A tree has roots. People have roots too. If you get to the root of a problem, you will solve it. It’s the same thing with words. Dig deeply into a big, unfamiliar word and you will understand where it came from.

As readers, especially those reading in a second language, we need to deal with the text as if we were detectives ( 侦探 ) looking for information to unlock the unknown. Like any good detective arriving on the crime scene, the first thing to do when meeting a new and difficult word is to judge the situation, to look at everything that is known and see if it helps us to understand what it means.

As you know, prefixes ( 前缀 ) and suffixes ( 后缀 ) can be added to the beginning or end of words to change the meaning. Know them, and you will have the word building power. But root words are the key. Take time to learn a few of these, put them in your memory, and you will become a master word detective.

Let’s look at one common root word used in English. “Alter” from the Latin word means “other”. When you meet this root word, you know that the bigger word has something to do with “other”. Examine the word “alternate”. Can you find the Latin root in it?

·If you and your friend like to eat out, first you pay and the other pays the next time. You are alternating paying.

·If you go to the movies on alternate Saturdays, you go on one Saturday, but not the other Saturday.

·If you have no alternative, you have no other choice.

Learn as many root words as possible in the language you are studying. Then use your “rooting for words” skills. Like any new skill, practice and hard work are always paid back.

26 What does the underlined word “ it ” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A The situation. B The crime scene.

C A new and difficult word. D Everything that is known.

27 If Jim and Lily go to the movies, which one below is “alternating paying”?

A They each pay half. B Jim pays every time.

C They take turns paying. D Their parents pay for them.

28 How does the author explain his ideas about root words?

A By giving a fact. B By taking an example.

C By telling a story. D By having a discussion.

29 “Sen” from the Latin word means “old”. Which word uses this Latin root?

A My brother is my senior by two years. B He was ill so he was absent from school.

C A criminal was sentenced to death by law. D 60 students were present at the sports meeting.

30 Which of the following shows the structure ( 结构 ) of the passage?

(①=paragraph 1 ②=paragraph 2,…)



C    27 C    28 B    29 A    30 B


26 .推理判断题。根据 “the first thing to do when meeting a new and difficult word is to judge the situation, to look at everything that is known and see if it helps us to understand what it means.” 可知,当遇到一个新的和困难的单词时,第一件要做的事情是判断情况,查看所有已知的东西,看看它是否有助于我们理解它的意思。此处 it 指的是 一个新的和困难的单词 ,故选 C

27 .推理判断题。根据 “If you and your friend like to eat out, first you pay and the other pays the next time. You are alternating paying.” 可知,如果你和你的朋友喜欢出去吃饭,你先付钱,下次由对方付钱。 “alternating paying” 的意思是 轮流付钱 ,故选 C

28 .推理判断题。根据第四段内容可知,作者通过举例来解释他对词根的看法,故选 B

29 .推理判断题。根据 “ ‘Sen’ from the Latin word means ‘old’.” 可知, “Sen” 来自拉丁语,意思是 ,结合选项 “My brother is my senior by two years.” 表示 我哥哥比我大两岁 与之相符,故选 A

30 .篇章结构题。分析文章内容可知,第一段引出主题;第二段介绍处理文本时需要注意的东西;第三、四段介绍前后缀和词根的问题;第五段总结。故选 B

根据可圈可点权威老师分析,试题“ ”主要考查你对 科教类阅读 等考点的理解。关于这些考点的“资料梳理”如下:
◎ 科教类阅读的定义
◎ 科教类阅读的知识扩展
1. 加强整体意识,把握文章的主要内容。在阅读的时候可给段落标上序号,并给重要的句子和
2. 审清题干,发觉和把握试题中有效的提示性信息,确认命题的角度、阅读范围和答题方式。
3. 定位阅读,强化对应意识。同时要注意原文利用和自我加工相结合。
◎ 科教类阅读的知识点拨
1. 加强整体意识,把握文章的主要内容。在阅读的时候可给段落标上序号,并给重要的句子和
2. 审清题干,发觉和把握试题中有效的提示性信息,确认命题的角度、阅读范围和答题方式。
3. 定位阅读,强化对应意识。同时要注意原文利用和自我加工相结合。
◎ 科教类阅读的教学目标
◎ 科教类阅读的考试要求



                                              Swimming and English Learning

Can you swim? Do you like swimming? Yes? Well, how can you learn to swim? I think the best way is to go into the water and learn. I’m afraid you’ll never learn to swim just by reading books about swimming or looking at others swimming. It’s the same with the English study. We must practice, practice and practice.

Listening and speaking are very important for beginners. The children in English-speaking countries first listen to others. Then they try to imitate and speak. We can listen to English programs on radio. You may just understand a few words. It doesn’t matter. Just be relaxed, try to catch every word.

Somebody may be a good listener. But he dare not speak. He’s afraid of making mistakes. You know we sometimes make mistakes when we speak Chinese. Don’t be afraid. We must be brave. If you really want to learn English well, you must try to speak with everyone so long as he knows English. Whether you know him or not is not important when there’s nobody to talk with, you can talk to yourself in English. It’s interesting and also a good way to practice your spoken English. Remember, the more you speak, the fewer mistakes you’ll make.

Reading and writing are more important for senior school students. First we must choose the books we’re interested in. A lot of reading will improve your language sense. This is the most important.

Keep writing English diaries. We can also write English articles. You may even post them to English magazines. Don’t be afraid of failure. Failure is the mother of success.

Easier said than done. Well, let’s do more practice from now on. I’m sure you’ll learn English well in this way.

1. You can learn to swim by_______.
     A. reading books about it

     B. looking at others swimming

     C. having lessons on it

     D. going into the river and learning

2. We should learn English by _______.

A. listening and speaking           B. reading and writing

C. A and B                                 D. swimming

3. What will you do with mistakes when you speak?

A. Don’t make mistakes.          B. Study hard

C. Try not to speak English        D. Don’t be afraid.

4. What’s more important for senior school students?

   A. listening    B. speaking    C. reading and writing   D. learning

5. We can listen to English ______, according to the passage.

   A. by train     B. on the radio   C. every minute   D. now and then


       What do you do if you’re stranded(处于困境的) on a lonely island? Surely you need to find a way to get in touch with the outside world. Your best chance of doing this is to draw the attention of a passing plane.

Body signals (信号)

       Pilots from different countries understand body signals if they have the correct training. When you wave your arms up and down in a straight line, it means “yes”. When you point downwards and swing your arm from side to side, it means “no”. if you want the polite to know that it’s safe to land, push your hands out in front of you and bend (弯曲) your knees. If you want to say that it’s not safe to land, put your arms in the air and move them to one side.

Smoke signals

       The smoke from a fire can be seen from far away, so it’s a good way to draw attention. If the weather is dry, it isn’t hard to start a fire. Remember, however, that fires can be very dangerous if they get out of control. Never light a fire unless you’re sure that it can’t spread. It the ground is dark, light smoke can be seen more easily. Green grass and leaves produce light smoke.

Ground-to-air signals

       It’s a good idea to build some signals, too. Use large pieces of wood to make the symbols(标记). If you can’t find any wood, use earth. Some useful symbols are:

       F     “I need food and water.”

       II    “I need medicine.”

       I      “I am badly hurt.”

       X     “I am unable to move from here.

Pilots’ replies

       If the pilot lowers the plane’s wings from side to side, this means “message received and understood”. (At night, the pilot flashes the plane’s green lights.) If the pilot flies the plane in a clockwise circle, this means “message received but not understood”. (At night, the pilot flashes the plane’s red lights.)

       However, there is no signal which means “message not received”. Why not?

54. Which picture means “it’s not safe to land”?

55. What can we learn from the passage?

       A. Swinging your arm from side to side means “yes”.

       B. If the ground is dark, light smoke can’t be seen.

       C. If you need some medicine, make a symbol “II”.

       D. The pilots make replies with a blue light at night.

56. What is the passage mainly about?

       A. The explanation of building signals on an island.

       B. The importance of making signals on an island.

       C. Ways of sending out signals on a lonely island.

       D. Ways of receiving signals from a lonely island.


A wedding(婚礼) Invitation

 You’re invited to the wedding of Carrie and Henry at St John’s Church(教堂), on Saturday January 24th at 3:30 p.m. and dinner at the Blue Sky Restaurant, at 6:00p.m.

                                        R.S.V.P: December 29th

Dear Joe,

   I’m so excited and I have to enjoy the news with you. Today is December 23rd, I got a very special invitation from Carrie before Christmas Day(圣诞节). Do you remember the party for the Sydney group at Henry’s house? And do you remember my best friend, Carrie? Well, guess what? Carrie and Henry are getting married? It’s so romantic! Love is here!

  Carrie and Henry are having a big wedding at St. John’s Church. Monica and James are going to their wedding. Oh, I can’t wait to enjoy it. I got the invitation and it is for two people. Can you come to the wedding with me?

  Carrie and Henry are going to Suzhou for their honey moon(蜜月). I’m buying them a camera for their wedding. But before the wedding, I’d like to get my hair cool and buy a pink dress first.

  Call me at 9:00 a.m., on Friday, January 23rd, OK?


36. Maria got this wedding invitation from          .

   A. Carrie.           B. Joe.            C. Monica.             D. James

37. Monica and James are taking part in the wedding on          .

   A. Friday morning.    B. Friday afternoon.   C. Saturday morning.   D. Saturday afternoon.

38. What does “getting married” mean in Chinese?

   A. 参加聚会        B. 过圣诞节        C. 做礼拜           D. 结婚

39. The friends to the wedding party are going to have dinner         .

   A. in Suzhou.        B. at Henry’s house    C. at St John’s Church  D. at the Blue Sky Restaurant

40. From the invitation card, we know that         .

   A. Monica is having fun in Suzhou.           B. they are having the wedding in January.

   C. Monica is going to buy a camera for Joe     D. the wedding dinner starts at 7:00 p.m.


    In some parts of the Unites States, farming is easy. But farming has always been difficult in the north-eastern corner of the country, which is called New England.

    New England has many trees and thin, rocky soil. Anyone who wants to start a farm here has had to work very hard. The first job is to cut down all the trees. The next job is to dig the stumps (树桩) of the trees out of the soil. Then the farmer has the most difficult job of all, removing stones from his land, which never really ends, because every winter more stones appear. They come up through the thin soil from the rocks below. Farmers have to keep removing stones from the fields. Even today, farms which have been worked on for 200 years keep producing more stones.

    That is why stone walls are used instead of fences around the new England fields. The stone walls are not high, and can easily be climbed, but they keep the farmer’s cow from joining his neighbour’ cattle.

    6. New England lies _______.

A. in England                                    B. in the USA

C. to the northeast of England        D. to the northeast of Canada

    7. The word ‘remove’ means _______.

A. move again      B. carry out         C. take away     D. bring back

    8. In what order would a farmer in New England do the following things to start a new farm?

a. Removing the stones from the soil        b. Building a stone wall round his fields

c. Digging out the tee stumps.      d. Cutting down the trees.

A. a, b,  d,  c     B. b, c, d, a         C. d, b, c, a ,     D. d, c, a, b

    9. What is the great difficulty New England farmers have in their farming?

A. The soil is as hard as rock             B. There are too many stones

C. Plants scarcely grow                    D. The soil is too thin

    10. New England farmers build stone walls around their fields _________.

A. to save the trouble of taking away the stones

B. to keep their neighbours from breaking into

C. because stone walls are stronger than fences

D. because stone walls are easy to build


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