• 难度: 使用次数:193 入库时间:2017-12-07

    You either have it, or you don’ta sense of direction. But why is it that some people could find their way across the Sahara without a map while others can lose themselves in the next street? 

    Scientists say we’re all born with a sense of direction, but it is not properly understood how it works. One theory(理论) is that people with a good sense of direction have simply worked harder at developing it. Research being carried out at Liverpool University supports this idea and suggests that if we don’t use it, we lose it.

    “Children as young as seven have the ability to find their way around,” says Jim Martland, research director of the project. “However, if they are not allowed out alone or are taken everywhere by car, they never develop the skills.”

    Jim Martland also emphasizes that young people should be taught certain skills to improve their sense of direction. He makes the following suggestions:

    l       If you are using a map, turn it to the way you are facing.

    l       If you leave your bike in a strange place, put it near something like a big stone or a treesomething easy to recognize(辩认). Note landmarks(地标) on the route as you go away from your bike. When you return, go back along the same route.

    l       The simple way of finding your direction by using lines such as streets in a town, streams, or wells in the countryside to guide you. Count your steps so that you know how far you have gone and note any landmarks such as tall buildings or hills which can help to find out where you are.

    Now you will never get lost again!

    1. Children have the ability to find the way around when they are ______ years old.

    A. 5                           B. 6                                  C. 7                          D. 8

    2. Which of the following things cannot be used as landmarks?

    A. Tall buildings.           B. Hills.                             C. Wells.                   D. Bikes.

    3. What does the underlined word “emphasize” mean in the passage?

    A. To give special importance to something.              B. To express thanks for somebody. 

    C. To understand or realize a fact.                            D. To admire somebody.

    4. Scientists believe that __________.

    A. some babies are born with a sense of direction

    B. people learn a sense of direction as they grow older

    C. people never lose their sense of direction

    D. everybody has a sense of direction from birth

    5. What may be the best title of the passage?

    A. A research on direction.                            B. The sense of direction.

    C. People’s ability of finding the way.                    D. Scientists’ research on skills.

    答案

    1C 2D 3A 4D 5B

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