• 难度: 使用次数:22 入库时间:2017-07-19

     

    According to some researchers, you should not praise children for everything that they do. It does not help them build self-confidence.
         Most parents and teachers agree that praise can help increase children’s self-confidence —the more, the better. However, according to some researchers, only proper praise is good for children. If adults praise everything children do, it makes children look for praise all the time, not trying to do their best. "Teachers should not say things like 'good job’ or 'nice work’ whenever a child does anything. They should encourage them to continue to improve," some researchers advise.
         Another idea is that children with high self-confidence are happier, and do better at school. About this, Marshall Duke, a researcher in children, says, "High self-confidence brought in by too much praise does not make children happier, get more, or become able to do more. Finding a child’s advantages (强项) and developing them can help build confidence more than too much praise can." Praise also loses its effect (影响) if it is given equally to all students.
         "It’s important to tell children the truth about what they’ve done. Honest feedback (反馈) is far better than empty praise," Duke adds. "People have got into the habit of not telling children when they’re wrong. That makes it hard for them to deal with difficulties when they grow up. That’s just how the world is."

    1. According to some researchers, if parents praise their children too much, their children will ______.

    A. always look for praise

    B. increase self-confidence

    C. become strong
    D. do better in their studies

    2. In order to help children build self-confidence, some researchers advise parents to ______.

    A. make them live more happily

    B. let them do more difficult work

    C. help them do better in school
    D. encourage them to improve

    3. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?

    A. Praise makes children become successful.

    B. Children don’t know what they’re really good at.

    C. The same praise for all children has no meaning.

    D. Duke thinks praise is more important than finding children’s strengths.

    4. The underlined word "it" in the third paragraph refers to _________.

    A. the effect            B. the praise
    C. the advantage    D. the confidence

    5. What is the last paragraph about?
    A. It’s important to have the habit of praising children.

    B. Children should know their mistakes as soon as possible.

    C. We should praise children honestly and tell them their mistakes.

    D. What children with high self-confidence are like.

    答案

    1A 2D 3C 4B 5C

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