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1.

阅读短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词。

A young couple decided to go c51 in the mountains to celebrate their first year of marriage(结婚). They took with them the t52 they would need warm clothes, food and a tent.

They went up to the mountains and f53 a fine place to set up their rent. Then they decided to go for a hike(徒步旅行)to see more of the mountains.

A54 a long hike, they went back to their camp, built a fire and cooked d55. Finally, it was time to go to sleep.

Sometimes in the middle of the n56, the wife woke up her husband and said:Look up at the sky. What do you see?

Her husband answered,I see m57 of stars in the sky.

His wife said:Thats right. W58 does the mean to you?

The husband said:Well, if there are so many stars out there , that means there might a59 be a planet just like ours. And if thats true, then there could be life on one of those planets. Thats kind of e60!

His wife said:You are wrong. It means that someone has stolen our tent!

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题型:单词拼写
知识点:文学
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【答案】

51camping

52things

53found

54After

55dinner

56night

57millions

58What

59also

60exciting

【解析】

本文介绍了一对夫妇为了庆祝结婚一周年,去山上露营的事情。他们准备了必需品后就到了山上。在山上找了一个好地方搭起了帐篷。然后他们决定去远足去看更多的山色。经过长时间的徒步旅行之后,他们回到营地,生火做饭。然后休息。到了半夜的时候,帐篷被人偷走了。

51.句意:一对年轻夫妇决定去山上露营庆祝他们结婚一周年。

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:camp;本题考查:go +V.-ing;这里camping是现在分词,做目的状语。go camping=go to camp (camp这里是动词表示“野营”)即:“去的目的是野营”。故答案为camping

52.句意:他们带上了他们需要的东西——温暖的衣服、食物和帐篷。

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:thing;根据they would need warm clothes, food and a tent. 他们需要的东西——温暖的衣服、食物和帐篷。这是定语从句,修饰前面的先行词thing,而且再由They took with them,可知,他们带的东西很多,因此先行词thing应该用复数things。故答案为things

53.句意:他们在山上找了一个好地方来搭帐篷。

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:find;分析句子They went up to the mountains and f_____3_____ a fine place to set up their rent.的结构可知,and连接并列句,前后的时态应该一致,因此本题应该填find 的过去式found。故答案为found

54.句意:经过长时间的徒步旅行之后,他们回到营地,生火做饭。

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:after;根据上文的句子Then they decided to go for a hike(徒步旅行)to see more of the mountains. 然后他们决定去远足去看更多的山色。再结合下文they went back to their camp, built a fire and cooked, 他们回到营地,生火做饭。应该是在徒步旅行之后,回来做饭。因此应该填after,首字母要大写。故答案为After

55.句意:经过长时间的徒步旅行之后,他们回到营地,生火做饭。

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:dinner;根据Finally, it was time to go to sleep. 最后,该睡觉了。可以推知,他们回来是做的晚饭,故答案为dinner

56.句意:到了半夜的时候,妻子叫醒丈夫说:“抬头看天空。你看到什么了?”

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:night;根据Finally, it was time to go to sleep. 最后,该睡觉了。接下来应该是晚上发生的事情。in the middle of the night:半夜;故答案为night

57.句意:她丈夫回答说:“我看到天上有数百万颗星星。”

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:million;因为空后面有of,因此用millionsmillions of:数百万的;语境是:天上有数百万颗星星。故答案为millions

58.句意:他妻子说:“没错。这对你意味着什么?”

由语境和首字母提示,可知填:what;分析该句子结构W___8____ does the mean to you?可知,该句话为特殊疑问句,而且首字母是w,因此应该用what来指代上文的“看见天上有数百万颗星星这件事情。”,首字母要大写。故答案为What

59.句意:好吧,如果有这么多恒星,那就意味着也可能有一个和我们一样的行星。

分析句子Well, if there are so many stars out there , that means there might a____9___ be a planet just like ours. 的结构可知,该空在be动词之前,而且首字母是a,因此应该填also:其位置大多放在be动词、助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前;故答案为also

60.句意:真令人兴奋!

根据Well, if there are so many stars out there , that means there might a_____9_____ be a planet just like ours. And if thats true, then there could be life on one of those planets. 好吧,如果有这么多恒星,那就意味着也可能有一个和我们一样的行星。如果这是真的,那么其中一颗行星上可能有生命。这是丈夫的想法,因此对于丈夫来说,他认为这样是很兴奋的。故答案为exciting

【点睛】

英语首字母填空技巧

1. 通读短文知大意,看整体全面了解来源:

  与阅读理解题和其它类型的完形填空一样,首先要通读短文,了解文章的大意。每篇短文段落之间必然承上启下、前呼后应。因此通读全文时要一气呵成,只要能了解短文的大意即可,细节不理解可以跳过。因此,在解题之前通读一遍短文,目的是对文章有个全面的了解,弄清其中心思想和大意。

2. 复读短文抓信息,前后照应巧猜词

  在了解文章大意的前提之下再次通读短文,目的是对短文有更进一步的了解。在阅读时要特别注意一篇文章的开头(一般不设空)和结尾,它们能提供主要的信息,帮助了解全文所描述的事件或文章的中心思想。在阅读过程中,要注意上、下文的关系,这对于把握文章的整体意义大有用处。另外,要学会跳读,即对不理解的地方采用暂时回避的方式,待真正理解全文之后再找解决的方法。有些短文填空题,有时出现约 3%~5% 的生词是很正常的,这就要求学生根据构词知识或上、下文的意思加以猜测,来确定它的词义。

3. 反复推敲多分析,慎重答题讲合理

  再次通读短文,对留空的句子进行全面的分析,看它在全文中所处的位置、作用和意义。这一遍阅读要求是精心阅读,要留心找出关键词、短语或句子,还要结合所给首字母的提示,进行填写,并注意单词的正确形式。例如:第5小题,句意:经过长时间的徒步旅行之后,他们回到营地,生火做饭。由语境和首字母提示,可知填:dinner;根据Finally, it was time to go to sleep. 最后,该睡觉了。可以推知,他们回来是做的晚饭,故答案为dinner

4. 认真复查全文,把握整体和词形来源:

做完以后,再认真读一遍,检查所填写的单词是否与文章要求相符,文章是否通顺,前后是否呼应,有无句型结构及语法错误。

=
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1.

 King’s College Summer School is an annual(每年的)training program for all the middle school students who want to improve their English. Courses are given by the teachers of King’s College and other colleges in New York. Trips to museums and culture centers are also organized. This year’s summer school will be from June 1 to July 15. More information is as follows

Application(申请)date

•Students in New York should send their applications before April 18, 2019

•Students of other cities should send their applications before April 16, 2019

•Foreign students should send their

applications before April 10, 2019

Courses

•English Language

Spoken English: 22 hours

Reading and Writing: 10 hours

•American History: 16 hours

•American Culture: 16 hours

Steps

•A letter of self-introduction

•A letter of recommendation(推荐)from a teacher

The letters should be written in English with all the necessary information.

Cost

•Daily lesson:200

•Sports and activities:100

•Travels:200

•Hotel service:400

You may choose to live with your friends or relatives in the same city.

Please write to: Thompson Sanders

1026 King’s Street

New York, NY10016, USA

E-mail: KC-Summer-School@hotmail.com

31According to the article, who will give the courses?

AThe teachers of King’s College and the middle schools in America.

BThe teachers of Summer School and other colleges in the United States.

CThe teachers of the middle schools and Summer School in New York.

DThe teachers of King’s College and other colleges in New York.

32When should foreign students send their applications?

ABefore April 10, 2019                                BBefore June 1, 2019

CBefore April 16, 2019                                DBefore July 15, 2019

33If you want to live with your friends in New York, you will have to pay the school____.

A300                    B400                    C500                    D900

34Which of the following is TRUE about King’s College Summer School?

AOnly top students can take part in the program.

BVisits to museums and culture centers are part of the program.

CKing’s College Summer School is not organized every year.

DYou can get in touch with the school by telephone or by e-mail.

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1.

 Good news for art lovers! We have collected some information about the exhibitions put on in Shenzhen this summer.

Frank Yang's Artworks

An exhibition showing late master Frank Yang's old photos, letters, videos and landscape paintings is being held. Entry is free.

Dates: Until July 26.

Venue: Guan Shanyue Art Museum,6026

Hongli Road, Futian District.

Metro: Line 3 or 4 to Children's Palace Station, Exit B.

Contemporary Art

Chinese artists Wang Dawei and Li Xiao are holding their exhibitions, featuring contemporary sound art and video art. Entry is free.

Dates: Until August 18.

Venue: OCAT Shenzhen, South Area, OCT-LOFT, Nanshan District.

Metro: Line 1 to Qiaocheng East Station, Exit A.

Cassie Chen's Photos

Cassie Chen, a graduate of Tsinghua University, is exhibiting her photographic Works in Shenzhen. Visitors can find photos on different themes. Entry is free.

Dates: Until July 30.

Venue: TC101 Exhibition Hall, 2001

Longxiang Boulevard, Longgang Distict.

Metro: Line 3 to Universiade Station, Exit C.

Future Art

Chinese artist Sun Fangping is exhibiting his works. Organizers hope that this series of exhibitions will explore the direction and value of the future of art.

Dates: Until August 31.

Venue: Zhi Art Museum, Song' an Road Bao'an District.

Metro: Line 11 to Houting Station, Exit A and then take a taxi.

26Which line can you take to enjoy Cassie Chen's Photos?

ALine 11.                 BLine 4.                   CLine 3.                   DLine 1.

27In which district can you visit Future Art?

ANanshan District                                        BFutian District

CLonggang District                                      DBao'an District

28Which exhibitions can you choose if you are free on August 15?

AContemporary Art and Future Art.

BCassie Chen's Photos and Future Art.

CContemporary Art and Frank Yang's Artworks.

DFrank Yang's Artworks and Cassie Chen's Photos.

29Where is the text probably taken from?

AA novel                                                    BA story book

CA newspaper                                              DA science magazine

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