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  • 难度: 使用次数:46 入库时间:2020-07-10
    来源: 广东省东莞市2020年中考英语真题试卷含答案解析.doc

         Do you know a saying about the swan feather (天鹅羽毛)?

        This saying comes from a historic book called Lu Shi;According to the story,a Tang Dynasty official (唐朝官员) in Yunnan wanted to show his respect to the emperor.He sent a man named Mian Bogao to bring some gifts to the emperor. One of the gits was a beautiful swan, and it was a very valuable gift at the time.

        Mian took good care of the swan on his way to the emperor. One day he passed by a lake and wanted to let the swan drink some water. But as soon as he set the swan free, the swan flew away, leaving only some feathers on the ground.Mian was very worried,but he didn't run away.He decided to tell the emperor what happened. He picked up a feather and kept going on his trip.

        When Mian met the emperor, he told him what happened and said," This swan feather is light, but it carries my deep respect for you." The emperor was happy with Mian's honesty and sincerity(真诚). He forgave Mian. People now use the saying to show that a good gift doesn't have to be expensive. W hat matters is the sincerity it carries.


    (31)The saying about the swan feather is from______.

    A. a famous poem

    B. a historic book

    C. a popular novel

    D. a latest newspaper

    (32)The Tang Dynasty official in Yunnan sent many gifts to the emperor because______.

    A. he was afraid of the emperor

    B. he wanted to show the emperor he was rich

    C. he wanted to show his respect to the emperor

    D. he wanted to make good friends with the emperor

    (33)Which of the following sentences is TRUE according to the passage?______

    A. Mian wanted the swan to fly away.

    B. Mian killed the swan and got its feather.

    C. Mian set the swan free to drink some water.

    D. Mian tried to run away after the swan flew away.

    (34)From the story, we know that Mian is a(n)______person.

    A. careless B. rude C. honest D. proud

    (35)The Chinese meaning of this story is______.

    A.礼轻情意重 B.路遥知马力 C.酒逢知己饮 D.富贵险中求

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:26 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    读下面有关一个学生的问题的文章,在每个题目下做简短的笔记

    Dear MrHunt

    My problem is that I can't get on with my family Relations between my parents have become difficult They fight a lot and I really don't like it It's the only communication they have I dont know if I should say anything to them about this When they argue it's like a big black cloud hanging over our home Alsomy elder brother is not very nice to me He always refuses to let me watch my favorite TV show Instead he watches whatever he wants until late at night I don't think this is fair At home I always feel lonely and nervous Is that normal What can I do

    Sad and Thirteen

    Dear Sad and Thirteen

    It's not easy being your age and it's nor these feelings Why don't you talk about these feelings with your family If your parents are having problems you should offer to help Maybe you could do more jobs around the house so that they have more time for proper communication Secondly why don't you sit down and communicate with your brother You should explain that you don't mind him watching TV all the time Howeverhe should let you watch your favorite show I hope things will be better for you soon

    MrHunt

    11. The writer's main problem___

    The writer's problem about his/her parents___

    12. The writer's problem about his/her brother___

    The writer's problem about himself/herself___

    13. The advice that MrHunt gives about his/ her problem with his/her brother___

    14. Please find the sentence in the passage that has the same meaning as"He doesn't always allow me to watch the TV program I like best"(请在本文中找与划线句子意思相同的句子)___

    15. The language goals(语言目标) of this passage___

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:36 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    阅读下列短文,然后从每小题ABCD中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案

    In many places the weather changes during the year. These changes are called seasons. In the north and south there are four seasons in a year. At the North and South Pole, there are only two seasons. In tropical(热带) places near the Earths equator( 赤道), there are two seasons a wet season and a dry season. Each season brings changes. They are important for plants and animals that live in different parts of the world.

    Spring starts when the day and night are the same length. The weather gets warmer and sunnier. Trees and plants start to grow. Many animals have their babies in spring.

    Summer begins on the longest day of the year.  In the north this is on June 21 or 22. Summer is usually the warmest and sunniest time of the year.  Fruit grows faster on trees and plants. Young animals grow bigger and stronger.

    Autumn starts when the day and night are the same length again. During autumn, the leaves change color and fall down from the trees. Some animals collect food before winter comes.

    Winter begins on the shortest day of the year. In the north this is on December 21 or 22.The weather is colder and in some places there is lots of snow. Plants and trees stop growing. Some animals, like bats and bears, find places to hide and sleep. This is called hibernation.

    1. There are     seasons on Greenland(格陵兰岛) at the North pole.

    A. four

    B. three

    C. two

    D. one

    2. Many animals     in spring.

    A. have babies

    B. change color

    C. collect food

    D. stop growing

    3. Fruit grows faster on trees and plants in     .

    A. spring

    B. summer

    C. autumn

    D. winter

    4. The meaning of the underlined word "hibernation" is     in Chinese.

    A. 迁徒

    B. 寒冷

    C. 储藏

    D. 冬眠

    5.      start when the day and night are the same length.

    A. Spring and summer

    B. Summer and autumn

    C. Autumn and winter

    D. Spring and autumn

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:27 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    We know people can be nice, but what about animals?

    Scientists say that some animals are capable(有能力的)of being nice. Animals that live in groups-like foxes, chimpanzees(大猩猩), and elephants-follow rules. They have to follow rules to get along and to survive(生存). However, animals can act nicely, even when they don't have to. Here are some surprising stories about animal behavior.

    Most people usually walk away when someone is unkind to them. Marc Bekoff, a researcher at the University of Colorado, saw a female(母的)red fox do just that. The female fox was unhappy because a male(公的)fox played roughly(粗鲁地)with her. When she walked away, the male fox showed her that he wanted to play nicely. He lowered his head and rolled on his back. The female fox gave him another chance, and this time, he played more gently.

    Geza Teleki is a scientist who studies chimpanzees in Tanzania. One day, Teleki hiked far away from his campsite. He didn't have any food. Teleki wanted some fruit from a tree, but the tree was too tall. A young chimpanzee watched him curiously as he tried to get something to eat. The chimpanzee climbed the tree, picked the fruit, and gave it to him!

    An elephant in Kenya hurt his trunk(象鼻子). He needed help because he couldn't put food into his mouth. Researcher Kayhan Ostovar watched silently. He saw the hurt elephant show his sore trunk to a healthy elephant. The healthy elephant didn't need any more information. He took a bush and put it carefully into his new friend's mouth.

    Hippos(河马)and crocodiles are usually good friends. They hang out together in rivers. But Karen Paolillo, a wildlife expert in Zimbabwe, saw something surprising. One day, a crocodile tried to eat a monkey that was next to a river. A hippo ran quickly to the crocodile and chased it away. Why did the hippo attack(攻击)the crocodile? Paolillo says hippos sometimes protect other animals from crocodiles.

    6. The main idea of the passage is        .

    A. animals that live in groups follow rules

    B. some animals can be nice to other animals

    C. most animals are nice to people

    7. The underlined phrase “do just that” means        .

    A. be nice                     B. play roughly                C. walk away

    8. We can say that Teleki        .

    A. is short                    B. hates hiking                C. could not climb the tree

    9. The elephant needed help because ____.

    A. the tree was too tall       B. it could not use its trunk  C. it had no food

    10. The underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refers to ____.

    A. the crocodile               B. the chimpanzee              C. the monkey

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:28 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    In 1987, a small company names Huawei was started in Shenzhen. After more than 30 years of development, the company has now beaten Apple and become the world’s second-largest maker of smartphones behind Korea’s Samsung. It has also become the world’s largest supplier(供应商) of 5G.

    But recently, Huawei faced some difficulties. The U.S. government ordered a ban() on its sales in America. American officials said Huawei gave information that it collected to the Chinese government. At the same time, the U. S. governement planned to stop selling parts and services to Huawei, which was believed that Huawei’s business would be hurt.

    “We have never received such a request from the Chinese government and we have never tried to get into other systems to collect information.” Ren Zhengfei, Huawei’s founder and president said. “This ban from the U.S. would have little effect on our company. Huawei has enough ability to deal with the problems.” Ren added.

    In an interview several years ago, Ren Zhengfei said, “I started Huawei with only 4,000 at the beginning, but now it has beome a $100 billion company. The experience was not as romantic(浪漫的) as you imagine.”

    Facing the ban of the U.S., Huawei is growing. Huawei's smartphone sales around the world rose 50 percent compared to a year earlier in the first three months of 2019.At the same time ,sales from both Samsung and Apple fell. So far, Huawei has grown into the world s largest telecommunications equipment(电信设备) supplier, selling in17 O countries! It may beat Samsung as the largest smartphone maker in the near future.

    6. Which company is the largest supplier of 5G in the world?

    A. Apple.              B. Samsung.            C. huawei.             D. Nokia.

    7. Why did the U.S. order a ban on Huawei?

    A. Huawei's sales in America were growing faster than Apple.

    B. Huawei refused to supply services to the U.S. government.

    C. They didn’t want Apple to sell parts and services to Huawei.

    D. They thought Huawei, collected information for the Chinese government.

    8. From what Ren Zhengfei said, we can learn that Huawei             .

    A. is deeply affected by the ban

    B. has go to the system of the U.S.

    C. can solve the problems they are facing

    D. is asked to supply information to China

    9. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 means               .

    A. Huawei's developing experience was hard

    B. it is romantic to start a company with i 4, 000

    C. the romantic experience was a large amount of wealth

    D. people can understand Huawei 's developing experience easily

    10. What does the writer want to tell us in the last paragraph?

    A. Huawei will grow slowly.                   B. Huawei is full of hope.

    C. Huawei’s sales will be doubled.           D. Huawei is the largest smartpnone maker.

    题型:阅读填空  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:19 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    Some Fun and Interesting Facts

    Do you think what color oranges are? The common answer to this question is “Orange”. However, the first oranges from Southeast Asia were actually green. Up to now, oranges in warmer areas like Vienam and Tailand still stay green when they are fully grown.

    There was a man named John Chapman who planted thousands of apple trees. But the apples on those trees were much more bitter(哭的) than the ones you’d find in the suppermarket today. John didn’t expect apples to be eaten whole, but rather made hard apple cider(苹果酒).

    Like most four-legged animals, cats have five toes on the front paws, but their back paws only have four toes. Scientists think they four-toe back paws might help them run faster. Do you know any other fun fact about cats?

    Walt Disney might have been the firs it gloves on his charactersas the star Mickey Mouse in 1929's The Opry House(《奥普里之屋》).Besides being easier to interest, there's another reason why Disney did so:”We didn't want him to have mouse hands because he was supposed to be more human. "Disney once said.

    1. What does the underlined word "they” refer to?

    A. Warmer areas                               B. Oranges in warmer areas

    C. The first oranges                          D. People from Vietnam and Thailand

    2. John expected his apples to be

    A. known by more people                       B. sold in the supermarket

    C. eaten only by himself                      D. made into hard apple cider

    3. How many toes does a normal cat have in total?

    A. Fourteen                                   B. Sixteen

    C. Eighteen.                                  D. Twenty

    4. Disney put gloves on Mickey Mouse in order to ___________

    A. make him look more human                   B. protect his hands

    C. help him to run faster                     D. make him feel more comfortable

    5. Which is NOT a fact according to the information above?

    A. The first oranges weren’t orange.

    B. John’s apples weren’t sweet enough.

    C. Walt Disney put gloves on his characters to interest people.

    D. Cats have fewer toes on their front paws than then ones on their back paws.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:12 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    Do you want to improve your physics and chemistry grades? Well, maybe you should first learn something about the struggles (奋斗) of great scientists.

    The American Psychological Association did an interesting study. More than 400 students from schools in New York City took part in it. The students were divided into three groups. Group 1 read a typical textbook that describes the achievements of great scientists. Group 2 read about those scientists' personal struggles. For example, as a Jew, Einstein (爱因斯坦) ran away from Nazi Germany to avoid persecution (迫害). The last group read about the scientists' intellectual struggles, such as Marie Curie's failed scientific tests. These stories about struggles also told students how the scientists dealt with these obstacles障碍) .

    The students took a science exam before the study. After the six-week study, they took another. Scientists found those in Groups 2 and 3 improved their science grades. Students in Group 1 didn't see a grade increase. Some of them even had lower grades after the study.

    The study was led by Xiaodong Lin-Siegler, a teacher at Columbia University. According to Xiaodong, kids often think Einstein was truly intelligent. They believe they will never match him.

    Many of them fail to realize that any success requires a long journey. Along the way, there are many failures失败) .

    Students who read the struggle stories more probably said that great scientists were like themselves. The "great minds" also had to overcome obstacles to achieve success.

    Xiaodong says today's science textbooks fail to bring science to life. As a result, students seldom regard science as part of their everyday lives. Instead, they just see a long list of facts that they have to remember. Xiaodong thinks textbooks should include more stories about how great scientists had to struggle to succeed. And students should focus more on how these scientists dealt with the obstacles they met along the way.

    根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。

    21. According to the article, students can improve their physics and chemistry grades by _______.

    A. reading the achievements of great scientists more carefully

    B. listening more carefully to their physics and chemistry teachers

    C. learning about how great scientists dealt with their obstacles

    22. All of the students who took part in the study _________.

    A. were interested in physics and chemistry

    B. went to school in New York City

    C. wanted to improve their physics and chemistry grades

    23. Andy Hunt was one of the students who took part in the study. According to his report card, he was probably a member of _________.

    Andy Hunt

    Class 2, Grade 9

    Physics

    2018.4-9   86

    2018-5-22  79

    A. Group 1                     B. Group 2                     C. Group 3

    24. In Paragraph Four, the word "match" means "___________ " in Chinese.

    A. 满足                        B. 比得上                      C. 配对

    25. Xiaodong Lin-Siegler thinks science textbooks should ____________________.

    A. tell students directly that Einstein was born a common man

    B. make the long lists of factsat students have to remember more interesting

    C. include more stories about how great scientists had to struggle to succeed

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    Delivering a better life

    By YANG FEIYUE |China Daily |Updated 20190330 1042

     

    A father who was disabled at work and abandoned (抛弃) by his wife brings his daughter on his takeout routes.

    The 39yearold man from Yunnan Province lost his mother when he was a teenager. He experienced a serious accident in 2012. And his wife abandoned him and their daughter three years ago.

    But Li Bangyong didn' t give up.

    He has managed to support himself and his girl by delivering takeout over the past two years.

    Li moved to Jiaxing Zhejiang Province to find a job but lost it after a machine crushed(压碎)his right hand.

    He started delivering food with his baby last year. He put a safety chair on his ebike. His girl wears a special coat to protect against sunlight and a quilt to keep warm. He works this way from 730 a.m. to 7 30 p.m. with only a 10minute lunch break. He feeds his girl bread when she cries and slows down when she falls asleep. Li always carries her when he takes the food to customer' s doors, although he often has to climb many stairs.

    He faces hardship but finds comfort in his work.

    And many people have offered support to Li after reading his story.

    32. Who reported the news?     

    A. Yang Feiyue               B. Li Bangyong               C. Wang Zhenyu

    33. How long does Li Bangyong usually work every day?     

    A. About 8 hours.              B. About 10 hours.             C. About 12 hours.

    34. Why does Li's girl walk around during a break     

    A. To deliver takeout          B. To relax her legs.          C. To protect against sunlight.

    35. Where does this passage probably come from     .

    A. A guide book                B. A TV program                C. A website

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:13 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABC三个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    In the Warring States Period, the State of Qin had a fight with the State of Zhao. Zhao needed some talented people to ask for help from Chu. Then Mao Suithe man who believed he was the right person for this task came and recommended(推荐)himself. And he made the king of Chu send the army to help successfully. Zhao was safe. From then on, Mao Sui became a wellknown hero of the state.

    One day, Shang Yang put a thin wooden stick near the south gate of the capital of Qin. He promised to pay 10 gold pieces to anyone who could move it to the north gate. It was such a simple job that all the people thought Shang was joking. Then he added 40 more gold pieces. A man moved it and he really got 50 gold pieces. After that, the people of Qin believed Shang was a man of his word. So they all followed Shang's new laws later.

    Wang Xizhi was one of the most famous calligraphers(书法家)during the Eastern Jin Dynasty of China. When he was very young, he practiced his art every day and never stopped.

    One day, Wang Xizhi wrote in wood for an engraver(雕刻师)to cut. Then the engraver found the ink had penetrated (渗透)one centimeter into the wood. Now "Ru Mu San Fen" is often used to describe sharp ideas or useful views.

    21. Where did Mao Sui come from according to this passage?     

    A. The State of Qin

    B. The State of Zhao

    C. The State of Chu

    22. Why did the people of Qin follow Shang Yang’s new laws?     

    A. They believed in Shang Yang.

    B. They were afraid of Shang Yang.

    C. Shang Yang gave them gold pieces.

    23. What is "Ru Mu San Fen" often used to describe now?     

    A. A man of his word

    B. Sharp ideas or useful views

    C. A wellknown hero of the state

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:10 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

     阅读下列短文或图表,从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    When faced with difficult situations in their lives, many people find them too challenging and give up, especially on their life dreams. But not for Gabriel Heredia.

    Gabriel is a 21-year-old Argentinean barber(阿根廷理发师)who was born without hands. But he was able to grow up happy and independent because he always had the support of friends and family. In fact his inspiration for such work was his mother, who is a hairdresser. At the age of 14, he began to take interest in her work and learned all kinds of hair cutting skills from her. Although he first saw it as an interest, Gabriel quickly decided that this was his dream job.   

    Gabriel's family soon helped him open his first barbershop in San Isidro, Peru, which he worked at for one and a half years. There, he met Zlatan Gomez, the president of Argentina Corta, an organization for barbers to connect, do charity (慈善) work, and teach hairdressing. Later, Gabriel became part of Argentina Corta, offering his services to people of all ages so they can build up the skills they need to get a job.

         Gabriel then moved to Buenos Aires, Argentina where he cuts hair today. As a bright and caring young man, Gabriel tries hard to not only be a barber, but also make a connection with the neighborhood. He says, "The thing that I like the most about my job is that people feel comfortable and stylish with my cuts and that makes me feel happy. "

    Gabriel always does his best to be independent. He never gives up. There is nothing he can't do. Besides cutting hair, he has learned to ride a bike, a motorbike and even to drive a car. He is no doubt inspiring others.

    11. When Gabriel was born, what made him different from others?

    A. He was born without hands.                 B. His special haircut.

    C. His life dream.                            D. His happiness and independence.

    12. At first, Gabriel Heredia learned hair cutting skills ________________.

    A. from Zlatan Gomez                          B. from his mother

    C. from his friends                           D. by himself

    13. Which of the following statements about Gabriel Heredia is NOT true?

    A. He tries hard to make a connection with the neighborhood.

    B. He can not only cut hair but also drive a car.

    C. He joined Argentina Corta and taught others hair cutting skills in San Isidro.

    D. He opened his first barbershop in Buenos Aires with the help of his family.

    14. What does Gabriel's story mainly tell us?

    A. A good beginning makes a good ending.

    B. You're never too old to learn.

    C. Nothing is impossible if you don't give up.

    D. Education changes life.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:15 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    We all need cash(现金) in order to live our live. However. something called digital currency is slowly taking the place of cash. A currency is kind of money. Usually, we use currency when we talk about a country’s money. If something is digital, it only exists(存在) on a computer. So "digital currency” means money that only exists on computers.

    Lots of people have digital currency accounts(账户). They use a credit card(信用卡) to change their real money into digital money, and then the money goes into the digital currency account. A lot of people wonder, “Why in the world should I change my real money into digital currency?" This is a fair question, but there’s a good answer. If you want to buy something online, then you usually have to use digital currency. For example. If you’re in China and you want to buy something in Canada, then you’ll have to pay with the digital currency.

    Many people still don't trust digital currency. Some people think that if they can't hold their money in their band, then it doesn’t seem real. These people don't feel comfortable when they see numbers on a computer screen. The computer tells them that their money is safe but these people don't really feel safe. Another problem is security(安全). There are hackers all over the world. A hacker is a person who steals computer information. If a hacker gets the password of your digital currency account, he or she can steal your money.

    You have to decide whether or not you trust this new invention. Just remember one thing: If you want to buy something online, then you probably won't have a choice. You'll have to use digital currency.

    12. What does Para. 1 mainly tell us?

    A. What digital currency is.                  B. How to use digital currency.

    C. Why we all need cash to live.              D. Where to find digital currency.

    13. What is the "good answer" to the question in Para. 2?

    A. You cannot shop online without digital currency.

    B. You cannot buy anything in China with real money.

    C. You cannot buy anything in Canada without digital currency.

    D. You can use both real money and digital currency to shop online.

    14. What is the first problem mentioned in Para.3?

    A. Digital currency is not safe enough.

    B. Many people still don't trust digital currency.

    C. Some people can't hold their money in their hand.

    D. Some people don't feel comfortable with numbers.

    15. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

    A. Two kinds of money                         B. The end of real money

    C. Currency around the world                  D. Money that you can't touch

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:4 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    In a rainforest there are tall trees. The top of these trees is called the canopy. Scientists want to learn about the canopy. They want to learn about everything that lives there. But it has not been easy to get to the canopy.

    Meg is an American biologist, ecologist, explorer, writer, educator, and public speaker. Since she knows a lot about trees, she is sometimes called Canopy Meg. Meg has always liked trees. When she was a child, she made tree houses. Now, she has climbed to the top of trees all over the world and does great research, so she has got a nickname called “Einstein of the treetops.”

    Walkways in the rainforest were Meg's idea. Now, they are used by many people. A walkway is like a bridge that goes between the trees. It is safe and it doesn’t harm the trees. A walkway, however, cannon help scientists reach the top.

    One way to reach the top is by a light raft filled with air. It has a huge net on it. A hot air balloon drops the raft onto the trees. Scientists can stand on the raft and look into the trees.

    A tower crane is also a good way to get to the top. It can go above the tree tops. It can go all the way down to the ground, too. Scientists are learning about life in the canopy. They have learned there are millions of insects that are eating leaves in these treetops.

    Meg's job is to keep finding out more. She wants to help find the secrets of treetops. There are still millions of animals that no one has seen. Many of them are in the treetops.

    8. What do scientists go to the treetops for?

    A. To build walkways there.                   B. To learn about the rainforest.

    C. To study living things there.              D. To look at the things far away.

    9. Why is Meg called "Einstein of the treetops?

    A. Because she has always liked trees.

    B. Because she made tree houses in her childhood

    C. Because she is an American biologist and explorer.

    D. Because she does great scientific research on treetops

    10. How many ways of getting to the treetops are mentioned in the passage?

    A. One                 B. Two.                C. Three.              D. Four

    11. Which picture does a walkway look like?

    A.                         B.

    C.                        D.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:9 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    Josh: Do you know about "pay it forward coffee” at Florn Cafe?

    Eric: You mean volunteers pay for a cup of coffee for someone poor to have it later?

    Josh: Yeah. A cup of coffee is not much, but on cold winter days like today, it might warm them up a little. And maybe their hearts too. 

    Eric: But will Flora Cale really give this cup of coffee to someone later?

    Josh: Come on. I’ve known the shopkeeper well. He's an honest man. He's got a blackboard in the shop that says how many cups are paid for and how many have been given out.

    Eric: But how will they know who to give? Anyone can ask for it, even if they’re not poor.

    Josh: True, but then I guess they’ll just have to believe in people.

    Eric: Perhaps. But will poor people go and ask for a free coffee? Won't they worry about losing face?

    Josh: Why do you always say things like that?

    Eric: Well. it may happen

    Josh: Yeah, I know. but I still think it’s a good thing to do. and it gets people to care about others.

    4. Who pays forward for the coffee?

    A. Josh and Eric       B. The shopkeeper.     C. The volunteers      D. Josh and his family

    5. Who is supposed to drink the free coffee?

    A. Someone who paid it forward.               B. Someone who have warm hearts.

    C. Someone who cannot afford it.              D. Someone who come in on cold days.

    6. Whet does the underlined part “things like that” refer to?

    A. Time and places to offer the coffee.       B. Problems about the free coffee plan.

    C. Ways to improve the free coffee plan       D. Good things about the free coffee plan.

    7. What can we learn about Joh and Eric?

    A. Josh worries about losing face.

    B. Erie knows the shopkeeper well.

    C. They both believe most people are honest.

    D. They have different opinions about the plan.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:13 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    I come from Cambridge, a beautiful city in the east of England. It is on the River Cam and has a population of about 120, 000. My home town is especially famous for its university. Many famous people studied here, such as Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. There are lots of old buildings and churches to visit. Students and tourists enjoy trips along the river by boat.

    Cambridge is 80 kilometers from London. London is in the south of England and it is on the River Thames. It has a population of about; seven and a half million, so it is bigger and busier than Cambridge. It is about 2, 000 years old, and it is famous for Big Ben, Buckingham Palace and Tower Bridge.

    England itself is part of an island, and you are always near the sea. The small villages and beaches on the coast are popular for holidays. Tourists like the areas of low mountains and beautiful lakes in the north, and the hills and pretty villages in the south. Everywhere in England, you will notice how green the countryside is.

    It is never very hot in summer or very cold in winter. So come and see England any time of the year, but bring an umbrella with you. It rains a lot all year round. You will need it most days.

    21. Cambridge is      .

    A. in the east of England                     B. in the south of England

    C. on the River Thames                        D. far from the River Cam

    22. How many examples of famous people are mentioned in the passage?

    A. One.                B. Two.                C. Three.              D. Four.

    23. What can we know about Cambridge and London?

    A. Cambridge is much busier than London.

    B. London is 2 000 kilometers from Cambridge.

    C. Cambridge has more famous buildings than London.

    D. London has a much bigger population than Cambridge.

    24. Tourists like       in the south of England.

    A. the churches                               B. the low mountains

    C. the pretty villages                        D. the beautiful lakes

    25. It is       in England.

    A. very hot in summer                         B. very cold in winter

    C. not very cold in winter                    D. not rainy all year round

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:8 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    At some point in life, many people develop a mental (精神) problem.

    While most people get over it, for others it doesn’t go away easily.

    The WHO says that about 20 percent of teenagers worldwide suffer from mental illness. It’s thought that the number of teenagers with mental illness around the world will increase by half by 2020. It will become one of the main causes of illness, and even death.

    In China, the picture isn’t bright, either. About one tenth of teenagers under the age of 17 have a mental health challenge.

    The world is changing fast. Study and relationships have always caused stress, but today the stress is much higher than before, the WHO said.

    A research centre in Oxford University says that young people today have big stresses at school. For example, they experience bullying (欺凌). In a 2017 report, the centre noted that the Internet was a special source (渠道) of stress. Online, young people often see “messages about perfection” and this causes the young “great uncertainty about their futures”, says the centre.

    Also, according to China Daily, Chinese people don’t ask for help with their mental problems. They fear that others will think less of them if they say that they are in mental trouble. Elaine Peng, a US mental health educator, makes a similar point. And in the UK, over three quarters of young people believe their mental problems have a social stigma. It is reported in 2017 that a quarter of young UK people wouldn’t ask for help if they developed a mental problem.

    Young people who don’t ask for help for their condition may be creating problems for themselves in the future. Elaine Peng warned that, “If we hide our mental health, it may remain a problem forever.”

    “My message for young people is, if you feel something is wrong within you—ask for help,” he told China Daily.

    36. Which of the following is NOT the cause of stress according to the passage?

    A. Heavy schoolwork                           B. Being bullied at school.

    C. Some information from the Internet.        D. Certainty about the future.

    37. Why don’t Chinese people ask for help with their mental problems?

    A. They don’t think them serious.            B. They can get over them in time.

    C. They can keep their mental health secret.  D. They are afraid of being looked down upon.

    38. What does the underlined word “stigma” most probably mean in Chinese?

    A. 羞耻                B. 印象                C. 援助                D. 危害

    39. Elaine Peng advised the teenagers with mental illness to ______.

    A. think less of themselves                   B. avoid being bullied

    C. ask for help as soon as possible           D. stay away from the Internet.

    40. The main purpose of the passage is to ______.

    A. ask research centers for help

    B. tell about teenagers’ stresses

    C. call public attention on teenagers with mental illness

    D. show some different opinions from different countries

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:14 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    Did you take part in a camp this summer? There are so many summer camps and not all of them are the same. To choose which camp is best for you, first you must do a bit of research.

    Maybe you’ve never thought about it before, but every great summer camp has the same main goals—opportunity, challenge and growth.

    Opportunity means you are given a chance to do something special. It also makes you special because other kids don’t have the same opportunity. For example, if you are interested in writing, then you can choose to join a journalism (新闻) camp. You may have the opportunity of meeting famous journalists there.

    Challenge means you are given a task. You must finish the task and succeed in dealing with the challenge. Then you will have a sense of achievement. For example, you could take a lifeguard course at some summer camps. If you pass the exam, then you will receive a certificate (证书) to become a real lifeguard.

    This also leads to the third and most important goal of very great summer camp—personal growth. It doesn’t mean growing taller and stronger or more beautiful. It means seeing yourself improve, learning something new and doing something you didn’t know or believe you could do before. It also means becoming more confident in yourself.

    So in the future when choosing your next summer camp, remember to ask yourself: Is it a special opportunity? Is it a challenge? Will I grow?

    But what about friendship, fun and joy? These will all happen naturally when you have the right goals at summer camps!

    31. Which is the writer’s opinion?

    A. Different camps have different goals.

    B. There are too many summer camps today.

    C. All great summer camps have the same main goals.

    D. All the summer camps offer the same activities and courses.

    32. According to the passage, a camper feels successful when he ______.

    A. joins the best camp                        B. finishes a hard task

    C. grows taller and stronger                  D. takes a special chance

    33. The most important thing for a camper is to ______.

    A. take opportunities                         B. grow more beautiful

    C. become better and more confident           D. learn new life-saving skills

    34. What does the last paragraph tell us?

    A. It’s not important to have fun at a camp.

    B. It’s hard to make real friends at a camp.

    C. You can get more joy with more goals at camp.

    D. With the right goals, you can have fun while learning at a camp.

    35. Which is the best title for the passage?

    A. What makes a camp great?                   B. Which is the best goal?

    C. How to be a successful camper?             D. How to do research work?

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:11 入库时间:2020-07-01
    来源: 山东省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试题含答案解析.doc

    阅读下列材料,然后从每小题ABCD四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案。

    Abby’s father was taking her to visit her grandmother. Abby was going to be away for three months. “I can’t leave Tobias behind,” she said. “You will have to,” said her father. “You can’t take Tobias into another country.”

    Abby thought it was a silly rule. “I will take him,” she said to herself. So she put him in a sock and packed it in her bag.

    At the airport, Abby put her bag by the x-ray machine. Abby felt her legs shaking as the bag was going through the machine. She hoped Tobias in the bag made no noise. The woman by the machine smiled and said, “Have a good flight.”

    On the plane, Abby waited until her dad and the woman next to her fell asleep. Then she opened the sock to look at Tobias. But he jumped out of the sock and landed on the woman’s knee. The woman cried loudly, “A mouse!” Abby quickly put Tobias into the sock and back into her bag.

    Before they landed, Dad filled out a form, choosing no to: Are you bringing any live animals into the country?

    She saw the man frown (皱眉) as her bag went through the x-ray machine. She watched when he opened the bag and pulled out the sock.

    “Come with me, please.”

    Abby followed her dad into a small room. There was a police officer and Tobias in the sock was on the desk. The police officer talked to Abby’s dad, “You have tried to smuggle (走私) an animal into this country.” Abby felt fear came all over her body. “It’s my fault (过错),” she said in a small voice. “I didn’t want to leave him behind.” “Have you ever been in trouble before?” the officer asked as he wrote “animal smuggler” next to her name. Abby opened her mouth but no sound came out.

    Tobias had to be in quarantine (隔离) for six months, which cost a lot of money. And Abby wouldn’t be able to visit her grandmother again. Now, she learned there was a good reason for rules.

    26. Who was Tobias?

    A. A sock.             B. Abby’s toy.        C. A mouse.            D. Abby’s brother.

    27. How did Abby feel by the x-ray machine?

    A. Worried.            B. Excited.            C. Unhappy.            D. Relaxed.

    28. Why were Abby and her dad asked into a small room?

    A. Abby told a lie.

    B. Dad forgot to fill out a form.

    C. They were thought to be smuggling animals.

    D. They were asked to explain what happened on the plane.

    29. Which of the following is true?

    A. Dad knew Abby was taking Tobias with her.

    B. Taking Tobias brought Abby much trouble.

    C. The police officer wrote “animal smuggler” next to Dad’s name.

    D. Tobias was found out by the woman beside the x-ray machine.

    30. What lesson did Abby learn?

    A. Never to take Tobias around.               B. Always to follow rules.

    C. Never to smuggle animals.                  D. Always to tell the truth.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:11 入库时间:2020-06-24
    来源: 湖北省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试卷含答案解析.doc

    Last night, a school night, my 11-year-old son's baseball team played a game that lasted until 9:30. By the time we got home and he had a quick dinner and shower, it was 10:30-an hour and a half later than a child who gets up at 6:30 should be going to bed. We love baseball. My son is having fun, getting exercise, and learning patience, teamwork and sports spirit. But the truth is that the game also influences his sleep.

    As parents, we want good things for our children. We want them to be healthy both in body and in mind. To this end , we look for ways to help our kids grow and develop. We help them with their homework. We sign them up for dance, soccer and baseball. We encourage our kids to take honors courses(培优课程)or to have after-school jobs. And we praise them for hard-earned success and achievements.

    However, the irony is that all of these activities and responsibilities that we are giving our children to make their lives colorful could be badly influencing their health and taking happiness away. Activities, responsibilities, and goals are good. But if we want our kids to realize their full physical, learning and social ability, sleep is important. We have to start taking sleep seriously.

    Parents make bedtime routines and carry out(执行)strict rules about nighttime. But in fact,    these measures(措施)aren't enough because getting our kids, enough sleep isn't just about carrying out stricter bedtime. It actually requires more than that. In order to ensure our kids get the sleep they need, bout parents and schools should make an effort.

    41. From the passage we know the writer's son ________

    A. isn't good at sports                       B. wastes time every night

    C. can't get enough sleep                     D. always hangs out with friends

    42. What does the underlined word "irony" mean in Chinese?

    A. 光荣                B. 骄傲                C. 讽刺                D. 公正

    43. What does the writer think of taking honors courses at last?

    A. Boring.             B. Unnecessary.        C. Interesting.        D. Enjoyable.

    44. How can we make sure kids get enough sleep according to the write?

    A. By making the children's lives colorful.

    B. By refusing all the after-school activities.

    C. By carrying out strict rules about bedtime.

    D. By making an effort from parents and schools.

    45. What would the writer probably talk about in the following paragraph?

    A. Advice on how to sleep well.               B. Ways of changing kids’ education.

    C. The importance of sleeping well.           D. Measures parents and schools should take

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:11 入库时间:2020-06-24
    来源: 湖北省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试卷含答案解析.doc

    Terry Fox was only seventeen when he got a cancer (癌症). He must have felt hopeless when the doctor said his right leg would have to be cut off 6 inches above the knee.

    But to everyone’s surprise, Terry Fox made up his mind to become a long-distance runner and do something about the cancer. What a dream!

    Although it seemed impossible, Terry decided to run across the whole country. He hoped to raise one million dollars for cancer research. Few believed he would make it. Anyway, on April 12, 1980, Terry Fox began his Marathon of Hope. For the first days of his marathon, Terry Fox was alone. He started running at 4:30 am. Day by day, people began to realize that something big was happening on the lonely road. As people saw Terry, they stopped and donated (捐赠) money for cancer research.

    However, his health took a rapid turn for the worse several months later. He had to give up his marathon on September 1, 1980. Terry died three months later, at the age of 22. In his short life, he raised $24 million for cancer research—one dollar for each person in his motherland.

    Since his death, the yearly Terry Fox Run, first held in 1981, has grown to be the world’s largest one-day fundraiser (筹资活动) for cancer research.

    4. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean?

    A. The dream was very strange.                B. It was such a silly dream.

    C. The dream was easy to achieve.             D. It was almost an impossible dream.

    5. Terry gave up his marathon in 1980 because _________.

    A. he found it too tiring                     B. nobody supported him

    C. he was too sick to continue                D. he raised enough money

    6. When did Terry Fox get a cancer?

    A. In 1975.            B. In 1980.            C. In 1981.            D. In 1958.

    7. What is the writer’s purpose in writing the passage?

    A. To tell us when Terry Fox Run was first held.

    B. To tell us not to give up when facing difficulties.

    C. To advise us to donate money for cancer research.

    D. To call on us to take part in Marathon of Hope.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类
  • 难度: 使用次数:13 入库时间:2020-06-24
    来源: 湖北省2020年最新中考英语真题分类汇编专题03阅读理解试卷含答案解析.doc

    Canada shares the longest international border (边界) in the world with the USA, which is 8,891 km long. The longest part of the border is shared with the US state, Alaska, and it is about 2,475 km long. Here is more information about Canada.

    Geography

    the largest waterfalls, Niagara Falls    

    the second biggest country in the world, after Russia

    the highest mountain, the Mount Logan with a height of 5,959 m 

    the longest river, the McKenzie River in the northwest, 4,241 km long

    a large country with a small population

    Attractions for kids

    going boating in the national parks, enjoying skiing, snow-boarding and other winter fun activities in the mountains

    outdoor activities: riding, climbing and ice-skating in Toronto, Vancouver and so on

    interesting museums and wonderful city parks

    1. How long is the longest border that Canada shares with Alaska?

    A. 8,891 km.           B. 2,475 km.           C. 4,241 km.           D. 5,959 m.

    2. The largest country in the world is ________.

    A. China               B. Canada              C. the USA             D. Russia

    3. Which of the following statements is true?

    A. The height of the Mount Logan is 5,959 kilometers.

    B. The McKenzie River lies in the northeast of Canada.

    C. Canada is a large country which has a small population.

    D. Kids can’t go ice-skating in Vancouver.

    题型:阅读理解  知识点:日常生活类