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2021年内蒙古鄂尔多斯市中考英语真题含答案解析
2021年内蒙古鄂尔多斯市中考英语真题含答案解析
初中
整体难度:中等
2021-10-12
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一、补全对话 (共1题)
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1.

A: Hey, what will you do with your used disposable (一次性的) masks?

B: I’ll throw them away. 1

A: Don’t throw away masks carelessly! 2

B: You mean I should keep these useless things at home.

A: 3 But do you know useless masks are harmful to the earth? They may break into smaller plastic particles that spread widely in the environment.

B: Oh, I see. 4

A: You can put them into mask-only trash bins or you can use reusable masks.

B: OK. 5 I’ll do that.

A: Great.

A I’m not saying that.

B I think you are right.

C How do you know that?

D That sounds very boring.

E.I don’t need them any more.

F.It’s dangerous to the environment.

G.So what do you think I should do then?

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知识点:未分类
使用次数:230
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二、阅读理解 (共5题)
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1.

People’s Food Bank

Loving Food Tree

Help to feed this year’s tree!

Please donate (捐赠)

◆ Instant noodles    ◆Rice    ◆ Biscuits    ◆ Milk powder (粉末) ◆Dried beef

The following people will be helped by your donations:

·Families in financial (财务的) difficulty

·Poor, disabled people

·Homeless people

Without your help, many people will go hungry.

About People’s Food Bank:

The purpose is to:

·provide food for people in need.

·teach society to value food.

·encourage the community to raise money for the disadvantaged

You can bring your donations to our food collection points. You can learn more about our activities on our websites. You can also volunteer at People’s Food Bank.

1 Which of the following food is NOT accepted by People’s Food Bank?

A Instant noodles. B Milk. C Rice. D Dried beef.

2 What can we know about People’s Food Bank?

A It reminds people not to waste food. B It stores food for the next year.

C It offers food to the community. D It sells food to the people in need.

3 Where is the text probably taken from?

A A food introduction B A menu. C A science report. D A poster.

难度:
知识点:公益行为
使用次数:115
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2.

A crow lived in a thick forest filled with many birds. The crow was very happy with carefree life until he saw a swan one day. The swan was flying over a lake. “This swan is so white,” he thought, “and I am so black. It must be the happiest bird in the world.”

He shared his thoughts with the swan. “Actually,” the swan replied, “I thought so, too, until I met a parrot. It had brilliant colours of red and blue. No other bird could be happier than the parrot.”

The crow went off in search of the parrot and found it resting on the top of an old tree. The parrot explained, “I, too, was very happy until I chanced upon a peacock. My colours paled in comparison to the peacock’s. Its rich colours put my coat to shame.”

Curiosity defeated the crow, who was determined to look for the beautiful peacock. He finally found the peacock at the zoo. Hundreds of people gathered around to watch the peacock and its beautiful feathers. After the crowd had left, the crow rested itself on a rock and said, “Dear peacock, you are so beautiful. Every day, people come just to see you. People either drive me away or avoid me when they see me. You must be the happiest bird on the planet.”

The peacock replied, “My beauty has forced me to be kept in this zoo. In the first few months I spent here, I often thought to myself that if I were a crow, I could be enjoying a carefree life outside. Then, after many months of struggling, I have come to realize that I need to learn to be happy with what I have instead of expecting what I do not have. I am happy because I am satisfied with my life here.”

1 How did the crow feel about his life at the beginning?

A Interested. B Surprised. C Pleased. D Excited.

2 Why didn’t the swan think he was the happiest in the world?

A Because the crow shared his thoughts with him. B Because the parrot was happier than the swan.

C Because he met a parrot. D Because he thought he wasn’t as beautiful as the parrot.

3 What does the underlined phrase “ was determined to ” mean?

A was allowed to B made a decision to

C was supposed to D made a promise to

4 From the story, we can learn that ________.

A sharing can bring happiness to your life B he is truly happy who makes others happy

C accepting what you have makes you happy D confidence is the first secret of success

难度:
知识点:文学
使用次数:188
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3.

Hongcun, with a history of about 900 years, is an extremely beautiful village in Anhui Province. Located under Mount Huang, the village has kept the major Chinese styles from ancient times. It’s also one of UNESCO (联合国教科文组织) World Heritage Sites (世界文化遗产) .

Wander along the old stone streets and lanes, and you will feel like travelling back in time. All the houses with grey roofs and white walls were built during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. On the front gate of each household is dotted with red Chinese knots and lanterns. All of them are outlined against the blue sky and reflected into the clear rivers, lakes and ponds, surrounded by dark green mountains. It’s a living water-ink picture.

Step into a tea house to take a rest. A piece of classical music, played by guqin , fills up the house and floats into your hearts, as if you hear birds singing, pines (松) whistling and rivers flowing. You will be lost in a world, full of peace and pleasure. Holding the tea cup, some lines of poems on its out layer (层) will come into your sight:

No dust is rising on the road, wet with morning rain,

The willows by the hotel look so fresh and green.

Walk out of the tea house, and go to the open-air theatre. The actors with coloured make-ups (脸绘) are performing on the stage in special clothes. It’s a local opera called Huangmei Opera and different from others, such as Kun Opera , Beijing Opera and Yue Opera . Also, you can enjoy a feast of varieties of quyi : crosstalk, kouji and pingshu .

If you want to feel more about the unique charm of Hongcun, plan a visit to it right now.

1 From the passage, we know that Hongcun ________.

A is an old beautiful village with a history of about 600 years

B is the only one UNESCO World Heritage Site in China

C lies under Mount Hua in Shaanxi Province

D has kept the major Chinese styles from the Ming and Qing Dynasties

2 What’s the correct meaning of the underlined word “ reflected ” in the passage?

A .倒映 B .反射 C .衬托 D .映衬

3 In the village tea house, what elements (元素) of China are mentioned?

① Chinese knots    ② pingshu ③ classical music

④ poems          ⑤ Huangmei Opera ⑥tea

A ①③⑤ B ②④⑥ C ①③⑥ D ③④⑥

4 Through the description of Hongcun, the passage shows us ________.

A the influence of Chinese literature B the beauty of Chinese culture

C the importance of Chinese customs D the history of Chinese art

难度:
知识点:说明文
使用次数:195
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4.

Over the past few years, cars have become smarter and smarter. Some of them can even drive themselves. Now, our roads have followed suit (跟着做) . In the United Kingdom alone, there are around 650 kilometers of “smart roads” in use. Across the world, many more are being built. Some new technologies are being put to use.

Roads that recharge (充电)

Global warming has made us search for new energy sources. Why not look to the roads? With the right technologies, cars around the world could be producing energy as they go. Piezoelectricity ads mix traditional asphalt (柏油) with new material. They use vibrations (振动) from passing cars to produce electricity. In fact, piezoelectricity is nothing new. It was invented in 1880. However, it has never been widely used before now. The UK’s Lancaster University is going to change that. It has been improving the technology, including developing roadside batteries that can store the electricity.

Roads that never freeze

________ A tech company in Israel has developed the Snowless roads. When they detect snow or ice on their surfaces, the roads will heat themselves up, melting the snow or ice away. The project has been successfully tested on a few Canadian roads and in some of its car parks.

Built-in brain

Roads of the future may be able to know how many people are on them. They could send them updates (实时信息) on weather and traffic jams, and recharge electric cars as they drive. This seems to be a dream, but one American company has almost made it come true. By sensing the weight of a vehicle, the company’s smart roads can track (跟踪) the speed of each wheel. “We are basically making very large touchpads,” says Tim Sylvester, CEO of the company. “but instead of looking for fingers, our roads look for tires.” After having collected traffic data, the roads will send it to the drivers.

1 According to the passage, “smart roads” ________.

A haven’t been developed yet B have made cars drive themselves

C have been widely built before D have been used in some countries

2 Which of the following sentences can be put in the “________”?

A Many people like to drive smart cars. B This kind of roads can be frozen in winter.

C It can be dangerous to drive in snowy weather D To change the common ways of driving is necessary.

4 What Tim Sylvester says is to explain ________.

A how the roads work B what the roads can do C how large the roads are D how hard they work

5 Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A The UK’s Lancaster University invented piezoelectricity.

B Tim Sylvester’s company has made the large touchpads to track tires.

C The Snowless Roads have been developed by a tech company in Israel.

D One American company has built roads that could store electricity by themselves.

难度:
知识点:科普知识与现代技术
使用次数:207
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试题总数:
14
总体难度:
中等
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难度系数
数量
占比
中等
6
42.85%
容易
2
14.28%
偏难
3
21.42%
基础
2
14.28%
很难
1
7.14%
题型统计
大题类型
数量
占比
补全对话
1
7.14%
阅读理解
5
35.71%
完型填空
1
7.14%
作文
1
7.14%
完成句子
5
35.71%
阅读填空
1
7.14%
知识点统计
知识点
数量
占比
未分类
1
7.14%
公益行为
1
7.14%
文学
1
7.14%
说明文
1
7.14%
科普知识与现代技术
2
14.28%
方法与哲理
1
7.14%
日常生活类
1
7.14%
动词时态
2
14.28%
介词和介词短语
1
7.14%
单词拼写
2
14.28%
著名人物
1
7.14%
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