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1.

    The opening of the Beijing—Zhangjiakou high-speed railway took place in December, 2019. The railway is a milestone in China’s railway development because it has used the latest technologies in railway building.

The railway is 174 kilometers long, with 10 stations. The stations are managed by one control center, which is described by China Railway Beijing Group also known as CR Bejing as an “intelligent (智能的) brain”. The center collects and shares the stations’ real-time information. “With the information, the workers in the center can control the stations’ lighting and temperature, monitor (监测) trains’ operation and deal with emergencies(紧急情况).” said Zhu Dianping, from CR Beiing.

Zhu said some trains on the BejingZhangjiakou line are “smart” as they provide 5G signals and wireless charging (无线充电) for passengers, as well as intelligent lighting. These trains can start and stop, open and close doors, and deal with emergencies themselves.

All the ten stations provide e-ticket services. Travelers who have bought tickets online can use their ID cards instead of waiting in line for paper tickets.

At Qinghe Railway Station in Beijing, China’s first visual remote ticket vending machine (远程可视售票机) has been installed (安装) to help passengers who are not able to afford tickets online. Passengers keep in touch with the conductor through the machine and buy tickets according to video instructions.

In addition, the Badaling Great Wall Station, the deepest underground railway station in China, is another great example of the country’s achievements in railway building.

16What does the word “milestone” mean in Chinese?

A英石(重量单位)     B垫脚石                   C里程碑                  D里程表

17The control center is described as ________.

ACR Beijing   BRailway Beijing Group  

Ca railway station      Dan “intelligent brain”

18Which is right according to the passage?

AEach station has a control center.

BAll the trains can start and stop themselves.

CAll the stations have visual remote ticket vending machines.

DThe Badaling Great Wall Station is the deepest underground railway station in China.

19E-ticket services are provided so that travelers ________.

Acan buy cheaper tickets                               Bneedn’t wait in line for paper tickets

Ccan only buy tickets online                          Dcan buy paper tickets

20What is special about the Bejing—Zhangialou high-speed railway according to the passage?

AFast and cheap.       BLong and deep.      

CSmart and intelligent.                                 DExpensive and steady.

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知识点:旅游与交通
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【答案】

16C

17D

18D

19B

20C

【解析】

本文介绍了北京至张家口高速铁路,这条铁路是中国铁路发展的里程碑,因为这条铁路采用了铁路建设的最新技术。

16词意猜测题。根据第一段中because it has used the latest technologies in railway building可知,北京至张家口高速铁路采用了铁路建设的最新技术,所以说这条铁路是中国铁路发展的一个里程碑。故选C

17细节理解题。根据第二段中The stations are managed by one control center, which is described by China Railway Beijing Group …as an “intelligent (智能的) brain”可知,控制中心被描述为智能大脑。故选D

18细节理解题。Each station has a control center.每个车站有一个控制中心。根据第二段中The stations are managed by one control center可知,所有车站只有一个控制中心,所以A项错误;All the trains can start and stop themselves.所有的火车都可以自动启动和停止。根据第三段中Zhu said some trains on the BejingZhangjiakou line are “smart” …These trains can start and stop…可知,在北京至张家口高速铁路上运行的一些火车可以自动启动和停止,并不是所有火车都可以,所以B项错误;All the stations have visual remote ticket vending machines.所有车站都有可视的远程售票机。根据倒数第二段中At Qinghe Railway Station in Beijing, China’s first visual remote ticket vending machine (远程可视售票机) has been installed…可知,在北京的清河站安装了第一台远程可视售票机,并不是所有车站都有远程可视售票机,所以C项错误;The Badaling Great Wall Station is the deepest underground railway station in China.八达岭长城站是中国最深的地铁站。根据最后一段中In addition, the Badaling Great Wall Station, the deepest underground railway station in China…可知,八达岭长城站是中国最深的地铁站,所以D项正确。故选D

19细节理解题。根据第四段中All the ten stations provide e-ticket services. Travelers who have bought tickets online can use their ID cards instead of waiting in line for paper tickets.可知,车站提供了电子票务服务以后,旅客不必排队购买纸质车票。故选B

20主旨大意题。根据第二段中The stations are managed by one control center, which is described by China Railway Beijing Group — also known as CR Bejing — as an “intelligent (智能的) brain”.、第三段中These trains can start and stop, open and close doors, and deal with emergencies themselves.、第四段中All the ten stations provide e-ticket services.、第五段中At Qinghe Railway Station in Beijing, China’s first visual remote ticket vending machine (远程可视售票机) has been installed (安装) to help passengers who are not able to afford tickets online.可知,这条铁路的车站控制中心被称为智能大脑,一些列车可以自动启停并处理紧急情况,所有车站都提供电子票务服务,清河站还安装了中国第一台远程可视售票机,这些都说明这条高速铁路智能化程度非常高,这也是这条铁路的特别之处。故选C

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1.

   About five or six years ago I went to London for the first time. It was in the summer holidays and I went with my    11   . It was quite expensive by plane or train, so we    12    to travel by coach(长途汽车). We left at five in the morning and the    13    took about sixteen hours. We stayed in London for three days, in a youth hotel not far from the city centre. My friends and I    14    a big room on the top floor. The beds were not very comfortable and the bathroom was very small,    15    it had a wonderful view overlooking the River Thames.

While we were in London we went to a lot of places. On the first day, we went to see all the main sights(名胜),    16    Big Ben, Piccadilly Circus, and Buckingham Palace. On the second day, we went shopping on Oxford Street. On the    17    day, my friends and I went to Camden Market. You can buy all kinds of jewelry and clothes there. I bought a silver    18    for my sister. It was really sunny in the afternoon, so we went to watch a football game. Unluckily, I think the ring fell out of    19    pocket during the game, and I had to buy another one.

I really enjoyed visiting London, although the youth hotel was not    20   . Next time, I will stay at a wonderful hotel, but I guess I will never feel as excited as I did that first time.

11Asisters             Bparents                   Cfriends                   Dgrandparents

12Ahated              Bdecided                  Crefused                   Dcontinued

13Ashow              Bstudy                      Cjourney                  Dcompetition

14Adrew               Bcleaned                   Cbought                   Dshared

15Aand                 Bbut                         Cso                          Dif

16Asuch as            Bup to                      Cinstead of               Drather than

17Afirst                Bsecond                    Cfourth                    Dlast

18Abag                 Bhat                         Cring                       Dphone

19Amy                 Bhis                         Cher                        Dits

20Anear                Bnew                       Cperfect                   Dcheap

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1.

    Egypt is one of the oldest civilizations (文明) in the world. It has great culture and history. Lets take a look at some wonderful places in the country.

Arabian Desert

Do you think it might be fun to ride a camel in the desert? If so, you should go to the Arabian Desert. It is also known as the Eastern Desert. It takes up nearly one-quarter of Egypt's land. Riding a camel is fun. Camels kneel down to let you sit on them.

Luxor

If you want to see ancient palaces and buildings, Luxor is a great place to go. People there call it the "open-air museum of ancient Egypt". Many people visit Luxor every year. Some famous places there include the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens.

The Great Sphinx

The Great Sphinx is a statue of a lion with a man's head. It's very large. The Sphinx is about 240 feet long (about 73 m) and 65 feet high (about 20m). Its eyes are two meters high! For hundreds of years, the Sphinx has guarded(守卫) the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

21What can we know about the Arabian Desert?

AIt is the third largest desert in the world.

BIt takes up nearly one-quarter of Egypt's land.

CIt is located in Western Africa.

DIt is famous for its large number of camels.

22What does the underlined word it" refer to in this passage?

ADessert          BEgypt.           CValley.          DLuxor.

23Which of the following places is NOT in Egypt?

ALuxor.                               BThe Valley of the Kings.

CThe Valley of the Queens.            DKilimanjaro.

24________ guards the Great Pyramid of Khufu.

AThe Eastern Desert                   BThe Great Sphinx

CThe Nile River                       DThe Arabian Desert

25This passage is mainly about _______.

Athe history of Africa                Bfamous pyramids in Egypt

Cfamous places in Egypt               Dthe largest country in Africa

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1.

 If you look around the streets of London, you'll see the many methods people use to move around. Whether ifs a way to work, a trip to the shops, or a sightseeing trip, there are people on buses, the underground, cars, motorbikes, bicycles and even roller skates. The roads are already    50    : and now there's a new addition: electric, or "e-scooters".

This traditional children's vehicle has become more welcomed over the years. And now, with a small electric motor, it's become a cheap and easy way of    51    . Scooting around town can be fun and doesn't need much effort, so they're becoming increasingly welcomed in cities around the world. But following some serious accidents caused by an electric scooter in the UK, questions are being asked about their safety and    52    traffic laws should be changed.

Some scooter riders have been seen on pavements; others on the road jumping red traffic lights, adding to traffic jams on the road. In the UK, the law says that riding one on the public highway or pavement is not    53    . Riders now face a £300 punishment and six points on their driving license for doing so. But, still e-scooters can be seen    54    . And now users are calling on rules to be changed.

The UK government is looking at how safely they can be used on the road and is examining the law again. But the official said, "It is an    55    product. We know there is need among people. However, safety must always be the first to consider when talking about their use on public highways in this country."

There are dangers in riding a two-wheeled scooter. Some of them can drive at high speed, over 30mph. They sometimes only have one brake (刹车) and no lights. It seems more work needs to be done to give e-scooters a safe and right space to travel in.

50Acleaned           Bcleared                   Ccrowded                 Dcovered

51Atransport         Bcalculation              Cfashion                   Dbusiness

52Awhen              Bwhether                  Cwhat                      Dwho

53Atouched           Bdesigned                 Cprogrammed           Dallowed

54Asomewhere      Bnowhere                 Ceverywhere             Danywhere

55Aexpensive        Bold                         Cactive                     Dordinary

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1.

(2017年黑龙江哈尔滨

Travel to Italy

Cities

Milan(米兰)

Venice (威尼斯)

Florence(佛罗伦萨)

Rome(罗马)

Population in=2010

1,307,900

270,500

369thousand

2.74million

Area

Larger than Florence's

7.6square kilometers

=104square kilometers

Over 1507square kilometers (City area)

Typical feature特征

The second largest city in Italy

A water city

The birthplace of Rensissance(文艺复兴发源地)

The capital city

Climate

Wet

Warm winter and Hot summer

Pleasant climate

Warm and wet in winter while hot and dry in summer

根据表格所提供的信息选择最佳答案.

23There are      famous Italian cities mentioned in the form.

Atwo                                   Bthree                                 Cfour

24Milan has a      climate according to the form.

Awet                                   Bhot                                    Cdry

25According to the form,      is the smallest in area.

ARome                                BVenice                               CMilan

26Florence is well known as     

Athe largest city in Italy

Bthe water city

Cthe birthplace of Rensissance

27Which of the following is TRUE according to the form above?     

AIn 2010,the population of Florence was larger than that of Milan.

BThe population of Rome was 2,74,000in 2010.

CThe capital city has an area of less than 1507square kilometers.

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