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2021年山东省烟台市英语中考试题含解析
2021年山东省烟台市英语中考试题含解析
初中
整体难度:偏难
2021-08-13
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一、完型填空 (共2题)
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1.

Being a parent is without doubt among the most challenging jobs in the world. But no matter how 1 it is, some people voluntarily (主动地) take this role—even if they don’t have to. We know them as “foster (收养) parents”.

Katie Holstein is one such example. In 2017, though unmarried, she decided to become a mother. Eight months later, she got a license and was 2 to become a first time mom to two babies. It was not an easy 3 for Katie. However, she made it. The babies were looked after very well.

Over the next three years, this 4 mom fostered 16 children. They were all under five years old because she wasn’t willing to take teenagers. However, her attitude changed when she met a teenage girl named Akyra.

Akyra’s foster family needed a break. Katie was asked to let Akyra 5 with her for a week. To Katie’s surprise, she and Akyra got on well. They had the same 6 such as watching movies and reading novels. As time went on, the pair grew 7 . Katie made up her mind to foster her for real. Akyra was 14 at that time and planned to live with Katie until she aged out of the system at 18 years old.

Now Katie’s story is 8 known. She hopes it will encourage other people to 9 their homes to foster kids. “Being a real family doesn’t always mean being connected by blood. Sometimes, it just means being connected by the 10 . I promise you there are children in your community right now who need a safe place to land. They need willing families, not perfect ones,” explained Katie.

1 A interesting B exciting C unhealthy D difficult

2 A forced B encouraged C allowed D asked

3 A task B question C exam D rule

4 A beautiful B powerful C careful D regretful

5 A stay B come C communicate D compete

6 A difficulties B ideas C interests D friends

7 A stranger B quicker C stronger D closer

8 A widely B clearly C nearly D directly

9 A build B open C clean D change

10 A brain B age C money D heart

难度:
知识点:公益行为
使用次数:239
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2.

阅读下而短文,在空白处填入一个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Twitter Bryan and his wife Jessica love animals. When they were helping out in a local pet rescue (救助) store, they made friends with a cat 1 call Wyatt. They decided to take it home 2 make it feel special and loved.

Wyatt liked to watch birds from the window. However, birds seldom show themselves during the winter months. So Bryan came up with 3 idea to solve this problem. He searched 4 some bird videos and showed them to Wyatt.Wyatt loved the videos very much.

In order to let Wyatt live more comfortably. Bryan decided to give it something more-its own bedroom. After 5 look around their house, Bryan found that the roof could 6 change into Wyatt’s room. He was excited at the thought. “It will be a perfect place in our tiny house.” Bryan said.

Bryan built a bed from 7 piece of wood while Jessica cut up old pillows (枕头) to use as a mattress (床垫) . After that, they prepared some old balls for Wyatt to play with. Although they used mostly recycled materials, the tiny bedroom was 8 true wonderful. It was Wyatt’s 9 person bedroom. Wyatt spent a lot of time there.Wyatt really enjoyed it as much as a kid 10 finally got his own bedroom. Now, Wyatt is living happily with the couple.

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知识点:短文填空
使用次数:159
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二、阅读填空 (共1题)
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1.

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余选项。

Imagine you are studying English, then you feel the need to check your phone. 1 This process, when repeated many times, could reduce( 降低 )your ability to learn new materials. It is what you might call a bad habit.

2 Wendy Wood is a psychologist( 心理学家 ) and an expert on habits. In her book Good Habits, Bad Habits, she points out that repeatedly checking the phones is one of the bad habits. She offers some ideas on how people can cut back on their cell phone use.

One suggestion is to wear a watch. 3

Another suggestion is to increase the number of steps you need to take in order to use your cell phone. “Silence it. Turn it off… Turn on Flying Mode,” she writes. 4 For example, you can put your phone inside a backpack.

Wood also suggests another way to reduce the use of your cell phone. She says you can ask one of your family members to watch you and remind you every time you check your phone.

Finally, Wood suggests one kind of reward( 奖励 ), you could give yourself for not looking at your phone reading a good book.

Today, we discussed ideas for reducing your cell phone use. 5 Habit changes take time. But with planning, repetition and insistence, you can do it.

A You can also use these ideas to break other bad behaviors.

B Today we will discuss how you can break such a kind of bad habit.

C Perhaps you are learning new words and expressions on your phone.

D This will give you no excuse for looking at the phone—checking the time.

E.You return to your study, only to look again at your phone a short time later.

F.She adds that you can move your phone to a place that is more difficult to reach.

难度:
知识点:热点话题
使用次数:154
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三、阅读理解 (共4题)
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1.

Tallest Indoor Rock Climbing Wall

Challenge, risk, success, pride, and teamwork—the “Pilot Rock” is a symbol of reaching new heights. It is 35 feet high, the tallest indoor rock climbing wall in New York City.

“Pilot Rock” offers challenges for those from beginners to advanced (高级的) climbers!

Whether it’s your own activity or as a main event of your next birthday party, climbing the “Pilot Rock” is a thrilling and unusual activity to try.

Guided by experienced staff, we try every means to make climbing safe for everyone.

Attention

ωSign up (报名) is first come, first serve.

ωThere are no reservations (预定) .

ωClimbers must be wearing climbing shoes.

ωThe times may change because of other activities.

Please call Customer Service at 718 758 7500 with any questions about the open times.

Paths (路线)

The far left of the wall is for newcomers,which has a straight path up the rock wall.

As you move further to the right, it is the second path, which is harder to climb with difficult holdings and turns.

The third path is a true test of better body strength, only for the most experienced.

The fourth path is quite different. Newcomers can make their ways slowly up to the top from the sideways with easy holdings.

Information

ωDates & Times

Friday:

5:00 p.m. —9:00 p.m.

Saturday

11:00 a.m. —9:00 p.m.

Sunday

11:00 a.m. —6:00 p.m.

ωPrice for two climbs

Non members:

12.00 per person

Members:

10.80 per person

1 What is special about the “Pilot Rock”?

A Members are asked to wear the same kind of climbing shoes.

B It’s the only rock climbing wall with experienced guide staff.

C Most people choose to climb the “Pilot Rock” on their birthdays.

D It’s taller than any other indoor rock climbing wall in New York City.

2 How can you know whether the open times will change or not?

A By doing other activities.

B By calling 718-758-7500.

C By making a reservation.

D By reading the introduction.

3 Which path is challenging for advanced climbers?

A The left path.

B The second path.

C The third path.

D The fourth path.

4 As a member, how much should you pay for six climbs?

A .$ 32.40. B .$ 36.00. C .$ 61.80. D .$ 72.00.

5 The passage above may be ________.

A a notice B a plan C a sign D a poster

难度:
知识点:应用文
使用次数:224
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2.

Sophia is a most famous robot. She comes from Hanson Robotics, and David Hanson, head of Hanson Robotics, is her creator. He has been developing robots in the past 25 years. He believes realistic looking robots will be able to connect with people and help industries such as healthcare and education.

Sophia has many abilities. She can copy human facial expressions, hold conversations and recognize people by their looks or voices. She can also speak, joke, sing and even make music. Now, the next step is to make her an artist. Hanson is so excited about this idea.He imagines Sophia as a creative artwork and she herself can create art as well.

In March, a digital (数字的) artwork Sophia created with an Italian artist, Andrea Bonaceto, was sold for 688.888.The digital work is titled "Sophia Instantiation".It's a 12 second video which shows Bonaceto's portrait (肖像) changing into Sophia's digital painting.Along with it is the physical artwork painted by Sophia.

The buyer, a digital artwork collector and artist, later sent Sophia a photo of his painted arm.The robot then added that photo to her knowledge and painted more on top of her artwork.Sophia described the work as the first digital artwork cooperated (合作) between an AI and an artwork collector.

Sophia's artwork is part of a growing trend (趋势) .More and more digital artworks are on sale now.For example, a digital artwork by an artist, Beeple, was sold for nearly 70 million, becoming the most expensive digital artwork ever sold.

1 What do we know about Hanson?

A He is interested in painting.

B He makes little money from Sophia.

C He created the robot Sophia.

D He spent 25 years developing Sophia.

2 What does the underlined word "recognize" in Paragraph Two mean?

A Punish. B Meet. C Comfort. D Know.

3 Why did Sophia think her artwork was cooperated between an AI and a collector?

A Because the collector taught her how to paint.

B Because she copied the painting of the collector.

C Because she added the collector's painting to hers.

D Because all her works were collected by the collector.

4 What can we infer (推断) from the last paragraph?

A Sophia's artwork costs the most.

B Beeple must be a very famous artist.

C No one can afford digital artworks.

D Digital artworks are all made by robots.

5 What can be the best title for the passage?

A Sophia, a Robot Artist.

B David Hanson.Creator of Sophia.

C Digital Artworks, Popular Again.

D Hanson Robotics, Sophia's Company.

难度:
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
使用次数:186
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总体难度:
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偏难
5
27.77%
中等
13
72.22%
题型统计
大题类型
数量
占比
完型填空
2
11.11%
阅读填空
1
5.55%
阅读理解
4
22.22%
作文
1
5.55%
完成句子
10
55.55%
知识点统计
知识点
数量
占比
公益行为
2
11.11%
热点话题
1
5.55%
应用文
1
5.55%
科普知识与现代技术
1
5.55%
人际交往
1
5.55%
选择疑问句
1
5.55%
名词
4
22.22%
动词时态
1
5.55%
主谓一致
1
5.55%
语法填空
1
5.55%
短文填空
2
11.11%
形容词的用法
1
5.55%
状语从句
1
5.55%
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