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1.

阅读下列短文,用方框内所给单词的正确形式填空。每词限用一次。

consider, they, much, who, like, subject, different, create, paint, be

Good, better, best. Never let it rest. This is the lesson we learn from Xu Yuanchong, the famous translator 1 celebrated his 100 th birthday this April. Xu’s mother was interested in literature and 2 . Encouraged by her, Xu began to translate Chinese poetry into both English and French when he was still a teenager. He soon learned the 3 between Chinese and European languages. Only about half of the words in 4 could be translated word-for-word. That is why translators have to be 5 . As a great translator, Xu still works for long hours every day and tries to improve his translations to make sure they are correct and beautiful.

In some ways, Professor Xu is 6 the sportsman Liu Xiang. For example, Liu was never satisfied with 7 the fastest 110-meter hurdler in the world. He always trained hard and tried to become faster. Even injuries did not weaken his desire.

Both Xu and Liu 8 to be the best, but that hasn’t stopped them from always trying to become better. They are great role models for all of us. Most of you are good at English or some other 9 . A few of you are even the best in your class. But all of you know that you can be better and that, the 10 you learn and the harder you study, the better you will become. There is always room for improvement!

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题型:阅读填空
知识点:著名人物
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【答案】

1 who

2 painting

3 difference/differences

4 them

5 creative

6 like

7 being

8 are considered

9 subjects

10 more

【分析】

文章通过讲述著名的翻译家许渊冲从小的努力事迹,让我们知道了学习的越多,学习的越努力,你就会变得越好,只要努力,凡事都有进步的空间。

1. 句意:这是我们从今年 4 月庆祝自己 100 岁生日的著名翻译家许渊冲身上学到的教训。分析句子可知,此处是定语从句,缺少关系词,先行词 translator 指人,关系词应用 who ,故填 who

2. 句意:许渊冲的母亲对文学和绘画感兴趣。 and 并列两部分,前面是 literature“ 文学 ,结合备选词汇可知,此处应该是 painting“ 绘画 ,故填 painting

3. 句意:他很快就学会了汉语和欧洲语言的区别。根据 “between Chinese and European languages” 及备选词汇可知,此处指的是 区别,不同点 difference“ 不同点 ,此处可以用单数名词,表示一个不同点,也可以用复数名词,表示多个不同点,故填 difference/differences

4. 句意:其中只有大约一半的单词可以逐字翻译。根据 “between Chinese and European languages...half of the words” 以及备选词汇可知,此处指代复数名词,且作介词 of 的宾语,应用 them 代替,故填 them

5. 句意:这就是为什么翻译者必须具有创造性。根据 “Only about half of the words in...could be translated word-for-word.” 以及 “tries to improve his translations to make sure they are correct and beautiful” 及备选词汇可知,此处指的是 翻译者必须有创造性 ,应用形容词作表语,故填 creative

6. 句意:在某些方面,许教授就像运动员刘翔。根据 “Professor Xu is...the sportsman Liu Xiang” 及备选词汇可知,此处指的是 ,应用介词 like ,故填 like

7. 句意:例如,刘翔从不满足于成为世界上最快的 110 米跨栏运动员。结合句意及备选词汇可知,此处指的是 成为最快的运动员 ,应用 be 动词, with 是介词,后接动词 ing 形式,故填 being

8. 句意:许和刘都被认为是最好的。根据 “to be the best” 及备选词汇可知,此处指的是 被认为是最好的 be considered to be“ 被认为是 ,主语是 “Both Xu and Liu” be 动词用复数形式 are ,故填 are considered

9. 句意:你们中的大多数人擅长英语或其他科目。根据 “English” 及备选词汇可知,此处指的是 科目 other 后接复数名词,故填 subjects

10. 句意:你学得越多,学习越努力,你就会变得越好。根据 “the harder you study, the better you will become” 及备选词汇可知,此处指的是 学得越多 ,应用比较级形式,故填 more

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著名人物
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1.

    When Chinese people talk about Chinese tea culture today, they won't miss an important person in Chinese history-Lu Yu, respected as a "Sage of Tea (茶圣)" for his achievements in the Chinese tea culture. He is bestknown for The Classic of Tea, the first work on growing, making and drinking tea.

Lu was born in Jingling in 733 A.D.As a child, he became a student of Zou Fuzi. Thanks to his teacher's guidance, he learnt a lot. He often made tea for his teacher. He also took care of his fellow students' health using his knowledge on tea and herbs (草药).

Lu Yu often went to the countryside to gather tea leaves and herbs. On one of those trips, Lu Yu found a spring. The water was quite clear and clean. When Lu made tea with this spring water, he found the tea tasted better than usual. From then on, he realized the importance of water quality in making tea.

In 752 A.D, Lu Yu finished his studies and returned to Jingling, where he met Cui Guofu. Both men shared the same interests in tea, literature (文学) and poetry. They soon became good friends. Since then, the two spent much time travelling, drinking tea and writing poems together.

This period was important to Lu Yu as a man of literature. Cui, with his rich experience and skills in writing, became a coach of Lu. He provided necessary help with Lu's writing. It was during this time that Lu finally wrote the amazing work, The Classic of Tea.

34What is Lu famous for?

AHaving wisdom.                                        BRespecting teachers.

CCaring for friends.                                     DInfluencing tea culture.

35What does the underlined word "guidance" in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

AHelp                      BStress                     CProtection              DControl

36Why did Lu and Cui become good friends?

AThey had the same hobbies.                        BThey lived in the same place.

CThey spent much time together.                   DThey had the same experiences.

37Which of the following is the correct order according to the passage?

Lu Yu wrote The Classic of Tea.

Lu Yu became a student of Zou Fuzi.

Lu Yu made friends with Cui Guofu.

Lu Yu found water quality was important.

A②③①④               B②④③①               C④①③②               D④②③①

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1.

  He has millions of students from all over the world. They listen to his classes online. They    16    see his face on the screen. Salman Khan, 42, from the US, is the founder(创始人)of the learning website Khan Academy.

Unlike other online courses that film teachers    17    classes, Khan's videos only use his voice and a digital blackboard for writing. He says he doesn't want a human face to distract(使分心)students. Khan also makes his classes    18    10 to 15 minutes so that students won't lose interest. They can also get scores from taking classes.

The courses are translated into more than 36 different languages    19    Chinese. About 80 teachers from the world's top universities are now also teaching on the website. But all this started nine years ago with just one man-Khan. These kinds of special courses make Khan Academy one of the world's    20    online education websites.

In 2006, Khan made homemade videos to help his    21    grade cousin with math. He posted the videos online and got thousands of views. This encouraged him to make more videos and create his own website Khan Academy.

Khan understands that many kids, especially those in developing countries, cannot get a good education. He has three degrees from universities. He wants to use his    22    to help more people. Thus, his courses are all offered for free. "Our task is to    23    a free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere," he said.

Khan's website has    24    become very popular worldwide but won a lot of respect(尊重). Even Bill Gates, the founder of Micros of, is one of his fans. Gates    25    over $1.5 million to support Khan and named him "the teacher to the world".

16Aalways            Busually                   Cnever                     Dsometimes

17Ato give            Bgiving                    Cgive                       Dgave

18Aas long as        Bas much as              Cas short as              Das soon as

19Aincluding        Bwith                       Cas                          Dbeside

20Aleast popular    Bmore popular          Cpopular                  Dmost popular

21Anine                Bnineth                    Cninth                      Dthe ninth

22Aknowledge      Bfame                      Ccourage                  Dvalue

23Agive                Boffer                      Cprovide                  Dpay

24Aever                Balready                   Cnot                        Dnot only

25Agave out          Bgave off                 Cgave up                  Dgave away

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1.

Tu Youyou, pharmacologist, born in December 1930

Tu, winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize for the discovery of artemisinin, a kind of medicine used to fight against malaria (疟疾) has solved the problem of fighting against malaria and done a lot for scientific and technological inventions in traditional Chinese medicine and human health.

Zhang Fuqing,war hero, born in December 1924

Zhang served as a People’s Liberation (解放) Army soldier in the Liberation War and was twice given the name of War Hero. He volunteered in 1955 to work in Laifeng County, Hubei Province’s remotest county,so he could give his life to the poor in the mountainous region.

Wang Youde,desert fighter, born in September 1953

Wang led his partners to build over 600,000 mu of sand-fixation (固定) forest and managed to control nearly I million mu of quicksand, helpfully preventing the development of the Maowusu Desert. His work offered valuable experience to sand prevention and control in China.

Yuan Longping, agriculturalist, born in September 1930

Yuan, the Father of Hybrid Rice, was the first person in the world to develop a hybrid rice strain, and his research on higher rice yields (产量) helped provide a solution to worldwide hunger and starvation.

26Which of the following is Tu Youyou’s great achievement?

ADiscovering artemisinin.                             BServing the people in the poor region.

CPreventing and controlling sand.                  DDeveloping a hybrid rice strain.

27Who used to be a soldier and then worked in the poor region?

ATu Youyou             BZhang Fuqing         CWang Youde           DYuan Longping

28What is Wang Youde doing for our country?

AHe is doing a research on higher rice yields.

BHe is protecting the environment.

CHe is working on the inventions in human health.

DHe is trying to help poor people to be rich.

29Which is the right statement?

AZhang Fuqing is a desert fighter.

BTu Youyou is a war hero.

CWang Youde is the winner of the Nobel Prize.

DYuan Longping is the Father of Hybrid Rice.

30The passage may come from ________.

AA storybook.          BA novel.                 CA newspaper.          DScience fiction.

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