ________.

Aenemy→stranger→brother                          Bbrother→stranger→enemy

Cstranger→brother→enemy                          Dstranger→enemy→brother

【答案】

10A

11C

12B

13D

【分析】

这篇短文主要介绍了作者通过描述妈妈买给自己的一件难看的绿色夹克的感受及自我心理斗争过程暗示了青少年逐渐成熟的艰辛过程。

10推理判断题。根据I looked at the jacket, like an enemy, thinking bad things before I took off my old and small jacket.可以推断虽然作者非常不喜欢这件夹克衫,但是原来的太旧太小了。故选A

11细节理解题。题意:表现作者在乎妈妈感情的句子是那句。根据四五段描述作者对夹克衫的不喜欢及第六段I threw it on my brother’s bed and looked at it for a long time before I put it on and went out, smiling a “thank you” to my mom.故选C

12推理判断题。根据根据上文全校去了操场及后文Although they didn’t say out loud可知they指代上文人物,故选B

13细节理解题。根据第三段I went close to the jacket slowly, as if it were a stranger.;第四段I looked at the jacket, like an enemy,及最后一段which had become my brother who went along wherever I went.故选D

组卷:176次
难度:中等
知识点:情绪与感情
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4.

    My best friend Jenny and I got to the mall for shopping. She held up a white sweater and matching skirt.“Do you like this?” she asked.

 “It’s great,’’I said. Jenny nodded and continued looking while I moved about. touching the beautiful clothes. “I’ll try this on.” Jenny walked towards the dressing room. After a while, she came out in the outfit(一套衣服). She looked beautiful.

 I sighed. Part of me wanted to say how good she looked. but another part stopped the words coming out. Jenny was in such good shape that she’d look good in the outfit. Sometimes. I regretted choosing a best friend who was so pretty. God, why can’t I be the one with the rich parents and the great look? More and more, I was envious(妒忌的)of her.

 “Well, Teresa, what do you think?” Jenny asked more than once. “Do you like it?’’

 The outfit looked great on her, but I lied, “Not really. I think you need something with more colors.’’

 “You think so?" Jenny said doubtfully.

 “Just believe me. We’ll find something better, "I told her, pushing her back into the dressing room. “You just can’t buy the first thing you see.” I did my best to get Jenny out of the store, away from that outfit. As we left, Jenny gave the sweater one last look.

 Just down the mall, we passed a yogurt place. ‘‘My treat, ’’Jenny said, pulling out her wallet.

 I could never say no to chocolate, so we got some and sat down at a table. As Jenny talked without stopping about a million things, I thought about my feelings toward her. Those feelings weren’t kind.

Sitting there,______Jenny was attractive(吸引人的)not just because of her good luck, but more because of her kindness. Treating me to chocolate was far from her only show of generosity. She also let me drive her car and borrow her clothes.

 Finishing our chocolate, we headed for the next clothing store. ‘‘Look at that red sweater.’’ Jenny said as we passed the window. ‘‘It would be perfect for you. Soon maybe you’ll have enough by saving your babysitting money to buy something like that.”

A few minutes earlier, all I had heard was about saving my babysitting money. I had hated the fact that Jenny could ask her parents for anything, and they’d buy it for her. This time, though. I heard more. I heard the voice of someone who loved and cared me for who I was. I needed to express the same to her.

14Teresa felt _________ when Jenny came out of the dressing room in the new outfit.

Aenvious                  Bexcited                   Clonely                    Dcomfortable

15Teresa and Jenny __________ after they left the first clothing store.

Aheaded for the next clothing store                Btalked about the outfit Jenny wanted

Chad some chocolate at a yogurt place            Dended the friendship between them

16Which of the following can be put in the blank?

AJenny lent me some money.                         BJenny asked for more chocolate.

CI told Jenny my unkind feelings.                  DI began to see Jenny in a new light.

17We can infer(推断)that Teresa would ________ that day.

Aforget all about what had happened             

Bask her parents for money to buy something

Cbuy herself the red sweater in the next store  

Dpush Jenny back to the first store for the outfit

【答案】

14A

15C

16D

17D

【解析】

这篇短文主要介绍了特蕾莎一开始因为嫉妒自己的好朋友詹妮有钱买各种东西而欺骗詹妮,使詹妮没有选择适合自己的衣服,后来特蕾莎认识到詹妮是真正关心自己,于是她决定也要真诚对待对方。

14推理判断题。根据第三段描述Teresa的感受及第五段Teresa撒谎“Not really. I think you need something with more colors.’’可知Teresa对好朋友感到嫉妒,故选A

15细节理解题。根据Just down the mall, we passed a yogurt place.I could never say no to chocolate, so we got some and sat down at a table.故选C

16推理判断题。根据上文Teresa的感受及后文对Jenny的美好描述,可知作者用一种新眼光看Jenny,故选D

17推理判断题。根据上文特蕾莎认识到詹妮对自己的好及I needed to express the same to her.可以推断,特蕾莎会对鼓动詹妮回去买那件外套。故选D

组卷:129次
难度:偏难
知识点:记叙文
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5.

Fast walking is the exercise between walking and race walking. A study shows that fast walking has become the most popular exercise in China and many people walk more than 5,000 steps a day. The results of the study are from QQ users. About 37% of the people choose fast walking as their favorite exercise; over 23% choose running and more than 14% choose riding bikes.

Fast walking and running are easy, cost little and work well, so they are popular. And many people would rather do exercise in nature than go to gyms(健身房). It’s best to walk fast for at least 10 minutes at one time and walk up to 6,000 steps every day.

The study also shows that people in Guiyang, Guizhou love sports most. On average(平均), everyone there walks 5,941 steps every day. It seems that people in places with better environment and air are more willing to(更愿意) do sports.

18Many people in China walk more than   steps a day.

A6,000                                B5, 941                                C5,000

19Over 23% of the Chinese people choose   as their favorite exercise.

A                                        B                                        C

20Many people prefer to do exercise    .

Aat home                             Bin nature                            Cin the gym

21The writer probably agrees that    .

Apeople live in big cities are more willing to do sports

Bfast walking is not difficult, costs little and works well

Cit’s bad for people to walk fast for more than 10 minutes at one time

22We can read this passage in the column(栏目)   of a newspaper.

AMum’s Kitchen                   BMusic Today                      CHealth & Sports

【答案】

18C

19A

20B

21B

22C

【解析】

短文大意:快速行走是趋于跑步和散步之间的一种运动,这种锻炼方式优点多,研究表明,快走已成为在中国最流行的运动

18根据第一段第二句A study shows that fast walking has become the most popular exercise in China and many people walk more than 5,000 steps a day.可知,在中国很多人一天走5000步以上。故填:C。

19根据第一段最后一句About 37% of the people choose fast walking as their favorite exercise; over 23% choose running and more than 14% choose riding bikes.可知,百分之二十三的中国人选择跑步作为最喜欢的锻炼方式。故填:B。

20根据第二段第二句And many people would rather do exercise in nature than go to gyms(健身房).可知,很多人更喜欢在自然界锻炼。故填:B。

21根据第二段第一句Fast walking and running are easy, cost little and work well, so they are popular.可知,作者赞成快步走并不难,花费很少,而且效果很好这种观点。故填:B。

22根据本文内容,介绍了快速行走这种运动健身方式,因此与话题健康与运动有关。故填:C。

组卷:183次
难度:偏难
知识点:健康
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6.

(2017年黑龙江哈尔滨

Travel to Italy

Cities

Milan(米兰)

Venice (威尼斯)

Florence(佛罗伦萨)

Rome(罗马)

Population in=2010

1,307,900

270,500

369thousand

2.74million

Area

Larger than Florence's

7.6square kilometers

=104square kilometers

Over 1507square kilometers (City area)

Typical feature特征

The second largest city in Italy

A water city

The birthplace of Rensissance(文艺复兴发源地)

The capital city

Climate

Wet

Warm winter and Hot summer

Pleasant climate

Warm and wet in winter while hot and dry in summer

根据表格所提供的信息选择最佳答案.

23There are      famous Italian cities mentioned in the form.

Atwo                                   Bthree                                 Cfour

24Milan has a      climate according to the form.

Awet                                   Bhot                                    Cdry

25According to the form,      is the smallest in area.

ARome                                BVenice                               CMilan

26Florence is well known as     

Athe largest city in Italy

Bthe water city

Cthe birthplace of Rensissance

27Which of the following is TRUE according to the form above?     

AIn 2010,the population of Florence was larger than that of Milan.

BThe population of Rome was 2,74,000in 2010.

CThe capital city has an area of less than 1507square kilometers.

【答案】

23C

24A

25B

26C

27B

【解析】

试题分析:文中提到了意大利著名的四个城市,分别是米兰,威尼斯,佛罗伦萨和罗马,文章分别从各自的人口,面积,标志性特征以及气候四个方面进行说明。

23细节理解题,文中提到了四个城市,分别是米兰,威尼斯,佛罗伦萨和罗马,故选C.

24细节理解题,文中用"Wet"潮湿的来介绍米兰的气候,故选A.

25细节理解题,文中提到"7.6square kilometers"威尼斯只有7.6平方公里,相比于另外的三个国家(约100平方公里)而言是最小的,故选B.

26细节理解题,文中提到佛罗伦萨的典型特征是The birthplace of Rensissance其是文艺复兴发源地,故选C.

27细节理解题,文中提到"2.74million"20210年,罗马的人口数是27万,故选B.

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7.

Parents of very young children know this: You catch your child in the act of stealing the cookie--the evidence of candy written on his or her face. However, you get a wide-eyed denial:”I didn’t do it!”

Learning to tell the truth, even at the risk of punishment, is an important part of moral (道德) development, and new research suggests it can take seven or more years for kids to get there.

Early 2017 Professor Craig E.Smith published a study. He and his workmates chose 48 children between four and nine years of age. They told the kids a story about a boy or girl doing something wrong, such as taking a classmate’s toy or candy, and then either lying about the wrongdoing to a parent or confessing (承认) it. In each case, they asked the children, How would the child feel? How would the mother feel?

The children’s answers answers were generally divided according to age, which is in agreement with the stolen candy, lying and getting unpunished. They imagined the parent in the study would be angry with the child who confessed. However, the seven-to-nine-year-olds were more likely (可能的) to think the child would feel better confessing the crime and that the parent would have positive (积极的) feelings towards a confessor.

Smith says,”Kids of all ages who expect that a parent would feel happy about a child’s confession are more likely to tell the truth rather than lie. Reward the honesty even if you feel you must punish the wrong action.” He adds, what parents can learn from these studies is to listen calmly without getting angry right away when their child confesses.

28What does the underlined word “denial” in Paragragh 1 mean?

A委屈    B责备    C否认    D拒绝

29Paragragh 2 mainly tell us _________.

Akids can’t tell “right” from “wrong”

Bit takes time for kids to learn to tell the truth

Cit’s wrong to punish kids for telling the truth

Dall the kids are willing to confess to a bad act

30What did Smith and his workmates find in their study?

AOlder kids are more likely than younger children to confess to a bad act.

BYounger children are more likely than older kids to confess to a bad act.

CThe four-to-five-year-olds would feel better confessing the crime

DThe seven-to-nine-year-olds thought parents would be angry with their confessions.

31According to Professor Smith, what can parents learn from these studies?

AParents should at once punish the children who lied.

BParents should tell children the wrongness of lying.

CParents should never get angry after their children’s confessions.

DParents should show positive feeling about their children’s confessions.

【答案】

28C

29B

30A

31D

【解析】本文是一篇说明文。文中介绍了当很小的孩子犯了错误时,家长应该以什么样的态度对待孩子。

28词义猜测题。根据"the evidence of candy written on his or her face"可知,偷吃糖果的证据写在脸上,然而孩子却说"I didn't do it!"显示,孩子是在"否认",故答案选C

29细节理解题。根据第二段最后一句"and new research suggests it can take seven or more years for kids to get there."可知,研究表明孩子要学会说实话需要7年以上,故答案选B

30细节理解题。根据倒数第二段最后一句“Howeverthe seven-to-nine-year-olds were more likely (可能的) to think the child would feel better confessing the crime and that the parent would have positive (积极的) feelings towards a confessor.”可知"七到九岁的孩子更有可能认为承认错误会感觉更好,而且父母会有积极的态度对待忏悔者,故答案选A

31细节理解题。根据短文最后一句“He addswhat parents can learn from these studies is to listen calmly without getting angry right away when their child confesses.”可知,父母可以从这些研究中学到冷静倾听,当孩子坦白时不要马上生气。故答案选D

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8.

The Blog of Rosie



 

The Weekend
By Rosie | June 6, 2016
Hi! I’m on vacation here in London… and it’s fantastic! On Saturday I was in the British Museum for three hours. On Sunday I visited Tower Bridge. Where were you over the weekend? Tell me your news!



DISCUSSION



Sophia·9:30
Glad you’re having a great vacation. I was in the Summer Palace in Beijing on Saturday. I was there for a flower show. It was amazing! And there were lots of people. But on Sunday it was rainy and I wasn’t very well. I stayed in bed for a whole day.
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Steve·10:10
It was cloudy the whole weekend in Paris. On Saturday I was at a football game with my classmates. It was exciting! On Sunday I was at the shops with Ann for four hours.
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Jack·11:00
I wasn’t at home over the weekend. On Saturday I was in Scotland for a trip. It was a lovely, warm day and I had a picnic with friends. It was great! Sunday was boring. It took me five hours to get back home. It was a long journey.
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Kate·11:20
On Saturday I was at Heathrow Airport. I met a friend there and we talked together for two hours. I was very happy. On Saturday I was in Sydney for a concert. It is winter in Australia. And it was windy and cold!
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32On Saturday Sophia was    .

Ain the Summer Palace

Bin the British Museum

Cat Tower Bridge

Dat Heathrow Airport

33What was the weather like when Steve was in Paris?

ARainy.                    BWarm.                    CCloudy.                  DCold.

34How long did it take Jack to get back home?

ATwo hours                                                 BThree hours

CFour hours                                                DFive hours

35Kate was in Sydney for      .

Aa picnic                                                    Ba concert

Ca football game                                          Da flower show

【答案】

32A

33C

34D

35B

【解析】

试题分析:本文是Rosie的博客,她和网友在谈论周末在哪里度过的。Rosie周末在伦敦度假。Sophia在星期六在颐和园,Steve在巴黎,Jack去了苏格兰度假,Kate在悉尼参加一个音乐会。

32.细节理解题。根据I was in the Summer Palace in Beijing on Saturday. 可知Sophia在星期六在颐和园,故选A

33.细节理解题。根据It was cloudy the whole weekend in Paris.可知当Steve在巴黎时,天气是多云,故选C

34.细节理解题。根据 It took me five hours to get back home.可知Jack回家花费了五个小时,故选D

35.细节理解题。根据On Saturday I was in Sydney for a concert.可知Kate在悉尼是为了参加一个音乐会。故选B

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9.

What would it be like to be over 100 meters in the airBesides taking a planethere is a more interesting and relaxing way to experience ithaving a ride on a Ferris wheel (摩天轮).

London EyeEngland

With a height of about 135 metersthe London Eye is the tallest Ferris wheel in EuropeThere are 32 cars(轿厢) and each can carry 25 people at mostOn the ridepeople can get a view of London TowerBuckingham Palace and Big BenOne turn takes 30 minutes

High Roller US

It is the world’s tallest Ferris wheelIt is 168 meters tallHigh Roller first opened in Las Vegas on March 31st2014A ride takes 30 minutesYou can also enjoy videos and music during the ride

Tianjin EyeChina

Tianjin Eye is a 120metertall Ferris wheelIt lies on a bridge over the Haihe River in TianjinChinaIt is the only Ferris wheel in the world to stand on a bridgeThe wheel has 48 carsEach can take eight passengersPeople can get good views of the city during the 30minute trip

Roue decision Paris France

Roue decision Paris looks like all other Ferris wheelsIt is about 60 meters tall and has 42 carsBut people can move itBecause of thisthe big wheel has been to many other places like Manchester in the UK and Bangkok in Thailand

36There are     cars in London Eye

A25                         B30                          C32                         D135

37The tallest Ferris wheel in the world is in    

AParis                      BTianjin                   CLas Vegas               DLondon

38High Roller is     meters taller than Tianjin Eye

A33                         B48                          C60                         D108

39     is the only one to lie on a bridge

ALondon Eye           BHigh Roller            CTianjin Eye            DRoue de Paris

40Which of the following is TRUE    

ATianjin Eye can bring you musical enjoyment

BRoue de Paris can be moved to many other places

CLondon Eye can carry 384 passengers at most on one turn

DHaving a ride on the four Ferris wheels needs the same time

【答案】

36C

37C

38B

39C

40B

【解析】

试题分析:这篇短文主要介绍了四个地点伦敦、法国、中国、美国著名的摩天轮的特征:高度、轿厢数及能看到的景色。

36C细节理解题。根据There are 32 cars (轿厢)and each can carry 25 people at most.可知有32个轿厢。故选C

37C细节理解题。根据High Roller, US介绍It is the world’ s tallest Ferris wheel.故选C

38B细节理解题。根据High Roller中介绍 It is 168 meters tall. Tianjin Eye is a 120-meter-tall Ferris wheel.可知他们相差48米,故选B

39C细节理解题。根据Tianjin Eye中介绍 It is the only Ferris wheel in the world to stand on a bridge.故选C

40B细节理解题。根据Roue de Paris中介绍But people can move it. Because of thisthe big wheel has been to many other places like Manchester in the UK and Bangkok in Thailand.可知B正确,故选B

考点:日常生活类短文阅读。

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10.

In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor (辅导员)at a high school camp. On the first day, when we were dancing and playing games, I noticed a boy under the tree who was small and thin. His shyness made him appear weak. I walked towards him, introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people. He quietly replied, "No, I really don't want to do this." I could understand that he was in a new world but I knew it wouldn't be right to force him, either. Actually, the boy didn't need a close talk but a friend.

At lunch the next day, I was leading camp songs when 1 saw the boy under the tree sitting alone. I tried again with the same invitation, but he refused once again. That evening I was told the boy's name was Tommy. Then I asked the campers to pay special attention to the boy and spend time with him when they could.

The days went by and the time came when we had to leave. We held a big, warm party to celebrate the closing of the camp. All the campers shared their wonderful moments. To my surprise. 1 found the boy from under the tree dancing joyfully with two girls. I couldn't believe it was the same person.

In October of my second year, I received a phone call from Tommy's mother. She told me that Tommy was hit by a car and killed. I offered my deep sadness. The mother said: “'Tommy mentioned you so many times. I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence. You made a difference for Tommy during his last months.”

At that moment, I realized how easy it was to give a bit of yourself every day. You may never know how much each gesture may mean to someone else. I hope that everyone can pay attention to their own “boy under the tree”.

41Before the writer came to the high school summer camphe was a (n) _______.

Ainstructor               Bcamper                   Cstudent                   Dreporter

42How many times did the writer invite the boy to join in the activities?

AOnce                     BTwice                     CThree times            DMany times

43Which is the correct order about the story?

①The boy danced joyfully with two girls.

②The boy went back to school and made new friends.

③The boy refused to join in the activities.

④The boy's mother made a phone call to the writer.

A①②③④                                                    B②③①④

C③①②④                                                     D④③②①

44From Paragraph 4we can infer (推断)that Tommy's mother was very_______to the writer.

Athankful                 Bhelpful                   Cfaithful                  Dharmful

【答案】

41C

42B

43C

44A

【解析】

试题分析:这篇短文讲述的是作者在一个夏令营的活动中做辅导员的时候,遇到了一个内向的男孩,他不参加任何活动。作者安排其他的孩子多关心这个男孩,在夏令营结束的时候,男孩的性格改变了,开始开朗起来,回到学校后也交了很多朋友。这件事情令作者印象深刻。

41C细节理解题。根据短文的开头 In the summer between my first year and second year in college, I was invited to be an instructor (辅导员)at a high school camp.可知,当作者被邀请去做一个夏令营的辅导员的时候,他是大一升大二的学生,因此应选C

42B细节理解题。根据短文中 I walked towards him, introduced myself and invited him to join in the activities and meet some new people.以及I tried again with the same invitation, but he refused once again.可知,作者两次邀请那个男孩去参加夏令营的活动。故应选B

43C细节理解题。根据短文的大意可知,作者在夏令营中遇到了一个内向的孩子,他拒绝参加活动。后来作者安排一些其他的孩子多关心他,后来这个男孩也慢慢开朗起来,在夏令营快结束举行的晚会上,这个男孩和两个女孩开心第跳舞。回到学校后,这个男孩的性格也改变了,交了很多朋友,这是作者跟这个男孩的妈妈通电话之后知道的。因此正确的顺序应该是C

44A推理判断题。根据短文第四段中 The mother said: “'Tommy mentioned you so many times. I want you to know that he went back to school and made new friends with confidence. You made a difference for Tommy during his last months.” Tommy的妈妈说的话可知,作者对Tommy有很大的影响,因此Tommy的妈妈对作者是非常感激的。故应选Ahelpful有帮助的;faithful真诚的;harmful有害的。

考点:日常生活类短文阅读。

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11.

In the UK. Saturday evenings have always been a popular time for families to watch television together. One of the most popular programmegenresis the talent show, partly because people of all ages are interested in it.

Early shows, like Opportunity Knocks (1965-1978), required people to vote (投栗)for their favorite acts and performers, although in those days voting was done by postcard instead of by telephone, text, or over the Internet. Today, the success of television talent shows has reached a new level. Here are Ihe UK's top three TV talent shows:

The X Factor In this wonderful singing competition, performers have to face a celebrity judge panel (名人裁判组)before the public vote. Many excellent singers became popular because of it. The show is now made all over the world, from China to Colombia.

Strictly Come Dancing—The programme is so fantastic that it attracts many celebrities. They team up with professional (专业的)dancers and come to the dance floor to win the title of Strictly Come Dancing Champion.

Britain's Got Talent — In this modern-day version (版本)of Opportunity Knocks, the public can go and choose from many kinds of acts, from dancing dogs to ice skating. The prize is to perform for the Queen in the Royal Variety of Performance.

45When did the show Opportunity Knocks begin?

AIn 1965.                                                    BIn 1978.

CIn 2015.                                                    DK is not mentioned.

46If a person loves a skating act, he or she may go to_______.

AOpportunity Knocks

BStrictly Come Dancing

CThe X Factor

DBritain's Got Talent

47Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

AThe winners of Britain's Got Talent can perform for the Queen.

BIf you want your dog to have a performance, you can go to Britain's Got Talent with it.

COpportunity Knocks is still on television now.

DPeople of all ages enjoy TV talent shows in UK.

48The underline word “genres” in the first paragraph means_______.

Alists                       Btypes                      Cchoices                   Dexpressions

【答案】

45A

46D

47C

48B

【解析】

试题分析:周末的晚上是家人们聚在一起看电视的时候,很多电视节目尤其是才艺表演受到了各个年龄段的人的欢迎。这篇短文中介绍了在英国最受欢迎的三个才艺表演的节目。

45 细节理解题。根据短文第二段中Early shows, like Opportunity Knocks (1965-1978), required people to vote (投栗)for their favorite acts and performers,可知,Opportunity Knocks这个节目是从1965年开始的。故应选A

46 细节理解题。根据短文的最后一段Britain's Got Talent — In this modern-day version (版本)of Opportunity Knocks, the public can go and choose from many kinds of acts, from dancing dogs to ice skating.可知,Britain’s Got Talent这个节目中,你可以去选择ice skating滑冰。由此可知应选D

47.推理判断题。根据短文第二段中Early shows, like Opportunity Knocks (1965-1978)可知,Opportunity Knocks这个节目是从1965年到1978年,现在没有这个节目了。故C不对;根据短文最后一段The prize is to perform for the Queen in the Royal Variety of Performance可知A正确;根据最后一段Britain's Got Talent — In this modern-day version (版本)of Opportunity Knocks, the public can go and choose from many kinds of acts, from dancing dogs to ice skating可知B正确;根据短文第一段中because people of all ages are interested in it可知D正确。

48.词义猜测题。根据这个单词所在的句子One of the most popular programmegenresis the talent show, partly because people of all ages are interested in it.以及短文的大意可知,这篇短文里给我们介绍了三种令人欢迎的电视节目。由此可推断genres是类型,种类的意思。故选B

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12.

(2016贵州六盘水中考阅读短文,根据短文内容,从所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

Here is a train schedule from Liuzhi to Kunming.

Train   

Time   

Station

6061

K1235

K1139

K109

Liuzhi

04:23

14:23

23:30

15:02

Liupanshui

06:07

17:07

01:28

16:28

Hongguo

11:10

__

04:54

__

Qujing

14:17

20:08

06:51

19:47

Kunming

16:52

22:09

08:38

21:28

49Which train station is next to Liuzhi?

ALiupanshui             BHongguo                CQujing                   DKunming

50How many train stations are there between Liuzhi and Kunming?

AOne                       BTwo                       CThree                     DFour

51If you want to reach Kunming at 16:52, which train will you probably take?

AK1139                   B6061                      CK1235                   DK109

52Which of the following in not true according to the passage?

AK1139 train gets to Liuzhi at 23:30.

BK1235 train stops at Hongguo.

CThere are four trains from Liuzhi to Kunming.

DIt takes five hours to go to Kunming from Liupanshui by K109.

53The underlined word “schedule”probably means “______”in Chinese.

A车票                      B地图                      C日历                      D时刻表

【答案】

49A

50C

51B

52B

53D

【分析】

本文是一组列车时刻表,表上列出了从六枝经停六盘水、红果、曲靖到达昆明的几列列车到站时刻。

49细节理解题。题意:哪一个车站靠近六枝?A. Liupanshui六盘水;B. Hongguo 红果;C. Qujing 曲靖;D. Kunming昆明。根据表格内容,靠近六枝的车站是六盘水,答案为A。

50细节理解题。题意:在六枝和昆明之间有多少车站?A. One一;B. Two二;C. Three三;D. Four四。根据表格,要六枝和昆明之间有:六盘水、红果、曲靖三个站。故选C。

51细节理解题。题意:如果你想要在16:52到达昆明,你可能要坐哪一趟火车?A. K1139;B. 6061;C. K1235;D. K109。根据表格内容,在16:52到达昆明的是6061次火车。故选B。

52推理判断题。题意:根据短文内容,下面哪一个不是对的?A. K1139 train gets to Liuzhi at 23:30. K113923:30到达六枝;B. K1235 train stops at Hongguo. K1235在红果要停;C. There are four trains from Liuzhi to Kunming.从六枝到昆明有六趟火车;D. It takes five hours to go to Kunming from Liupanshui by K109.K109从六盘水到昆明共五个小时。根据表格内容可知,K1235在红果站不停。故B错。

53词义猜测题。题意:有下划线的schedule的汉语意思可能是什么?A.车票;B. 地图;C.日历;D.时刻表。本表是一个火车到站时刻表,故选D。

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13.

The government in China plans to end its one-child policy and let families have two children instead.

 The plan was announced on Thursday after high –level political meetings in Beijing. A Chinese Communist Party statement gave a number of reasons for the change in policy. The statement said the change is meant to balance population development, stop a falling birth rate(出生率) and strengthen the country’s labor force(劳动力).

 China, with the largest population in the world, started the one –child policy in 1980. But the government allowed only a small number of couples to have two children. For example, some families in the countryside could have two children, if the first-born child is a girl.

 In 2013, the Chinese government gave other couples a chance to have two children if one of them was an only child.

 Jiang Quanbao, a teacher and population expert, explained how Chinese families react to the newest policy. “Too many young people in the cities are no longer interested in having a second child,” he said. “People in the countryside are more interested. But some of them are already allowed to have two children. ”

 At the end of 2014, China had a population of 1.37 billion people. A total of 800 million of them have jobs. But the labor market population will drop in 35 years. That is to say, the country will be in great need of labor by the year 2050. With the two-child policy, an increase in births can solve this problem.

 Boys and girls, what do you think of the two-child policy? Do you want to have a new-born brother or a sister?

54Why does the government plan to end the one-child policy?

ABecause we need a larger population.

BBecause millions of people have jobs.

CBecause most families want to have a second child.

DBecause a falling birth rate must be stopped.

55How do most young people in the cities react to the two-child policy?

AThey support the policy.

BThey don't think it is good.

CThey're very interested.

DThey're not interested any more.

56When will our country be seriously short of labor if the one-child policy continues?

AIn 2015.                 BIn 2035.                 CIn 2050.                 DIn 2070

57The Two-Children Policy mainly ______.

Ahelps solve the problems of aging population and labor shortages.

Bdoesn’t allow one couple to have two children.

Chas a bad influence on one’s mental health.

Dencourages one couple to have more than two children.

58More couples ______ the Two-Children Policy according to the passage.

Adisagree with                                             Bagree with

Cdon’t know                                                Dhate

【答案】

54D

55D

56C

57A

58A

【解析】

试题分析:本文讲述的是我国的生育政策的变化情况:全面放开二胎生育。短文分析了我国的人口出生率及劳动力现状,指出了该项政策的必要性及人们对该政策的态度。

54D 细节理解题。题意:为什么政府计划终止一胎政策?A. Because we need a larger population因为我们需要更多的人口;B. Because millions of people have jobs. 因为数百万的人有工作;C. Because most families want to have a second child. 因为许多家庭想要生二胎;D. Because a falling birth rate must be stopped.因为必须阻止生育率的下降。根据第一段最后的句子:The statement said the change is meant to balance population development, stop a falling birth rate(出生率) and strengthen the country’s labor force(劳动力). 可知政策的目的是均衡人口发展、阻止生育率的下降、提高劳动力。故选D

55D 细节理解题。题意:许多城市的年轻人怎样看待二胎政策?A. They support the policy.他们支持该项政策;B. They don't think it is good.他们认为其不好;C. They're very interested.他们非常感兴趣;D. They're not interested any more.他们不再感兴趣。根据第五段里的:Too many young people in the cities are no longer interested in having a second child可知,城市的年轻人对二胎政策不再感兴趣。故选D

56C 细节理解题。题意:如果一胎政策继续下去,什么时候我国会有严重的劳动力短缺?A. In 2015 B. In 2035C. In 2050D. In 2070 。根据短文倒数第二段里的:That is to say, the country will be in great need of labor by the year 2050. 可知,2050年我国会有严重的劳动力需求。故选C

57A 推理判断题。题意:二胎政策的主要目的是什么? A. helps solve the problems of aging population and labor shortages.帮助解决人口老龄化和劳动力短缺的问题;B. doesn’t allow one couple to have two children.不允许一对夫妇生育两个孩子;C. has a bad influence on one’s mental health.对人的健康有坏的影响;D. encourages one couple to have more than two children.鼓励一对夫妇生育两个以上的孩子。根据第一段最后的句子:The statement said the change is meant to balance population development, stop a falling birth rate(出生率) and strengthen the country’s labor force(劳动力). 可知政策的目的是均衡人口发展、阻止生育率的下降、提高劳动力。故选A

58A 推理判断题。题意:根据短文内容,更多的夫妇怎样对待二胎政策?A. disagree with不造成;B. agree with同意;C. don’t know不知道;D. hate同意。根据第五段内容可知,许多城市年轻人对二胎政策不感兴趣,较多的农村家庭感兴趣,但是他们已经享有二胎政策。因此,更多的家庭是不同意二胎政策了。故选A.

考点:考查社会生活类短文阅读。

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14.

Li Ruyan, 13 years old, did something special last summer with his classmates in Shanghai. They worked in groups with traffic police at different crossroads in the city. Holding small red flags, the students helped keep order and stopped people from jaywalking(乱穿马路). As a part of the school project, Li’s school has encouraged its students to do more community(社区) work. After the half day of exhausting work Li told himself not to jaywalk anymore.

“I think through community work we get to help others and, more importantly, we grow a sense of responsibility(责任感),” he said.

Community service is an important part of education for teenagers around the world. In the US and Canada, high school students need to finish 40 hours of community service before graduation. In America, those who have finished 1,400 hours of community work can be awarded nearly $ 5, 000(33, 000 yuan).

Chinese students today do more community work, too. For example, starting from 2010, Sichuan high school students have been asked to do 10 days of community work. It will become part of their school grade.

Qian Lijun, 16, and her classmates in Suzhou, Jiangsu went to a local elder care home this winter. They put Spring Festival couplets (对联) on the walls and cheered up the people living there.

Li Xiaotian, 15, in Anshan said he used to clear flyers (小广告) from telephone poles (电线杆) with his classmates. They brought tools, towels and buckets and worked for three hours in the summer sun. “It was tiring, but seeing the clean poles without ugly ads — we really felt proud,” he said.

59What was the special thing Li Ruyan did last summer?

AHe joined a special group of Class13.

BHe become a policeman.

CHe stopped people from talking.

DHe helped the traffic police at a crossroad.

60From this passage we know that _______.

ALi Ruyan’s school is in the middle of a big city.

BLi Ruyan and his classmates think it is good for them to do some community work.

CLi Ruyan and his classmates do some community work every day.

DLi Ruyan and his classmates often hold small flags when they cross the roads.

61Community service _______.

Ahas become a very important part of education only in China.

Bis very important in school education in some foreign countries.

Cis the only part of the school project for teenagers around the world.

Dneeds students to finish at least 1,000 hours of community work.

62In which country the students need to finish forty hours of community work before graduation?

AIn the United States and Canada

BIn China

CIn Canada

DIn the US

63Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

AThe students in Suzhou visited the old people’s home.

BThe students in Shanghai helped people to keep the traffic rules.

CThe students in Sichuan have not been asked to do community work

DThe students in Anshan cleaned the walls in the summer sun.

【答案】

59D

60B

61B

62A

63C

【解析】

试题分析:本文是一篇学生参加社区服务活动的文章。通过社区服务,可以让学生明确社会责任感,增强责任心。是一种很好的教育形式。

59D 细节理解题。题意:去年夏天李裕燕做的特别的事情是什么?AHe joined a special group of Class13.他参加了十三班的一个特殊的小组;BHe became a policeman.他当警察了;CHe stopped people from talking.他阻止人们讲话;DHe helped the traffic police at a crossroad.他在十字路口帮助交警。根据第一段第二句话:They worked in groups with traffic police at different crossroads in the city.可知他和同学们一起在城市不同的十字路口帮助交警。故选D

60B推理判断题。题意:从短文中,我们可以知道什么?ALi Ruyan’s school is in the middle of a big city. 李裕燕的学校在一个大城市的市中区;BLi Ruyan and his classmates think it is good for them to do some community work. 李裕燕和他的同学认为他们帮助做一些社区事务是好的;C. Li Ruyan and his classmates do some community work every day. 李裕燕和他的同学每天参与社区服务工作;DLi Ruyan and his classmates often hold small flags when they cross the roads. 李裕燕和他的同学们每天过马路时手里拿着小旗帜。根据短文第二段内容可知,通过社区服务,同学们有了更强的社会责任感。大家认为这些活动是有益的活动。故选B

61B 推理判断题。题意:社区服务怎样?Ahas become a very important part of education only in China.只是在中国成为了教育的一个重要部分;Bis very important in school education in some foreign countries.在一些外国,在学校教育中很重要;Cis the only part of the school project for teenagers around the world.在全世界只是青少年活动的一部分;Dneeds students to finish at least 1,000 hours of community work.需要学生完成至少1000小时的社区服务。由第三段第一句:Community service is an important part of education for teenagers around the world. 可知社区服务是全世界青少年教育的重要部分。故选B

62A 细节理解题。题意:在哪一个国家,学生毕业前需要完成40小时的社会服务?A. In the United States and Canada美国和加拿大;B. In China在中国;C. In Canada在加拿大;D. In the US在美国。由第三段第二句:In the US and Canada, high school students need to finish 40 hours of community service before graduation.可知,在美国和加拿大,中学生必须完成40小时的社区服务才能毕业。故选A

63C 推理判断题。题意:根据短文内容,下面哪一个不是对的?AThe students in Suzhou visited the old people’s home.苏州的学生参观了敬老院;B. The students in Shanghai helped people to keep the traffic rules.上海的学生帮助人们遵守交通规则;C. The students in Sichuan have not been asked to do community work要求四川的学生在社区工作;DThe students in Anshan cleaned the walls in the summer sun.安山的学生在夏日里打扫墙壁。由第四段里的:starting from 2010, Sichuan high school students have been asked to do 10 days of community work. It will become part of their school grade.可知从2010年开始,四川的中学生要做十天的社区服务并且记入学校的成绩。故C错。选C

考点:考查社会生活类短文阅读。

组卷:171次
难度:中等
知识点:公益行为
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15.

Do you know how to play a game called "Musical Chairs"? It is easy to play and most people enjoy it. All you need are some chairs some people and some ways of making music. You may use a piano or any other musical instrument if someone can play it. You may use a tape recorder. You can even use a radio.

Put the chairs in a line. The chairs may be put in twos back to back. A better way is to have the chairs in one row with each chair facing in the opposite direction to the chair next to it.

The game is easy. When the music starts the players walk around the chairs. Everyone goes in the same direction of course they should walk in time to the music. If the music is fast they should walk quickly. If the music is slow they should walk slowly.

The person playing music cannot see the people in the game. When the music stops the players try to sit on the chairs. If a person cannot find a chair to sit on he drops out. Then before the music starts again one chair must be taken away. When the music stops again one more player will be out.

At last there will be two players and one chair. The one who sits on the chair when the music stops is the winner.

64If ten people are playing musical chairs you must begin with _______.

Aten chairs                                                  Bnine chairs

Celeven chairs                                             Done chair

65Which of the following is not suitable for playing musical chairs? _______.

AA piano                                                    BA radio

CA telephone                                               DA tape recorder

66The chairs should be put _______.

Awith the desks                                            Bbefore the winner

Cin a line                                                    Dall over the room

67When the music starts the players must _______.

Awalk around the chairs                                Brun about the room

Csit on the chairs                                          Djump around the chairs

68Which of the following statements is NOT true?

AThe game “Musical Chairs” is not difficult to learn.

BThe game “Musical Chairs” needs some chairs some people and some music.

CThe winner sits on the last chair when the music stops.

DIf the person plays music he can see the people in the game.

【答案】

64B

65C

66C

67A

68D

【分析】

试题分析:本文是对一个叫作音乐椅子的游戏的介绍,主要介绍的是怎样做这个游戏及怎样算是淘汰或胜出。

64B 推理判断题。题意:如果有十人个做音乐椅子游戏,开始你必须有多少椅子?Aten chairs十把椅子;Bnine chairs九把椅子;Celeven chairs十一把椅子;Done chair一把椅子。根据第四段内容,每次音乐停止时,淘汰一会没有坐到椅子的玩家,即每次椅子都比人少一。10-19.故选B

65C推理判断题。题意:下面哪一个不适合作音乐椅子游戏?AA piano一台钢琴;BA radio一台收音机;CA telephone一部电话;DA tape recorder一台录音机。做这个游戏需要椅子和音乐播放设备,电话机是通讯设备,不是音乐播放设备。故选C

66C细节理解题。题意:椅子应该怎样放?Awith the desks和桌子放在一起;Bbefore the winner放在获胜者之前;Cin a line排成一排;Dall over the room房间里到处放。由第二段第一句:Put the chairs in a line.可知,椅子应该排成一行。故选C

67A细节理解题。题意:当音乐开始时,选手们必须做什么?Awalk around the chairs绕着椅子走;B. run about the room在房间里跑;Csit on the chairs坐在椅子上;D. jump around the chairs跳过椅子。根据短文第三段中的:When the music starts the players walk around the chairs.可知:当音乐开始时,选手们绕着椅子走动。故选A

68D 推理判断题。题意:下列陈述哪一个不对?AThe game “Musical Chairs” is not difficult to learn音乐椅子游戏不难;BThe game “Musical Chairs” needs some chairs some people and some music.游戏音乐椅子需要一些椅子、人和音乐;CThe winner sits on the last chair when the music stops.获胜者当音乐结束时坐在最后一把椅子上;DIf the person plays music he can see the people in the game.如果这个人播放音乐,他可以看到游戏中的人。由第四段第一句:The person playing music cannot see the people in the game.可知,播放音乐的人看不到游戏中的人。故D错。选D.

考点:考查社会生活类短文阅读。

组卷:184次
难度:中等
知识点:方法与哲理
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16.

Passage A
Yuan Longping was born in Beijing in 1930. He developed his new kind of rice in 1974, which helped many countries grow more rice than ever before. So he is called "the Father of Rice."

Passage B
Dear Diana,
Last week, we had a history exam but I didn't study for it. I was really worried. In the exam, Tom sat next to me and I copied his answers. Will the teacher give me zero marks if I tell her the truth? Should I tell her?
Yours,
Maggy
Passage C
An Italian marathon runner, Dorando Pietri, entered the stadium and took a wrong turn during the race. He fell down. He was treated by a doctor and he was helped across the finishing line.
Passage D
Sometimes a birthday party can be a surprise party. It is planned by friends but it is a secret. One friend of the birthday boy/girl invites him/her to do something at their house. All their friends arrive early and hide until he/she arrives, and then jump out and shout "Surprise!"

Passage E



Ways of travelling

Cost

Time

New York—Los Angeles

coach

$20

10 hours

plane

$80

2 hours

train

$60

3 hours

car

$230

8 hours

Choose the right answer according to the passage.

69According to Passage A, which sentence is right?

AYuan Longping is "the Grandfather of Rice".

BYuan Longping was born in 1932.

CYuan Longping helped only one country grow more rice.

DA new kind of rice of developed by Yuan Longping.

70If you want to write a true event about the Olympics, you can read ______ for information.

APassage A.

BPassage B.

CPassage C.

DPassage D.

71The best title of Passage D is ______.

AA Birthday Boy/Girl

BA Birthday Party

CA Secret

DAn Invitation

72What is the second cheapest way to travel from New Yok to Los Angeles?

ABy coach.                                                 BBy plane

CBy train                                                    DBy car.

73What is Maggy?

AA student.                                                 BA teacher.

CA doctor.                                                   DA policeman

【答案】

69D

70C

71B

72C

73A

【分析】

试题分析:本文是五则不同的信息:有关袁隆平的简介、朋友求助的短信、马拉松选手受伤的信息、令人惊喜的生日晚会及纽约到洛杉矶的交通方式简介等等。

69D 推理判断题。题意:根据短文A,哪一个句子是对的?A. Yuan Longping is "the Grandfather of Rice".袁隆平是水稻的爷爷;B. Yuan Longping was born in 1932.袁隆平生于1932年; C. Yuan Longping helped only one country grow more rice.袁隆平只帮助一个国家种更多的稻谷;D. A new kind of rice of developed by Yuan Longping.袁隆平发展了一种新的稻谷。由第二句He developed his new kind of rice in 1974可知,袁隆平发展了一种新的水稻。D正确。故选D

70C 推理判断题。题意:如果你想要写有关奥运会的真实事件,你可以读哪一篇文章?A. Passage A.B. Passage B.C. Passage CD. Passage D.短文C介绍的是奥运会比赛项目:马拉松比赛中的一个事件,故选C

71B 主旨大意题。题意:短文D的最好标题是什么?A. A Birthday Boy/Girl一个寿星;B. A Birthday Party一个生日晚会;C. A Secret一个秘密;D. An Invitation一份邀请。本段介绍的是一个令人惊喜的生日晚会。故选B

72C 推理判断题。题意:从纽约到洛杉矶第二便宜的交通方式是什么?A. By coach坐长途车;B. By plane坐飞机;C. By train坐火车;D. By car.坐小车。根据Passage E的内容,第二便宜的是坐火车$60。故选C

73A 推理判断题。题意:Maggy是做什么的?A. A student一位学生;B. A teacher.一位老师;C. A doctor一位医生;D. A policeman一位警察。根据Passage B可知Maggy参加了考试,还作弊了。因此他是一位学生。故选A

考点:考查生活信息类短文阅读。

组卷:149次
难度:中等
知识点:节假日活动
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17.

Tony and Jane give their opinions about keeping pet dogs.

Keeping pet dogs is a good idea, says Tony
I think people should be allowed to keep pet dogs. There are lots of reasons for this.
First, dogs are really cute. It’s nice to pick them up and hold them in our arms, and it’s wonderful to see them growing up quickly.
Second, your dog might not be dangerous but by simply barking(
)he can keep away a burglar(窃贼)who might think of entering your house.
Finally, we can also learn about life and death from dogs. Young people can learn how to care for others and how to respect(
尊重)all living things by keeping a pet dog.
I think keeping pet dogs is something everyone can enjoy.

Keeping pet dogs is not a good idea, say Jane
In my opinion, it is never a good idea to keep a pet dog.
Firstly, pet dogs creates a lot of mess. They leave fur(
) and hair on the floor, on beds and on sofas, andtheyneed to be washed daily.
Secondly, we should remember that not all dogs are friendly. Some dogs bark at people they do not know. A few dogs bark all night. This stops their neighbors from getting any sleep. A small number of pet dogs even bite(
) people.
Lastly, you have to make sure pet dogs are in good health and provided with good pet products._______________________________________.
I believe that people should not keep pet dogs.

74Tony would probably think it____ to put pet dogs on beds.

Auncomfortable                    Bacceptable                          Cdangerous

75The underlined word “they” in the passage refers to() “ ____”.

Abeds                                  Bsofas                                 Cpet dogs

76From the underlined part, we can guess “vet” means“ ____”.

A.兽医                                 B.宠物店                              C.驯兽师

77Tony and Jane disagree on ____.

Athe growth of pets

Bthe sound made by dogs

Cthe money paid for pets

78It can be learned from the passage that ____.

Apeople are not allowed to keep pet dogs

Bpeople are encouraged to keep pet dogs

Copinions are divided on keeping pet dogs

【答案】

74B

75C

76A

77A

78C

【解析】

试题分析:本文介绍了托尼和珍尼就养宠物狗的不同观点:托尼认为狗可爱、可以防小偷、养狗可以学到生与死的知识,所以赞成人们养狗;珍尼认为狗很脏、有些狗咬人、养宠物狗花钱,因此她反对养宠物狗。

74B 推理判断题。题意:托尼可能认为把宠物狗放在床上怎样?A. uncomfortable不舒服;B. acceptable可以接受;C. dangerous危险。根据短文内容,托尼赞成人人养宠物狗,可以推测出他认为把宠物抱到床上是可以接受的。故选B

75C 推理判断题。题意:文中有下划线的 “they”指的是什么?A. beds床;B. sofas沙发;C. pet dogs宠物狗。句意:Firstly, pet dogs creates a lot of mess. They leave fur() and hair on the floor, on beds and on sofas, and they need to be washed daily.(首先,宠物狗产生许多脏物,他们把毛发留在地上、床上、沙发上,而且他们需要每天洗。)可以推测出they指的是狗。故选C

76A 词义猜测题。题意:从文中有下划线的部分,我们可以猜测出 “vet”的意思是什么?A. 兽医;B. 宠物店;C. 驯兽师。句意:Paying for dog food and visiting the vet when dogs are ill can be expensive.(给狗买食物和狗生病后去看vet会很贵。)生病去看医生,狗生病后去看兽医,故选A

77A 推理判断题。题意:托尼和珍尼就什么不同意:A. the growth of pets宠物的喂养;B. the sound made by dogs狗发出的声音;C. the money paid for pets为宠物花的钱。托尼赞成养狗,珍尼反对养狗,他们对是否养宠物狗意见不同,故选A

78C 推理判断题。题意:从短文中可以了解到什么?A. people are not allowed to keep pet dogs 不允许人们养宠物狗;B. people are encouraged to keep pet dogs鼓励人们养宠物狗;C. opinions are divided on keeping pet dogs就养宠物狗有不同的观点;本文中,一个赞成养狗,一个反对养狗,不同的人有不同的看法。故选C

【考点定位】 考查生活类短文阅读。

组卷:163次
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知识点:日常活动
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18.

Family traditions are special habits or customs that your family have. For example, in the family of Bill Gates, his parents keep the tradition of reading with children. And what's the tradition in your family?

Ialways the one who chooses where to go. We have visited Qingdao, Xiamen and Beijing.

79The family of Bill Gates keeps the tradition of ______ with children .

Aplaying    Breading

Csinging    Dtraveling

80________bought a film ticket for his mother.

ABill    BJack    CNick    DYu Xin

81Sometimes, Jack's parents _________when the family get together .

Acook food    Btalk about interesting things

Cmeet cousins    Dplay games with the children

82Yu Xin has visited some places EXCEPT_________.

AXiamen    BHangzhou

CBeijing    DQingdao

83The three children are talking about their________ .

Aschool life    Bbirthday parties

Choliday plans    Dfamily traditions

【答案】

79    B   

80    C   

81    D   

82    B   

83    D   

【解析】

试题分析:这篇短文主要讲述家庭传统是家庭特有的习惯或风俗。文章介绍了英国的尼克、古巴的杰克和中国的于欣的家庭传统。

79B细节理解题。根据短文“in the family of Bill Gates, his parents keep the tradition of reading with children”的描述可知,比尔盖茨的家庭传统是让孩子读书。结合选项可知应选B

80C细节理解题。根据Nick , 15 , England的描述“T So I bought a ticket without telling her first.”可知,尼克为妈妈买了一张电影票。故应选C

81D细节理解题。根据Jack , 15 Cuba的描述“My grandparents cook many delicious foods . I meet all my cousins . We talk about interesting things at school . Sometimes ,my parents also join us to play games”可知,家庭聚会的时候,有时父母和孩子一起玩游戏。结合选项可知应选D

82B细节理解题。根据Yu xin , 14 , China的描述“We have visited Qingdao , Xiamen and Beijing”可知,于欣没有参观过杭州。故应选B

83D主旨大意题。根据短文“what's the tradition in your family?”以及英国的尼克、古巴的杰克和中国的于欣的介绍可知,这三个孩子是在谈论他们的家庭传统。故应选D

【考点定位】日常生活类短文阅读。

组卷:200次
难度:中等
知识点:日常活动
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19.

Many rules govern drivers on American streets and highways. The most commononesare the speed limits(限制). The speed limits control how fast a car may go.

On streets in the city,  the speed limitis usually 25 or 35 miles per hour.On the highways between cities, the speedlimit is usually 55 miles per hour. When people drive faster than the speedlimit, a policeman can stop them. The policemen give them pieces of paper which people call traffic tickets. Traffic tickets tell the drivers how much money they must pay. When drivers receive too many tickets, they probably cannot drive for a while.

The rush hour is when people are going to work or going home from work. At rush hour there are many cars on the streets and traffic moves very slowly. Nearly all American cities have rush hours. Drivers do not get tickets very often for speeding during the rush hours because they cannot drive fast.

84What does the underlined word “ones” in the first paragraph mean?

ARules    BDrivers.

CGovernments.    DHighways.

85On the highways, the police will stop you if your speed is over       .

A25 miles per hour    B35 miles per hour

C55 miles per hour    D45 miles per hour

86According to the passage, traffic tickets tell the drivers      .

A how much they have to pay

Awhere they have to pay    Bwhen they have to pay

Cwhy they have to pay

87Drivers will not be allowed to drive for some time        .

Aif they drive too fast

BIf they drive too slowly

Cif they break the rules too often

Dif the stop too often

88The passage is mainly about            .

Arush hours    BAmerican drivers

Ctraffic rules    Dtraffic policemen

【答案】

84A

85C

86A

87C

88C

【解析】

试题分析:短文大意:在美国街头和高速路上,许多规则控制着司机,最普通的是速度限制。在城市的街道上,速度通常限制在2535英里每小时。在高速路上,速度限制在55英里每小时。如果速度超过了所限制的速度,警察会拦下他们并给他们罚单,司机收到的罚单太多时,他们可能会在一段时间内不能开车。在人们上、下班的交通高峰时间,街上车辆多,车子开不快,这时司机不可能领到罚单,因为他们开不快。

84A 推理判断题。题意:第一段里有下划线的 “ones” 是什么意思?A. Rules规则;B. Drivers司机;C.Governments. 政府;D.Highways.高速路。句意:Many rules govern drivers on American streets and highways. The most common ones are the speed limits(限制).(在美国街头和高速路上,许多规则控制着司机们,最普通的ones是速度限制。)根据句意可以推测出ones指的是美国的交通法规。故选A

85C推理判断题。题意:在高速路上,如果你的速度超过多少,警察就会拦住你?A. 25 miles per hour每小时25英里;B. 35 miles per hour每小时35英里;C. 55 miles per hour每小时55英里;D. 45 miles per hour 每小时45英里。由第二段的:On the highways between cities, the speedlimit is usually 55 miles per hour.(在高速路上,速度限制在55英里每小时)可知,高速路上速度不得超过55英里每小时。故选C

86A 细节题解题。根据短文内容,交通罚单告诉司机什么?A how much they have to pay他们得付多少钱;B. where they have to pay他们在哪儿付钱;C. when they have to pay他们何时付钱;D.why they have to pay为什么他们必须付钱。由第二段的:Traffic tickets tell the drivers how much money they must pay. 可知本题选A

87C 推理判断题。题意:哪种情况下,一段时间内将不允许司机驾驶?A. if they drive too fast如果他开得太快;B. If they drive too slowly如果他开得太慢;C. if they break the rules too often 如果他经常违反交通规则;D. if the stop too often 如果他经常停车。由第二段最后一句:When drivers receive too many tickets, they probably cannot drive for a while. (当司机收到太多的罚单,他们可能一段时间内不能开车。)因为经常违规,收到罚单,罚单多了就暂停驾驶。故选C

88C 主旨大意题。题意:短文主要是关于什么的?A. rush hours交通高峰;B.American drivers美国司机;C. traffic rules交通规则;D.traffic policemen交警。本文主要讲的是美国的交通规则,故选C

【考点定位】 考查生活类短文阅读。

组卷:113次
难度:中等
知识点:旅游与交通
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20.

根据短文内容选择最佳答案。

Last year, a special kind of glove came out.It was invented to help bind people to learn Braille,which is a special system for the blind to read by touching.Shaking motors(震动马达) are put on each finger of the glove.They can make different sounds to tell a user which letter he is touching. Recently, two British college students have invented another special glove for the blind.It can make the user feel small and quick movements.An ultrasonic sensor(超声波传感器)with a battery is put on the back of the glove.When the user wearing the glove is close to an object(物体),ultrasonic waves(超声波) from the glove are sent out(发出).As soon as they hit the object in front,the waves will return to the glove.Then the waves cause the glove to shake.And the ultrasonic sensor makes different kinds of sounds.The sounds make the user know how far he is from the object.

In the college invention competition, the two students got first prize and won 1,540 pounds.One of the designers said, “Now the ultrasonic sensor on the glove is quite large.We’re going to use the money to develop a smaller and lighter ultrasonic sensor.”

89The underlined word“Braille”in the passage means “________” in Chinese.

A盲文                                 B口语                                 C手语

90The glove with an ultrasonic sensor ________.

Acan make only one kind of sound

Bcan make the user feel small and quick movements

Cwas designed by two American college students

91Picture ________ shows how the glove with an ultrasonic sensor works according to the passage.

A                  B               C

92Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

AThe sounds from the ultrasonic sensor make the user know what the object is.

BThe two college students wanted to use 15,400 pounds to develop the glove.

CThe glove with shaking motors was invented for blind people.

93What is the best title for this passage?

AThe Way to Make Gloves

BTwo Kinds of Special Gloves

CAn Ultrasonic Sensor and Shaking Motors

【答案】

89A

90B

91C

92C

93B

【分析】

该文介绍了两种特殊的手套。这两种特殊手套的发明都是为了帮助盲人。他们是特殊的盲人阅读系统。

89词义猜测题。根据which is a special system for the blind to read by touching. Shaking motors (震动马达) are put on each finger of the glove.可推知Braille的意思是盲文,所以该选A

90细节理解题。根据It can make the user feel small and quick movements. An ultrasonic sensor(超声波传感器)with a battery is put on the back of the glove.可知这种带超声波传感器的手套可以让用户感觉到小而快的动作。所以该选B

91细节理解题。根据短文的描述结合图画可知该选C

92C细节理解题。根据第一段中Last year, a special kind of glove came out. It was invented to help bind people to learnBraille,which is a special system for the blind to read by touching. Shaking motors (震动马达) are put on each finger of the glove.可知发明带震动马达的手套是为了帮助盲人,所以该选C

93标题归纳题。细读短文可知本文介绍了两种特殊的手套,所以该选B

组卷:154次
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21.

Foods that are well known to you may not be familiar to people from different places around the world. Tourists and travelers often get to try some unfamiliar food. That is part of the fun of traveling. Here are four people’s experiences with foreign food.

David King is a Chinese student in France. “I never had cheese or even milk before I came to France. Cows are seldom seen in my part of China. So there is no milk or milk products. I drank some milk when I first arrived in France. I hated it! I tried cheese, too, but I didn’t like it. I love ice cream, though that’s made from milk.”

Birgit is from Sweden. She traveled to Australia on vocation. “I was in a restaurant that was special in fish. I heard some other people order flake, so I ordered some, too. It was delicious! Later, I learned that flakes is an Australian name for shark. Now, whenever I see a new food, I try it on purpose. You know why? I remember how much I enjoyed flake.”

Chandra is a dentist in Texas. She is from India. “ I’m afraid to try new foods because maybe there is beef in them. I’m a Hindu(印度教信徒)and my religion(信仰) stops me from eating meat from the cow. That’s why I can’t eat hamburgers or noodles with meatballs.”

Nathan is from the United States. He taught for a year in China. “My friend gave me some 100-year-old eggs to eat. I didn’t like their appearance at all. The eggs were green inside, but my friends said the color was normal. Chinese people put something on fresh eggs. Then they put them in the earth for three months. So the eggs weren’t really very old. Even so, I didn’t want to touch them.”

94David King is a student in France and he comes from________.

AChina                    BSweden                  CIndia                      DAmerica

95Birgit ordered _____in a restaurant during her vocation in Australia.

Acheese                                                      Beggs

Chamburgers                                               Dflake

96Chandra is afraid to try new foods because_________.

Ashe can’t eat food with beef

Bshe doesn’t like their appearance

Cshe doesn’t like foreign food

Dshe doesn’t need any food at all

97Nathan worked as _______ in China for a year.

Aa worker                                                   Ba dentist

Ca teacher                                                   Da student

98The passage tells us that ___________.

ADavid King often drinks milk

Bflake and shark are the same fish

Ca Hindu eats meat from the cow

Dthe egg is put in the earth for a hundred years

【答案】

94A

95D

96A

97C

98B

【分析】

世界各地不同的人们所知晓的食物不一样,品尝各地不同的食物就成了旅途趣味的一部分。本文叙述了四个不同的人在旅游过程中对于不同食物的不同体验。

94细节理解题。题意:David King是一位在法国的学生,他来自哪儿?A.China中国;B. Sweden瑞典;C .India印度;D. America美国。由文中的David King is a Chinese student in FranceDavid King是一位在法国的中国学生)可知本题选A

95细节理解题。题意:Birgit 在澳洲度假时在饭店里点了什么?A. cheese奶酪;B. eggs蛋;C . hamburgers汉堡;D. flake鱼片。由文中的:I heard some other people order flake, so I ordered some, too(我听说其它人点了鱼片,我也点了一些)可知答案是flake。故选D

96推理判断题。题意:Chandra害怕尝试新的食物是因为什么?A.she can’t eat food with beef她不吃有牛肉的食品;B. she doesn’t like their appearance她不喜欢其外貌;C .she doesn’t like foreign food她不喜欢外国食品;D. she doesn’t need any food at all 她根本就不需要食物。由文中的:My religion stops me from eating meat from the cow(我的信仰阻止我吃牛类食物)可知本题选A

97细节理解题。题意:Nathan在中国当了一年的什么?A. a worker工人;B. a dentist牙医;C .a teacher教师;D. a student学生。由文中的:He taught for a year in China(他在中国教了一年书)可知他是当教师。故选C

98主旨大意题。题意:短文告诉我们什么?A.David King often drinks milk 大卫金经常喝牛奶; B. flake and shark are the same fish flake shark是同种鱼;C .a Hindu eats meat from the cow 印度教信徒吃牛肉;D. the egg is put in the earth for a hundred years蛋放在地里一百年了。由文中的:later, I learned that flake is an Australia name for shark(后来,我知道flakeshark的澳洲名字)可知本题正确选B

组卷:182次
难度:中等
知识点:饮食
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22.

    The first part of a new science-fiction series (系列剧)was shown on NBC last night. Star Trek is about a spacecraft(宇宙飞船)which travels faster than the speed of light. The show is developed from three ideas about the 22ndcentury. First, we’ll find other life forms great tools which will make amazing things possible.

Let’s think about these predictions. If we find life forms on other planets, will they be intelligent? I hope so. But we human beings might not be friendly – I don’t think we’ll believe in the idea o fpeace one hundred years from now. But this is science fiction, so we can beoptimistic! And Star Trek’s idea of life in the future is ‘communicators’. And we will be ablt to have conversatins with people who are on because you’ll have an electronic notebook. And if you get ill, the doctor won’t have to examine you – a machine will ‘read’ your body. The strangest manchine includes a ‘teleport’ which will take people to a different placein a second!

The ideas are interesting, and in my opinion there’s only one problem with star trek: the acting. The TV company (公司)will have to get better actors. If they do that, the show might be a success. If the acting doesn’t improve, Star Trek won’t last for more than one series. Of course, my prediction may be wrong. I can’t see into the future!

99What is Star Trek?

AA TV play.                                                BA popular song.

CA spacecraft.                                             DAn alien.

100What does the underlined word “optimistic” mean?

ALucky and happy.

BHopeful and confident.

CHelpful and creative.

DThankful and popular.

101What’s the writer’s opinion about Star Trek?

AThe life forms on other planets are stupid.

BInteresting ideas make a new series popular.

CThe new series might not be successful without better actors.

102Which would be the best title for the passage?

AAliens on Other Planets.

BThe Idea of Human Life.

CA Science Fiction.

DA New Series about Future.

【答案】

99A

100B

101C

102D

【解析】

试题分析:这篇短文的作者主要就昨天晚上在NBC新上映的系列剧《星际迷航》进行了评价。他认为虽然电视剧的主题不错,但是如果没有好演员的表演也不会成功。

99.推理判断题。根据短文开头The first part of a new science-fiction series (系列剧)was shown on NBC last night. Star Trek is about a spacecraft(宇宙飞船)which travels faster than the speed of light.可知Star Trek星际迷航指的是昨天上映的电视剧,故选A

100.词义猜测题。根据But we human beings might not be friendly 人类可能不是友好的及I don’t think we’ll believe in the idea o fpeace one hundred years from now. But this is science fiction, so we can beoptimistic!我不相信从现在起一百年的和平的想法,但是这是科学幻想,故推辞后文的意思是所以我们可以乐观,即有希望,有信心,故选B

101.细节理解题。根据The TV company (公司)will have to get better actors. If they do that, the show might be a success. If the acting doesn’t improve, Star Trek won’t last for more than one series.可推测如果没有更好的演员,这部新剧集可能不会成功。故选C

102.标题归纳题。根据这篇短文主要围绕新上映的电视剧星际迷航进行了评论,故选D

组卷:175次
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23.

Earthquakes usually come without warning. What should you do if this happens to you? An earthquake is dangerous, but there are still things you can do to protect yourself.

Stay calm as the earth begins to shake. Your chances of survival (幸存;存活) in an earthquake go up if you can keep calm.108

109You need to have something strong around you to protect you from falling objects. Do not stand near walls or windows and stay out of the kitchen. The kitchen is dangerous because of many glass objects.

110Stay away from buildings and trees. If you are in a car, pull over to a place where there are no trees or tall buildings and stay in the car. If you are close to the sea, try to get as far away from the water as possible. Earthquakes can cause huge waves that can really harm the people nearby.

111For example, gas fire often comes with an earthquake. If you see a fire, quickly move outdoors to an open area.

Remember to always hope for the best but prepare for the worst.

阅读以上短文,从文后表格中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,使文意通顺、正确;根据短文内容回答第70小题。

112What is the passage mainly about?

AThe ways to protect yourself when an earthquake happens.

BThe ways to stay away from tall buildings.

CThe ways to stay calm.

DThe ways to move outdoors to an open area.

【答案】

108B

109C

110A

111D

112A

【解析】

试题分析:这篇文章讲述的地震总是在毫无征兆的情况下发生,地震的危害很大,通过对如何在地震中幸存下来和保护好自己几方面的讲解,使我们了解和提高安全防范意识。

108B 句意:当地面开始摇动时保持冷静,如果你保持冷静,你在地震中幸存的机会就会增大。这一段主要讲的就是地震时要注意冷静的,故选BStaying calm is not easy, but it can save your life.(保持冷静不容易,但它可以救你的命。)

109C句意:你的周围需要有一些强用力的东西,保护你免受掉下来的东西的伤害。由此可以推测出本题选CIf you are inside when the earthquake starts, get under a table or a bed.(如果地震时你在室内,躲到桌子或床下面)

110A句意:后句:远离楼房和树木。可以推测出前句是说在户外,故选AIf you are outside, get to an open area as fast as you can.(如果你在室外,尽快地到一个空旷的地带)

111D后句说:比如说,煤气火灾经常跟着地震发生。可以推测出前句说的是一些危险的事,故选DWhen the earthquake is over, there is still plenty of danger.(当地震结束了,还有许多危险。)

112A主旨推断题。题意:短文主要是有关什么的?A. The ways to protect yourself when an earthquake happens.地震时保护自己的方式;B. The ways to stay away from tall buildings. 远离高楼的方式;C. The ways to stay calm.保持冷静的方式;D. The ways to move outdoors to an open area.移动到户外到空旷地带的方法。本文讲述的是地震时如何自我防护的方法,故选A

【考点定位】考查日常生活类短文阅读。

组卷:136次
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知识点:补充句子
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二、未分类(共1题)
1.

根据短文内容判断句子的正误。正确的涂"A",错误的涂"B"。

If you want a more interesting experience when you arrive in a new city or country, here are some better ways to travel, both for you and for the environment.

    Way 1 Get out of the car and walk. It’s slower but it’s the greenest way to travel. It’s also the most rewarding(有益的)way to see a city, but remember to wear comfortable shoes.

    Way 2 Cycling is also a good choice. Many hotels now offer free bikes to guest. It is convenient for people to travel around the city. Some also provide electric bikes that make it easier to go up hills and no longer journeys. Some cities also have mobikes, and you can pick up one easily. It’s not free but very cheap.

Way 3 If you have to take transport in a city, try to take public transport. Most cities now offer lots of information and very clear maps at the city’s website.

Way 4 If possible, take buses, trains or ships to travel from city to city. They are usually greener than cars and planes.

Way 5 When the only way to travel is by car, rent(租)an electric car. Many car rental companies now offer them, so always ask!

103Walking is the only rewarding way to see a city.

104Many hotels and cities offer free bikes to visitors.

105The city’s websites can help to take public transport.

106Way 1 and Way 4 are the best for people’s health.

107Common cars are greener than electric cars.

【答案】

103B

104B

105A

106B

107B

【分析】

本文介绍了对自己和环境所带来的好处的五种旅行方法

103B

根据Get out of the car and walk. It’s slower but it’s the greenest way to travel. It’s also the most rewarding(有益的)way to see a city, but remember to wear comfortable shoes.可知步行是看一个城市最有益的方法,但是不是唯一有益的方法,故此处与原文不符,故为B。

104B

根据Many hotels now  offer free bikes to guests. Some cities also have mobikes, and you can pick up one easily. It’s not free but very cheap.可知有些宾馆给客人提供免费的自行车,但是有些城市提供的自行车不是免费的,故此处与原文不符,故为B。

105A

根据Most cities now offer lots of information and very clear maps at the city’s website.可知城市网站提出一些关于公共交通的信息,可以帮助乘坐公共交通工具,故此处与原文一致,故为A。

106B

根据Way 1 Get out of the car and walk. It’s slower but it’s the greenest way to travel. 可知方法1是最环保的旅行方式,根据Way 4 If possible, take buses, trains or ships to travel from city to city. They are usually greener than cars and planes.可知方法4给汽车和飞机更环保,故这两种旅行方法是环保的,不是最有利健康的,故此处与原文不符,故为B。

107B

根据Way 4 If possible, take buses, trains or ships to travel from city to city. They are usually greener than cars and planes.可知乘坐公交车,火车和轮船比坐汽车和飞机更环保,故推断普通的汽车不必电动车更环保,故此处为B。

点睛:认真阅读题干,根据题干内容,在文中找到对应的语句或段落,进行分析比较,概括归纳,判断出正确与错误。例如小题1,根据Get out of the car and walk. It’s slower but it’s the greenest way to travel. It’s also the most rewarding(有益的)way to see a city, but remember to wear comfortable shoes.可知步行是看一个城市最有益的方法,但是不是唯一有益的方法,故此处与原文不符,故为B。

组卷:153次
难度:偏难
知识点:旅游与交通
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24
总体难度:
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23
95.83%
未分类
1
4.16%
知识点统计
知识点
题目数
占比
人物传记 故事阅读类
1
4.16%
方法与哲理
3
12.5%
情绪与感情
1
4.16%
记叙文
1
4.16%
健康
1
4.16%
旅游与交通
4
16.66%
日常活动
3
12.5%
家庭、朋友与周围的人
1
4.16%
文学
3
12.5%
热点话题
1
4.16%
公益行为
1
4.16%
节假日活动
1
4.16%
科普知识与现代技术
1
4.16%
饮食
1
4.16%
补充句子
1
4.16%
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